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described need not be staked or monumented. The description by legal subdivisions shall be deemed the equivalent of marking.

8 1426d. Within thirty days after the posting of the notice of location of a placer claim, the locator shall record a true copy thereof in the office of the county recorder of the county in which such claim is situated, for which service the recorder shall receive a fee of one dollar.

§ 1426e. The locator of a tunnel right or location, shall locate his tunnel right or location by posting a notice of location at the face or point of commencement of the tunnel, which must contain:

First—The name of the locator or locators.
SecondThe date of the location.
T'hirdThe proposed course or direction of the tunnel.

Fourth--A description of the tunnel, with reference to some natural object or permanent monument as shall identify the claim or tunnel right.

§ 1426f. The boundary lines of the tunnel shall be established by stakes or monuments placed along the lines at an interval of not more than six hundred feet from the face or point of commencement of the tunnel to the terminus of three thousand feet therefrom.

1426g. Within thirty days after the posting the notice of location of the tunnel right or location, the locator shall record a true copy thereof, in the office of the county recorder of the county in which such claim is situated, for which service the recorder shall receive a fee of one dollar.

§ 1426h. If at any time the locator of any mining claim heretofore' or hereafter located, or his assigns, shall apprehend that his original location notice was defective, erroneous, or that the requirements of the law had not been complied with before filing; or in case the original notice was made prior to the passage of this act, and he shall be desirous of securing the benefit of this act, such locator, or his assigns, may file an additional notice, subject to the provisions of this act; provided, that such amended location notice does not interfere with the existing rights of others at the time of posting and filing such amended location notice, and no such amended location notice or the record thereof, shall preclude the claimant, or claimants from proving any such title as he or they may have held under previous locations.

§ 1426i. Where a locator, or his assigns, has the boundaries and corners of his claim established by a United States deputy mineral survey, or a licensed surveyor of this state, and his claim connected with the corner of the public or minor surveys of an established initial point, and incorporates into the record of the claim, the field notes of such survey, and attaches to and files with such location notice a certificate of the surveyor, setting forth: first, that said survey was actually made by him, giving the date thereof; second, the name of the claim surveyed and the location thereof; third, that the description incorporated in the declaratory statement is sufficient to identify; such survey and certificate becomes a part of the record, and such record is prima facie evidence of the facts therein contained.

§ 1426j. The proprietor of a vein or lode claim or mine, or the owner of a quartz mill or reduction works, or any person qualified by the laws of the United States, may locate not more than five acres of non-mineral land as a mill site. Such location shall be made in the same manner as hereinbefore required for locating placer claims.

§ 1426k. The locator of a mill site claim or location shall, within thirty days from the date of his location, record a true copy of his location notice with the county recorder of the county in which such location is situated, for which service the recorder shall receive a fee of one dollar.

§ 14261, The amount of work done or improvements made during each year to hold possession of a mining claim shall be that prescribed by the laws of the United States, to wit: One hundred dollars annually.

§ 1426m. Whenever [a] mine owner, company, or corporation shall have performed the labor and made the improvements required by law upon any mining claim, the person in whose behalf such labor was performed or improvements made, or some one in his behalf, shall within thirty days after the time limited for performing

such labor or making such improvements make and have recorded by the county recorder, in books kept for that purpose, in the county in which such mining claim is situated, an affidavit setting forth the value of labor or improvements made, the name of the claim, and the name of the owner or claimant of said claim at whose expense the same was made or performed. Such affidavit, or a copy thereof, duly certified by the county recorder, shall be prima facie evidence of the performance of such labor or the making of such improvements, or both.

§ 1426n. For recording the affidavit herein required, the county recorder shall receive a fee of fifty cents.

§ 14260. Whenever a co-owner or co-owners of a mining claim shall give to a delinquent co-owner or co-owners the notice in writing or notice by publication provided for in section 2324, Revised Statutes of the United States, an affidavit of the person giving such notice, stating the time, place, manner of service, and by whom and upon whom such service was made, shall be attached to a true copy of such notice, and such notice and affidavit must be recorded in the office of the county recorder, in books kept for that purpose, in the county in which the claim is situated, within ninety days, after the giving of such notice; for the recording of which said recorder shall receive the same fees as are now allowed by law for recording deeds; or if such notice is given by publication in a newspaper, there shall be attached to a printed copy of such notice an affidavit of the printer or his foreman, or principal clerk of such paper, stating the date of the first, last and each insertion of such notice therein, and where the newspaper was published during that time, and the name of such newspaper. Such affidavit and notice shall be recorded as aforesaid, within one hundred and eighty days after the first publication thereof. The original of such notice and affidavit, or a duly certified copy of the record thereof, shall be prima facie evidence that the delinquent mentioned in section 2324 has failed or refused to contribute his proportion of the expenditure required by that section, and of the service of publication of said notice; provided, the writing or affidavit hereinafter provided for is not of record. If such delinquent shall, within the ninety days required by section 2324, aforesaid, contribute to his co-owner or co-owners, his proportion of such expenditures, and also all costs of service of the notice required by this section, whether incurred for publication charges, or otherwise, such co-owner 'or co-owners shall sign and deliver to the delinquent or delinquents a writing stating that the delinquent or delinquents by name has within the time required by section 2324 aforesaid, contributed his share for the year mine, and further stating therein the district, county and state wherein the same is situated, and the book and page where the location notice is recorded, if said mine was located under the provisions of this act; such writing shall be recorded in the office of the county recorder of said county, for which he shall receive the same fees as are now allowed by law for recording deeds. If such co-owner or co-owners shall fail to sign and deliver such writing to the delinquent or delinquents within twenty days after such contribution, the co-owner or co-owners so failing as aforesaid shall be liable to the penalty of one hundred dollars, to be recovered by any person for the use of the delinquent or delinquents in any court of competent jurisdiction. If such co-owner or co-owners fail to deliver such writing within said twenty days, the delinquent, with two disinterested persons having personal knowledge of such contribution, may make affidavit setting forth in what manner, the amount of, to whom, and upon what mine, such contribution was made. Such affidavit, or a record thereof, in the office of the county recorder of the county in which such mine is situated, shall be prima facie evidence of such contribution.

§ 1426p. The record of any location of a mining claim, mill site or tunnel right, in the office of the county recorder, as herein provided shall be received in evidence, and have the same force and effect in the courts of the state as the original notice.

§ 14269. Copies of the records of all instruments required to be recorded by the provisions of this act, duly certified by the recorder, in whose custody such records are, may be read in evidence, under the same circumstances and rules as are now, or may be hereafter provided by law, for using copies of instruments relating to real estate, duly executed or acknowledged or proved and recorded.

upon the

§ 1426r. The provisions of this act shall not in any manner be construed as affecting or abolishing any mining district or the rules and regulations thereof within the state of California.

§ 14268. The failure or neglect of any locator of a mining claim to perform development work of the character, in the manner and within the time required by the laws of the United States, shall disqualify such locators from relocating the ground embraced in the original location or mining claim or any part thereof under the mining laws, within three years after the date of his original location and any attempted relocation thereof by any of the original locators shall render such location void.

SEC. 2. All acts and parts of acts in conflict with this act, are hereby repeaied. Sec. 3. This act shall take effect and be in force on and after July 1, 1909.

REGULATIONS PROVIDED FOR CONTROL OF EXPLOSIVES.

An act relating to explosives and prescribing regulations for the transportation,

storage and selling of explosives, and providing penalties for the violation of this act.

[Approved March 20, 1911.] The people of the State of California, represented in senate and assembly, do enact

as follows: SECTION 1. The term "explosive" or "explosives" whenever used in this act, shall include gunpowder, blasting powder, dynamite, gun-cotton, nitroglycerine or any compound thereof, fulminate, and every explosive substance having an explosive power equal to or greater than black blasting powder, and any substance intended to be used by exploding or igniting the same to produce a force to propel missiles, or rend a part substances but does not include said substances, or any of them, in the form of fixed ammunition for small arms. The term “person” whenever used herein shall be held to include corporations as well as natural persons; words used in the singular number to include the plural and the plural the singular. The words “explosive manufacturing plant” shall be understood to include all the land used in connection with the manufacture and starage of explosives thereat.

SEC. 2. Except only at an explosive manufacturing plant, no person shall have, keep or store, at any place within the state, any explosives, unless such explosives are completely enclosed and encased in tight metal, wooden or fibre containers, and, except while being transported, or within the custody of the common carrier pending delivery to consignee, shall be kept and stored in a magazine constructed and operated as hereinafter described, and no person having in his possession or control, any explosives, shall under any circumstances permit or allow any grains or particles thereof to be or remain on the outside or about the containers, in which such explosives are contained.

SEC. 3. Magazines in which explosives may lawfully be stored or kept shall be two classes, as follows:

(a) Magazines of the first class shall consist of those containing explosives exceeding one hundred pounds, and shall be constructed wholly of brick, wood covered, with iron, or other fireproof material, and must be fireproof, and, except magazines where gunpowder or black blasting powder only is stored must be bullet proof, and shall have no openings except for ventilation and entrance. The doors of such magazine must be fireproof and bullet proof, and at all times kept closed and locked. except when necessarily opened for the purpose of storing or removing explosives therein or therefrom, by persons lawfully entitled to enter the same. Every such magazine shall have sufficient openings for ventilation thereof, which must be screened in such manner as to prevent the entrance of sparks or fire through the same. Upon each side of such magazine there shall at all times be kept conspicuously posted a sign, with the words, “magazine," "explosives," "dangerous," legibly printed thereon in letters not less than six inches high. No matches, fire or lighting device of any kind except electric light shall at any time be permitted in any such magazine. No package of explosives shall at any time be opened in any magazine. No blasting

caps, or other detonating or fulminating caps, or detonators, or electric fuzees, shall be kept or stored in any magazine in which explosives are kept or stored, but such caps, detonators or fuzees may be kept or stored in a magazine constructed as above provided which must be located at least one hundred feet from any magazine in which explosives are kept or stored. Magazines in which explosives are kept or stored must be detached and must be located at least one hundred feet from any other structure.

(6) On and after January 1, 1919, the quantity of explosives that may be lawfully had, kept or stored in any magazine shall depend upon the distance that such magazine is situated from buildings, highways, or railroads, and upon the protection afforded by natural or efficient artificial barricades to such buildings, highways or railroads. Whenever any of the quantities given in column one of the quantity and distance table hereinafter set forth is had, kept or stored in any magazine in this state, the distance that any quantity given in column one of said table may be lawfully had, kept or stored from buildings is the distance set opposite said quantity in column two of said table, and the distance that any quantity in column one of said table, may be lawfully had, kept or stored from railroads is the distance set opposite said quantity in column three of said table, and the distance that any quantity given in column one of said table may be lawfully had, kept or stored from highways is the distance set opposite said quantity in column four of said table. The quantity and distance table governing the keeping or storing of explosives is as follows:

QUANTITY AND DISTANCE TABLE.

[blocks in formation]

30 60 120 145 240 360 520

6401

[blocks in formation]

50 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800

900 1,000 1,500 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 9,000 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 70,000 80,000 90,000 100,000 200,000

50 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800

900 1,000 1,500 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 9,000 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 70,000 80,000 90,000 100,000 200,000 300,000

720 800 860 920

980 1,020 1,060 1,200 1,300 1,420 1,500 1,560 1,610 1,660 1,700 1,740 1,780 2,110 2,410 2,680 2,920 3,130 3,310 3,460 3,580 3,800 4,310

20 40 70 90 140 220 310 380 430 480 520 550 590 610 640 720 780 850 900 940 970 1,000 1,020 1,040 1,070 1,270 1,450 1,610 1,750 1,880 1,990 2,080 2,150 2,280 2,590

10 20 35 45 70 110 150 190 220 210 260 280 300 310 320 360 390 420 450 470 490 500 510 520 530 630 720 800 880

940 1,000 1,040 1,080 1,140 1,300

Whenever the building, railroad or highway to be protected is effectually screened from the magazine, where explosives are had, kept or stored, either by natural features of the ground or by an efficient artificial barricade of such height that any straight line drawn from the top or any side wall of the magazine to any part of the building to be protected, will pass through such intervening natural or efficient artificial barricade, and any straight line drawn from the top of any side wall of the magazine to any point twelve feet above the center of the railroad or highway to be protected will pass through such intervening natural or efficient artificial barricade, the applicable distances given in column two, three and four of the quantity and distance table may be reduced one-half.

If at any time the distances from a magazine to a building, highway or railroad be decreased through the construction of a new building, highway or railroad or by any other means, then the amounts of explosives which may be lawfully had, kept or stored in said magazine must be reduced to correspond with the quantity and distance table.

The term "building" when used in the foregoing table shall be held to mean and include only any building regularly occupied in whole or in part as a habitation for human beings, and any store, church, schoolhouse, railway station or other public place of assembly.

The term "highway" when used in the foregoing table shall be held to mean public streets or public road, and shall not include roads constructed and maintained by private persons.

The term "railroad” when used in the foregoing table shall be held to mean and include any steam, electric or other railroad that carries passengers or articles of commerce for hire.

The term "efficient artificial barricade” when used in the foregoing shall be held to mean an artificial mound or properly revetted wall of earth of a thickness of not less than three feet. The provisions of this subsection (b) shall not apply to mining or quarrying operations. Nothing contained in this subsection (6) shall be held to prohibit the keeping or storing of explosives at any explosive manufacturing plant which was actually used in manufacturing explosives prior to the fifteenth day of April, nineteen hundred seventeen.

(c) Magazines of the second class shall consist of a stout box, and not more than one hundred pounds of explosives shall at any time be kept or stored therein; and, except when necessarily opened for use by authorized persons, shall at all times be kept securely locked. Upon each such magazine there shall at all times be kept con: spicuously posted a sign with the words, “magazine," "explosives," "dangerous," legibly printed thereon.

Nothing in this section contained shall be held to prohibit the keeping or storing of explosives in any tunnel, where no person or persons are employed; provided, always, that any tunnel so used for the storage of explosives shall have fireproof doors, which must at all times be kept closed and locked, except when necessarily opened for the purpose of storing or removing explosives therein or therefrom, by persons låwfully entitled to enter the same. The door of such tunnel magazine shall at all times have legibly printed thereon the words, “magazine," "explosives," "dangerous.”

SEC. 4. Any person violating or failing to comply with any of the provisions of sections two and three of this act, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not less than twenty-five dollars, and not more than one thousand dollars, or by imprisonment not exceeding six months, or by both such fine and imprisonment.

SEC. 5. It shall be unlawful to transport, carry or convey, any explosives between any places within this state, on any vessel, car or other vehicle of any description, operated by common carrier, which vessel, car or vehicle is carrying passengers for hire; provided, that it shall be lawful to transport on any such vessel, car or vehicle, small arms ammunition in any quantity, and such fuses, torpedoes, rockets or other signal devices, as may be essential to promote safety in operation, and properly packed and marked samples for laboratory examination, not exceeding a net weight

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