Slike strani
PDF
ePub

which being joined to the warmest regard for the honour of his country†, prompted him to rescue the

every morning in his hands, on which he always begun with Zúv Oeç, By God's permission ; and this paper he kept at hand all day, to write down whatever occurred to his mind or pleafed his fancy; thefe he called Hints, which he could refer to at pleafure: accordingly we find several of these upon the fubject of religion and the church, as well as virtue and morality. Such, for inftance, are thefe: "The fecond of "Efdras feems to me full of tautologies and childish inftan"ces of God's power and explanation of his fecret defigns. "Chryfoftome speaks exprefsly of Jefus Chrift.-See Bartolus Agricola de Advocato. Having taught the advocate to be a good man, he proceeds to make him a good Chriftian."There is such an air of piety runs through all Hackluit's "difcoveries that makes it seem as if that alone made them "fuccefsful. What fignified all the Buccaneers' prosperity "without virtue? to what authority did all their wars and "conquefts bring them but to make one another rich and vi "cious?"

66

66

In this fpirit, at the head of a very large number of his Adverfaria we find "Criticisms and remarks in poetry, &c. "as might tend to the honour of the British name and litera"ture," To encourage a collection of this kind our Author recommends a prodigious number of observations on books, manufcripts, and what else he had met with to promote the faid work. Thefe obfervations fill up above twenty pages in octavo, and are most of them exceeding curious. The great number of the valuable smaller poetical pieces referred to and mentioned in them are a confpicuous proof of our Author's judgment as well as diligence. Among other rare pieces he mentions the Polemo Middiano, a Macaronick poem by Drummond of Hawthornden, which, as he intimates, was published by Dr. Gibfon, late Bishop of London. He takes notice also of the Bishop of Litchfield's Technical verfes for Chronology as a Aupendous work, comprehending that learning through many

character and name of Wicliffe, our first reformer, from the calumnies of Monf. Varillas: the thing had been publickly requested also as a proper undertaking for fuch as were at leifure and would take the trouble. Mr. King therefore deeming himself to be thus called forth to the charge, readily entered the lifts, and with a proper mixture of wit and learning handfomely exposed the blunders of that French

ages fo fhort, that nothing can be a greater inftance memoriam in artem poffe redire. In the fame view having afterwards mentioned the technical verses usually found in the little manuals of logick, he fays it were to be withed that the memorial verfes in all sciences were collected together and printed; and his judgment in this particular has been confirmed, and the defign here hinted actually put into execution by the learned Dr. Richard Gray, in his Memoria Technica, or Art of Memory. Our Poet is particularly inquifitive after many pieces of the author of Hudibras." If that author," fays he," has " left any Latin behind him it would be the best in that kind: "his thoughts are so juft, his images fo lively, fuch a deep in"fight into the nature of mankind, and the humour of those "times, that no true hiftory could be wrote without ftudy"ing that author. It is pity," continues he, "that the finest "of our English poets, especially the divine Shakespeare, had "not communicated their beauties to the world fo as to be "understood in Latin, whereby foreigners have fuftained fo "great a loss to this day, when all of them were inexcufable "but the most inimitable Shakespeare. I am so far from be"ing envious and defirous to keep thofe treasures to our"felves, that I could with all our moft excellent poets trans“lated into Latin that are not fo already." Accordingly this hint of the Doctor's was not loft; among other things we have fince feen not only a Latin translation of Prior's Solomon, but even of Milton's Paradise Loft, excellently performed in verte by Mr. Dobfon, Fellow of New College, Oxford.

author in a piece entitled Reflections upon Mr. Varillas his History of Heresy, book I. tome I. as far as relates to English Matters, more especially those of Wicliffe, London 1688 †.

+ Mr. Varillas had entitled his book Hiftoire des Revolutions arrivees en Europe en Matiere de Religion, Paris, 6 volumes 4to, 1636, and again in 1687, 12mo. It begins with the year 1 374, and ends in 1650. Dr. King made ufe of the Amfterdam edition, not being able to procure that of Paris. At the head of the first volume Varillas had put the following advertisement: "In compofing this work I have taken my materials indiffe"rently from Catholick and Proteftant writers, citing thefe "laft in their own words, as often as I found them ingenuous "enough not to fupprefs or disguise the most important truths; "and it is through their own fault that I have been obliged "to have recourfe to the Catholicks." In like manner Mr.King prefixed an advertisement, wherein he declares "that he was "willing to contribute his hare in expofing Mr. Varillas's "mistakes concerning Wicliffe, having formerly laid together "fome obfervations conducing to fuch a defign. Mr. Larroque "had, it is true, gone before him in the attempt, but that in"genious gentleman was not well advised to meddle in a "ftrange country, till time had inftructed him more fully in "the conftitutions and language of it. That he (Mr. King) "has given Mr. Varillas all the law imaginable, having made "no advantage of mistakes which with any reafon could be "charged upon the printer, and has contradicted nothing "without exprefs proof on his fide, and in things highly im"probable, which feem to have no foundation in hiftory: un"lefs he can confront them with pofitive and authentick te"ftimonies he lets the author alone, and suffers the boldness "of the affertion to be its own fecurity." In the Reflections "he obferves that "the enemies of the Reformation, as they "feem refolved never to leave off writing controverfies, and 66 being confuted by our divines, fo they are not wanting upon “occafion to turn their style,andfurnish out matter of triumph

About this time having fixed on the Civil Law for his profeffion, he entered upon that line in the

"to our hiftorians. Saunders and Caufin heretofore, and of "late Mr. Maimbourg and Monf. Varillas, have thought them"felves qualified for this employment. Among the reft," continues he, "Mr. Varillas has ufed his pen with fuch a partial "extravagance, and with fo little regard to modefty and "truth, that he has not only provoked the learned of the re"formed profeffion to chastise his impudence in their publick "writings, but has also drawn upon him the fcorn and indig"nation of feveral gentlemen of his own communion, who, "in a fenfe of honour and common ingenuity, have taken "fome pains to lay open the smooth impotture. Mr. Hofier, "Genealogift to the King of France, in his Epiftle declares "himself to have difcovered in him above four thoufand er"rours. Pere Bohours in a difcourfe of his makes it his bufi"nefs to expofe him. Even his old friend Mr. Dryden feems "to have forfaken him, and gone over to his adverfary Bo"hours, from whofe original he is now translating the life of "St. Xavier. To be free, there is almoft as many faults in 66 every fingle page of Mr. Varillas as in a printer's table of "Errata and if the Archbishop of Paris would do his duty, "he would find himself bound to put a holy cenfure upon

his penfioner; and as he was lately very forward to compel "thofe of the reformed religion to a recantation of their "faith, fo he ought here to oblige Mr. Varillas to an abjura"tion of his hiftory." We muft not omit, in juftice however to Varillas, to obferve, that as to the matter of this penfion he abfolutely denied it. It is true Le Long tells us that he was offered fuch by several French noblemen as well as foreigners, which he always refused; and particularly the States of Holland offered him one in 1669, to engage him to write their hiftory; but he also refused this by the advice of Mr. Pompone: he accepted that only of the clergy of France, which Mr. de Harlai, Archbishop of Paris, had procured for him. But Tolume I.

B

univerfity, and at the regular time took his Doctor's degree therein, which qualifying him to plead in the courts of the Civil and Ecclefiaftical law, he was admitted an Advocate, and refiding at Doctors Commons foon grew into confidcrable repute, and had great practice as a Civilian. In the interim Lord Molefworth publishing his Account of Denmark in 1692, our Author took up his pen once more in his country's caufe, the honour of which was thought to be blemished by that Account. Animated with this fpirit he drew up a cenfure of it, which he printed under the title of Animadverfions upon the pretended Account of Denmarkt. This was published in 1694,

[ocr errors]

Varillas contradicts this, and in his Anfwer to Bishop Burnet fays that he "never accepted the pention which Mr. Harlai "had obtained for him from the clergy of France in 1670, nor yet that which he procured of the King for him, charged 66 upon the Abbey of La Victoire, in 1672; and that all that "he received by the Archbishop's means was a prefent from "the affembly of the clergy in 1670, and a gratuity from the "King of two thoufand livres in 1685." However that be, our Author having obferved that these Reflections on Varillas's Account of Wicliffe contain fome memoirs of that great man, who was as it were the morning ftar of the Reformation, proceeds thus: "It were to be withed," fays he," that "from the many volumes of his works ftill remaining a hi"story of Religion of that time were compofed, which would "give great light into the affairs of England."

+ Our Author acquaints us that these Animadverfions were wrote at the requeft of the Rev. Mr. Brink, Minister of the Danith church in London, a perfon whofe merit, travels, and

« PrejšnjaNaprej »