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1909 Massachusetts, 1907 Michigan,
1909 North Carolina,.. 1909 Oklahoma,
1909 Pennsylvania,.. 1909 Wisconsin,
J. L. McBrien.
E. E. Balcomb,
This table shows that little work was done before 1909.
most of these men were appointed primarily for extension
purposes, many also began to give courses in education.
In 1907 the Bureau of Education published Jewell's
study on agricultural education, which
was originally pre
pared as a thesis for the degree of doctor of philosophy at
"The number of agricultural colleges maintaining summer schools
(2) The Nelson Amendment of March 4, 1907 provided the necessary
financial support for this work and this will explain why so
many colleges began the work in 1909.
The Nelson amandment, socalled because it was an
amendment to the agricultural appropriation bill for the
year 1908, provided for the addition of $5000 to the amount
received by the colleges under the Morrill act of 1890, with
an annual increase of $5000 til the total annual amount should reach the sum of $25 000. The act further provided that:
"said colleges may use a portion of this money for providing courses for the special preparation of instructors for teaching
the elements of agriculture and the mechanic arts." 1, loc. cit. 2, Jewell. Agrl education. p.107-8.
Senator Nelson clearly indicated that he especially wished
to aid agricultural instruction in the secondary schools
and that he was convinced that trained teachers of agricul-
the early part of 1908 the Bureau of Education
asked Liberty Hyde Bailey to prepare a bulletin on the
training of teachers of agriculture in the public schools
in order to be an assistance to colleges which were planning
to organize such courses. In his survey of the work that
1, The Massachussetts Agricultural College had, in 1907,
2, The University of Illinois had appointed an instructor in
3, The New York State College of Agriculture had, in 1903,
4, The Teachers College of the University of Missouri was
5, The University of Maine, thru its College of Agriculture, had late in 1907 organized a four-year course for prospective teachers of agriculture.
The North Dakota College of Agriculture offered a threeyear "teachers' course, which included four courses in "teachers' agriculture".
7, The Connecticutt Agricultural College had for several years offered a two-years' course for nature-study teachers.
8, The Washington State College offered a course in "methods
1, For Nelson's arguments in favor of the bill see s.doc.189,
59 th Cong, 2d sess. In V.4, no.5071. 2, Bailey. On the training of persons to teach agriculture.37-48.