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tains fo great a number of Persian words, that I was able with very little difficulty to read the fables of Pilpai which are tranflated into that idiom; the Turkish contains ten Arabick or Perfian words for one originally Scythian, by which it has been fo refined that the modern kings of Perfia were fond of speaking it in their courts: in short, there is scarce a country in Afia or Africa from the fource of the Nile to the wall of China, in which a man who understands Arabick, Perfian, and Turkish may not travel with fatisfaction, or tranfact the most important affairs with advantage and fecurity.

As to the literature of Afia, it will not, perhaps, be effentially useful to the greater part of mankind, who have neither leisure nor inclination to cultivate fo extenfive a branch of learning; but the civil and natural history of such mighty empires as India, Perfia, Arabia, and Tartary cannot fail of delighting those who love to view the great picture of the universe, or to learn by what degrees

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the most obfcure ftates have rifen to glory, and the moft flourishing kingdoms have funk to decay: the philofopher will confider thofe works as highly valuable, by which he may trace the human mind in all its various appearances, from the rudeft to the most cultivated ftate: and the man of taste will undoubtedly be pleased to unlock the ftores of native genius, and to gather the flowers of unreftrained and luxuriant fancy.

T

شکرستان در نحوي زيان پارسي

A

GRAM MAR

OF THE

PERSIAN LANGUAGE.

T

OF LETTER S.

HE learner is fuppofed to be acquainted with the common terms of grammar, and to know that the Persians write their characters from the right hand, to the left.

There are thirty-two Perfian letters.

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FINALS.

1.

INITIALS and MEDIALS.

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The fecond and fourth columns of these letters from the right hand are used only when they are connected with a preceding letter; as Mohammed. Every letter fhould be connected with that which follows it, except these feven; alif, dal, zal, ra, j za, j zha, and vau, which are never joined to the following letter,

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