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Sentence. And the Commission does therefore sentence him, the said George A. Atzerodt, to be hanged by the neck until he is dead, at such time and place as the President of the United States shall direct, twothirds of the members of the Commission concurring therein.
Finding. Of the specification "Guilty," except combining, confederating, and conspiring with Edward Spangler. Of this not guilty. Of the charge "Not Guilty," except combining, confederating, and conspiring with Edward Spangler. Of this not guilty.
Sentence.—And the Commission does, therefore, sentence him, the said Lewis Payne, to be hanged by the neck until he be dead, at such time and place as the President of the United States shall direct; two-thirds of the members of the Commission concurring therein.
Fourth.-Mary E. Surratt.
Finding. Of the specification "Guilty," except as to the receiving, entertaining, harboring, and concealing Samuel Arnold and Michael O'Laughlin, and, except as to combining, confederating, and conspiring with Edward Spangler. Of this not guilty. Of the charge "Guilty," except as to combining, confederating, and conspiring with Edward Spangler. Of this not guilty.
Sentence. And the Commission does therefore sentence her, the said Mary E. Surratt, to be hanged by the neck until she be dead, at such time and place as the President of the United States shall direct, two-thirds of the members of the Commission concurring therein; and
Whereas, The President of the United States has approved the foregoing sentences in the following order, to wit:
EXECUTIVE MANSION, July 5, 1865.
The foregoing sentences in the cases of David E. Harold, George E. Atzerodt, Lewis Payne, and Mary E. Surratt, are hereby approved; and it is ordered that the sentences in the cases of David E. Harold, G. A. Atzerodt, Lewis Payne, and Mary E. Surratt, be carried into execution by the proper military authority, under the direction of the Secretary of War, on the 7th day of July, 1865, between the hours of 10 o'clock A. M. and 2 o'clock P. M. of that day.
ANDREW JOHNSON, President.
Therefore, You are hereby commanded to cause the foregoing sentences in the cases of David E. Harold, G. A. Atzerodt, Lewis Payne, and Mary. E. Surratt, to be duly executed in accordance with the President's order. By coininand of the President of the United States.
E. D. Townsend, Assistant Adjutant-General.
In the remaining cases of O'Laughlin, Spangler, Arnold, and Mudd, the findings and sentences are as follows:
Finding.-Of the specification "Guilty," except the words thereof as follows: "And in the further prosecution of the conspiracy aforesaid, and its murderous and treasonable purposes aforesaid, on the nights of the 13th and 14th of April, A. D. 1865, at Washington City, and within the military department and military lines aforesaid, the said Michael O'Laughlin did then and there lie in wait for Ulysses S. Grant, then Lieutenant-General and Commander of the Armies of the United States, with intent then and there to kill and murder the said Ulysses S. Grant." Of said words, Not Guilty," and except "combining, confederating, and
conspiring with Edward Spangler." Of this not guilty. Of the charge "Guilty," except combining, confederating, and conspiring with Edward Spangler. Of this not guilty.
Sentence.-The Commission sentence Michael O'Laughlin to be imprisoned at hard labor for life.
Finding. Of the specification, "Not Guilty," except as to the words, "the said Edward Spangler, on said 14th day of April, A. D. 1865, at about the same hour of that day as aforesaid, within said military department and the military lines aforesaid, did aid and abet him," meaning John Wilkes Booth, "in making his escape, after the said Abraham Lincoln had been murdered in the manner aforesaid," and of these words, "Guilty." Of the charge, not guilty, but guilty of having feloniously and traitorously aided and abetted John Wilkes Booth in making his escape after having killed and murdered Abraham Lincoln, President of tho United States-he, the said Edward Spangler, at the time of aiding and abetting as aforesaid, well knowing that the said Abraham Lincoln, President as aforesaid, had been murdered by the said John Wilkes Booth as aforesaid.
The Commission sentenced Spangler to be confined at hard labor for six years.
Seventh.-Samuel Arnold. Of the specifications
Guilty-Except combining, confederating, and conspiring with Edward Spangler; of this, not guilty.
Of the charge
Guilty-Except combining, confederating, and conspiring with Edward Spangler; of this, not guilty.
The Commission sentence him to imprisonment at hard labor for life. Eighth.-Samuel A. Mudd. Of the specification
Guilty-Except combining, confederating, and conspiring with Edward Spangler; of this not guilty; and excepting receiving and entertaining, and harboring and concealing said Lewis Payne, John H. Surratt, Michael O'Laughlin, George A. Atzerodt, Mary E. Surratt, and Samuel Arnold; of this, not guilty. Of the charge "Guilty," except combining, confederating, and conspiring with Edward Spangler; of this, not guilty. Sentence. The Commission sentenced Dr. Mudd to be imprisoned at hard labor for life.
The President's order in these cases is as follows:
It is further ordered that the prisoners, Samuel Arnold, Samuel A. Mudd, Edward Spangler, and Michael O'Laughlin, be confined at hard labor in the penitentiary at Albany, New York, during the period designated in their respective sentences.
ANDREW JOIINSON, President.
The sentences were duly executed, except the Dry Tortugas was substituted for the Albany Penitentiary, for the imprisonment of Arnold, Mudd, Spangler, and O'Laughlin.
Adams, C. F.-remonstrance against depart- | Arbitary arrests-action of Government, 861;
ure of rebel cruisers from British ports, 461. debate in Congress, 878.
Address of Mr. Lincoln-at Springfield, 181; | Arguelles surrendered to Cuban authorities,
at Tolono, 132; at Indianapolis, 182; before
Indiana Legislature, 188; at Cincinnati, 134;
at Columbus, 185; at Steubenville, 186; at
Pittsburg, 186, 187; at Cleveland, 140; at
Buffalo, 141; at Rochester, 142; at Utica,
148; at Albany, 143; at Troy, 145; at Hud-
son, 146; at Poughkeepsie, 146; at Peeks-
kill, 147; at Astor House, N. Y., 148; to
Republican Association, 148; at City Hall,
150; at Jersey City, 150; at Newark, 151;
at Trenton, 151; at Philadelphia, 158; at
Independence Hall, 154; at Lancaster, 156;
at Harrisburg, 156; at Washington, 158, 159;
inaugural, 162; to members of Congress from
Border States, 285; to Chicago committee
on emancipation of slaves, 254; at Wash-
ington about McClellan, 824; at serenade,
September 24, 1862, 342; at Gettysburg, 412;
at Washington, July 5, 1868, 415; to working-
men of New York, 498; at fair in Washing-
ton, 501; at fair in Baltimore, 501; at fair in
Philadelphia, 508; to deputation of colored
persons, 505; to the country, 526; at Wash-
ington, 526; at Washington, 539; in re-
sponse to nomination for re-election, 559,
560; to Ohio regiments, 606, 607; at Wash-
ington, 609; upon result of election, 618,
614, 615; at Washington, 617, 618, 620; to
envoy of Hawaiian Islands, 623; at Wash-
ington, 643; on adoption of Constitutional
amendments, 646; second inaugural, 670;
concerning the rebel conscription of negroes,
674; on victory and reconstruction, 684
Alabama sunk, 535.
Anecdotes and reminiscences of President
Lincoln, 725; his sadness, 726-728; his fa-
vorite poem, 728-780; his religious expe-
rience, 180-735; his sympathy, 785-743; his
humor, shrewdness, and sentiment, 748-759;
the Emancipation Proclamation, 759-766,
Appendix-letters on sundry occasions, 767;
the President and General McClellan, 772; ¦
warnings against assassination, 779; reports,
dispatches, and proclamations relating to the
assassination, 788; important letter from J.
Wilkes Booth, 793; trial of conspirators, 796.
Arkansas-President's letter to Gen. Steele,
491; President's letter about Convention,
492; election and adoption of a Free State
Constitution, 493, 511.
Assassination of Mr. Lincoln, 697; the scene
of death, 699, 785; grief throughout the
land, 701; warnings against assassination,
779; reports, &c., relating to, 788; letter
from Booth, 793; trial and sentence of con-
Assault on Mr. Seward, 699,
Atlanta captured, 544.
Banks-takes Port Hudson, 415; proclama-
tion for an election in Louisiana, 458; Red
River expedition, 516.
Battle of Bull Run, 1861, 202; of Williams-
burg, 276; of Seven Pines and Fair Oaks,
285; of Gaines' Mills, 298; Malvern Hill,
294; Antietam, 817; Pittsburgh Landing,
827; Fredericksburg, 407; Chancellorsville,
408; Gettysburg, 409; Vicksburg, 414; Tul-
lahoma, 419; Chickamauga, 419; Chattanoo-
ga, 420; Olustee, 514; Sabine Cross-Roads,
516; Fort Pillow, 519; the Wilderness, 524;
Spottsylvania, 529; Coal Harbor, 329; Nash-
ville, 640; Fort Fisher, 642; Richmond, 678.
Blair, F. P., Jr., reappointment as Major-Gen-
Blair, F. P., Sen., visit to Richmond, 648.
Booth, J. Wilkes-assassinates the President,
696; death of, 718, 788; letter of 798.
Border States-reply of the members to Presi-
dent's address, 236; Hon. Mr. Maynard's
Brazil, relations with, 622.
Buchanan-official action on Secession, 111;
last message, 117; dissolution of his Cabinet,
117; message on Secession, 118.
Burnside, Gen.-succeeds McClellan in Army
of Potomac, 323; battle of Fredericksburg,
407; arrests Vallandigham, 384; relieved
from command, 407; defeuce of Knoxville,
Butler, Gen.-seizes City Point, 527; expedi-
tion to Fort Fisher, 640; removal from com-
Cabinet dissolution of Buchanan's, 117; or-
ganization of Lincoln's, 170; resignation of
Secretary Cameron, 248.
Cameron-resignation of, as Secretary of War,
248; President's message concerning, 248.
Chambersburg burned, 541.
Charleston, evacuation of, 668.
Chase, S. P., appointed Chief Justice, 624.
Christian Commission, letter from President
City Point occupied by Gen. Butler, 527.
Colfax, elected Speaker of House of Repre-
Colonization-President's views on, 229; Presi-
dent's interview with colored men on, 505;
attempts to colonize New Grenada, 508;
colouy to Ile à Vache, 508.
Commissioners from rebels, 170.
Compromise-Crittenden's, 119; special com-
mittee of Congress on, 120; report of resolu-
tions by committec, 121; adoption of the
Confederacy-organization of the Rebol Gov-
ernment, 112; objects of the Confederacy
stated by Mr. Stephens, 115.
Conference at Hampton Roads, 648; rebel re-
port of, 651; correspondence in relation
thereto, 653; remarks on, 661.
Confiscation Bill, 200; debate in Congress on,
201, 240; its provisions, 243; supplementary
resolution, 244; message approving, 245.
Congress appoints committee on Compro-
mise, 120; adoption of Compromise resolu-
tion, 121; action on amendment of Constitu-
tion, 122; action on Crittenden resolution
and Peace Conferenco, 128; meeting in extra
session, July 4, 1861, 186; adoption of reso-
lution on the objects of the war, 200; bills on
States not entitled to representation in elec-
toral college, 644, 664; passage of constitu-
tional amendment prohibiting slavery, 645;
establishes Freedmen's Bureau, 645 ; declara-
tion in regard to rebel debt, 665; authorizes
a loan of $600,000,000, 666.
Constitution-amendment forbidding interfer-
ence with slavery, 121; amendment abolish
ing slavery, 469.
Correspondence in regard to peace, 571.
Crittenden Compromise, 119; resolution de-
claring the objects of War, 200.
Curtis, Gen.-appointed to command in Mis-
souri, 428; his removal, 428.
Dayton, Mr., interviews, &c., with French Min-
ister in regard to Mexico, 464.
Democratic Party-its position at time of elec-
tion, 1860, 108; defeat in 1863, 443; position
in 1864, 591; nominates McClellan, 598.
Douglas-on Missouri Compromisc, 43; speech
at Springfield, 44, 46; on Lecompton Bill, 50;
elected senator, 76.
Dred Scott decision, 47, 49, 64.
Election of President, 1861, 107; State elections
of 1862, State elections of 1863, 443; election
of President, 1864, 612, 664.
Emancipation-President's reply to Chicago
committee on, 254; Proclamation of Septem
ber, 1862, 257; incidents connected with, 759;
Proclamation of January, 1863, 260; in Mis-
souri, 511; amendment of Constitution, 645.
England-instructions to our Minister at out-
break of the rebellion, 182; protest against
her recognition of the rebels as belligerents,
183; the Trent affair, 209; privateers, 833;
stoppage of rebel rams, 462.
Everett, Edward, death of, 642.
employment of slaves, 200; | Fac simile of letter, 589.
Florida, expedition of General Gillmore, 513;
defeat at Olustee, 514
Forged proclamation, 566.
Fort Fisher captured, 640.
Fort Pillow, capture of, 519.
meeting in December, 1861, 212; resolution | Farragut, Com. enters Mobile harbor, 548.
on slavery, 231; effect of Bull Run defeat on
legislative action of, 226; abolishes slavery
in Territories, 228; abolishes slavery in Dis-
trict of Columbia, 228; approves compen-
sated emancipation, 231; debate on Confisca-
tion Bill, 240; the Currency Bill, 239: meet-
ing, December, 1862, 844; debate on arbitrary
arrests, 861; authorizes letters of marque,
871; admission of members from Louisiana,
870; mecting, December, 1868, 445; action in
reference to French in Mexico, 467; debates
of, 1863, 468; action on slavery, 469; repeals
Fugitive Slave Law, 470; action in regard to
senators and representatives from Arkansas,
498; adoption of bill for reconstruction of
States, 494; meeting, December, 1864, 620;
action upon Reciprocity Treaty 644; rebel
France-offer of mediation, 835; reply of Mr,
Seward, 335; our relations with, 463.
Freedmen-proposition to colonize, 504; un-
successful efforts to plant colonies in New
Grenada and Ile à Vache, 508; enlistment of,
into the army, 510; at Presidential reccp-
tion, 637; bureau established for, 665.
Fremont-appointed to Department of the
West, order of emancipation, 207; President's
revocation of order, 208; removal from com-
mand of Western Department, 424; agree-
ment with Price, 424; popular demonstra-