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Marcu 1, 1837.]

Light.houses— Post Office Department, &c.


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he was rather disposed to think properly belonged to the effect, and praying an investigation of the subject by several States.

Congress. Mr. WALL explained the objects of the bill in detail, Mr. S. moved that the memorial be laid on the table and urged the importance of its passage.

and printed. Mr. WRIGHT also spoke in favor of the bill; and it Mr. PRESTON opposed the printing, as a useless ex. was then passed.

pense, and as tending only to create pernicious agitation. LIGHT-HOUSES, &c.

Mr. SOUTHARD disclaimed all disposition to debate The Senate proceeded to consider, as in Committee of the question; but, after stating the nature of the petition, the whole, the bill making appropriations for light appealed to the Senate in behalf of what he represented houses, light-boats, buoys, &c., for the year 1837.

as ihe wish of the great body of the Cherokee nation, Mr.' DAVIS from the committee, offered various late in the session to hope for any action in the case, but

that the late trealy should be examined into. It was too amendments to the bill, (mostly inconsiderable,) one of which requires the Navy Commissioners to examine the

he hoped the printing of the memorial would not ber..

fused. premises before any appropriations shall be applied; which amendments were all adopted.

Mr. TIPTON, after referring to the late period of the Mr. CALHOUN expressed his high approbation of session as not allowing of debate upon such a question, this amendment, objecting, bowever, to the whole sys

moved to lay the motion to print upon the table; which tem, and especially to the practice of making appropri

was agreed to. ations before the examinations are actually made.

BOOKS FOR COMMITTEE ROOMS. The bill was still further amended, on motions of Messrs.

The resolution introduced by Mr. Wall, for supplyRUGGLES and HENDRICKS, and was then ordered to ing the committee rooms of the Senate with various be engrossed for a third reading.

works published by order or under the superintendence Mr. RUGGLES stated that the aggregate amount ap- of Congress, was read a third time; and the question propriated by this bill was something over $500,000.

being on its passagePOST OFFICE DEPARTMENT.

Mr. WALL explained its provisions, and stated that On motion of Mr. ROBINSON, the bill to give se.

the total sum to be expended under the resolution would

not much exceed $800. curity to correspondence between the United States and foreign countries was amended by a substitute, providing of works in the resolution Elliott's Debates and Diplo

Mr. EWING moved to amend it by adding to the list for an increase of the number and compensation of clerks and watchmen in the Post Office Department, and for

matic Correspondence.

Mr. SOUTHARD supported the resolution in a few the erection of a new building for that Department.

remarks. Mr. ROBINSON stated that the Postmaster General had recommended to the committee a reduction of sition to the resolution, which he deprecated as itself a

Mr. BENTON went at length into a speech in oppopostage, as there was a large surplus of money in the

useless expenditure, as scattering the books which ought Department. A majority of the committee were, how

to be kept together under the care of the Secretary, ever, of the opinion ihat it ought to be applied in increas. ing mail facilities; for which purpose this substitute was

and as leading to the establishment of a library for each

committee room, &c. now introduced. Mr. KNIGHT stated that the minority of the committee

Mr. CALHOUN joined the opposition to the measure,

as but the commencement of a system of expense, &c. were of the contrary opinion.

On motion of Mr. BENTON, the resolution was laid The substitute for the bill was adopted as the bill,

on the table. which was ordered to be engrossed for a third reading,


Mr. WALKER called up his resolution for the recog.

nition of the independence of Texas, on which a debate Mr. WRIGHT moved the consideration of a bill anti- of much interest arose. Mr. W, advocated bis resolucipating the payment of indemnities accruing to citizens tion by a speech of much earnestness, in which he pressof the United States, under the convention with France ed the claims of Texas for recognition with much devo. of the 4th of July, 1831, and that with the Two Siciliested ardor. of the 14th October, 1832.

He was followed by Mr. PRESTON, on the same Much discussion was excited by this motion; but it was

side, who went into an extensive review of the history of at length agreed to.

Mexico, from the period of her recognition by our own The bill was then reported, and ordered to its third Government to the present time, whence he deduced reading, by yeas, and nays as follows:

the argument that she never had, in fact, exercised conYras-Messrs. Bayard, Buchanan, Clayton, Ewing of trol over Texas, and was in no condition now to enforce Ohio, Hubbard, Kent, Linn, Nicholas, Niles, Norvell, her claims of sovereignty. He then went into a similar Page, Parker, Robinson, Ruggles, Sevier, Southard, review of the history of Texas, past and present, and arTipton, Walker, Webster, Wrighi-20.

gued to show that she was fully capable of performing Nars--Messrs. Black, Davis, Hendricks, Moore, the duties and sustaining the responsibilities, both do. Swist, Tomlinson, Wall, White-8.

mestic and foreign, which belong to an independent Many other bills were taken up, considered as in Com- Government. mittee of the Whole, ordered to a third reading, and pass. Mr. NORVELL said that, somewhat more than two ed; when the Senate adjourned.

months ago, the President had transmitted a message to

the Senate of the United States, concerning the civil, poWEDNESDAY, Marcu 1.

litical, and military condition of Texas, and its relations

with Mexico. In that message he observed the follow. CHEROKEE INDIANS.

ing passage: “It is true that, with regard to Texas, the Mr. SOUTHARD presented the memorial of 2,500 civil authority of Mexico has been expelled, its invading Cherokee Indians, both east and west of the Mississippi, / army defeated, the chief of the republic himself capturin relation to the treaty with their tribe ratified at the ed, and all present power to control the newly organized last session of the Senate, remonstrating against that Government of Texas annihilated within its confines. treaty as fraudulent in its origin, and oppressive in its | But, on the other hand, there is, in appearance at least,



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(MARCH 1, 1857.


an immense disparity of physical force on the side of ent Power, and deemed it expedient to despatch a minMexico. The Mexican republic, under another Execu- ister to that country. Mr. N., therefore, submitted a tive, is rallying its forces under a new leader, and men- substitute for the original resolution, declaring " (bat acing a fresh invasion to recover its lost dominion. Upon whenever information, satisfactory to the President of the issue of this threatened invasion the independence the United States, should be received, that Texas has in of Texas may be considered as suspended; and were successful operation a civil Government, capable of per. there nothing peculiar in the relative situation of the forming the duties and of fulfilling the obligations of an United States and Texas, our acknowledgment of its in. independent Power, it will be expedient to acknowledge dependence at such a crisis could scarcely be regarded the independence of that republíc.” It would, he said, as consistent with that prudent reserve with which we be observed, thal while the language and spirit of his bave heretofore held ourselves bound to treat all similar amendment were similar, in most respects, to the reso. questions.”

lution adopted by the Senate at the last session upon the It is true, sir, (said Mr. N.,) that this second invading same subject, there was this material variation, in the army bas not penetrated into Texas. It is true that not amendment, from the resolution: that was an abstract a hostile foot is to be found in Texas. But it is equally and general declaration; this devolved upon the Presi. true that the late chief of the Mexican republic has been dent the responsibility of deciding when such a state of released from imprisonment by the Texian Government, things might exist as to justify the recognition of Texian and that he has returned home. It is probable that this independence. The amendment would obviale the ne. course was agreed upon by both of the contending par- cessity of delaying this recognition until the next session ties, with the understanding that, if public sentiment in of Congress, if, in the judgment of the President, it Mexico should be found to authorize it, the Mexican could be safely and wisely made before that time. chief would himself lead the way in recognising the in. Mr. WALKER objected to the amendment, as not ad. dependence of Texas. If no such understanding had vancing ibe Texian cause beyond the point at which it taken place, was it certain that another invasion of Tex. stood last session. as, more formidable than the first, would not be attempt. Mr. CALHOUN also opposed the amendment, and ed? In either event, it would be more prudent in this spoke for a short time in support of Mr. Walker's resoGovernment, more wise, more consistent with the deli.lution. cate relations wbich exist between the United States and Mr. CLAY inquired wliether the resolution was inMexico, to wait until we see the result of the return to tended to be followed up by any, and what, legislative that country of the Mexican chief, before we venture action. He objected to the resolution, as covering not upon the decisive measure of recognition, and of throw. only the legislative but also the executive functions of ing additional embarrassment in the way of a peaceful the Government. Though be should prefer that the adjustment of our serious differences with Mexico. The question should lie over a little longer, yet, if the ques. policy of this Government, with regard to foreign nations | tion were put to him in any shape in which, as a legisla. and to the domestic contests which take place among tor, he was called to give an affirmative or negative vote, them for power, had, from ihe time of Washington to he should, in conformity with the principles on which he the present day, been cautious, prudent, and strictly had always acted in reference to the South American impartial. We have always waited until their new Gov. States, give an affirmative answer. But there would ernments bad acquired stability, and were placed beyond then remain behind the very grave and important questhe probability of change, before we recognised their lion of annexation; on vbich he would at present exindependence.

press no opinion. They were entirely distinct questions; The Executive of this country could not, it would be and a vote on the one would not commit any man on the remembered, be induced to ackr.owledge the independ other. As the question would come up, however, on ence of the Spanish American republics, until they had the appropriation bill from the House, he should prefer, carried on their struggles with Spain for several years; if agreeable to the mover, to more at present that it be and this, too, when we had no serious differences to ad. laid upon the table. just with that monarchy. The contest for Texian inde. Mr. WALKER said that there would be no inconsist. pendence has not been going on for more than one year. ency in adopting his resolution, and then voting on the We bave, at this time, difhculties of such magnitude item in the appropriation bill. The latter was contin. with the republic of Mexico, that the President of the gent in its character, but this resolution gave a positive United States bad recommended reprisals against her. expression of the opinion of the Senate. le contended The Senate, two days ago, unanimously voted against for the propriety of such an expression of opinion, and the adoption of any such hostile measure towards thaty against casting the whole burden of responsibility on the republic. And could they now, consistently with that Executive. · vote, prematurely commit the peace of ihe nation? Mr. BUCHANAN, after expressing his best wishes Could they now, honorably, take advantage of the weak for the success of Texas, and bis confident hope of it, ness and distractions of Mexico, and recognise the inde contended that this was not the moment in which it bependence of Texas, without knowing what course the

Every one knew that the success of Mexican chief himself would take on the subjeci? | Texas, thus far, had been achieved mainly by men and re. Would this be magnanimous? A short delay would re- sources drawn, in fact, from the people of the United move all difficulty. This delay would not be incompat. States, though without any recognition of its Govern. ible with the indulgence of all our sympathies for the ment; and as the people of Texas had adopted a resoluTexians. In a month or two we should learn the views tion that, as soon we should recognise their independof Santa Anna in relation to Texas. In the mean time, ence, they would immediately apply for reception into the Executive, charged with the foreign relations of the the United States as a State of this Union, we might es. country, ought to be permitted to act according to cir- pose ourselves, in the view of the world, to the strongcumstances, upon bis own responsibility, with respect est suspicions of a departure from that impartiality which to the acknowledgment of Texian independence. This we had always observed toward other nations. As Santa course would be in harmony with the action of the other | Anna had had his life given him by the people of Texas, branch of the Legislature on the subject. They had and was likely to return with acclamations to the Give made an appropriation 10 enable the President to send ernment of Mexico, would it not be better to wait and a diplomatic agent to Texas, whenever he should receive see whether he would not fulfil the promise he had been satisfactory evidcoce that she was actually an independ. I understood to have made of using his great influence in

campe us to act.

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favor of his liberators! Mr. B. did not believe he would | the consideration of the bill making appropriations for have the least desire to try a war with Texas again. the naval service for the year 1837.

[At this stage of the debate, the Senate took its daily The amendments offered by the committee were recess. ]

adopted. EVENING SESssox.

On motion of Mr. RIVES, the bill was further amend.

ed, by appropriating $100,000 to launch and secure the The Senate resumed the consideration of the resolu. | United States ship of the line Pennsylvania. tion on the independence of Texas, the question being Mr. CALHOUN remarked that the balances on hand on the substirute offered by Mr. Norvell.

for the naval service amounted to about $1,800,000. Mr. PRESTON addressed the Senate at some length, \ This, with the appropriations of this bill, would make chiefly in reply to Mr. Buchanan, urging that former the whole a very large sum, rather greater than the precedents not only warranted but required the express whole expenditure of Government under Mr. Monroe, action of Congress at this time, the subject having been and about equal to the highest entire expenditure under referred to them by the President, and the facts being Mr. Adams. such as not only to justify but demand a recognition. He Mr. RIVES replied that these appropriations were in urged both the impropriety of referring the subject addition to outstanding balances, except where the con. wholly to the President, and his unwillingness to trust trary was expressed in the bill. The objects, he said, with him the whole responsibility. He insisted that for were distinct. Former outstanding appropriations were Congress to wait till Mexico should recognise the inde. for the completion of works begun; but the objects of pendence of Texas was at variance with all former pre- the appropriations of this bill were new and distinct. cedents.

Mr. CALHOUN said he would now say to the Senate Mr. BUCHANAN, waiving reply, moved to lay the that this bill, in connexion with previous appropriations, resolution on the table; which motion was negatived, by would put under the control of the Navy Department the following vote:

something like $12,000,000. YEA5-Messrs. Brown, Buchanan, Clayton, Davis, The bill was then ordered to a third reading, and sub. Hubbard, King of Alabama, Knight, Morris, Nicholas, sequently read a third time and passed. Norvell, Page, Prentigs, Riggles, Swift, Tallmadge, Tipton, Tomlinson, Wall, Wright-19.

OLD HARBORS, &c. NAY5-Messrs. Bayard, Benton, Black, Calhoun, On motion of Mr. DAVIS, the Senate proceeded to Cuthbert, Ewing of Ilinois, Fulton, Grundy, Hendricks, consider the bill making appropriations for certain har. Linn, Moore, Mouton, Niles, Parker, Preston, Rives, bors, and for the removal of obstructions at the mouth, Robinson, Sevier, Spence, Strange, Walker, White-22.

of certain rivers. The amendment offered by Mr. NORVELL was lost, by Several amendments from the committee were adopted. yeas and nays, as follows:

On the amendment to this bill, proposed by the comYeas-Messrs. Brown, Buchanan, Clayton, Davis, mittee, for the relief of the citizens of Alexandria, Hubbard, Knight, Morris, Norvell, Page, Prentiss, Rug- Mr. WRIGHT called for the yeas and nays; which gles, Swift, Tallmadge, Tomlinson, Wall, Wright-16. were ordered. He remarked that this amendment was

Nays-Messrs. Bayard, Benton, Black, Calhoun, identical with the bill lately passed by the Senate for Cuthbert, Ewing of Illinois, Fulton, Grundy, Hendricks, this purpose, and protested against this mode of legisKing of Alabama, Linn, Moore, Mouton, Nicholas, Niles, lation, by which members might be compelled either Parker, Preston, Rives, Robinson, Sevier, Spence, to vote for an amendment having no connexion with Strange, Tipton, Walker, White-25.

the objects of the bill, or to vote against the bill itThe original resolution, as offered by Mr. Walken, self. was as follows:

Mr. DAVIS admitted the mode to be generally exResolved, that the State of Texas having establish- ceptionable. But the committee, he said, were infiued and maintained an independent Government, capable enced by the considerations that ihis measure ought to of performing those duties, foreign and domestic, which pass, and that the bill sent to the other House for this appertain to independent Governments, and it appearing purpose, loaded as it was there with other important that there is no longer any reasonable prospect of the business, was not likely to pass in that House. He prosuccessful prosecution of the war by Mexico against ceeded to show that justice demanded this appropriasaid State, it is expedient and proper, and in conformity tion for Alexandria, and that the amount would but just with the laws of nations and the practice of this Govern. place Alexandria on the same footing with Georgetown ment in like cases, that the independent political exist- and Washington, which cities bad obtained so much ence of said State be acknowledged by the Government greater aid from Congress on the Holland debt. of the United States.”

This amendment was further and earnestly discussed The question on agreeing to this resolution was deci- | by Messrs. PARKER, WRIGHT, NILES, BUCHANded as follows:

AN, KENT, and PRESTON, and was carried in the Yeas-Messrs.' Bayard, Benton, Black, Calhoun, affirmative, by the following vole: Cuthbert, Ewing of Illinois, Fulton, Grundy, Hendricks, YEAS-Messrs. Bayard, Black, Buchanan, Clayton, Linn, Moore, Mouton, Niles, Parker, Preston, Rives, Davis, Ewing of Illinois, Fulton, Hendricks, Kent, King Robinson, Ruggles, Sevier, Spence, Strange, Walker, of Alabama, King of Georgia, Knight, Linn, Moore, White--23.

Nicholas, Norvell, Parker, Preston, Rives, Robbins, Se. Nays-Messrs. Brown, Buchanan, Clayton, Davis, vicr, Spence, Walker, White-24. Hubbard, King of Alabamı, King of Georgia, Knight, Nars-Messrs. Benton, Brown, Hubbard, Lyon, Morris, Nicholas, Norvell, Page, Prentiss, Swift, Tall. Morris, Mouton, Niles, Page, Prentiss, Ruggles, madge, Tipton, Tomlinson, Wall, Wright--19.

Strange, Swift, Tallmadge, Tipton, Tomlinson, Wall, So the resolution was agreed to.

Wright-17. The announcement of this vote called forth some ap. Mr. HENDRICKS moved to amend the bill by applause from the gallery, which was promptly cliecked propriating $50,000 for the improvement of the navigaby the Chair.

tion of the Wabash river. Negatived.

Also negatived, an amendment offered by Mr. NAVAL SERVICE.

MOORE, of $100,000 for the completion of the canal On motion of Mr. DAVIS, the Senale proceeded to l around the Muscle shoals, in Tennessee river.


General Ippropriation Bill— Brigs Encomium, Enterprise, and Comet. (Marcu 2, 1837. Mr. Wall moved 10 amend the bill by an appro. Yeas— Messrs. Bayard, Black, Calhoun, Crittenden, priation of $9,900 for Raritan river; which he pressed Fulton. Hendricks, Linn, Moore, Mouton, Parker, with great ardor and perseverance, in which he was Preston, Rives, Robinson, Sevier, Walker, White-16. earnestly supported by Mr. SOUTHARD.

NAYS— Messrs. Brown, Buchanan, Clayton, Davis, After must debate, this amendment was lost in com- Ewing of Olio, Hubbard, Kent, King of Alabama, mittee: Yeas 16, näys 16; but was carried afterwards in King of Georgia, Nicholas, Niles, Norvell, Ruggles, the Senate: Yeas 21, nays 14.

Southard, Swift, Tallmadge, Tipton, Tomlinson, Wall, An amendment by Mr. WALKER, of $5,000 for the Webster, Wright-21. mouth of Pascagoula river, and of $1,000 for that of Mr. PRESTON moved to strike out that part of the Pearl river, was lost in committee: Ayes 10, noes not bill which relates to the salaries of librarian, assistant licounted; and lost again in Senate: Ayes 12.

brarian, and messengers, with a view to increase them; Mr. LYON moved to increase the $15,000 in the bill, but it was rejected. for a pier at the mouth of St. Joseph's river, 10 $30,000. On his motion, $400 was appropriated for part pay. Negatived.

ment of the artist who made å bust of the late Chief An amendment by Mr. EWING, of Obio, of $20,000 | Justice Ellsworth. for the mouth of Maumee river, was lost in Senate.

Mr. KING, of Georgia, moved an amendment for exAlso, of $12,000, by Mr. LYON, for Kalamazoo river. tra compensation to the judge of the district of East The bill was then ordered to a third reading.

Florida, who had adjudicated on certain private land GENERAL APPROPRIATION BILL.

claims, $1,500, accompanied with a clause repealing the

act for this charge in future. It was not agreed to. Mr. WRIGHT, from the Finance Committee, re. The bill was then reported to the Senate. The amend. ported the appropriation bill for the civil and diplo- ' ments were agreed to, and the bill ordered to its third matic expenses of the Government for the year 1837, reading. with numerous amendments; which were agreed to. Several other bills received their third reading, were

Mr. WEBSTER moved 10 amend the bill hy inserting passed, and sent to the House for concurrence.
$5,000 10 complete the law library of Congress, accord- And the Senate then adjourned.
ing to a catalogue to be furnished by the Chief Justice
of the United States. It was agreed to.
Mr. WALKER moved to amend the bill by increasing

the salary of the recorder of the General Land Office to
$2,500; which was agreed to.

BRIGS ENCOMIUM, ENTERPRISE, AND COYET. Mr. WRIGHT moved to insert $2,000 for the salary Mr. CALHOUN said that it would be remembered of a secretary of legation to Mexico. Agreed to. that on his motion a resolution was adopted, requesting

Mr. PARKER moved to insert $30,000 for the pur. the President to communicate to the Senate the corre. chase of the manuscripts of Mr. Madison, containing a spondence between this Government and that of Great record of the debates of the convention.

Britain, in relation to the case of the brigs Encomium and Mr. HUBBARD asked the yeas and nays; which, be. Enterprise. He held in his hand the message of the Presi. ing taken, stood as follows:

dent in answer to the resolution, from which he found that YEAS-Messrs. Bayard, Black, Brown, Buchanan, there was another case (that of the Comet) of a similar Clayton, Crittenden, Ewing of Ohio, Fulton, Hendricks, character, of which he was not aware when he made his Kent, Linn, Lyon, Mouton, Norvell, Parker, Preston, motion, and which occurred as far back as 1832. He Rives, Robinson, Southard, Tallmadge, Walker, Wall, bad read with care the correspondence, but, he must say, Webster, White, Wright-25.

with very little satisfaction. It was all on one side. Our Nays-Messrs. Calhoun, Davis, Hubbard, King of Executive has been knocking, (no, that is too strong a Alabama, King of Georgia, Moore, Nicholas, Niles, term,) tapping gently at the door of the British SecrePrentiss, Ruggles, Swift, Tipton-12.

tary, to obtain justice, for these five years, without reMr. BUCHANAN moved for statuary for the eastern ceiving an answer, and this in the plainest case imagina. front of the Capitol, $8,000.

ble. It was not his intention to censure those who had He said he had been advised not to insert the name of been intrusted with the correspondence on our part. any artist, although, from his knowledge of Mr. Persico, They had written enough, and more than enough; but (on whose character and talents he pronounced a hand. truth compelled him to say the tone was not high some eulogy,) he was strongly inclined 10 insert his enough, considering the injustice to our citizens, and the name here, as it had been in the bill from the House. outrage on the flag and honor of the Union. His reHe, however, would waive doing so, in the hope that marks were intended more especially for the latter part Mr. Persico might be appointed to execute the work. of the correspondence, after ihe long delay without an Mr. WEBSTER advocated the amendment; but as answer from the British Government. At firs

in 50 art, like science, belonged to the world, and not to any plain a case, little more could be thought necessary than particular nation, he was opposed to designating any à plain statement of the facts, which was given in a very individual artist, whether an American or a foreigner. clear and satisfactory manner in the letter of the Presi. The amendment was agreed to.

dent elect in the case of the Comet, Mr. FULTON moved an amendment for the com- Without repealing what he said on the introduction of pensation of the surveyor general of Arkansas, $2,000. the resolution, he would remind the Senate of the facts Agreed to.

of the case in the briefest manner possible. Mr. WALKER moved to amend the bill by striking The three brigs were engaged in the coasting trade, out of the appropriation for the contingent appointment and, among other passengers, had slaves on board, be. of a diplomatic agent to Texas the words “may receive longing to our citizens, who were sending them to the satisfactory evidence that Texas is an independent Southwestern Stales, with a view to settlement. 'The Power."

Enterprise was forced, by stress of weather, into Port Mr. W. advocated the amendment, on the ground that Hamilton, Bermuda, where the slaves on board were the Senate had this day decided that, in their judgment, forcibly seized and detained by the local authorities. Texas was independent.

The other two were wrecked on the Keys belonging to the The amendment was negatived, by yeas and pays, as Bahama islands, and the passengers and crew taken by follows:

wreckers, contrary to their wishes, into Nassau, New March 2, 1837.)

General Appropriation and Harbor Bills-Road Bill.


Providence, where the slaves shared the same fate as at sincerity questionable. This she must see, and to the Bermuda.

fact that she does he attributed her long and obstinate These were the essential facts of the case. He did not silence. intend to argue the questions that grew out of them. But it may be asked, why, then, does she not make repThere was, indeed, little or no ground for argument. aration at once in so clear a case? Why not restore the No one in the least conversant with the laws of nations slaves, or make ample compensation to their owners! can doubt that these vessels were as much under the pro. He could imagine but one motive: she bad among her tection of our flag, while on their voyage, proceeding subjects many whose fanatical feelings on this subject from one port of the Union to another, as if they were she was unwilling to offend; but, while respecting the in port, lying at the wharves, within our acknowledged feelings of her subjects, blind and misdirected as they jurisdiction. Nor is it less clear, that forced as the En are, she ought not to forget that our Government is also terprise was by stress of weather, and taken, under the bound to respect the feelings of its citizens. Let her recircumstances ihat the passengers and crews of the oth member that, if to respect ihe rights which our citizens er two were, into the British dominions, they lost none of have over their slaves be offensive to any portion of her the rights which belonged to them while on their voyage subjects, how much more so would it be to our citizens on the ocean. So far otherwise, so far from losing the for our Government to acquiesce in her refusal to reprotection which our flag gave them while on the ocean, spect our right to establish the relation which one por. they had superadded, by their misfortunes, the addition- tion of our population shall have to another, and how al rights which the laws of humanity extend to the un- unreasonable it would be for her to expect that our Gov. forlunate in their situation, and which are regarded by ernment should be more indifferent to the feelings of its all civilized nations as sacred. It follows, as a necessary citizens ihan hers to any portion of her subjects. He, consequence, that the municipal laws of the place could with every lover of his country, on both sides, desired not divest the owners of the property which, as citizens sincerely to see the peace and harmony of the two coun. of the United States, they had in the slaves who were tries preserved; but be held ihat the only condition on passengers in the vessels; and yet, as clear as is this con- which they could possibly be preserved was that of perclusion, they were forcibly seized and detained by the fect equality and a mutual respect for their respective Jocal authorities of the islands; and the Government of institutions; and he could not but see that a perseve. Great Britain, after five years' negotiation, has not only rance in withholding redress in these cases must, in the withheld redress, but has not even deigned to answer the end, disturb the friendly relations which now so happily often-repeated application of our Government for redress.

exist between the two countries. We are thus left by its silence to conjecture the reason He hoped, on resuming the correspondence, our Gov. for so extraordinary a course.

ernment would press the claim for redress in a manner On casting his eyes over the whole subject, he could

far more earnest and becoming the importance of the fix on but one that had the least plausibility, and that rest subject than it has beretofore done. It seemed to him ing on a principle which it was scarcely credible that a

that a vast deal too much had been said about the decisGovernment so intelligent could assume: he meant the ion of the courts and the acts of the British Government principle that there could not be property in persons. It than ought to have been. They havé little or nothing was not for him to object that Great Britain, or any oth. to do with the case, and can have no force whatever er country, should assume that or any other principle it against the grounds on which our claims for justice might tbink proper, as applicable to its subjects; but he stand. However binding on their own subjects, or formust protest against the right to adopt it as applicable to eigners voluntarily entering her dominions, they can our country or citizens. It would strike at the independo have no binding effect whatever, where misfortune, such ence of our country, and would not be less insulting than

as in these cases, placed our citizens within her jurisdicoutrageous; while it would ill become a nation that was tion. the greatest slaveholder of any on earth, notwithstand

If they be properly presented, and pressed on the ating all cant about emancipation, to apply such a princi- tention of the British Government, he could not doubt ple in her intercourse with others. It is time to speak but that speedy and ample justice would be done. It out boldly on this subject, and to expose freely the folly could not be withheld but by an open refusal to do jus. and hypocrisy of those who accuse others of what, if tice, which he could not anticipate. As to himself, he there be guilt, they are more guilty themselves.

should feel bound, as one of the representatives from Ours is not the only mode in which man may have do the slaveholding States, which had a peculiar and deep minion over man. The principle which would abrogate interest in the question, to bring this case annually be. the propetry of our citizens in their slaves would equal. fore Congress, so long as he held a seat on ibis Alvor, if ly abrogate the dominion of Great Britain over the sub. redress shall be so long withheld. ject nations under her control. If one individual can have no property in another, how can one nation, which


BILLS. is but an aggregate of individuals, have dominion, which involves the highest right of property, over another? If The bill making appropriations for the civil and dipman has, by nature, the right of self-government, have lomatic expenses of the Government for the year 1837, not nations, on the same principle, an equal right? And and the bill making appropriations for certain (old) har. if the former forbids one individual from having proper. bors, &c. for 1837, were severally read a third time, ly in another individual, does not the other equally for and passed; the latier by the following vote: bid one nation holding dominion over another? How YEAS— Messrs. Benton, Buchanan, Clayton, Davis, inconsistent would it be in Great Britain to withhold re- Ewing of plinois, Ewing of Ohio, Fulton, Grundy, Hen. dress for injustice to our citizens committed in the West dricks, Kent, Knight, Linn, McKean, Morris, Mouton, lodies, on the ground that persons could not be proper. Nicholas, Norvell, Robbins, Robinson, Ruggles, Southty, while in the East Indies she exercises unlimited | ard, Tallmadge, Tipton, Wall, Webster, Wright-26. dominion over more than a hundred millions of human NAYA— Messrs. Calhoun, Clay, Hubbard, King of Alabeings, whose labor she controls as effectually as our bama, King of Georgia, Moore, Parker, Preston, Rives, citizens do that of their slaves! It is not to be credited Strange, Walker, White-12. that she will venture to assume, in her relation with us,

ROAD BILL. a principle so utterly indefensible, and which could not but expose her to imputations which would make her The bill making appropriations for the repair and con

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