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TREATY OF ALLIANCE

Between the United States of America and His Most

Christian Majesty. (a)

Feb. 6, 1778.

TREATY OF ALLIANCE. Annulled by The Most Christian King and the United States of North America, act of Congress to wit: New-Hampshire, Massachusetts-bay, Rhode Island, Connectof July 7, 1798, ch. 67, vol. 1, icut, New-York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Vir578.

ginia, North-Carolina, South-Carolina, and Georgia, having this day. concluded a treaty of Amity and Commerce, for the reciprocal advantage of their subjects and citizens, have thought it necessary to take into consideration the means of strengthening those engagements, and of rendring them useful to the safety and tranquility of the two parties; particularly in case Great Britain, in resentment of that connection and of the good correspondence which is the object of the said treaty, should break the peace with France, either by direct hostilities, or by hindring her commerce and navigation in a manner contrary to the rights of nations, and the peace subsisting between the two crowns: And his Majesty and the said United States, having resolved in that case to join their councels and efforts against the enterprises of their common enemy, the respective plenipotentiaries empowered to concert the clauses and conditions proper to fulfil the said intentions, have, after the most mature deliberation, concluded and determined on the following articles :

ART. I. If war break If war should break out between France and Great Britain during out with Great the continuance of the present war between the United States and Britain, to be a common cause.

England, his Majesty and the said United States shall make it a common cause and aid each other mutually with their good offices, their counsels and their forces, according to the exigence of conjunctures, as becomes good and faithful allies.

(a) The treaties and conventions between the United States and France, have been:

1. Treaty of alliance between the United States of America and his Mosi Christian Majesty, concluded at Paris the 6th day of February, 1778. Annulled by act of Congress, passed July 1798. Ch. 67, vol. 1, 578.

2. Treaty of amity and commerce between the United States of America and his Most Christian Majesty, concluded at Paris the 6th day of February, 1778; post, 12. Annulled by act of Congress, passed July 7, 1798. Ch. 67, vol. 1, 578.

3. Contract between his Most Christian Majesty and the United States of America, entered into at Paris by the Count de Vergennes and Mr. Franklin, the 16th July 1782, and ratified by Congress the 220 January 1783; post, 596.

4. Convention between his Most Christian Majesty and the United States of America, for the purpose of defining and establishing the functions and privileges of their respective consuls and vice-consuls. Entered into at Paris the 14th day of November 1788, posi, 106. Annulled by act of Congress passed July 7, 1798. Ch. 67, vol. I, 578.

5. Convention between the French Republic and the United States, done at Paris the 30th of Septem. ber 1800 : the Senate of the United States concurring on the 3d day of February 1801, with the excep. son of the second article, and substituting another article, limiting the continaance of the treaty to twelve

TRAITÉ D'ALLIANCE

Entre les Etats Unis d'Amérique et Sa Majeste Tres
Chretienne.

TRAITÉ D'ALLIANCE,

éventuelle et déffensive.

Le Roi très Chrétien et les Etats Unis de l'Amerique Septentrionale, favoir, New-Hampshire, la Baye de Massachuset, Rhode-Island, Connecticut, New-York, New-Jersey, Pensylvanie, Delaware, Maryland, Virginie, Caroline Septentrionale, Caroline Meridionale, et Georgia; ayant conclu ce jourd'huy un traité d'amitié, de bonne intelligence et de commerce, pour l'avantage réciproque de leurs sujets et citoyens, ils ont cru devoir prendre en considération, les moyens de refferrer leurs liaisons, et de les rendre utiles à la sureté et à la tranquilité des deux parties, notament dans le cas où la Grande Bretagne, en haine de ces mêmes liaisons et de la bonne correspondance qui forment l'objet du dit traité, se porteroit à rompre la paix avec la France, soit en l'attaquant hostilement, soit en troublant son commerce, et sa navigation, d'une maniere contraire au droit des gens et à la paix subsistante entre les deux couronnes: Et sa Majesté et les dits Etats Unis ayant résolu éventuellement d'unir, dans le cas prévû, leurs conseils et leurs efforts contre les entreprises de leur ennemi commun, les plenipotentiaires respectifs, chargés de concerter les clauses et conditions propres plir leurs intentions, ont, après la plus mure délibération conclu et arresté les points et articles qui s'ensuivent.

à rem

ARTICLE PREMIER.

Si la guerre éclate entre la France et la Grande Brétagne, pendant la durée de la guerre actuelle entre les Etats Unis et l'Angleterre, sa Majesté et les dits Etats Unis seront cause commune et s'entr'aideront mutuellement de leurs bons offices, de leurs conseils et de leurs forces, selon l'exigence des conjonctures, ainsy qu'il convient à de bons et fideles alliés.

years; and afterwards by France, limiting the continuance of the treaty to eight years; and the United States on the 31st July 1801; which ratifications were concurred in by the Senate on the 19th of Decem. ber 1801, as set forth in the proclamation of the President of the United States, under the date of 21st December 1801; post, 178.

6. Treaty between the United States of America and the French Republic; done at Paris, on the 30th April 1803; post, 200.

7. Convention between the United States of America and the French Republic; done at Paris, on the 30th April 1803; post, 206.

8. Convention between the United States of America and the French Republic; done at Paris, on the 30th April 1803; post, 208.

9. Convention of navigation and commerce between the United States of America, and His Majesty the King of France and Navarre; with a separate article. Signed at Washington, on the 24th day of June 1822; and ratified as stated in the proclamation of the President of the United States, dated the 12th day of February 1823; post, 278.

10. Convention with France, done at Paris, July 4, 1831; post, 430. 11. Convention for extradition of crminals; post, 580, 617.

ART. II. Object of the The essential and direct end of the present defensive alliance is to treaty, indepen. maintain effectually the liberty, sovereignty and independance absolute dence of the

and unlimited, of the said United States, as well in matters of gouverneUnited States.

ment as of commerca,

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Both parties to make every effort to attain that end.

ART. III.
The two contracting parties shall each on its own part, and in the
manner it may judge most proper, make all the efforts in its power
against their common enemy, in order to attain the end proposed.

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Concurrence in enterprise.

ART. IV.
The contracting parties agree that in case either of them should form
any particular enterprise in which the concurrence of the other may be
desired, the party whose concurrence is desired, shall readily and with
good faith, join to act in concert for that purpose, as far as circum-
stances and its own particular situation will permit; and in that case,
they shall regulate, by a particular convention, the quantity and kind
of succour to be furnished, and the time and manner of its being brought
into action, as well as the advantages which are to be its compensation.

ART. V.

Conquests that shall belong to the U. States.

If the United States should think fit to attempt the reduction of the British power, remaining in the northern parts of America, or the islands of Bermudas, those countries or islands in case of success, shall be confederated with, or dependant upon the said United States.

ART. VI. France relin. The Most Christian King renounces for ever the possession of the quishes all claim islands of Bermudas, as well as of any part of the continent of North io certain coun. tries, if con.

America, which before the treaty of Paris in 1763, or in virtue of that quered. treaty, were acknowledged to belong to the crown of Great Britain, or

to the United States, heretofore called British colonies, or which are at
this time, or have lately been under the power of the king and crown
of Great Britain.

ART. VII.
Conquests that If his Most Christian Majesty shall think proper to attack any of the
shall belong to
France.

islands situated in the Gulph of Mexico, or near that Gulph, which are
at present under the power of Great Britain, all the said isles, in case
of success, shall appertain to the crown of France.

ART. VIII.
Neither party

Neither of the two parties shall conclude either truce or peace, with to conclude a Great Britain, without the formal consent of the other first obtained; treaty without the other's con

and they mutually engage not to lay down their arms until the indepensent, &c. dence of the United States shall have been formally or tacitly assured, by the treaty or treaties that shall terminate the war.

ART. IX.
No claim of The contracting parties declare, that being resolved to fu'fil each on
compensation its own part, the clauses and conditions of the present treaty of alliance,
after the war.

according to its own power and circumstances, there shall be no after
claim of compensation on one side or the other, whatever may be the
event of the war.

ARTICLE SECOND. Le but essentiel et direct de la présente alliance deffensive, est de maintenir efficacement la liberte, la souveraineté, et l'indépendance absolue et illimitée des dits Etats Unis, tant en matiére politique que de commerce.

ARTICLE TROIS. Les deux parties contractantes feront chacune de leur côté, et de la maniére qu'elles jugeront plus convenable, tous les efforts, qui seront en leur pouvoir, contre leur ennemi commun, afin d'atteindre au but qu'elles se proposent.

ARTICLE QUATRE. Les parties contractantes sont convenues que dans le cas où l'une d'entre elles formeroit quelqu' entreprise particuliére, pour laquelle elle désireroit le concours de l'autre, celle-ci, se prêteroit de bonne foi à un concert sur cet objet, autant que les circonstances et sa propre situation pourront le lui permettre, et dans ce cas, on réglera, par une convention particuliére, la portée des secours à fournir, et le tems et la maniére de le faire agir, ainsy que les avantages destinés à en former la compensation.

ARTICLE CINQ. Si les Etats Unis jugent à propos de tenter la reduction des isles Ber.

છે mudes et des parties septentrionales de l'Amerique, qui sont encore au pouvoir de la Grande Bretagne, les dites isles et contrées, en cas de succès, entreront dans la confederation ou seront dépendantes des dits Etats Unis.

ARTICLE SIX. Le Roi très Chrétien renonce à posseder jamais les Bermudes, ni aucune des parties du continent de l'Amérique septentrionalle, qui, avant le traité de Paris de mil sept cent soixante trois, ou en vertu de ce traité, ont été reconnuës appartenir à la couronne de la Grande Bretagne, ou aux Etats Unis, qu'on appelloit ci-devant colonies Britanni

es, ou qui sont maintenant, ou ont été récemment sous la jurisdiction et sous le pouvoir de la couronne de la Grande Bretagne.

ARTICLE SEPT. Si sa Majesté très Chrétienne juge à propos d'attaquer aucune des isles situées dans le golphe de Méxique ou près du dit golphe, qui sont actuellement au pouvoir de la Grande Bretagne, toutes les dites isles, en cas de succès, appartiendront à la couronne de France.

ARTICLE HUIT. Aucune des deux parties ne pourra conclure ni treve ni paix avec la Grande Bretagne, sans le consentement préalable et formel de l'autre partie, et elles s'engagent mutuellement à ne mettre bas les armes, que lorsque l'indépendance des dits Etats Unis aura été assurée formellement ou tacitement par le traité ou les traités qui termineront la guerre.

ARTICLE NEUF. Les parties contractantes déclarent, qu'etant resolues de remplir chacune de son côté les clauses et conditions du présent traité d'alliance selon son pouvoir et les circonstances, elles n'auront aucune repetition, ni aucun dedommagement, à se demander réciproquement, quelque puisse etre l'evenement de la guerre. VOL. VIIL

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