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mechanical methods of the farm".

The teacher is not to


The school has employed him to teach agriculture;

the supervisors of the school do not know what he is to

teach, they have introduced agriculture because every other

school was so doing, or to get the state aid; the legislators did not know what secondary agriculture was, they have left

that to the school men, and they had not yet solved the

(1) problem. As Knapp says: "It would have been better, had

legislation demanded the teaching of one or two things",

instead the indefinite subject, agriculture.

Another result of the rapid extension of agriculural

instruction under the artificial stimulation of legislation,

giving state aid or compelling the introduction of agricul

ture in high schools, is often a remarkable lack of real


Many teachers are now teaching agriculture who

would not do so, were they not compelled to teach it.

The communities are likewise often indifferent to the work,

and indifference is worse than hostility.

It will take

much good teaching to overcome the indifference which is

rapidly turning into contempt because of the unprepared


The unprepared teacher is, in the last analysis,

the greatest of all problems.

The popularity of the

early agricultural schools was directly due to the teachers.

As the number of schools was small, it was not impossible

to find a teacher who happened to have the right combination

of teaching ability, experience, and training, who, in addition,

l, quoted in Proc. N.E.n. 1914, p.894.

brought to his work a love and a belief in the work, which

went far to outweigh any possible shortcomings in prepara


The sudden clamor for teachers of agriculture has

pressed into service many who have little of the enthusiasm of the pioneer, less naturai aptitude for the work, and practically no preparation in the subject matter. Agriculture will in many cases be judged not by its real intrinsic

value, but by the work of the unprepared teacher.

It will

be a decade before agriculture will be taught as it should.

If agriculture is to continue, it is imperative that the

untrained teacher give way to a trained teacher before the

damage done is irreparable.

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