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cial remonstrance made to it by the Directory through its diplomatic agent, had already ordered a levy of militia to march against the French troops assembled in some places of the department of Mont-Terrible, and had even caused to be arrested the deputies of those communes who had refused to take up arms against the republic. The government of Berne had even proceeded farther. It had publicly enrolled emigrants, and given thelter to French requisitionaries and deferters; and it did not dissemble its design of employing them to fuppress by force the claims of the inhabitants of the Pays de Vaud, and to direct them against the republic. These hostile dispositions were a fufficient warning to the Directory to take proper precautions. Orders were given for a division of the army of Italy, which had acquired so many laurels under General Massena, to march on its way to France through Carouge, in order that it might proceed thence to the departments of l'Ain, Jura, and Doubs, for the purpose of watching the motions of the troops of Berne and Fribourg, and to be always prepared to repel every aggresfion. The event justified this precaution : on the 28th Nivole last, the general commanding at Carouge, was informed by an official dispatch from the committee of Nyon, invested with full powers by the council of that town, that fourteen battalions, with the necessary artillery, were about to set out from Berne, against the country of the Pays de Vaud ; and that, over and above, levies of troops were privately ordered in all the villages on the frontiers of that country, contrary to the positive promise which had been made to that cominittee. Immediately after this notice, the division under General Maffena arrived. Menard, general of brigade, who commanded in the absence of the general of division, informed the Executive Directory, by a dispatch of the 8th Pluviose, that there could be no doubt respecting the movements made by the cantons of Berne and Fribourg to filence the claims of the Pays de Vaud; and that General de Weiss, invested with full powers from these cantons, under the title of commander in chief of the troops of Berne and Fribourg in the Pays de Vaud, had established his head-quarters at Yverdun, and was on the point of committing hostilities. The same day General Menard, agreeably to the instructions which he had received from the Executive Directory, sent a summons to General Weiss to draw off his troops, and to leave to the inhabitants of the Pays de Vaud the free exercise of their rights, claims, and applications, declaring, at the same time, that, in case of a refusal, he should be obliged to repel force by force, to put an end to resistance, and to pursue the authors of it. General Menard.charged his aid-de-camp, Citizen Autier, to carry this summons to General Weiss, at Yverdun, and the aidde-camp was accompanied by two huffars, whom the patriots of
Moudon thought proper, when they passed through thar town, 10. reinforce with an escort of two Vaudois dragoons. At the disa tance of two leagues from Yverdun, this officer being in a carriage, and consequently not in a state-of aggreffion or even of defence, was fuddenly attacked by a post of troops belonging to Berne. The two huffars who attended bim inmediately fell, bored through with balls; one of the Vaudois was wounded, his horse was killed under him, and Citizen Autier himself was saved merely by a kind of prodigy. On his return to Moudon, Aid-de-cainp Autier found all the militia called out, and under arms. Being informed of the attempt made against him, they flew to his aisistance, and, with flambeaux in their hands, swore that they would fet fire to the village which had been the theatre of this horrid attack. Citizen Autier used his utmoft endeavours. to check their vengeance, which might have involved the innocent with the guilty; and fortunately the conflagration, at first announced as already effected, was not carried into execution. The militia of Moudon and Lausanne united themselves to drive from the village of Thieran the troops which had been guilty of the assassination. General Menard, when informed of thefe horrid crimes which had been committed, could not be ignorant of the real cause. The troops of Berne did not challenge the escort of his aid-de-camp; they had not come out for the purpose. of reconnoitring ; they knew besides that he was to pass, because the horses had been ordered eight hours before. The open intention of assassinating an envoy of the French republic could not then be doubted. General Menard thought himself therefore obliged to cause his division to march, and next morning it entered the Pays de Vaud, preceded by a proclamation to the inhabitants, a copy of which is hereto annexed. The troops of Berne and Fribourg have on their part entirely evacuated the Pays de Vaud. The Vaudois militia, already very numerous well organized, and commanded by able officers, are preparing to pursue them, and it appears that at this moment they ihreaten even Berne itself. The French troops have remained in the Pays de Vaud.
Such, citizens representatives, was the state of things when the last dispatches were sent off for the Executive Directory; but we are allured that events have since taken place which may render unnecessary those hostile incalures which national honour and the rights of nations so atrocioudly violated, might, without doubt, require, on the part of the French republic, against the governments of Berne and Fribourg. The Executive Directory considers it therefore to be its duty to confine itself at present to a fimple relation of the above facts.
(Signed) BARRAS, President. LAGARDE, Sec. Gen.
The Minister of the French Republic to the People of Switzerland.
Pluviofe (Feb. 18). THE patriots of the canton of Lucerne and of all Switzerland will see, by the nute of the French minister to the state of Berne, a copy of which is hereunto subjoined, the moderation of the demands, and the benevolent intentions of the French republic. They will be convinced of the neceslity of causing the measures therein pointed out to be adopted in their respective cantons. These bases once established, without which the promises of governments are nothing but empty and perfidious words, it becomes necessary immediately to enlighten the inhabitants, and to give them the most convincing proofs that the military dispositions of France are only intended to ad hoftilely against the senators who oppose the emancipation of the people, and particularly against those of the senate of Berne who have been purchased by the gold of England-Declare that it is false, that when the government thall be established on the principles of the French revolution, the latter power will interfere in the affairs of Switzerland - It will not, unless ufurpers of the suvereignty of the people endeavour to rivet their present chains, or to forge new ones. Finally, state that all enlightened patriots are well perfuaded of this; in order that honest and simple men may be more readily convinced,
ift. That France, as is guaranteed by my correspondence with the Helvetic states, entertains no plan of disinembering the country:
2d. That the present proceedings have no other object than to overthrow a vicious and corrupt government, and to substitute in its stead, one more conformable to that of the French and Cisalpine republics, whose existence, safety, and tranquillity, will always be exposed so long as Switzerland shall remain under the despotison of a handful of avaricious magistrates, without spirit and without honour, and always ready to sell themselves to the enemies of France, as has evidently appeared ever fince the commencement of the French revolution,
After these assurances, it would be ridiculous to refute the stupid affertions of the bailiffs, and other agents, interested in the tyranny which oppresses and degrades Switzerland, either with regard to the pretended plan for overthrowing religion, or the intention of putting the inhabitants in requisition to march against England. As to what concerns the particular crimes of which the aristocracy accuse the French beforehand, such as afsassination, burning and pillage, it may be replied,
ift. That the French army has not yet taken vengeance for the assassinations committed by the orders of Colonel Weiss, general of the troops of Berne, upon the attendants of Citizen
Autier, adjutant and envoy from General Menard-two of his husfars being killed by his fide.
2d. That the agents of the government of Berne set fire to a house at Arau, under the eyes of the minister of France, in order, by that means, to facilitate, by surprise, the entry of their fatellites into the town, where, under the pretext of extinguishing the fire, they wilhed to occasion a disturbance, during which the French minister and the patriots of Arau might have been murdered.
3d. That the fame magnificent lords of Berne animate the courage of their feeble militia only by the thirst of pillage, as may be easily discovered by the robberies they commit upon the property of the citizens of Arau ; and farther, by the dispofitions of the people of the country, whom they excite to fury by the hope of booty.
I invite all the friends of liberty and equality to open the eyes ef their fellow-citizens, by giving the greatest publicity to this note, and also to that incloling the propolitions addressed by me to the state of Berne.
Note addressed to the State of Berne, through the Channel of its
Deputation at Bafe, February 13, 1798. THE minister of the French republic, to prove the good disposition and integrity of his government, transmits to the state of Berne a note, pointing out the measures neceitary to be taken for its own safety and that of Switzerland, The French government will be the lefs willing to fecede from these propofitions, as they agree with those brought forward by the state of Berne itself on the 3d February.
If the state of Berne be disposed to prove effectually that it is defirous of an order of things founded on principles of liberty and equality, it is necessary,
1. That it should dismiss its ancient magiftrates, and suppress its secret council and council of war.
2. Until a new form of government shall be organized, a provisional one, founded on deniocratic principles, and in which none of the members of the ancient government shall be adm.itted, thall be established.
3. The liberty of the press Thall be immediately established.
4. All persons, Swiss or others, prosecuted on account of their political opinions, or of their refusal to march against the French, shall be indemrified ; and, besides this, particular satisfaction shall be made to the citizens of the town of Arau, for the vexations they have experienced.
The French government, by this explanation, prove how Jittle disposed they are to hoftility and aggrandisement. The state of Berne, on its part, will, doubtless, haften to return a speedy and positive answer.
Declaration of the Canton of Lucerne to Citizen Mengaud.
, anxious for peace, and at present entertains the same fentiments. If the Directory had any cause of complaint against the ancient governments of Switzerland, that reason no longer exifts to authorize' hostilities. If then any one canton were to be attacked, the attack would be made on all Switzerland, and all Switzerland would rise in arms, and would wage a national war; for now every inhabitant would fight for his country, for his personal safety and property, which they consider as threatened with a hostile attack. France, by such a conduct, would alienate from her the whole of Europe. In this contest she might reap a military glory which she does not want, but she would gain no honour. She would have to dread a coalition of public opinion, which might become more dangerous to her than the coalition of the cabinets of Europe which she has overcome, because then she had public opinion in her favour. France might render Switzerland miserable for generations, and she would ultimately gain nothing but shame, danger, and disaster, both in her own interior, and in the Cisalpine and Batavian republics.
Subfiance of the Declaration of the French General Menard to Colo
nel de Weifs*. THAT if he does not disband his troops, and instantly discon
tinue hís.levies, which have no other object but to restrain the wishes of the people, he will regard their continuance as an act of hostility; and that in default of a categorical and fatisfactory answer, he will enter, without delay, into the Pays de Vaud, to rescue it from the civil war which the eneinics of humanity would endeavour to foment there.
The colonel, with a view of resisting the French, had retired with the force under his command, to Yverdun, and attempted to raise levies on account of the senate of Berne.