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General Ippropriation Bill- Brigs Encomium, Enterprise, and Comet.

(March 2, 1837.

Mr. WALL moved 10 amend the bill by an appro. Yxas- Messrs. Bayard, Black, Calhoun, Crittenden, priation of $9,900 for Raritan river; which he pressed | Fulton. Hendricks, Linn, Moore, Mouton, Parker, with great ardor and perseverance, in which he was Preston, Rives, Robinson, Sevier, Walker, White-16. earnestly supported by Mr. SOUTHARD.

Nais- Messrs. Brown, Buchanan, Clayton, Davis, After must debate, this amendment was lost in com. Ewing of Olio, Hubbard, Kent, King of Alabama, mittee: Yeas 16, nays 16; but was carried afterwards in King of Georgia, Nicholas, Niles, Norvell, Ruggles, the Senate: Yeas 21, nays 14.

Southard, Swift, Tallmadge, Tipton, Tumlinson, Wall, An amendment by Mr. WALKER, of $5,000 for the Webster, Wright-21. mouth of Pascagoula river, and of $1,000 for that of Mr. PRESTON moved to strike out that part of the Pearl river, was lost in committee: Ayes 10, noes not bill which relates to the salaries of librarian, assistant licounted; and lost again in Senate: Ayes 12.

brarian, and messengers, with a view to increase them; Mr. LYON moved to increase the $15,000 in the bill, but it was rejected. for a pier at the mouth of St. Joseph's river, 10 $30,000. On his motion, $400 was appropriated for part pay. Negatived.

ment of the artist who made å bust of the late Chief An amendment by Mr. EWING, of Ohio, of $20,000 Justice Ellsworth. for the mouth of Maumee river, was lost in Senate. Mr. KING, of Georgia, moved an amendment for ex

Also, of $12,000, by Mr. LYON, for Kalamazoo river. tra compensation to the judge of the district of East The bill was then ordered to a third reading.

Florida, who had adjudicated on certain private land GENERAL APPROPRIATION BILL.

claims, $1,500, accompanied with a clause repealing the

act for this charge in future. It was not agreed to. Mr. WRIGHT, from the Finance Committee, re. The bill was then reported to the Senate. The amendported the appropriation bill for the civil and diplo- ments were agreed to, and the bill ordered to its third matic expenses of the Government for the year 1837, reading. with numerous amendments; which were agreed to. Several other bills received their third reading, were

Mr. WEBSTER moved to amend the bill hy inserting | passed, and sent to the House for concurrence. $5,000 to complete the law library of Congress, accord. And the Senate then adjourned. ing to a catalogue to be furnished by the Chief Justice of the United States. It was agreed to. Mr. WALKER moved to amend the bill by increasing

THURSDAY, MARCH 2. the salary of the recorder of the General Land Office to $2,500; which was agreed to.

BRIGS ENCOMIUM, ENTERPRISE, AND COYET. Mr. WRIGHT moved to insert $2,000 for the salary Mr. CALHOUN said that it would be remembered of a secretary of legation to Mexico. Agreed to. that on his motion a resolution was adopted, requesting

Mr. PARKER moved to insert $30,000 for the pur. the President to communicate to the Senate the corre. chase of the manuscripts of Mr. Madison, containing a spondence between this Government and that of Great record of the debates of the convention.

Britain, in relation to the case of the brigs Encomium and Mr. HUBBARD asked the yeas and mays; which, be- Enterprise. He held in his hand the message of the Presiing taken, stood as follows:

dent in answer to the resolution, from which he found that YEAS-Messrs. Bayard, Black, Brown, Buchanan, there was another case (that of the Comet) of a similar Clayton, Crittenden, Ewing of Ohio, Fulton, Hendricks, character, of which he was not aware when he made his Kent, Linn, Lyon, Mouton, Norvell, Parker, Preston, motion, and which occurred as far back as 1832. He Rives, Robinson, Southard, Tallmadge, Walker, Wall, had read with care the correspondence, but, he must say, Webster, White, Wright-25.

with very little satisfaction. It was all on one side. Our NaYg-Messrs. Calhoun, Davis, Hubbard, King of Executive has been knocking, (no, that is too strong a Alabama, King of Georgia, Moore, Nicholas, Niles, term,) tapping gently at the door of the British SecrePrentiss, Ruggles, Swift, Tipton-12.

tary, to obtain justice, for these five years, without reMr. BUCHANAN moved for statuary for the eastern ceiving an answer, and this in the plainest case imagina. front of the Capitol, $8,000.

ble. It was not his intention to censure those who had He said he had been advised not to insert the name of been intrusted with the correspondence on our part. any artist, although, from his knowledge of Mr. Persico, They had written enough, and more than enough; but (on whose character and talents he pronounced a hand. truth compelled bim to say the tone was not high some eulogy,) he was strongly inclined to insert his enough, considering ihe injustice to our citizens, and the name here, as it had been in the bill from the House. outrage on the flag and honor of the Union. His reHe, however, would waive doing so, in the hope that marks were intended more especially for the latter part Mr. Persico might be appointed to execute the work. of the correspondence, after the long delay without an

Mr. WEBSTER advocated the amendment; but as answer from the British Government. At first, in so art, like science, belonged to the world, and not to any plain a case, little more could be thought necessary than particular nation, he was opposed to designating any à plain statement of the facts, which was given in a very individual artist, whether an American or a foreigner. clear and satisfactory manner in the letter of the PresiThe amendment was agreed to.

dent elect in the case of the Comet, Mr. FULTON moved an amendment for the com. Without repeating what he said on the introduction of pensation of the surveyor general of Arkansas, $2,000. The resolution, he would remind the Senate of the facts Agreed to,

of the case in the briefest manner possible. Mr. WALKER moved to amend the bill by striking The three brigs were engaged in the coasting trade, out of the appropriation for the contingent appointment and, among other passengers, had slaves on board, be. of a diplomatic agent to Texas the words “may receive longing to our citizens, who were sending them to the satisfactory evidence that Texas is an independent Southwestern Stales, with a view to settlement. The Power.”

Enterprise was forced, by stress of weather, into Port Mr. W. advocated the amendment, on the ground that Han Bermuda, where the slaves on board were the Senate had this day decided that, in their judgment, forcibly seized and detained by the local authorities, Texas was independent.

The other two were wrecked on the Keys belonging to the The amendment was negatived, by yeas and nays, as Bahama islands, and the passengers and crew taken by follows:

wreckers, contrary to their wishes, into Nassau, New

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Providence, where the slaves shared the same fate as at sincerity questionable. This she must see, and to the Bermuda.,

fact that she does he attributed her long and obstinate These were the essential facts of the case. He did not silence. intend to argue the questions that grew out of them. But it may be asked, why, then, does she not make rep. There was, indeed, little or no ground for argument. aration at once in so clear a case? Why not restore the No one in the least conversant with the laws of nations slaves, or make ample compensation to their owners? can doubt that these vessels were as much under the pro. He could imagine but one motive: she bad among her tection of our fag, while on their voyage, proceeding subjects many whose fanatical feelings on this subject from one port of the Union to another, as if they were she was unwilling to offend; but, while respecting the in port, lying at the wharves, within our acknowledged feelings of her subjects, blind and misdirected as they jurisdiction. Nor is it less clear, that forced as the En. are, she ought not to forget that our Government is also terprise was by stress of weather, and taken, under the bound to respect the feelings of its citizens. Let her recircumstances that the passengers and crews of the oth- member that, if to respect ihe rights which our citizens er two were, into the British dominions, they lost none of have over their slaves be offensive to any portion of her the rights which belonged to them while on their voyage subjects, how much more so would it be to our citizens on the ocean. So far otherwise, so far from losing the for our Government to acquiesce in her refusal to reprotection which our Aag gave them while on the ocean, spect our right to establish the relation which one por. they had su peradded, by their misfortunes, the addition tion of our population shall have to another, and how al rights which the laws of humanity extend to the un- unreasonable it would be for her to expect that our Gov. fortunate in their situation, and which are regarded by ernment should be more indifferent to the feelings of its all civilized nations as sacred. It follows, as a necessary citizens ihan hers to any portion of her subjects. He, consequence, that the municipal laws of the place could with every lover of his country, on both sides, desired not divest the owners of the property which, as citizens sincerely to see the peace and harmony of the two counof the United States, they had in the slaves who were tries preserved; but he held ihat the only condition on passengers in the vessels; and yet, as clear as is this con. which they could possibly be preserved was that of perclusion, they were forcibly seized and detained by the fect equality and a mutual respect for their respective local authorities of the islands; and the Government of institutions; and he could not but see that a perseve. Great Britain, after five years' negotiation, has not only rance in withholding redress in these cases must, in the withheld redress, but has not even deigned to answer the end, disturb the friendly relations which now so happily often repeated application of our Government for redress. exist between the iwo countries. We are thus left by its silence to conjecture the reason He hoped, on resuming the correspondence, our Gov. for so extraordinary a course.

ernment would press the claim for redress in a manner On casting bis eyes over the whole subject, he could far more earnest and becoming the imporlance of the fix on but one that had the least plausibility, and that rest- subject than it has heretofore done. It seemed to him ing on a principle which it was scarcely credible that a that a vast deal too much had been said about the decis. Government so intelligent could assume: he meant the ion of the courts and the acts of the British Government principle that there could not be property in persons. It than ought to have been. They havé little or nothing was not for bim to object that Great Britain, or any oth. to do with the case, and can have no force whatever er country, should assume that or any other principle it against the grounds on which our claims for justice might think proper, as applicable to its subjects; but he stand. However binding on their own subjects, or for. must protest against the right to adopt it as applicable to eigners voluntarily entering her dominions, they can our country or citizens. It would strike at the independo have no binding effect whatever, where misfortune, such ence of our country, and would not be less insulting than as in these cases, placed our citizens within her jurisdic. outrageous; wbile it would ill become a nation that was tion. the greatest slaveholder of any on earth, not withstand

If they be properly presented, and pressed on the ating all cant about emancipation, to apply such a princi. tention of the British Government, he could not doubt ple in her intercourse with others. It is time to speak but that speedy and ample justice would be done. It out boldly on this siibject, and to expose freely the folly could not be withheld but by an open refusal to do jusand hypocrisy of those who accuse others of what, if tice, which he could not anticipate. As to bimself, he there be guilt, they are more guilty themselves. should feel bound, as one of the representatives from

Ours is not the only mode in which man may have do the slaveholding States, which had a peculiar and deep minion over man. The principle which would abrogate interest in the question, to bring this case annually be. the propetry of our citizens in their slaves would equal. fore Congress, so long as he held a seat on this fluor, if !y abrogate the dominion of Great Britain over the sub. redress shall be so long withheld. ject nations under her control. If one individual can have no property in another, how can one nation, which


BILLS. is but an aggregate of individuals, have dominion, which involves the highest right of property, over another? if The bill making appropriations for the civil and din. man has, by nature, the right of self-government, have | lomatic expenses of ihe Government for the year 1837, not nations, on the same principle, an equal right? And and the bill making appropriations for certain (old) har. if the former forbids one individual from having proper. bors, &c. for 1837, were severally read a third time, ly in another individual, does not the other equally for and passed; the later by the following vote: bid one nation holding dominion over another? How YEAS— Messrs. Benton, Buchanan, Clayton, Davis, inconsistent would it be in Great Britain to withhold re- Ewing of pilinois, Ewing of Ohio, Fulton, Grundy, Hen. dress for injustice to our citizens committed in the West dricks, Kent, Knight, Linn, McKean, Morris, Mouton, Indies, on the ground that persons could not be proper. Nicholas, Norvell, Robbins, Robinson, Ruggles, Southty, while in the East Indies she exercises unlimited ard, Tallmadge, Tipton, Wall, Webster, Wright-26. dominion over more than a hundred millions of human Nars - Messrs. Calhoun, Clay, Hubbard, King of Alabeings, whose labor she controls as effectually as our bama, King of Georgia, Moore, Parker, Preston, Rives, citizens do that of their slaves! It is not to be credited Strange, Walker, White-12. that she will venture to assume, in her relation with us,

ROAD BILL, a principle so utterly indefensible, and which could not but expose her to imputations which would make her The bill making appropriations for the repair and conSENATE.)

Texas Distribution Question.

(MARCH 2, 1837.

struction of certain roads (including the Cumberland Mr. WRIGHT moved that the Senate do insist upon road) having been taken up

its amendment. Mr. NORVELL, after making a few remarks, moved Mr. CALHOUN expressed his hope that the Senate to strike out the fourth section, which provides for the would recede, and not resist an expression of the will repayment of the appropriation for the road out of the of the Representatives of the people, given by so detwo per cent. fund.

cided a majority as was said to have voted in the other The question on the amendment being taken by yeas House. and nays, it was rejected, as follows:

Mr. CLAY said it was at least in order to indulge in Yeas-Messrs. Black, Buchanan, Calhoun, Clay, Clay. suppositions as to what had passed elsewhere; and supton, Crittenden, Davis, Hubbard, King of Alabama, King posing the land bill to bave been rejected in the other of Georgia, Knight, Lyon, McKean, Moore, Norvell, Pres. House, (a fact he rejoiced to hear,) could any Senator ton, Ruggles, Southard, Spence, Webster, White-21. doubt that there would remain a large surplus in the

Nays--Messrs. Brown, Cuthbert, Dana, Ewing of 11. | Treasury, especially if other measures which had passed
linois, Ewing of Ohio, Fulton, Grundy, Hendricks, the Senate, and which contemplated large expenditures,
Ken', Linn, Morris, Nicholas, Niles, Robbins, Robinson, should follow the fate of the land bill?
Sevier, Strange, Swift, Tallmadge, Tipton, Tomlinson, He urged the propriety of submitting to an expression

of the popular will

, so distinctly manifested as it had now The bill was then ordered to a third reading, and been. Was it not wisdom to look ahead!--to provide passed.

for the future? If a surplus accumulated, was it not TEXAS.

better to return it to the people of the several States

than to leave it in the hands of ihe deposile banks? As Mr. RUGGLES moved a reconsideration of the vote

to what had lately been said by the Senator from Pennby which the resolution relative to recognising the inde Sylvania (Mr. Buchanan] in regard to his favor for a land pender.ce of Texas was adopted, in order that he might bill he had formerly had the honor to introduce, and the change his vote, which was given, under misapprehen. favorable prospects of that bill, Mr. C. had not seen any sion, in the affirmative.

indications in die course of the Senate which would enMr. WALKER was opposed to the motion, because

courage much hope for that measure, (though Mr. C. he regarded it as a violation of the spirit of the rule, at

did not finally relinquish hope in regard to it;) but al. least. If the vote were reconsidered, the result as to the resolution would not be disturbed. Being satisfied though he stiould infinitely prefer such a disposition of tliat this would be the case, and as time was now so pre- cept, as an alternative measure, the distribution clause

the surplus revenue as that bill proposed, he would ac. cious, he felt it his duty to move to lay the motion of re.

inserted by the other House in the fortification bill, rather consideration on the table. Mr. W. withdrew the mo. tion at the request of

than leave the money in the deposite banks. Mr. C. Mr. CALHOUN, who sa'd he concurred with the for what it had recently done; he rejoiced to see light

said that the cuentry owed its thanks to the other House Senator from Mississippi in what he had said as to the breaking out in that glorious quarter, so immediately re. rule. And Mr. C. did not regard the motion of the lated to the people; and was it possible that a majority Senator from Maine as going the whole length of recon

of the Senate would oppose the ascertained popular sideration; all that he wanted was to correct his vote.

will in relation to the disposition of the surplus revenue? Mr. C. renewed the motion to lay the molion of recon.

The Senate bad tried the House once, and they insisted sideration on the table. Mr. HUBBARD asked for the yeas and nays, which they stood; they well knew that they were with the peo

on the amendment. They knew the ground on which were ordered; and the question was determined in the ple in the stand they had taken. negative: Yeas 23, nays 25, as follows: Y EAS-Messrs. Bayard, Benton, Black, Calhoun, Clay, repeat the vole they had before given? He trusted not.

Would the Senate, with all these facts before them, Cuthbert, Ewing of Illinois, Fullon, Grundy, Hendricks,

He put it to the majority, who held the power

this Ken', Linn, Lyon, Moore, Mouton, Nicholas, Parker, body, whether they would not yield to the wishes of Preston, Robinson, Sevier, Strange, Walker, White - 23. the people--wishes known not merely by the course of

Nars-Messrs. Brown, Buchanan, Clayton, Critten their Representatives, but through a thousand other den, Davis, Ewing of Ohio, Hubbard, King of Alabama, channels, so that it was impossible to mistake it? Would King of Georgia, Knight, McKean, Morris, Norvelli gentlemen insist on leaving the public money in the hands Page, Prentiss, Robbins, Ruggles, Southard, Swift, Tall of the deposite banks, and under such an agency as now malge, Tipton, Tomlinson, Wall, Webster, Wright-25.

superintended them? The question then recurred on the motion to recon. sider the vote by which the resolution was adopted, understood to refer to the reproaches cast on bim,

Mr. CRITTENDEN made some remarks. He was which was decided in the negative, as follows--the votes

and those who voted with him, on a former occasion, for being equal: YEAS-Messrs. Brown, Buchanan, Clayton, Davis, cation bill should now be lost, at whose door the blame

The loss of the sortification bill; and to ask, if the fortifi. Ewing of Ohio, Hubbard, Kent, King of Alabama, King would lie? of Georgia, Knight, McKean, Morris, Norvell, Page, Prentiss, Ruggles, Southard, Swift, Tallmadge, Tipton, the surplus revenue should be left in the deposite banks,

Mr. CALHOUN said the naked question was, whether Tomlinson, Wall, Webster, Wright--24.

or should be returned to the people to whom it belonged. Nays--Messrs. Bayarı, Benton, Black, Calhoun, Clay,

The question was now taken, and decided, by yeas and Crittenden, Cuthbert, Ewing of Illinois, Fulton, Grun

nays, as follows: dly, Hendricks, Linn, Lyon, Moore, Mouton, Nicholas,

YEAS-Messrs. Benton, Black, Brown, Buchanan, Parker, Preston, Rives, Robinson, Sevier, Strange, Cuthbert, Dana, Ewing of Illinois, Fulton, Grundy, Walker, White--24.

Hubbard, King of Alabama, King of Georgia, Linn, DISTRIBUTION QUESTION.

Lyon, Mouton, Nicholas, Niles, Norvell, Page, Parker, A message having been received from the House of Rives, Ruggles, Sevier, Strange, Tailmadge, Walker, Representatives, disagreeing to the amendment of the Wall, Wright--28. Senate in striking out the 2d section of the fortification Nays-Messrs. Bayard, Calhoun, Clay, Clayton, bill, providing for the distribution of the surplus revenue Crittencien, Davis, Ewing of Ohio, Hendricks, Kent, among the States-

Knight, McKean, Moore, Morris, Prentiss, Preston, MARCA 3, 1837.)

Falmouth and Alexandria Railroad - Distribution Question, &c.





Robbins, Southard, Spence, Swift, Tomlinson, Webster, to the amendment of the Senate to the fortification White-22.

bill, (which amendment struck out the clause providing So it was resolved that the Senate insist on their amend. for a distribution of the surplus revenue,) wbereupon it ment; and it was ordered that the Ilouse be notified accordingly.

Resolved, that the Senate request a conference, and FALMOUTH AND ALEXANDRIA RAILROAD,

appoint, on their part, Messrs. Wright, Parker, and

WEBSTER, as a committee to conduct the same. The bill to aid the Falmouth and Alexandria Railroad

After transacting some other business, Company to construct their road within the District of

The CHAIR announced to the Senate that there was Columbia having undergone much debate, and some no business on the table, or otherwise before the Senate. amendments, the Senate took a recess.

The Senate then took a recess.

The Senate informally passed over the bill under

The Senate proceeded to executive business. When consideration, and touk up the bill for the relief of Fur

the doors were reopened, Mr. WRIGHT reported to ley Kellogg; which was ordered to a third reading.

the Senate that the committees of conference of the two) They then took up the Indian appropriation bill, which

Houses on the amendment to the fortification bill had had come from the House with amendments, covering the

met and conferred, but had been able to come to no expenses of several lodian treaties on our Northwestern agreement. frontier, and sundry minor items for examining the coun

HARBOR BILL. try to the southwest of Missouri, and into the depreda

The harbor bill was received from the House, with tions in Florida previous to the war, and for the salaries of additional Indian agents.

several amendments, and referred to lhe Committee on

Commerce. After some remarks by Mr. WHITE, objections by

Mr. DAVIS, from the committee, reported the bill to Mr. SEVIER, and replies by Mr. TIPTON, the amend.

the Senate, recommending a concurrence in the amend. ments were concurred in. FALMOUTH AND ALEXANDRIA RAILROAD. Mr. STRANGE opposed the amendments on constitu.

tional grounds, and asked for the yeas and nays; which The Senate then resumed the bill respecting the rail

were ordered. road to Fredericksburg.

Mr. LINN replied, explained, and advocated the conMr. HUBBARD strenuously opposed the amendments to the bill, which, as he stated, went to appropriale $300,000 to the construction of the road. He asked the plained that the valley of the Mississippi should be made,

Mr. STRANGE insisted on his objection, and comyeas and naye. Mr. PARKER replied, contending that the money

by this legislation, to swallow up all the bounty of the

Government. was to be spent exclusively within the District of Colum.

Mr. DAVIS advocated the amendments, the details of bia, by which all constitutional objection was removed.

which he explained and defended seriatim, and pressed a Mr. PRESTON advocated the amendments, stated the

concurrence. miserable state of the road at present, and asked why,

The vote was then taken, and resulted as follows. For when public works were made toward every other point

concurrence 31, against it 11. of the compass, the moment any thing was proposed towards the South it was strenuously opposed.

So the amendments to the barbor bill were concur

red in. After a desultory debate, in which Mr. KENT, Mr. HUBBARI), Mr. PRESTON, Mr. WALKER,

NAVY PENSION FUND, Mr. NORVELL, Mr. SWIFI, Mr. RIVES, Mr. Mr. RIVES, from the Committee on Naval Affairs, reBUCHANAN, Mr. PARKER, Mr. HENDRICKS, Mr.

ported a recommendation that the Senate disagree to BROWN, and Mr. LYON, took part, and in which the the amendments from the House of Representatives to constitutional objections to the measure were discuss- the bill for the more equitable administration of the navy ed, (the bill being zealously advocated, especially by pension fund. Mr. PARKER,) the bill was slightly amended, and iben

Mr. R. explained the ground of the recommendaordered to its third reading, by yeas and nays, as follows: tion. The bill of the Senate went 10 raise the pensions

Yeas-Messrs. Brown, Cuthbert, Ewing of Illinois, of the widows of officers before March, 1835, to inc level Ewing of Ohio, Fulton, Hendricks, Kent, King of of ihose since that date, while the amendment of the Georgia, Lion, Mouton, Norvell, Parker, Preston, House proposed to cut down the pensions since 1835 to Rives, Robinson, Southard Strange, Tipton, Walk- The level of those before that time. er--19.

The recommendation of the committee was assented Nays--Messrs. Black, Buchanan, Calhoun, Clayton, to, and the Senate disagreed to the amendment from the Hubbard, King of Alabama, Lyon, Nicholas, Niles, Page, House. Prentiss, Sevier, Swist, Tallmadge, Tomlinson, Wall,


The Senate then proceeded to the consideration of A message was received from the House of Represent. executive business, and reinained engaged in it until a atives, informing the Senate that the flouse adhiered to late hour, and then adjourned.

its disagreement to the amendments of the Senate to the fortification bill.

Mr. WRIGHT thereupon moved that the Senate adFRIDAY, March 3.

here to its amendment. The various standing committees were successively

Mr. CALHOUN observed that this was a very impordischarged from the consideration of all subjects before

tant amendment indeed, and one which he deeply rethem on which they had not reported.

gretted the committee had deemed it proper to report.

He could not consent to sit by in silence, and suffer the DISTRIBUTION QUESTION.

question to be taken, without at least requesting to hear A message was received from the House of Represent. some reason why an amendment of this character had atives, stating that the House insisted in its disagreement I been reported. If there should be a large surplus in the SENATE.]

Distribution Question.

(MARCA 3, 1837.

Treasury, as there was every reason to expect there mained unchanged, without recriminating on any who would be, the natural and proper distribution of it was now differed from him. It was unimportant to him obviously to return it to the people. He could not but for what reasons other gentlemen might have changed express bis surprise that the committee should expect the their ground; but he supposed and believed, and so did Senate to strike out an amendment of this importance, the gentleman from South Carolina, that the surplus ac. simply on their recommendation.

tually existing at the last session, and that which was Mr. WRIGHT said that it was not his purpose then certainly anticipated, and which must be disposed to occupy the time of the Senate at this late period of in some way, had governed the action of gentlemen of the session. None knew better than the Senator from who then voted for the bill. And if the same state of South Carolina the nature of the amendment, and the things were ceriain now, they would act in conformity bearings of the whole question. The subject was as with it. Mr. W. had no doubt that all those gentlemen well understood by every member of the Senate as it who voted for the bill of the last session had acted just could be by the commiitee. The section which the as conscientiously as he had himself done in voting House of Representatives had added to this bill was pre- against it. He admitted that the opinions which he had cisely the bill introduced at the commencement of the at that time held on the subject of the surplus had, to session by the honorable gentleman from South Carolina some extent, proved erroneous. But surely the Senator himself, which had been referred to the Finance Com- from South Carolina would not call upon him for the reamittee, and long since reported on. Surely the gentle. sons which actuated others. If gentlemen should act man did not expect a written report on a bill referred differently on this occasion from the manner in which but yesterday, and embracing a subject of such vast they bad acted at the last session, the Senator would, no magnitude. The amendment involved as important a doubt, find them ready to vindicate their course, and question as ever had been submiited to Congress; and if much more able than himself to explain the considera. this had been the first time the Senate had ever heard of tions which actuated them. He trusted that this would it, there would have been great propriety in requiring supersede the censure of the honorable gentleman. either a written report, or at least some verbal explana- Mr. CLAY hoped that the question would be decided tion in regard to it. But Mr. W. did not feel bound, as by yeas and nays. The proposition adopted, said he, by the case stood, to make a long report on a matter with the House of Representatives, and now sent to this body which every body was familiar, and on which he could for its concorrence, is, that any surplus revenue which not suggest a single new idea. A report, under such may remain in the Treasury on the 1st of January next, circumstances, would, if made, change no opinion. This beyond the wants of the Government, shall, after retainwas the simple explanation which he had to make (so ing five millions, be distributed among the States. If at far as he was personally concerned) in reply to the call that time there shall be no surplus, the bill will have, of of the honorable Senator from South Carolina. By the course, no effect; if there be, it will. What are the ob. committee the subject of a written, report had not once jections to concurring? We have been favored with very been mentioned. For himself, he considered the section few on this occasion. I would ask of the honorable which had been added to the bill as completely discon- Senator from New York (Mr. Wrigut] whether it is bis nected with the subject matter of the bill as it left the intention that, in case there shall be a large surplus, it is Senate, as one thing could be distinct from another. It to remain in the deposite banks which have now the was in fact an important act of independent legislation. custody of the public money, at an interest to the Gove All the members of the Senate were acquainted with Mr. ernment of two per cent. ? Does the honorable Senator W's opinions on the principles of the measure proposed think that that is a prudent and proper disposition of the by the amendment, and he should not, therefore, detain public funds! A great central State in our neighbor. the Senate or waste its time by stating them. Mr. W. of. hood has, I understand, directed that her portion of the fered this explanation as an apology for the absence of a surplus distributed in January Jast be placed in banks, report on the amendment; whether it would prove ac- paying for it an interest of 6 per cent.; and there was not cepiable to the Senator from South Carolina, be could any difficulty in the arrangement. Does the Senator

consider it as a wise and proper financial operation to Mr. CALHOUN said he now understood the Senator / keep the money of the United States in deposite baliks, from New York to rest the question of concurrence in at an interest of two per cent., when, for the same mo. the amendment on the discussion which had taken place ney, the Government might obtain six per cent. on ade. at the last session. To this be could have no objection; quate security? I am anxious to know what is to be the for, so triumphant had been the argument last year in policy of the coming administration on this subject. favor of the distribution bill, that the gentleman had (Mr. Wright. Their policy is to have no surplus ) been left in a minority of six against the wbole Senate. Mr. Clay resumed. Then take the land bill, like an As no reason had since intervened to change the circum. honest man. There is the remedy. That will be bet. stances of the case, Mr. C. was content to rest the issue ter than your restrictive measures on the sale of the pub. as it had then been made. A more triumphant argument lic lands, which throw open 180 millions of acres at a he had never listened to; and, such bad been its irresist time. I should be glad, I say, to know what the admin. ible force, that it had broken through the bords of party istration policy is to be; the country has a right to know, discipline, and compelled genilemen to leave their party The honorable Senator was stout last session in his denial and vote for the bill. He would not repeat it, but he that there would be a surplus: oh, no; there would be would ask those Senators who had at the last session felt no surplus-no surplus. At length, however, he was and admitted its force, and had voted for the distribution obliged to admit that there would be some-a little; but bill, whether they would now change their ground, how did it turn out? We all know. Well, if there is without a single argument having been urged in reply. to be a surplus in January, what is to be done with it? Surely the Senator from New York was bound to show Is it to be kept in the deposite banks at two per cent. some difference in the case, which should induce those interest? Is that your calculation? Is that the policy who had voted for distribution last year to vote against you will announce to the people? Why, what do the it now. The Senator from New York owed this to gen. daily developments which are taking place demonstrate? tlemen of his own side, if he especied them thus to turn Do they not prove that these deposite banks are but so about in the face of the world.

many mere political machines? Have you seen the appli. Mr. WRIGHT rejoined. He was bound to say that cation recently made by one of the banks in the city of the principles which had governed bis own course re- New York for a share of the public money? The greate

not say.

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