An Introduction to Theory in Anthropology
In this innovative introduction, Robert Layton reviews the ideas that have inspired anthropologists in their studies of societies around the world. An Introduction to Theory in Anthropology provides a clear and concise analysis of the theories, and traces the way in which they have been translated into anthropological debates. The opening chapter sets out the classical theoretical issues formulated by Hobbes, Rousseau, Marx and Durkheim. Successive chapters discuss Functionalism, Structuralism, Interactionist theories, and Marxist anthropology, while the final chapters address the competing paradigms of Socioecology and Postmodernism. Using detailed case studies, Professor Layton illustrates the way in which various theoretical perspectives have shaped competing, or complementary, accounts of specific human societies.
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African alliances analysis animals argued Asante Australia Azande Barth Boas British capitalist cash crops cattle chapter clan co-operation cognitive colonial concept created cross-cousin cross-cousin marriage cultivation culture customs depend Derrida descent groups developed Durkheim economic ethnography Evans-Pritchard existence father fieldwork Fortes function Functionalists Herodotus household human societies hunter-gatherers ideas individual interaction interpreted kinship systems kula labour land language Lévi-Strauss lineage live Malinowski marriage marry Marx Marx's Marxist matrilateral Mauss meaning mode of production moiety mother's Murngin myth Nuer Optimal foraging theory organisation original patrilineal political Postmodernism potlatch Radcliffe-Brown reciprocity recognised Rousseau Sahlins Samburu Sarakatsani Saussure segmentary segments small-scale societies Smith social anthropology social behaviour social relationships social structure social system Socioecology Spencer spheres of exchange strategies subsistence Tallensi territory theory tion totemic trade tradition transformed Trobriand village women Yankunytjatjara Yanomamö Yolngu Yusufzai