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JANUARY, 1807.

Benefit of Drawback.

H. of R.

1806, may be remitted, and that the bonds given Augustus B. Woodward, and others, appointed a for securing the said duties may be cancelled; or committee by a convention of the inhabitants of such other relief afforded to them in the premises the Territory of Michigan, held at Detroit, on the as to the wisdom of Congress shall seem reason- 26th day of November, transmitting an authentiable and proper.-Referred to the Committee of cated copy of the proceedings of the said convenCommerce and Manufactures.

tion, be discharged from the farther consideration On motion of Mr. J. RANDOLPH,

thereof; and that the said letter and proceedings Ordered, That the Committee of Commerce be referred to the Committee on the Public Lands. and Manufactures, to whom was referred, this day, The House resolved itself into a Committee of the petition of sundry merchants and inhabitants the Whole on the bill making a grant of land to of Portsmouth, in the State of New Hampshire, certain refugees from the British Provinces of be discharged from the consideration thereol; and, Canada and Nova Scotia. on motion of Mr. Tenney, it was referred to the After considerable debate, the Committee reCommittee of Ways and Means.

ported the bill, which was ordered to lie on the BENEFIT OF DRAWBACK.

table. Mr. Early from the Committee of Commerce and Manufactures, to whom was referred the pe

THURSDAY, January 22. tition of Gideon Lamson, made the following re. Mr. John RANDOLPH, from the Committee of port:

Ways and Means, presented a bill for the relief The ship Doris, of which the petitioner was owner, of the sufferers by fire in the town of Portsmouth, received on board, at Philadelphia, in the month of June New Hampshire, which was read twice, and comlast, a quantity of sugar and coffee, intended to be mitted to a Committee of the Whole to-morrow. shipped to Antwerp, for the benefit of drawback. Be- Mr. Lewis presented to the House a petition of fore the whole of the intended cargo had been put on sundry inhabitants of the town of Alexandria, in board, it was discovered that the vessel had made con- the District of Columbia, which was received and siderable waste, and the sugar and coffee she had re-read, praying that an act may be passed to incorceived were relanded. The sugar was damaged seventy- porate a company for the purpose of making a five per cent., and by the exporter was thrown upon turnpike road' from Bridgepoint, on Alexander's the hands of the owner of the ship. It does not appear Island, opposite Maryland Avenue, to the porththat the misfortune arose from any want of care or attention. On the contrary, the vessel had, immediately thence, by a straight line, to the intersection of

eastern corner of the alms-house lot, and from before she began to receive her load, been examined by Washington and Montgomery streets, in the town a person of competent skill, and pronounced free from of Alexandria; and for erecting a bridge over Four defect.

The memorialist prays, upon these facts, that the de- Mile Creek, upon such terms and under such rebenture on the sugar may be allowed him, or that such strictions as may be just and reasonable.-Reother relief may be afforded, as Congress may consider ferred to Mr. Lewis, Mr. Nicholas R. Moore, just and proper.

Mr. Porter, Mr. BUTLER, and Mr. Van RensseThe committee know of no principle heretofore re- LAER, to examine and report the same, with their cognised by Congress, which would authorize a com- opinion thereupon to the House. pliance with this application. To allow the debenture On motion of Mr. DANA, . when the sugar has not been exported from the United Resolved, That the Secretary of the Treasury States, would be, in the highest degree, preposterous. be directed to lay before this House copies of the To afford relief, in any way, would be to make the Gov- accounts containing the respective charges which emment of the United States insurers against individ- have been adjusted by the accounting officers of aal losses. The committee, therefore, submit the fol- the Treasury, in cases of public prosecutions, be: lowing resolution :

fore the Circuit Court of the United States, held Resolved, That the prayer of the petition of Gideon in the district of Connecticut, in the months of Lamson ought not to be granted.

April and September, in the year 1806., The report was agreed to.

Mr. Varnum, from the committee appointed on On motion of Mr. Holmes,

the twelfth instant, presented a bill providing for Resolved. That the Committee of Claims be di- the payment of the expense incurred by the milirected to inquire into the expediency of making tary preparations for the defence of the Territory compensation to the Governor, Judges, and Sec. of Michigan against hostile Indians, in the year retary, of the Indiana Territory, for extra services 1806, which was read twice, and committed to a rendered by them in organizing the Government Committee of the Whole to-morrow. of Louisiana ; and that they have leave to report A message from the Senate informed the House by bill, or otherwise.

that the Senate have passed a bill

, entitled "An act Mr. JOHN RANDOLPH, from the Committee of to alter the time of holding the Circuit Court in Ways and Means, presented a bill for the relief of the district of North Carolina,” to which they Edward Weld and Samuel Beebee; which was desire the concurrence of this House. read twice and committed to a Committee of the The bill sent from the Senate, entitled "An act Whole to-morrow.

to alter the time of holding the Circuit Court in On motion of Mr. JEREMIAH MORROW, the district of North Carolina,” was read twice

Ordered, That the select committee to whom and committed to a Committee of the Whole towas referred, on the twelfth instant, a letter from morrow.

H. OF R.

Refined Sugars.

JANUARY, 1807.

The House resolved itself into a Committee of The Committee of Commerce and Manufactures, to the Whole on the report of the committee ap- whom was referred the petitions of Edward Penning, pointed to inquire whether any, and if any, ton and others, of Philadelphia, and Charles Garts and what, description of claims against the United others, of Baltimore, sugar refiners, submit their report: Slates are barred by the statute of limitation,

The petitioners are manufacturers of sugar in the which, in reason and justice, ought to be provided | United States, and request that the sugar refined by for by law,” made on the sixth instant; and, after them shall be allowed a drawback on the exportation. some time spent therein, the Committee rose, and The subject has been often before Congress, and a had leave to sit again..

lengthy and detailed report was made by the CommitA Message was received from the PRESIDENT which the Committee beg leave to refer, and request it

tee to the second session of the Eighth Congress, to OF THE UNITED STATES, communicating infor

may be considered as part of this report. mation touching an illegal combination of pri- The opinion of the Committee is opposed to grantvate individuals against the peace and safety of ing any additional allowance or advantages to the sugar the Union, and a military expedition planned by refiners, for the reasons stated in their former report; them against the territories of a Power in amity and they respectfully offer the following resolution : with the United States, with the measures pursued Resolved, That it is inexpedient to grant the prayer for suppressing the same.

of the petitioners. (For this Message, see Senate Debates of this The reading of the former report was then date, ante, page 39.]

called for, and the Clerk having read the same, The Message was read, and, together with the Mr. McCreery spoke as follows: documents transmitted therewith, referred to Mr. Mr. Chairman-When the report which was John RANDOLPH, Mr. Boyle, Mr. JEREMIAH MOR- last read was presented to the House, at a former ROW, Mr. G. W. CAMPBELL, Mr. Roger Nelson, session, it was referred to a Committee of the Mr. Clinton, and Mr. BIDWELL.

Whole, but, owing to a press of business, appaThe House resolved itself into a Committee of rently of greater importance, it was not acted on. the Whole on the bill for the relief of Edmund Notwithstanding that two lengthy reports have Briggs. The bill was reported without amend- been made on this subject by the Committee of ment, and ordered to be engrossed and read the Commerce and Manufactures, and that I have third time to-morrow.

generally stood alone in opposition to them, I Mr. CLAIBORNE presented to the House a pe- must now presume to hope that a majority of this tition of the President and Trustees of the Alex- Committee, and among them the members of the andria Academy, in the town of Alexandria, in Committee of Commerce and Manufactures, will the District of Columbia, which was received and ultimately agree to the desired modification of read, praying that all escheats, arising within the this branch of trade, when they come to underjurisdiction of the court of the county of Alex- stand the subject more perfectly, and shall be conandria, and all specific fines imposed by law, and vinced that they have entirely mistaken the object not otherwise appropriated, arising within the of the petitioners. They neither ask uor desire any same jurisdiction, may be applied in aid and sup new duties or restrictions laid on the importation port of the said academy.-Referred to Mr. Clai- of refined sugars. They are willing, on the conBORNE, Mr. HOLLAND; Mr. Taggart, Mr. Coving-trary, that the present duties on imported refined Ton, and Mr. Bard, io examine and report their sugars, and on sugar candy, shall be made as low opinion thereupon to the House.

as Congress may deem necessary. All they ask The House resolved itself into a Committee of is, that they may be allowed a reasonable drawthe Whole on the bill to extend the power of back on the exportation of domestic refined sugar, granting writs of injunctions to the Judges of the made from foreigo materials. District Courts of the United States. The bill The objections urged in this report, are: was reported with an amendment thereto, which 1st. That Louisiana sugar might be refined and was twice read, and agreed to by the House. exported.

Ordered, That the said bill, with the amend- 2d. That imported sugar might be kept in store ment, be engrossed, and read the third time to more than a year, and a drawback obtained aftermorrow.

wards. The House resolved itself into a Committee of 3d. That the quantity of freight is diminished the Whole on the motion of the eighth instant, when the article is refined. making provision for carrying into effect a treaty 4th. That New England rum, cordage, canvass made beiween the United States and the Chicka- made into sails, and manufactured iron, are equalsaw tribe of Indians, on the third day of July. 1805. ly entitled to drawback, though not asked for.

Ordered, That a bill, or bills, be brought in As to the first and greatest objection, I answer pursuant to the said resolution, and that the Com- that such an imposition is more easily guarded mittee of Ways and Means be instructed to pre- against than in any other species of goods, bepare and bring in the same.

cause we can have, besides the oath of the emREFINED SUGAR.

ployer, that of the refiner also, and he is, in this,

à disinterested person-but the quality of this The House resolved itself into a Committee of sugar being much preferred for retail. renders this the Whole on the report of the Committee of precaution less necessary-and besides these reaCommerce and Manufactures on the memorials sons, the public revenue can run no risk until a of the sugar refiners. It was read, as follows: greater quantity of Louisiana sugar is furnished

JANUARY, 1807.

Refined Sugars.

H. OF R.

to us than is consumed in the Uuited States. For obliged to import their seed, flourished to an exexample, suppose our home consumption ainounts traordinary degree; whereas in the other, although to fifty million pounds of sugar, which I believe good wool was always abundant, declined; and it does, and the same quantity to be furnished us they purchased their woollen cloths chiefly from by Louisiana, which pays no duty; and suppose England, and for this simple reason, that the that an equal quantity of sugar of foreign growth dread of making too much and the surplus perishbe imported, and pays a duty of two and a half ing, they dare not make enough for their own use. cents per lb., and that a drawback is allowed on Observe the price of coffee in the United States, exporting the same. This quantity of fifty mil. compared with any and every other country that lions' will certainly be re-exported, because it imports and consumes it; we have it infinitely cannot be consumed, and will obtain a drawback lower than any of them, because our merchants of the duties paid on entry-so that, in fact, the are not afraid of having more than can be conrevenue gains nothing by ihe importation or ex- sumed; knowing that they can readily obtain a portation of this one hundred million of pounds, drawback of duty on all they re-export. And it save three and a half per cent on the debentures is owing to a defect of this regulation in the case granted on the part exported. I would, there- of sugar, that the price of loaf sugar is at this time fore, ask what difference it can make to us which higher, compared with the price of crude sugar, half is consumed, or which exported ? Sir, it than it was during the existence of the excise makes none, and I contend that the revenue can law, when a drawback was allowed on the exportrun no possible risk in this business until the quan-ation. tity of sugar imported from Louisiana exceeds We have in some years exported from fifty to our whole consumption. At present, the quantity sixty millions of pounds of crude sugar. Could all we receive from thence amounts to about four this have been exported in a refined state, the revemillions of pounds annually. When it shall ex- nue might have benefitted much, and the manufacceed our consumption-an event which I shall be turer still more. It would have brought much proud of—we shall have little difficulty in guard. more in foreign countries, and enabled the exporting against the imposition apprehended.

ers to import so much more of other goods, which I have often seen, sir, that when subjects of this would still have increased our revenue. nature are discussed on this floor, the first question There is yet another advantage of great importwith many gentlemen is, how will ibis measure ance to be derived: belligerents have undertaken affect our revenue? I acknowledge that this con- to say that our exportation of raw sugars was in sideration should never be lost sight of, but must many instances for account of their enemies; at the same time avow that it has always been therefore, had these sugars been exported in a rewith me a secondary one. The first, in my esti- fined state, such allegations would not have been mation, is how will it affect the people? If the made. people shall gain ten times as much as the reve- The circumstance of merchants holding imnue loses by a measure, he must be a poor finan-ported sugars in their warehouses for more than cier who cannot supply the loss in another shape. a year must occur so seldom, that I am astonBut, I am ready to assert that not only the people ished how it could be thought of as an objecbut the Government also will benefit by the de- tion. It may happen that sugar of a bad quality sired alteration. Duriog the period in which a cannot be readily disposed of; but there can be drawback was allowed on the exportation of do- no danger of refiners meddling with it. mestic refined sugar, the erection of refineries in- The next objection is still more unfortunate, creased to such a degree that at present, being in for in place of diminishing freight, it actually a great measure confined to home consumption, augments it for take a cask of raw sugar, and most of them are idle half the year. The amount refine it, I defy you to put the loaves made from of that article exported last year, was short of 140,- it into the same volume; therefore, as it takes up 000 lbs., by wbich, no doubt the nation benefited more room and pays freight by measurement, about $7,000, being 2 cents per lb. on the quan- while the crude sugar pays by weight, the ship finers be allowed a reasonable drawback, the "The argument that because a drawback is not quantity exported would in all probability soon allowed on rum, cordage, canvass, and iron, though amount to three million pounds or more annually, not asked for, there ought not on sugar, is a curiand, allowing only one cent per pound to be re- ous one. tained at the custom house, leaves a revenue of A drawback was allowed on rum when sugar $30,000. In addition to this consideration, sir, let was admitted to it; and why the distillers do not me add, that where a people is confined to the apply for it again, I know not. I do believe, supplying of its own consumption of any article, though I am not certain of the fact, that a considerthe manufacture of the article must ever decline able part of what is commonly exported, goes I cannot better illustrate this proposition than by to the coast of Africa; where it is not easy to proquoting the instance of the late policy of Great cure the documents necessary to obtain the drawBritain towards Ireland. The latter nation was back. If a drawback on this article should herenot only allowed the free exportation of linens, after be applied for, aod it can be made appear but in some cases a bounty, yet in woollens were that it is beneficial to commerce, I shall, for my restricted to their own consumption. Every body part, have no objection to grant it. knows that the manufacture of the one, although The manufacturers of cordage will scarcely

H. of R.
National Defence.

JANUARY, 1807. apply for an indulgence of this sort; the duty on

NATIONAL DEFENCE. imported hemp being only one cent per pound, The House resolved itself into a Committee of and one pound of hemp making two pounds of the Whole on the report of the select committee, tarred rope, renders the object too trifling. on such parts of the Message of the President as

To allow a drawback on imported canvass, made relates to the fortifications of ports and harbors. into sails, would be attended with much difficulty, The resolutions reported by the committee were and must cause a deviation in some respects to read, as follows: rules laid down, and in practice at the custom- Resolved, That a sum of money, not exceeding house.

dollars, be appropriated to enable the President of The quantity of nails and spikes exported in the United States to cause our fortifications to be imone year is so small, that a reasonable drawback proved and repaired. allowed on that article would amount to a very Resolved, That a further sum of money, not exceedfew thousand dollars, and will not, until the manu-ing dollars, be appropriated to enable the President facture shall increase very much, be asked for. of the United States to cause to be built a number of

However, sir, as the House is now very thin, gunboats, not exceeding for the better protection and probably will not come to any decision on of our ports, towns and rivers. this measure until we have further information, Mr. MUMFORD.-Mr. Chairman, I rise to make I move you that the Committee now rise, in order a motion to which I am impelled from the strongthat the petitions and report on this subject be est conviction on my mind, that it is of primary referred to the Secretary of the Treasury, that he importance to the peace, the honor, the safety, and may report thereon.

the welfare of this nation, we should adopt some Mr. Early hoped the Committee would not more efficient measures in defence of our own searise for the purpose proposed; he was against any coast. It is no doubt within the recollection of further reference of this business, on which so every member of this Committee, that in the month much time had already been spent, as it had been of April last, a most unwarrantable outrage was before the House for a number of years, and he committed against the peace and dignity of the did not think that any new light could be thrown United States, within your own jurisdiction, by on the suhject.

the commander of a certain British ship of war, The Committee rose, and leave being asked to called the Leander, who, in open contempt of your sit again, it was resolved in the negative. laws, and the violation of the laws of nations, did

Mr. Early moved that the House concur with actually commit murder on one of your own citthe resolution of the Committee of Commerce izens, within your own limits, near the port of and Manufactures.

New York, without provocation on his pari, when Mr. Varnum spoke in favor of this motion, and in the lawful prosecution of his business. the question being put, that the House do agree However difficult it may be, notwithstanding to the said report, it was carried in the affirmative. our earnest desire to devise some more effectual

means, which I hope will soon take place, to reFriday, January 23.

lieve a worthy class of our citizens from the cruel

bondage and the lacerating whip of a man-of-war, Mr. Alston, from the committee appointed on is not this humiliation sufficient ? Must we still the second instant, presented a bill making com- be called upon to drink up the dregs ? Will the pensation to Messrs. Lewis and Clarke, and their United States submit to the humiliating degradacompanions; which was read twice and commit- tion of having its own citizens murdered within ted io a Committee of the Whole on Monday its own limits, without making an effort and taking next.

such strong ground as will prevent in future the On motion of Mr. VARNUM, the letter from Wil repetition of ihe like crimes ? No, sir, this nation liam Eaton to the Speaker, together with the ac- will not submit to it. Sir, we have had insult adcounts and documents accompanying the same, ded to injury, and notwithstanding the Cambrian presented to this House on the seventeenth of frigate has been denied the rights of hospitality by March last, were referred to the Committee of the President's proclamation, in consequence of Claims.

her participation in the murder of one of your citResolved, That the Committee of Commerce izens, yet a few days ago it appears another of and Manufactures be instructed to inquire into the your citizens has been seized by the commander expediency of amending the eighty-ninth section of that frigate with force of arms, and threatened, of the “act to regulate the collection of duties on at the peril of his life, that if he did not safely conimports and tonnage," and extending the provisions duct that ship, contrary to the laws of his country, thereof to cases of seizure, under the laws relative from Cape Henry into Hampton Roads, he would to the navigation and commerce of the United blow his brains out. She did arrive in Hampton States; and that they have leave to report by bill or Roads, and there replenished with a fresh supply otherwise.

of provisions, in order the more effectually to anAn engrossed bill for the relief of Edmund noy your commerce, and add new insults to your Briggs was read the third time and passed. citizens and to your Government.

An engrossed bill to extend the power of grant- I do not wish to excite alarm por irritate this ing writs of injunctions to the Judges of the District nation against any foreign Government on earth ; Courts of the United States was read the third my wish is to cultivate peace and friendship with time and passed.

them all on honorable ierms. But I never will

JANUARY, 1807.
National Defence.

H. OFR. -consent to do it at the expense of the honor, the balance was as large a sum as could be advantasafety, and the welfare of ihis nation. And I hope geously laid out during the ensuing year; but that we shall

, in justice to ourselves and the duty we a sum of fifteen or twenty thousand dollars might owe our country, pursue such prompt and efficient be necessary as a contingent fund. measures as will more effectually protect our own The Committee divided on the amendment ofsea shores. Impressed with these sentiments, and fered by Mr. MUMFORD-yeas 46, nays 50. in order to prevent a repetition of the like offences Mr. R. NELSON moved to fill the blank in the in future, and to aid in carrying into execution first resolution with " $20,000.” the proclamation of the President of the United Mr. Cook proposed "one million." States, dated in April last, I beg leave to move the Mr. Mumford proposed " $500,000.” following amendment to the first resolution : The motion to fill the blank with one million "And also to enable the President of the United States

was disagreed to-yeas 12. to equip, man, and maintain so much of the present

The motion to fill the blank with "$500,000" naval force of the United States as he may judge proper.

was then put. Mr. Clinton. I rise to second the motion of of my amendment

, I am conscious of the rectitude

Mr. MUMFORD.—However I may regret the loss my honorable colleague. I am not in favor of of my conduct, and having discharged my duty, expensive navies or standing armies. I am not i submit to the majority, in full confidence that certain whether, under e ishte perime starces an, we shall now pursue a magnanimous mandalibera clearly of 'opinion that we should employ the and while I am disposed and willing, with a liberal force we possess in the defence of the country, band, to extend the arm of national defence to our and the protection of its lawful commerce. I well Western and Southwestern frontiers, I do hope remember the sensation excited by the murder of the younger branches of the same famíly will not Pierce. It was a glow of patriotic fire that per- be unmindful of the good old thirteen United vaded the whole community; from Georgia to Maine it was felt like an electrical shock. Even States. The importance of this subject, sir, strikes the news of the death of Washington did not pro, some gentlemen. 'I consider it of serious conse

my mind in a very different point of view from duce a more solemn effect. The want of a naval force was then severely felt

, but there was no ef- quence to the nation, both in relation to our forfectual power yested by the nation in the Execu- of any nation in the annals of history that ever

eign and domestic enemies. Sir, I do not know tive to arm a single additidnal ship. Because we cannot meet the whole navy of Great Britain on

neglected to protect their ports and harbors, esthe ocean, is it a reason that we should have no pecially when in a similar defenceless situation navy at all; that we should have no force of that has been the defence of those cities which receive

we now find our own. Their invariable system kind to chastise marauders and pirates, and to in deposit the productions of agriculture, comprotect our commerce and defend our ports? If we must have a navy-small as it is let us em

merce, and manufactures. Look to Constantinoploy it for its true design. If we have no need ple, to the ports in Italy, to Cadiz, to Lisbon, to for a navy let us abandon it at once. I am willing Great Britain. These nations, from time imme

the whole coast of France, to Copenhagen, and to to meet gentlemen on this ground. As to fortifi. morial, have deemed it of primary importance to cations, it will be time enough to speak to that extend the arm of protection to all their ports and part of the resolution when it comes under debate. harbors. If the experience of ages has convinced

Mr. R. Nelson said he did not know that he them how essential it is to secure these places from had any objection to the amendment; he had not the surprise of an enemy, however we may disapmade up his mind with regard to its propriety. prove of their mode of Government, I do hope we He could wish, however, to see the blank in the shall approve and adopt their systems of defence, first resolution in the first instance filled. If it at least so far as they are applicable to our ports should be filled up with a large sum, having an and harbors. What is the situation of our ports ? eye particularly to the defence of the port of New Look at Charleston, South Carolina. I will take York, he should not be in favor of the amendment. the liberty to read a communication from the Gove He also thought the amendment would be, with ernor of 'that State to the Secretary of War, acmore propriety, offered to the second resolution, as companying a Message from the President of the the first related solely to fortifications. He hoped United States, dated February 3, 1806. the gentleman would inform the Committee with

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, what sum he proposed filling the blank in the first

South Carolina, February 3, 1806. resolution. Had it not been for the motion under consideration, Mr. N. said he should have moved Executive of the United States, the copy of an act of

I herewith transmit, that it may be laid before the to fill it with $20,000. He found that Congress the Legislature of this State, ceding various forts &c. had appropriated last year the sum of $150,000. to the United States. I feel it incumbent on me to state, From the letter of the Secretary of War, it would that such is the situation of the forts in Charleston har. be seen that of this sum not more than $10,000 bor, that the only gun which can at this moment be bad been expended, and that the balance remained fired is a four pounder, the carriages of the heavy to be applied to the fortification of our ports and pieces that are mounted being so decayed as not to adharbors. In conversation with the Secretary, Mr. / mit of the use of one of them; the walls, platforms, &c. N. said, the Secretary had informed him that this are either in ruins or fast approaching that state, from

gih Con. 2d Sess.-13

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