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Fuller, of the United States Supreme Court, as a jurist; Vicepresident Stevenson as a statesman; and Dr Lamborn. More than fifty essays were received; the successful competitors were Prof. Simon Newcomb, first prize, and Mr W J McGee, second prize. The announcement of the award was made and the papers were read May 20, 1894.
November 27, 1893, a joint meeting of the Anthropological Society of Washington and the Woman's Anthropological Society of America was held at Columbian University in honor of Mrs Zelia Nuttall, and although the weather was inclement there was a large attendance. Professor Mason presided, and Mrs Nuttall was introduced by Miss Alice C. Fletcher, president of the Woman's society. Mrs Nuttall's subject was "The Mexican Calendar System." Brief addresses were also made by Mrs Caroline Dall, Dr Anita Newcomb McGee, and Mr Frank H. Cushing. A reception followed the meeting.
January 30, 1894, Professor Mason delivered his presidential address, the subject being "Technogeography." During the spring, from February 11 to May 26, another series of Saturday lectures was given at the National Museum under the auspices of the Anthropological and Geological societies. Of these lectures four were on somatologic topics, by Surgeon General Sternberg, Dr Frank Baker, Mr F. A. Lucas, and Mr W. Woodville Rockhill; four were devoted to general geology, by Dr George H. Williams, Dr George F. Becker, Mr Bailey Willis, and Mr Marius R. Campbell; then followed the field meeting of the National Geographic Society, and the course was concluded with five lectures on dynamic anthropology by Holmes, Cushing, Mallery, Dr Cyrus Adler, and Mr John W. Hoyt.
On February 4, 1895, Professor Mason read a paper on "Similarities in Culture," which, apparently, was his presidential address. In 1895 and 1896 the Joint Commission of the Scientific Societies, representing the Anthropological, Chemical, Entomological, Geological, National Geographic, and Philosophical societies, printed in folder form an advance monthly program of the meetings of the individual societies. The first issue was for April, 1895; the last was for May, 1896.
A joint meeting of the Anthropological Society of Washington and the Woman's Anthropological Society was held April 9, 1895, the program consisting of a symposium in Folklore, in which Dr Washington Matthews, Miss Elizabeth Bryant Johnston, and Col. Weston Flint took part. On the 23d another joint meeting was held, in which Mrs M. P. Seaman and Mr Frank H. Cushing were the speakers. A third joint meeting, continued from the other two, was held May 14, when Dr W. J. Hoffman, Mercy S. Sinsabaugh, and Ellen P. Cunningham presented papers. At these meetings Miss Fletcher presided.
A joint meeting of all the scientific societies of Washington was held January 14, 1896, at Builders' Exchange hall, to honor the memory of Dana, Pasteur, Helmholtz, and Huxley. Addresses were made by Major Powell, Surgeon General Sternberg, Prof. T. C. Mendenhall, and Dr Theodore Gill. On February 4 Major Powell delivered his presidential address under the auspices of the Joint Commission, at Builders' Exchange hall. His subject was "The Seven Illusions of Science."
In January of this year The American Anthropologist was changed from a quarterly to a monthly magazine. Under the auspices of the Joint Commission another series of Saturday lectures at the National Museum was given, from April 4 to May 23, those taking part being T. S. Palmer, L. O. Howard, F. A. Lucas, J. W. Powell, O. T. Mason, Gardiner G. Hubbard, J. Walter Fewkes, and W J McGee. The subjects covered a wide range.
On February 2, 1897, Prof. Lester F. Ward delivered his presidential address at Builders' Exchange hall, under the auspices of the Joint Commission, on the subject "Religion in Science."
In the latter part of 1897, apparently at the initiative of the National Geographic Society, the subject of the Joint Commission was much discussed. A committee representing several of the societies met December 13th, when it was resolved that the "Joint Commission" be changed to the "Washington Academy of Sciences," which should assume independent function and have power to add to its members. The Academy was accordingly formed, and on February 24, 1898, Major Powell was nominated by the Anthropological Society as one of the vice-presidents of the new organiza
The first meeting of the Academy was held February 16; Prof. J. R. Eastman was elected president, Prof. G. K. Gilbert, secretary, and Mr Bernard R. Green, treasurer. The final meeting of the Joint Commission was held March 22.
On March 19, Dr Frank Baker delivered his presidential address on "Primitive Man," under the auspices of the Washington Academy of Sciences.
At the winter meeting of Section H of the American Association for the Advancement of Science a committee was appointed to consider the question of an anthropological journal; and a committee, consisting of President McGee and Dr Frank Baker (chairman of the editorial board of The American Anthropologist), was appointed by the Anthropological Society of Washington to cooperate with the committee of Section H. It had long been felt that the needs of anthropology in America had outgrown the media of publication, and that with its limited financial resources the Anthropological Society could not afford to increase the size of its magazine, or make it national in scope. There was consequently much discussion at the meetings of the board of managers, during the autumn and winter of 1898, respecting the advisability of transferring the publication of the journal to private hands, and before the close of the year plans were perfected to this end. It was suggested by some that the name of the journal be changed; but, largely through the efforts of Major Powell, the Board agreed that the old name should be preserved, and as the support of the Society was necessary to success, the name American Anthropologist - New Series was finally adopted. In order that a legal contract could be made, two prominent anthropologists, one of them a member of the Anthropological Society, became constructive owners, and Messrs G. P. Putnam's Sons, of New York, were selected as publishers. Toward the end of the year a prospectus was prepared by the founding committee and steps were taken at once to carry the project into effect. As the last number of the monthly issue, namely, that for December, 1898 (volume XI, no. 12) went to press, the first number of the new quarterly, that for January-March, 1899, was being printed. The editorial board of the new journal consisted of Baker, Boas, Brinton, Dawson of Canada, Dorsey, Holmes,
Hodge, Powell, and Putnam. The Anthropological Society agreed to subscribe for a sufficient number of copies, at a reduced rate, to supply its members, but assumed no further financial obligations connected with the journal.
On November 25, 1898, the Society invited the members of the Woman's Anthropological Society of America to become members of this Society, and on January 3, 1899, forty-nine members of the Woman's Society were elected. President McGee delivered his annual address, February 28, 1899, on "The Trend of Human Progress," under the auspices of the Washington Academy of Sciences, at Columbian University. On April 26, there was a joint meeting of the Anthropological Society and the Medical Society in the rooms of the latter. The subject was "The Spanish-American War: Gunshot Wounds." Those who participated were Drs George M. Kober, L. A. La Garde, W. H. Borden, and E. L. Munson.
On February 13, 1900, Mr McGee delivered his second presidential address, on "The Cardinal Principles of Science," under the auspices of the Academy, at Columbian University; and on February 26, 1901, his third presidential address was given under the same auspices, and at the same place, on "Man's Place in Nature." In March of the latter year a letter was received from the Société d'Anthropologie de Paris, suggesting an interchange of communications. The proposal was accepted, and on December 17, a paper that had been received from M. Paul Sébillot, on "The Worship of Stones in France," was read. Mr McGee was authorized to send a paper on behalf of the Washington Society, which paper was later published by the Société d'Anthropologie under the title "Germe d'industrie de la pierre en Amérique." In March, 1901, the board directed that a quarterly abstract of the proceedings of the Society should be sent to the American Anthropologist.
On February 26, 1902, Mr W. H. Holmes delivered his presidential address at Columbian University under the auspices of the Academy, his subject being, "Sketch of the Origin, Development, and Probable Destiny of the Races of Men." Mr Holmes' second presidential address, on "A Genetic View of Men and Culture," was delivered February 3, 1903, at the same place. During 1903
there was much informal discussion in regard to the preservation of antiquities in the United States, and the matter came formally before the Society December 1, when a committee was appointed to consider the subject. This committee reported March 8, 1904, recommending the support of a bill then before Congress.
Miss Fletcher, who served as President for 1903-04, was unable, because of illness, to present her annual address.
During the period of my own presidency, which began January 12, 1904, the only matter of special interest besides that of the preservation of antiquities, just mentioned, was a change in the bylaws, by which the annual meeting for the presentation of reports and the election of officers was made the last meeting in May instead of the first meeting in January. The object of this amendment was to enable the incoming president to take advantage of the summer interval in planning the work of the Society for the succeeding session.
Some time after the founding of the Society, apparently in 1881, the constitution was written in a book and the signatures of some members are appended; but some did not sign at all, and only six members signed after 1884.
In reviewing the records of the Society I find that 479 persons have joined as active members, 137 have been elected as corresponding members, and 73 as honorary members. Some active members later became corresponding members by reason of change of residence, or of occupation, or both; and a few who at first were corresponding or honorary members afterward became active members. Of the active members 16 per cent were physicians; 8 per cent were women; 6 per cent were connected with the Geological Survey; 5 per cent were associated with the Smithsonian Institution and National Museum; 5 per cent with the Bureau of American Ethnology; 5 per cent were army officers; 3 per cent, lawyers; 2.5 per cent, clergymen; 2.5 per cent, naval officers; 2 per cent were employes of the Pension Office, and 2 per cent were connected with the Department of Agriculture.
During the twenty-six years of its existence 730 papers have been read, of which at least 70 per cent have been published; 74 persons who were not members of the Society have presented