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Property, private, exempt from

confiscation, 4, 5, 13–25; pro-

posed immunity at sea, 51, 52
Protectorates, 285
Prussia, losses in Seven Years'

War, 11; treaty against confis-
cation, 21; contraband, 78; set-

tlements in Poland, 133
Psychology, war, 4
Punic wars, 10
Pyrenees, Peace of, contraband

clauses, 54, 72; protection of pri-
vate property, 14

Quarter, in war, 7

Pessoa, Epitacio, judge of Per-

manent Court, 105, 106; draft

international code, 325
Phillipson, on international law

among the ancients, 294
Philosophy, element in law, xiv
Physical sciences, study in modern

world, 319
Pierce, President, on exemption of

private property from capture,

20
Pills, for world ills, 2
Pinkney, William, arbitrator, 362
Pious Fund, arbitration, 87
Plato, 354; torch bearers, 365
Plée, Lieut.-Col., military adviser,

183
Poland, German settlers in, 133;

minorities, 133–135; question of
Spisz or Jaworzina, 135; war

with Russia, 138
Pollock, Sir Ernest, counsel, 123
Pope, on forms of government,

322
Porajärvi, commune, 125
Portugal, on transport of contra-

band, 47; seizure of property of

religious orders, 82
Preëmption, practice of, in war, 33,

58, 61, 70
“Preponderance” of power, 311, 315
Prisoners of war, in aerial warfare,

253–255, 256, 257
Private property. See Property.
Private rights. See Rights.
Privateering, Declaration of Paris,

51, 234
Prize Court, proposal for inter-

national, 67
Prize fighting, 309
Prize proceedings, unnecessary to

confiscation of enemy aircraft,
251; requisite in capture of
goods, 279; rules applicable to

aircraft, 280, 281
Progressive, prize for best defini-

tion, 357
Propaganda, in war, 4

Radio, use in war, xiii, 182, 185,

189, 211-213; U. S. proposals,
214; rules, 182, 214; peace uses,

350
Railway stations, as military ob-

jectives, 198, 199
Railways, relation to contraband

question, 28
Raineri-Biscia, Maj., naval ad-

viser, 183
Recognition, effect, 306; policy,

360
Red Cross, Geneva Convention,

298; mobile medical units, 237
Relativity, xviii, principle of esti-

mation, 348; study of the past
and the present, 349; develop-
ment of physical sciences, 349–
350; mechanical inventions, 350;
radio, 350–351; effect on educa-
tion, 351; rush after passing
fancies, 352; leadership, 352;
study of ancient languages, 353,
354, 356; encyclopedists, 355;
necessity of personal investiga-
tion, 356; demand for legislative
remedies, 357; necessity of
maintaining connection between
past and present, 358, 365; Con-
stitution of U. S., 358; achieve-
ments of Washington and his
contemporaries, 359; Judiciary
Act, 359; national unity, 359;

danger of blocs, 360; interna- Saint Paul, “the letter killeth but
tional policy, 360; international the spirit giveth life,” 20
arbitration, 361; Jay treaty, 361; Salisbury, Lord, on trade in food-
London commission, 362; am-

stuffs in war, 28, 31, 61
plitude of jurisdiction, 363; pre- Salvador, treaty against confisca-
cursor of Geneva tribunal, 364; tion, 21
present reactionary tendencies, Sanction, international, 39
364; necessity

necessity of elevating Santiago, Fifth International
standards, 364; bearing on the American Conference, 306
torches, 365

Sato, Lieut.-Commander, assistant
Repola, commune, 125

naval adviser, 183
Requisitions, non-enforceable by Sato, M., secretary, 183

aerial bombardment, 241; of Savigny, on codification, 335
neutral aircraft, 251

Saxony, diminution of population,
Research, in legal science, 343

10
Responsibility for wars, 311

Scholars, spared in war, 7
Revault, Capt., naval adviser, 183 School of Jurisprudence, Sugges-
Ricci, V. R., Italian delegate, 183, tions for, xvi, 339; study of com-
288

parative law, 341; legislative
Richards, Sir Erle, on contraband drafting, 342; research, 343;
of war, 34

journal and encyclopaedia, 344;
Rights, private, exempt from con- courses of study, 345; intensive
fiscation, 19, 20, 21

work, 346; legal scholars, 347
Rio de Janeiro, conference on Sciences, physical, study in mod-

codification of international law, ern world, 319
324–328

Senate, U. S., attitude on obliga-
Rodd, Sir R., British delegate, tory arbitration, 85–89
182, 288

Seneca, 354
Rodgers, Rear Admiral W. L., Seven Years' War, devastation,

report on chemical warfare, ix; 11; "world war," 12
naval adviser, rules of warfare, Shakespeare, influence, 2
182, 186, 189, 100, 200

Sherman Law, uncertainty, 300
Romans, war practices, 6; attitude Sherman, Major W. C., military
toward alien peoples, 317

adviser, 182
Roosevelt, President, on immunity Shizuma, Brigadier General, mili-

of private property, 20; oblig- tary adviser, 183
atory arbitration, 85; "Utopia Siegfried, R., secretary to delega-
or Hell," 35-36

tion, 183
Root, Elihu, arbitrator in case of Sims, Admiral W. S., on observ-

seizure of property of religious ance of rules of warfare, 208, 209
orders in Portugal, 82 ; Secretary Sire, Commander, naval adviser,
of State, 86; permanent inter-

183
national tribunal, 100; member Smith, Munroe, on codification,
of Advisory Committee of 336
Jurists, 102, 104

Sonobe, Maj., assistant military
Russia, contraband question, 62, adviser, 183

74; war with Poland, 138; Spa, conference, boundary between
Eastern Carelia, 124-131; inter- Poland and Czechoslovakia, 136,
national rights, 302

137

Todd, Commandei F. A., naval

adviser, 182
Torch bearers, Plato, 365
Trade. See Commerce.
Tradesmen, spared in war, 7
Trading with the Enemy Act, 21
Transit and communications, 104
Transportation, in war, 12
Treaties, against confiscation, 21
Trial, by battle, 302, 315
Trumbull, John, arbitrator, 363
Tunis, treaty against confiscation,

122; question as to nationality
decrees, 122

Ululations, world moves in, 365
Uniform State laws, 336
Uniformity. See Passion for Uni-

formity.
United States, on confiscation of

enemy private property, 14-25;
foodstuffs and contraband, 57–
70, 71; treaty clauses, 75, 76, 78;
proposal at Second Peace Con-
ference, 68, 69, 71; Declaration
of Paris, 49–51; Alabama claims,
85; attitude towards interna-
tional arbitration, 86, 97; ques-
tion as to Permanent Court,
142–145; rules of warfare for
aircraft and radio, xiii; pro-
posals, 190, 191; aerial bombard-

ment, 198
Universal monarchy, 319
Unneutral sevice, 213, 274
Usage, effect on rights, 19
"Utopia or Hell,” outlawry of war,

35-36
Utrecht, Peace of, contraband

clauses, 54, 73

Spaight, J. M., air adviser, 183
Spain, treaty against confiscation,

21; Declaration of Paris, 49;

arbitration with U. S., 86
Spanish succession, war of, 11
Speculation, theoretical, element

in law, xiv
Spisz, question between Poland

and Czechoslovakia, 135
States, equality, 302
Steam, effect in war, 12
Stone, Harlan F., report on pro-

posals for studies in jurispru-

dence, xvi
Story, Mr. Justice, on rules of

commercial law, 333
Stowell, Lord, on comity, 296
Struycken, Prof. A. A. H., Nether-

lands delegate, 183, 288
Suarez, influence, 2
Submarines, ix; Washington

treaty, 184, 186, 203, 204, 205;

visit and search, 202–205
Suez canal, international use, 140
Sugimura, M., legal adviser, 183
Supreme Council, Polish-Czecho-

slovak boundary, 136, 137
Supreme Court of United States,

on outlawry of war, 38
Surie, Admiral H. G., naval ad-

viser, 183
Sweden, treaty against confisca-

tion, 21

Tacitus, 354
Taft-Knox treaties, 89
Targets, military, 194, 196–198
Tchitcherin, M., on Eastern Care-

lian question, 126
Telegraph, use in war, conven-

tional regulation, 213
Temple, Sir William, on ancient

and modern learning, 349
Territorial air belt, 285
Thirty Years' War, viii; effect in

Germany, 10; barbarities, 318
Thracians, war practices, 6, 317
Thucydides, 354

Van Eysinga, Prof. W. J. M.,

Netherlands delegate, 183, 288
Van Heyst, Capt. F. A., assistant

military adviser, 183
Van Kleffens, E. N., secretary, 183
Van Oordt, Gen., military adviser,

183

on

xiii, 182, 207, 210. See Laws of

War.
Wars, ancient, 10–12; of extermi-

nation, 321; origin and respon-
sibility, 311; causes, 337–308;
human attitude, 308, 315; bal-
ance of power, 310; "religious"
element, 83, 94. See "World

War."
Washburn, A. H., U. S. delegate,

182, 187, 288
Washington, conference on limita-

tion of armament, ix, x, 184;
provision for commission
laws of war, 210; discussion of
visit and search by aircraft, 203,

204, 205
Washington, President, neutrality

proclamation, 45; achievements,

359-363
Waterways, international, neutral-

ization, 138–140
Webster, reply to Hayne, 289
Weiss, judge of Permanent Court,

105, 106; vice-president, 113
Wellington, Duke, on martial law,

290
White, Lt.-Commander N. H.,

naval adviser, 182
Wilson, President, “peace pro-

posal,” 91; seizure of Vera Cruz,

94
Women, spared in war, 7
Woolsey, Theodore, on contra-

band of war, 44
"World War," disturbing effects,

vii, x, xii, 1, 12; misconceptions,
3-5; drafts on man-power,

9
Württemberg, war desolation, 11

Yenomoto, M., legal adviser, 183
Yovanovitch, M., deputy-judge,

105, 107

Zone of protection for historic

Vattel, laws of war, 38; faith, 39;

on contraband, 56; on equality

of states, 302
Venezuelan boundary, arbitral

award, 82
Venice, historic monuments, 246
Venning, Col. W. K., military ad-

viser, 182
Vera Cruz incident, A. B. C. me-

diation, 94
Versailles, Treaty of, labor and

transit clauses, 104, 119, 144;
nationality, 133; arbitral clauses,

138
Vienna Congress, free navigation

of international streams 296;

diplomatic agents, 297
Virgil, 354
Virginius case, 87
Visigothic Code, 340
Visit and search, by aircraft, 202,

203, 204, 205, 206, 264

Wada, Commander, assistant naval

adviser, 183
Wang, C. H., deputy-judge, 105,

108
War, disturbing effects, vii, xiv;

ancient and modern theories, 6;
misconceptions, 3, 4, 5; effect
on commerce, xi, xii, 5, 25–35,
358; devastation, 9–13; limita-
tions on violence, 7; draft on
national resources, 5, 8-13; Foch
on fundamental principles, 8;
laws, 4, 5, 6, 182, 187–189; en-
forcement, 208; violations and
their effect, 24–25, 32–33, 35;
causes of war, 307-308, 310, 315;
human attitude, 308, 309, 315;
mechanistic view, 308; assurance
against war, 99; question of out-
lawry, 35, 36, 37, 38; "war to
end war," 308. See “World

War."
Warfare, chemical, ix
Warfare, rules, aircraft and radio,

monuments, 246, 247
Zone of silence, for belligerent

radio stations, 225

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