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FEB. 28, 1837.)
with some degree of confidence, upon some steady and erect a house, and desired to have it elegantly and subcertain course of legislation in relation to themselves. stantially built, whether he would put a given amount Now, sir, a distribution of the proceeds of the public for that purpose into the bands of his agent, upon conlands among the States would remedy all these evils, dition that the whole surplus which he could save, after and correct all these anomalies of our system. It would the work was completed, should be his own property? secure to us a settled policy, upon which the country This would be offering bim a premium to be faithless to might rely. It would draw off from the General Gov. bis trust. No, sir; I deny that, in applying to the Amer. ernment this eccentric source of revenue, and distribute ican people the laws which govern human nalure geneit among the States. We should then be left where the rally, I am treating them with disrespect. I merely say constitution intended to place us. The Government that they are mortal men, and not angels. I should be would then be administered on its original principles. the last man to distrust their patriotism, because I firmly All our expenditures would then be derived from the believe that, comparing them with the rest of mankind, taxes which we might impose on the people, and the they are, in the mass, more pure and more virtuous than tariff would thus be rendered fixed and certain. What any other nation upon the face of the earth. ever protection might then be afforded would be stable. Our own history presents us a useful lesson upon this Under such circumstances, an incidental protective du subject. Let us refer to the days of the confederation; ty, comparatively small, would be of more real value and what was then the state of things? Did the different than a much larger one, subject to all the risk and un. State Governments pay into the Federal Treasury their certainly which now exist. A manufacturer, whilst contingents, which were due upon every fair principle? embarking in business, would not then dread lest the Would the debts of the Revolution bave ever been dis. policy of Congress might change before be could get charged, had the old confederation continued to exist? into successful operation. There would then be no No, sir. The members of the State Legislatures refused taxes raised from the people to be distributed among the to tax the people of the respective States for these pur. people. We should hear no more of surpluses.
posee. They were placed in such a position that their Combining some such a disposition of the proceeds of duty to the Government of the confederation was at war the public lands with an arrangement, as to the lands with the interests of their constituents; and the conse. themselves, which would be satisfactory to the new quence was, that Government became a mere shadow-States, the system might thereby be rendered perfect destitute of power, and incapable of performing iis most and permanent. I am strongly impressed with the be.
Yet these men, who refused to lief that a plan might be devised which would meet the perform their duties, were the very men who had perilapprobation of all reasonable men in the new States, led every thing in the cause of liberty. whilst the just rights of the old States would be amply I voted for the deposite bill of ibe last session on the secured. But all hope of such a consummation bas al. very principles then maintained by the Senator from most departed. The friends of the land bill have cast it South Carolina. At that time we heard nothing from aside. Even the Senator from Kentucky has abandoned him which would authorize us to infer that he intended the promising child which he had adopted and nursed so to make the extreme medicine of the constitution its long and so tenderly, and is now caressing and cherish daily bread. ing the ill-favored bantling which is now before the (Mr. Calhoun here explained. He said that the bill Senate.
introduced by him at the last session contained a disiriHas any argument which I urged when I first addres. bution for several years.] sed the Senate been answered by the gentleman from Mr. B. continued. I was perfectly aware of that fact; South Carolina' [Mr. Calhoun.) He says thai it is a but with whom did this portion of his bill find favor? 13 reflection upon the virtue and patriotism of the Ameri- it not notorious that he abandoned it himself? He advocan people and their representatives, to suggest that they cated the bill as an extreme remedy for an extreme case, would withhold the necessary appropriations from the and justified the measure from its absolute necessity. Federal Government, because the States might expect The patient was then in a state of the most alarming to receive what would remain unexpended in the Treas- pletbora. The danger of apoplexy was imminent. We ury at the conclusion of each year. Can this inference bled him copiously in order to save his life. But now, be fairly drawn from my argument? Every wise legisla. if we are to believe my friend from Georgia, (Mr. Kixo, tor, of every age, in framing any plan of government, whose opinions upon this subject are entitled to great has always taken care that the duty of those who were consideration, our patient will ere long be as lank and to administer it should not clash with their interests. In lean as the knight of La Mancha. He is now threatenother words, that those who were to work the machine ed with a galloping consumption. Shall we, then, Sanshould not have any strong feeling opposed to its sucess- grado like, continue to bleed? When the symptoms ful operation. Man, in his best state, is but a frail being change, the treatment should be different. Although I if you place his interes! upon the one side and his duty do not concur with the Senator from Georgia in the upon the other, the history of the human race abundant. | opinion he has expressed in regard to the future state of ly proves that he has too often abandoned his principles the Treasury, yet I cannot perceive the least necessity, for the sake of promoting his private advantage. Lead under existing circumstances, to pass another deposite us not into templation, was the prayer of Him who best bill. I can never consent to make thal which was an ex. understood human nature. Am I, then, to be charged ception, under a peculiar state of things, the general with reflecting upon the American people, because I be. rule of our conduct. li is so rendered still more emphatilieve they will be influenced by the motives which have cally by attaching this amendment to a common approswayed all mankind from the beginning? What wise priation bill. If you introduce this policy, as a general man would ever think of establishing a constitution system, you will change the whule theory and practice which would place the interest of the Governors in op. of our Government. position to a correct and efficient administration of the What effect will this principle probably proluce upon Government? Would not ibis be emphatically ihe case, the State Governments at home? They are now frugal if you say to the Senators and Representatives in Con. and careful of the people's money, because their expendgress that you shall have every dollar of surplus in the itures are derived from taxes levied upon the people. Treasury at the end of each year, for the use of your The members of the State Legislatures are placed in oun States, which you can withhold from national ob- that condition of responsibility to iheir immediale constitjects? I would ask the Senator, if he were about 10 uenis, wbich necessarily secures prudence and economy Senate.)
(FEB. 28, 1837.
in making appropriations. But let the flood-gates of the tribution was an evil which ought not to be encouraged; national Treasury be opened, let copious streams of and if it must take place, the next Congress could pro. money flow in upon them, and you will have wild and vide for it. Were they afraid to trust them with the extravagant schemes for spending it, which may be ru. question, and would they therefore legislate not only for inous to the States themselves. They will thus involve the present, but for futurity? There was as much evil themselves in debts, and rely upon the national Treasury in too much legislation as in too little, especially in to pay them. This will produce pressure upon their legislating for evils which might or might not exist. representatives to get as much as they can from the Gen. Mr. W. said he had no interest in the deposite banks. eral Government, and give as little as they can to nation. | They were not of his party, but of the party opposed to al objects.
the administration. If gentlemen would investigate, I would put a question to my friend from Arkansas, they would find that, in every instance, there was either (Mr. Sevier.). We have removed and are about remov. a majority of the stock opposed to the administration, or ing all the Indians east of the Mississippi to the country a majority of the directors; and all the hue and cry west of his State and that of Missouri. These turbulent against the deposite banks was made by the political and restless savages will all be imbodied on the Western friends of those who controlled them. Mr. W. there. frontier of these States. The Government are bound by fore had no interest in them on political grounds. But every principle to yield their citizens protection. Chiefly the strongest objection to the amendment (provision) for this necessary purpose, the Senate has passed a bill was that it was an improper mode of legislation. And to increase the rank and file of the army. Does the in what situation would this species of legislation place Senator believe that the bill will ever become a law, some of the Senators who last year opposed appropria. should we adopt the system of distributing surpluses tions for these fortifications, but would vote for them among the States?
this year with a small amendment added, which had (Mr. Benton exclaimed “neser, never,")
no connexion with the original bill? (Mr EWING, The two principles are as much opposed to each other of Ohio, said nearly every one voted for the bill last as light and darkness. If the surplus derived from lax- year.) Mr. W. said he spoke from the record; he would ation is to be annually given to the States, all appropria. not recite it, but refer to it. Let gentlemen look at it tions in Congress will fail, unless such as may be made themselves. Mr. W. was for making proper appropria. under the pressure of immediate and pressing necessity. tions for the welfare of the country, but he protested
I voted for the deposite bill last year because no other against this log-rolling system of legislation, connecting practicable mode existed of relieving the Treasury, and together subjects totally distinct, and compelling memremoving the money from the deposite banks. But no bers to take both or neither. such necessity now exists. No man now knows whether Mr. WEBSTER said the Senator from New Jersey there will be a surplus or not. If there should be, as I was certainly under a mistake. A bill for certain new think there will, it will be small, unless, indeed, this works was opposed at the last session. But the bill very bill should create it by defeating those measures in known as the common fortification bill was not opposed. the other House necessary for the defence of the coun- Mr. BENTON said perhaps there would be found in try, and the reduction of ihe revenue to the standard of this fortification bill a part for new works. our expenditures.
Mr. NILES and Mr. CRITTENDEN also addressed Mr. WALL said he voted for the distribution bill of
the Senate on the subject of the amendment of the House the last session, but he never did intend to adopt the to distribute the surplus revenue; after which, principle as one upon which he would act in all future The Senate took a recess. circumstances, or which he would make into a system.
EVENING SEssion. If circumstances should be the same at that time, he would act upon it according to his judgment. But they
DISTRIBUTION QUESTION. were now entirely different. It was not now the ques- The Senale resumed the consideration of the bill from tion how the money in the Treasury on the 1st of Janu. the House, making appropriations for fortifications, &c. ary, 1838, should be disposed of, but whether they for the year 1837, the question being on a motion to strike should now sanction, by a deliberate act, a system of out the section of the bill which provided for a deposite log-rolling legislation. The bill, without this distribution of the surplus revenue, on the 1st of January next, with provision added to it, providing for the common desence the several Stales. of the country, was distinctly within the limits of the The debate was continued to a late hour with much constitution. Who would not say that it was his duty to earnestness, when the question was taken on the motion provide for the defence of the country? The bill to above stated, and decided as follows: which this amendment was ingrasted was introduced in YEAS--Messrs. Benton, Black, Browr, Cuthbert, Ew. the House on the 21st of December, 1836, (the same billing of Illinois, Fulton, Grundy, Hubbard, King of Ala. failed last year,) and was acted on, 80 far as concerned bama, King of Georgia, Linn, Lyon, Nicholas, Niles, the appropriations, in the Senate bill till the 27th of Norvell, Page, Parker, Rires, Ruggles, Sevier, Strange, February. In the original bill there were appropria- | Tallmadge, Walker, Wall, Wright--26. tions for fortifications in Maine, Massachusetts, Connecti. Nars-Messrs. Bayard, Calhoun, Clayton, Crittenden cut, Rhode Island, New York, Maryland, Virginia, Lou- Davis, Ewing of Ohio, Hendricks, Keni, Knight, Moore, isiana, and Florida, and one or two others. These provis. Prentiss, Preston, Robbins, Southard, Spence, Swift, ions were for defence, and were clearly and unequivo. Tomlinson, Webster, White--19. cally constitutional. But when it was brought to the So the motion to strike out the provision for the disSenate, there was connected with it a measure for din tribution among the States of the surplus revenue on the viding, not what was now a surplus, but a surplus 1st of January next, was decided in the affirmative. which depended upon prophecy. Mr. W. was not wil. And, thus amended, the bill was ordered to a third ling to legislate on prophecy. There might or miglit reading. not be a surplus on the 1st of January, 1938; and if The various bills which were yesterday ordered to : there might not be, Mr. W. would not make provision third reading were severally read a third time and passed. for what might not take place. If there should then be The bill concerning pilots came up on its third reada surplus, there would be men bere then as bonest and ing. faithful as now, and there would be time enough for them to legislate on facts. All acknowledged that dis. ' which required considerable attension, and as one which
Mr. CALHOUN objected to it, as relating to a subject
Mancu 1, 1837.]
Light-houses- Post Office Department, &c.
he was rather disposed to think properly belonged to the effect, and praying an investigation of the subject by several States.
Congress. Mr. WALL explained the objects of the bill in detail, Mr. S. moved that the memorial be laid on the table and urged the importance of its passage.
and printed. Mr. WRIGHT also spoke in favor of the bill; and it Mr. PRESTON opposed the printing, as a useless ex. was then passed.
pense, and as tending only to create pernicious agitation. LIGHT-HOUSES, &c.
Mr. SOUTHARD disclaimed all disposition to debate The Senate proceeded to consider, as in Committee of the question; but, after stating the nature of the petition, the Whole, the bill making appropriations for light. appealed to the Senate in behalf of what he represented houses, light-boats, buoys, &c., for the year 1837.
as ihe wish of the great body of the Cherokee nation, Mr. DAVIS from the committee, offered various that the late trealy should be examined into. It was too amendments to the bill, (mostly inconsiderable,) one of
late in the session to hope for any action in the case, but which requires the Navy Commissioners to examine the
he hoped the printing of the memorial woulrl not bero.
fused. premises before any appropriations shall be applied; which amendments were all adopted.
Mr. TIPTON, after referring to the late period of the Mr. CALHOUN expressed his high approbation of session as not allowing of debate upon such a question, this amendment, objecting, however, to the whole sys
moved to lay the motion to print upon the table; which tem, and especially to the practice of making appropri.
was agreed to. ations before the examinations are actually made.
BOOKS FOR COMMITTEE ROOMS. The bill was still further amended, on motions of Messrs. The resolution introduced by Mr. Wall, for supply. RUGGLES and HENDRICKS, and was then ordered to ing the committee rooms of the Senate with various be engrossed for a third reading.
works published by order or under the superintendence Mr. RUGGLES stated that the aggregate amount ap- of Congress, was read a third time; and the question propriated by this bill was sometbing over $500,000. being on its passagem POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT.
Mr. WALL explained its provisions, and stated that On motion of Mr. ROBINSON, the bill to give se.
the total sum to be expended under the resolution would
not much exceed $800. curity to correspondence between the United States and foreign countries was amended by a substitute, providing of works in the resolution Elliott's Debates and Diplo
Mr. EWING moved to amend it by adding to the list for an increase of the number and compensation of clerks
matic Correspondence. and watchmen in the Post Office Department, and for
Mr. SOUTHARD supported the resolution in a few the erection of a new building for that Department.
remarks. Mr. ROBINSON stated that the Postmaster General had recommended to the committee a reduction of sition to the resolution, which he deprecated as itself a
Mr. BENTON went at length into a speech in oppopostage, as there was a large surplus of money in the
useless expenditure, as scattering the books which ought Department. A majority of the committee were, how.
to be kept together under the care of the Secretary, ever, of the opinion ihat it ought to be applied in increas.
and as leading to the establishment of a library for each ing mail facilities; for which purpose this substitute was
committee room, &c. now introduced. Mr. KNIGHT stated that the minority of the committee
Mr. CALHOUN joined the opposition to the measure, were of the contrary opinion.
as but the commencement of a system of expense, &c.
On motion of Mr. BENTON, the resolution was laid The substitute for the bill was adopted as the bill,
on the table. which was ordered to be engrossed for a third reading,
TEXAS. and subsequently passed.
Mr. WALKER called up his resolution for the recog. FRENCII AND NEAPOLITAN INDEMNITIES.
nition of the independence of Texas, on which a debate Mr. WRIGHT moved the consideration of a bill anti- of much interest arose. Mr. W. advocated bis resolucipating the payment of indemnities accruing to citizens tion by a speech of much earnestness, in which he pressof the United States, under the convention with France
ed the claims of Texas for recognition with much devo. of the 4th of July, 1831, and that with the Two Sicilies ted ardor. of the 14th October, 1832.
He was followed by Mr. PRESTON, on the same Much discussion was excited by this motion; but it was side, who went into an extensive review of the history of at length agreed to.
Mexico, from the period of her recognition by our own The bill was then reported, and ordered to its third
Government to the present time, whence he deduced reading, by yeas, and nays as follows:
the argument that she never had, in fact, exercised conYeas-- Messrs. Bayard, Buchanan, Clayton, Ewing of trol over Texas, and was in no condition now to enforce Ohio, Hubbard, Kent, Linn, Nicholas, Niles, Norvell, her claims of sovereignty. He then went into a similar Page, Parker, Robinson, Ruggles, Sevier, Southard, review of the bistory of Texas, past and present, and arTipton, Walker, Webster, Wrighı-20.
gued to show that she was fully capable of performing Nars--Messrs. Black, Davis, Hendricks, Moore, The duties and sustaining the responsibilities, both do. Swist, Tomlinson, Wall, White-8.
mestic and foreign, which belong to an independent Many other bills were taken up, considered as in Com. Government. mittee of the Whole, ordered to a third reading, and pass. Mr. NORVELL said that, somewhat more than two ed; when the Senate adjourned.
months ago, the President had transmitted a message to
the Senate of the United States, concerning the civil, poWEDNESDAY, MARCH 1.
litical, and military condition of Texas, and its relations
with Mexico. In that message he observed the follow. CHEROKEE INDIANS.
ing passage: “It is true that, with regard to Texas, the Mr. SOUTHARD presented the memorial of 2,500 civil authority of Mexico has been expelled, ils invading Cherokee Indians, both east and west of the Mississippi, army defeated, the chief of the republic himself captur. in relation to the treaty with their tribe ratified at the ed, and all present power to control the newly organized last session of the Senate, remonstrating against that Government of Texas annihilated within its confines. treaty as fraudulent in its origin, and oppressive in its / But, on the other hand, there is, in appearance at least,
(March 1, 1837.
an immense disparity of physical force on the side of ent Power, and deemed it expedient to despatch a minMexico. The Mexican republic, under another Execu- ister to that country. Mr. N., therefure, submitted a tive, is rallying ils forces under a new leader, and men. substitute for the original resolution, declaring “bat acing a fresh invasion to recover its lost dominion. Upon whenever information, satisfactory to the President of the issue of this threatened invasion the independence the United States, should be received, that Texas has in of Texas may be considered as suspended; and were successful operation a civil Government, capable of perthere nothing peculiar in the relative situation of the forming the duties and of fulfilling the obligations of an United States and Texas, our acknowledgment of its in- independent Power, it will be expedient to acknowledge dependence at such a crisis could scarcely be regarded the independence of that republic.” It woul!, he said, as consistent with that prudent reserve with which we be observed, that while the language and spirit of his have heretofore held ourselves bound to treat all similar amendment were similar, in most respects, to the resoquestions."
lution adopted by the Senate at the last session upon the It is true, sir, (said Mr. N.,) that this second invading same subject, there was this material variation, in the army has not penetrated into Texas. It is true that not amendment, from the resolution: that was an abstract a hostile foot is to be found in Texas. But it is equally and general declaration; this devolved upon the Presi. true that the late chief of the Mexican republic has been dent the responsibility of deciding when such a state of released from imprisonment by the Texian Government, things might exist as to justify the recognition of Texian and that he has returned home. It is probable that this independence. The amendment would obviate the ne. course was agreed upon by both of the contending par. cessity of delaying this recognition until the next session ties, with the understanding that, if public sentiment in of Congress, if, in the judgment of the President, it Mexico should be found to authorize it, the Mexican could be safely and wisely made before that time. chief would himself lead the way in recognising the in. Mr. WALKER objected to the amendment, as not addependence of Texas. If no such understanding had vancing the Texian cause beyond the point at which it taken place, was it certain that another invasion of Tex. stood last session. as, more formidable than the first, would not be attempt. Mr. CALHOUN also opposed the amendment, and ed? In either event, it would be more prudent in this spoke for a short time in support of Mr. Walker's reso. Government, more wise, more consistent with the deli. lution. cate relations wbich exist between the United States and Mr. CLAY inquired wliether the resolution was in. Mexico, to wait until we see the result of the return to tended to be followed up by any, and what, legislative that country of the Mexican chief, before we verture action. He objected to the resolution, as covering not upon the decisive measure of recognition, and of throw. only the legislative but also the executive functions of ing addi:ional embarrassment in the way of a peaceful the Government. Though he should prefer that the adjustment of our serious differences with Mexico. The question should lie over a little longer, yet, if the quespolicy of this Government, with regard to foreign nations tion were put to him in any shape in which, as a legisla. and to the domestic contests which take place among tor, he was called to give an affirmative or negative vote, them for power, had, from the time of Washington to he should, in conformity with the principles on which he the present day, been cautious, prudent, and strictly had always acted in reference to the South American impartial. We have always waited until their new Gov. States, give an affirmative answer. But there would ernments bad acquired stability, and were placed beyond then remain behind the very grave and important questhe probability of change, before we recognised their tion of annexation; on which he would at present ex. independence.
press no opinion. They were entirely distinct questions; The Executive of this country could not, it would be and a vote on the one would not commit any man on the remembered, be induced to acknowledge the independ. other. As the question would come up, however, on ence of the Spanish American republics, until they had the appropriation bill from the House, he should prefer, carried on their struggles with Spain for several years; if agreeable to the mover, to move at present that it be and this, too, when we had no serious differences to ad. laid upon the table. just with that monarchy. The contest for Texian inde- Mr. WALKER said that there would be no inconsiste pendence has not been going on for more than one year. ency in adopting his resolution, and then voting on the We bave, at this time, difhculties of such magnitude item in the appropriation bill. The latter was continwith the republic of Mexico, that the President of the gent in its character, but this resolution gave a positive United States bad recommended reprisals against her. expression of the opinion of the Senate. le contended The Senate, two days ago, unanimously voted against for the propriety of such an expression of opinion, and the adoption of any such hostile measure towards that against casting the whole burden of responsibility on the republic. And could they now, consistently with that Esecutive. vote, prematurely commit the peace of the nation? Mr. BUCHANAN, after expressing his best wishes Could they now, honorably, take advantage of the weak for the success of Texas, and bis confident hope of it, ness and distractions of Mexico, and recognise the inde contended that this was not the moment in which it bependence of Texas, without knowing what course the
Every one knew that the success of Mexican chief himself would take on the subject? | Texas, thus far, had been achieved mainly by men and re. Would this be magnanimous? A short delay would re- sources drawn, in fact, from the people of the United move all difficulty. This delay would not be incompat. States, though without any recognition of its Govern. ible with the indulgence of all our sympathies for the ment; and as the people of Texas had adopted a resoluTexians. In a month or two we should learn the views tion that, as soon we should recognise their independof Santa Anna in relation to Texas. In the mean time, ence, they would immediately apply for reception into the Executive, charged with the foreign relations of the the United States as a State of this Union, we might ex. country, ought to be permitted to act according to cir-pose ourselves, in the view of the world, to the strongcumstances, upon bis own responsibility, with respect est suspicions of a departure from that impartialiiy which to the acknowledgment of Texian independence. This we had always observed toward other nations. As Santa course would be in harmony with the action of the other | Anna had had his life given him by the people of Texas, branch of the Legislature on the subject. They had and was likely to return with acclamations to the Give made an appropriation 10 enable the President to send ernment of Mexico, would it not be better to wait and a diplomatic agent to Texas, whenever he should receive see whether he would not fulfil the promise he had been - satisfactory evidcoce that she was actually an independ understood to have made of using his great influence in MARCH 1, 1837.)
came us to act.
Naval Service-Old Harbors, &c.
favor of his liberators? Mr. B. did not believe he would the consideration of the bill making appropriations for have the least desire to try a war with Texas again.
the naval service for the year 1837. [At this stage of the debate, the Senate took its daily The amendments offered by the committee were recess. ]
adopted. EVENING SESSJON.
On motion of Mr. RIVES, the bill was further amend.
ed, by appropriating $100,000 to launch and secure the The Senate resumed the consideration of the resolu. United States ship of the line Pennsylvania. tion on the independence of Texas, the question being Mr. CALHOUN remarked that the balances on hand on the substitute offered by Mr. NORVELL.
for the naval service amounted to about $4,800,000. Mr. PRESTON addressed the Senate at some length, This, with the appropriations of this bill, would make chiefly in reply to Mr. Buchanan, urging that former the whole a very large sum, rather greater than the precedents not only warranted but required the express whole expenditure of Government under Mr. Monroe, action of Congress at this time, the subject having been and about equal to the highest entire expenditure under referred to i hem by the President, and the facts being Mr. Adams. such as not only to justify but demand a recognition. He Mr. RIVES replied that these appropriations were in urged both the impropriety of referring the subject addition to outstanding balances, except where the con. wholly to the President, and his unwillingness to trust trary was expressed in the bill. The objects, he said, with him the whole responsibility. He insisted that for were distinct. Former outstanding appropriations were Congress to wait till Mexico should recognise the inde for the completion of works begun; but the objects of pendence of Texas was at variance with all former pre- the appropriations of this bill were new and distinct. cedents.
Mr. CALHOUN said he would now say to the Senate Mr. BUCHANAN, waiving reply, moved to lay the that this bill, in connexion with previous appropriations, resolution on the table; which molion was negatived, by would put under the control of the Navy Department the following vote:
something like $12,000,000. Yeas-Messrs. Brown, Buchanan, Clayton, Davis, The bill was then ordered to a third reading, and subHubbard, King of Alabama, Knight, Morris, Nicholas, sequently read a third time and passed. Norvell, Page, Prenting, Ruggles, Swift, Tallmadge, Tipton, Tomlinson, Wall, Wright-19.
OLD HARBORS, &c. NAY8-Messrs. Bayard, Benton, Black, Calhoun, On motion of Mr. DAVIS, the Senate proceeded to Cuthbert, Ewing of Illinois, Fulton, Grundy, Hendricks, consider the bill making appropriations for certain har. Linn, Moore, Mouton, Niles, Parker, Preston, Rives, bors, and for the removal of obstructions at the mouths Robinson, Sevier, Spence, Strange, Walker, White-22. of certain rivers. The amendment offered by Mr. Norvell was lost, by
Several amendments from the committee were adopted. yeas and nays, as follows:
On the amendment to this bill, proposed by the comYEAS-Messrs. Brown, Buchanan, Clayton, Davis, mittee, for the relief of the citizens of Alexandria, Hubbard, Knight, Morris, Norvell, Page, Prentiss, Rug.
Mr. WRIGHT called for the yeas and nays; which gles, Swift, Tallmadge, Tomlinson, Wall, Wright-16. were ordered. He remarked that this amendment was
NAYS—Messrs. Bayard, Benton, Black, Calhoun, identical with the bill lately passed by the Senate for Cuthbert, Ewing of Hiinois, Fulton, Grundy, Hendricks, this purpose, and protested against this mode of legisKing of Alabama, Linn, Moore, Mouton, Nicholas, Niles, lation, by which members might be compelled either Parker, Preston, Rives, Robinson, Sevier, Spence, to vote for an amendment having no connexion with Strange, Tipton, Walker, White-25.
the objects of the bill, or lo vote against the bill itThe original resolution, as offered by Mr. Walker, self. was as follou's;
Mr. DAVIS admitted the mode to be generally ex“ Resolved, that the State of Texas having establish-ceptionable. But the committee, he said, were influed and maintained an independent Government, capable enced by the considerations that ihis measure ought to of performing those duties, foreign and domestic, which pass, and that the bill sent to the other House for this appertain to independent Governments, and it appearing purpose, loaded as it was there with other important that there is no longer any reasonable prospect of the business, was not likely to pass in that House.
He prosuccessful prosecution of the war by Mexico against ceeded to show that justice demanded this appropriasaid State, it is expedient and proper, and in conformity tion for Alexandria, and that the amount would but just with the laws of nations and the practice of this Govern. place Alexandria on the same footing with Georgetown ment in like cases, that the independent political exist- and Washington, which cities bad obtained so much ence of said State be acknowledged by the Government greater aid from Congress on the Holland debt. of the United States."
This amendment was further and earnestly discussed The question on agreeing to this resolution was deci. ( by Messrs. PARKER, WRIGHT, NILES, BUCHAN. ded as follows:
AN, KENT, and PRESTON, and was carried in the Yeas-Messrs. Bayard, Benton, Black, Calhoun, affirmative, by the following vole: Cuthbert, Ewing of Illinois, Fulton, Grundy, Hendricks, YEAS— Messrs. Bayard, Black, Buchanan, Clayton, Linn, Moore, Mouton, Niles, Parker, Preston, Rives, Davis, Ewing of Illinois, Fulton, Hendricks, Kent, King Robinson, Ruggles, Sevier, Spence, Strange, Walker, of Alabama, King of Georgia, Knight, Linn, Moore, Wbite--23.
Nicholas, Norvell, Parker, Preston, Rives, Robbins, SeNars-Messrs. Brown, Buchanan, Clayton, Davis, vier, Spence, Walker, White-- 24. Hubbard, King of Alabamı, King of Georgia, Knight, Narg-Messrs. Benton, Brown, Hubbard, Lyon, Morris, Nicholas, Norvell, Page, Prentiss, Swift, Tall. Morris, Mouton, Niles, Page, Prentiss, Ruggles, madge, Tipton, Tomlinson, Wall, Wright--19.
Strange, Swift, Tallmadge, Tipton, Tomlinson, Wall, So the resolution was agreed to.
Wright-17. The announcement of this vote called forth some ap. Mr. HENDRICKS moved to amend the bill by applause from the gallery, which was promptly cliecked propriating $50,000 for the improvement of the navigaby the Chair.
tion of the Wabash river. Negatived.
Also negatived, an amendment offered by Mr. NAVAL SERVICE.
MOORE, of $100,000 for the completion of the canal On motion of Mr. DAVIS, the Senate proceeded to l around the Muscle shoals, in Tennessee river.