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as ein officer of my rank and merit should have, and subscribe myself your honor's most obedient servant,


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In the British publication from which we cite the above, the following note is appended to the letter, probably on the authority of General Prese cott: “ N. B. — The author of the above letter is an outlaw, and a reward is offered by the New York Assembly for apprehending him.” 1

The reckless dash at Montreal, was viewed with concern by the American commander. “I am apprehensive of disagreeable consequences arising from Mr. Allen's imprudence,” writes General Schuyler. “I always dreaded his impatience of subordination, and it was not until after a solemn promise made me in the presence of several officers that he would demean himself with propriety, that I would permit him to attend the army; nor would I have consented then, had not his solicitations been backed by several officers.”

The conduct of Allen was also severely censured by Washington. “ His misfortune,” said he,“ will, I hope, teach a lesson of prudence and subordination to others who may be ambitious to outshine their general officers, and, regardless of order and duty, rush into enterprises which have unfavorable effects on the public, and are destructive to themselves.”

Partisan exploit had, in fact, inflated the vanity and bewildered the imagination of Allen, and unfitted him for regular warfare. Still his name

1 Remembrancer, ii. 51.


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will ever be a favorite one with his couutrymen Even his occasional rhodomontade will be tol. erated with a good-humored smile, backed as it was by deeds of daring courage ; and among the hardy pioneers of our Revolution whose untutored valor gave the first earnests of its triumphs, will be remembered, with honor, the rough Green Mountain partisan, who seized upon the “ Keys of Champlain."

In the letters of Schuyler, which gave Washington accounts, from time to time, of the preceding events, were sad repinings at his own illness, and the multiplied annoyances which beset him. “ The vexation of spirit under which I labor,” writes he, “that a barbarous complication of disorders should prevent me from reaping those laurels for which I have unweariedly wrought since I was honored with this command ; the anxiety I have suffered since my arrival here (at Ticonderoga), lest the army should starve, occasioned by a scandalous want of subordination and inattention to my orders, in some of the officers that I left to command at the different posts; the vast variety of disagreeable and vexatious incidents that

arise in some department or - not only retard my cure, but have put me considerably back for some days past. If Job had been a general in my situation, his memory had not been so famous for patience. But the glorious end we have in view, and which I have confident hope will be attained, will atone for all.” Washington replied in that spirit of friendship which existed between them.

almost every other,



you in all

do ine justice in believing that I feel the utmost anxiety for your situation, that I sympathize with

your distresses, and shall most beartily share in the joy of your success. My anxiety extends itself to poor Arnold, whose fate depends upon the issue of your campaign. The more I reflect upon the importance of your expedition, the greater is my concern, lest it should sink under insuperable difficulties. I look upon the interests and salvation of our bleeding country in a great degree as depending upon your success.”

Shortly after writing the above, and while he was still full of solicitude about the fate of Arnold, he received a dispatch from the latter dated October 13th, from the great portage or carrying-place between the Kennebec and Dead River.

“ Your Excellency," writes Arnold, “may possibly think we have been tardy in our march, as we have gained so little; but when you consider the badness and weight of the bateaux, and large quantities of provisions, etc., we hare been obliged to force up against a very rapid stream, where you would have taken the men for amphibious animals, as they were a great part of the time under water: add to this the great fatigue in the portage, you will think I have pushed the men as fast as they could possibly bear.”

The toils of the expedition up the Kennebec River had indeed been excessive. Part of the men of each division managed the boats - part marched along the banks. Those on board had

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to labor against swift currents ; to unload at raya ids; transport the cargoes, and sometimes the boats themselves, for some distance on their shoulders, and then to reload. They were days in making their way round stupendous cataracts; several times their boats were upset and filled with water, to the loss or damage of arms, am munition, and provisions.

Those on land had to scramble over rocks and precipices, to struggle through swamps and fenny streams; or cut their way through tangled thickets, which reduced their clothes to rags.

With all their efforts, their progress was but from four to ten miles a day. At night the men of each division encamped together.

By the time they arrived at the place whence the letter was written, fatigue, swamp fevers and desertion had reduced their numbers to about nine hundred and fifty effective men. Arnold, however, wrote in good heart. “ The last division,” said he, “is just arrived; three divisions are over the first carrying-place, and as the men are in high spirits, I make no doubt of reaching the river Chaudiere in eight or ten days, the greatest difficulty being, I hope, already past.”

He had some days previously dispatched an Indian, whom he considered trusty, with a letter for General Schuyler, apprising him of his whereabouts, but as yet had received no intelligence either of, or from the general, nor did he expect to receive any until he should reach Chaudiere Pond. There he calculated to meet the return of his express, and then to determine his plan of operations.


British in Boston send out Cruisers. — Depredations of Cap

tain Wallace along the Coast. — Treason in the Camp. Arrest of Dr. Church. - His Trial and Fate. — Conflagratiou of Falmouth. — Irritation throughout the Country: Fitting out of Vessels of War. — Embarkation of General Gage for England. — Committee from Congress. — Conferences with Washington. — Resolutions of Congress to carry on the War. — Return of Secretary Reed to Philadelphia.


HILE the two expeditions were threat

ening Canada from different quarters,

the war was going on along the seaboard. The British in Boston, cut off from supplies by land, fitted out small armed vessels to seek them along the coast of New England. The inhabitants drove their cattle into the interior, or boldly resisted the agressors. Parties landing to forage were often repulsed by hasty levies of the yeomanry Scenes of ravage and violence occurred. Stonington was cannonaded, and further measures of vengeance were threatened by Captain Wallace of the Rose man-of-war, a naval officer, who had acquired an almost piratical reputation along the coast, and had his rendezvous in the harbor of Newport, domineering over the waters of Rhode Island.)

i Gov. Trumbull to Washington. Sparks' Corresp. of the Reo. i. 27,

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