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was pleaded, I did expect that reasons of of all these frauds and cruelties, which are an over-ruling nature, some imminent dan- called policy; see into what a situation ger, some instant cause of apprehension, they have brought you at last. Have you admitting of no debate, would have been extended your dominions? Yes, in violastated to palliate at least, if not to justify tion of the resolutions of this house, conthe atrocious cruelty, the injustice, and firmed and made law by two acts of parthe indignities more galling than injustice, liament. You have a frontier, which you with which the nabob of Oude, as well as cannot riefend, and you have alienated the many other Indian princes, have been affections of the native powers, who wait treated. Instead of such a case made out only for an opportunity to make you feel or even alledged, what has the President their hatred, and I am afraid that issue of the Board of Controul advanced? Why, will be tried at no very distant period. In first he gianced at the supposition of an the mean time, what profit have you

deinvasion of Oude by Zemaun Shah, and, rived from this boasted increase of your in glancing at it only, I confess he has dominions ? Your establishments have shewn his discretion. Why, sir, at the grown much faster than even your terrivery period allotted to this pretended in- tory; with all your immense acquisitions, vasion, Zemaun Shah was in his grave. with all your subsidiary treaties, with the Lord Wellesley in his letter of Jan. 1, Mysore, the Decan, the Carnatic and 1802, says to the Directors, “The danger Oade, with four kingdoms added to your of invasion from Candahar is entirely re- possessions, your annual expences exceed moved by the destruction of the power of your revenues by two millions and a half. Zemaun Shah, and by the actual state of Not a rupee in your treasury at Calcutta, his dominions; while our north-western at Fort St. George, or Bombay; in gene, frontier has been considerably strengthen- ral circulation, nothing but paper, and ed by the recent arrangements effected in thus, sir, have all those extortions, which Oude.” The arrangements alluded to are termed policy, ended in your own consisted of nothing but the exaction of beggary. I state the general effect of the money and territory from the nabob, con- policy I allude to, as embracing all India. trary to the most solemn treaties, and in the treatment of the nabob of Oude is a violation not only of every principle of sample of that policy, and a striking exgood faith but of common humanity, and ample of its effect. But perhaps it may for what purpose ? To provide against a be said, that this commercial sovereign, danger, which was entirely removed, if the India Company, though not very wise ever it existed. But the hon. President or fortunate in the exercise of their sovesays, “ The French were in Alexandria ;' reignty, have been prudent and successful and this was another necessity for taxing in their character of merchants ? In an the nabob of Oude. My conviction is, evil hour for themselves, they departed that, if they had remained in undisturbed from the only occupation it was possible possession of Alexandria to the present day, for them to understand. Look at their sithey could not have invaded India from tuation in Leaden-Hall Street. There you that quarter, nor did they ever intend it. see them overwhelmed with debts, and in They had no fleet or transports in the Red arrear to government:even for the duties Sea, nor had they the means or materials on their teas, the only article they can for building ships there, or to find provi- sell; loaded with enormous establishments, sions or even fresh water at Suez, equal to which it is impossible for them to defray so great an embarkation, and so long a otherwise than by running more and more voyage, of which the navigation for a fleet into debt, and with a multitude of other from Suez to the Indian sea is perhaps the demands upon them, active and growing most difficult and dangerous in the world. every day, and against which they have And even then, unless the French could nothing to set up but an accumulation of obtain a naval superiority in the Indian dead or dormant property, locked up and seas, how could they possibly get to India rotting in their warehouses for want of a from Egypt? The hon. President seems sale; which does not however prevent averse to further discussion on the profest their constantly taking up more and more principle of lord Wellesley's conduct. ships at an intolerable expence of freight Perhaps he will have no objection to an- and charges, to bring home more cargoes swer a few questions upon the effect of it. ) of the same quality, and to take away all What has been gained by these acts of in- chance or even the possibility of selling justice and oppression ? Look at the result what they have already in England. Add

Vol. X.

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to all this, that every shilling of their capi-th tal is gone. And wiil this house neyer ask, by whose fraud or misconduct, by whose treachery or whose folly, all this mass of mischief has accumulated ? Have we been taken by surprise ? fiave the India Com-fo pany till very lately been quite unaware of their situation? Has no warnir.g voice q been heard in this house ? Have no powerful appeals been made to the public in m writing on this subject? Yes, sir, some of the worthy directors have now and then | tb gently hinted at the mismanagement of di their governments, and at the misconduct of their servants in India, over whom they had no controul. But these intimations were rare and feeble, in comparison with the information given us by an hon. friend of mine (Sir Philip Francis) who is no long-th er a member of this house. to year as the mischiefs increased his al speeches kept pace with them.

From ci year to year, I might almost say from day th to day, his talents and his industry were je employed in exposing the fatal folly of an that destructive system, which has been adopted by your government in India, un and encouraged and protected in England, and the ruinous consequences which would result from it. His performance of this invidious duty was not confined to his speeches here. His writings addressed to the public predicted every thing that has happened ; writings, sir, as remarkable for foc the elearness, the purity, and precision of de their style, as they are for the comprehen- pl sive knowledge they contain of the sub-fo jects on which they treated; and I believe, sir, it would be as difficult to find a person, pe who has displayed in your Indian affairs ti more ability, more perseverance, and more of integrity, as it would be to find another lir instance of a man, who has deserved more of his country, and whose merits have been so ill rewarded, as those of the hon. gent. of I allude to.- Now, sir, on a full conside- of ration of the injustice which has marked of the conduct of the noble lord in Oude, the harshness with which the nabob has been ti treated, and the cruel.circumstances of lid galling aggravation with which it has tic been accompanied, and above all, sir, on bu the effect which it has produced in the fu minds of the native powers in India, I feel entirely disposed to agree with the noble of lord who has brought forward this motion, ha for every reparation or restitution which gr the circumstances of the case will admit pe of.—The security of the British dominion pr in India depends greatly on opinion, and



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sufferings of the people, but created a per- in reversion as otherwise, as the best means nicious and dangerous influence, corrupt- of consolidating the strength of -the eming and undermining the pure and free pire, and calling forth the united energies principles of the British constitution ; and and exertions of the people at a time so that after the enormous abuses brought to necessary for the safety and security of light by the various Commissions of En- his majesty's dominions.”-Ordered to lie quiry, it is a matter of deep concern to

upon the table. the petitioners that the offenders thereby [Assessed TAXES AND GAME DUTIES.] discovered have not been brought to jus- The Chancellor of the Erchequer, in a comtice, and those who so grossly misapplied mittee of ways and means, rose, to submit the public money have hitherto escaped the propositions, of which he had given with impunity, and the petitioners did notice, respecting the transfer of the duty therefore rely upon parliament that speedy for licences to shoot game, from the Stamp and effectual measures would have been Duty to the Assessed Taxes, and for conadopted to reform such abuses, and detect solidating the additional 10 per cent. with

. and punish the offenders in, future; and the Assessed Taxes, to the consideration lay, for de

that the petitioners viewed with much sa- of the committee. As to the first point, Vortolk, sem

tisfaction the formation of a Committee of he should only observe, that it was notoFinance, and hailed the introduction into | rious that the duty was evaded in a va

the house of a Bill to prevent the granting riety of cases, a circumstance which comunica che

of places in reversion as the first step to- could not take place when the duty was wards these salutary reformations ; they transferred to the Assessed Taxes, in conbeheld with increased satisfaction, the sequence of the mode in which the Asmeasures taken by the house, both during sessed Taxes were collected. Upon this

the late and present sessions of parliament, head, therefore, he should propose a Rethat steps to a

to carry the same into effect; and that it solution to the committee, that the prewas with grief and disappointment they sent duties on Game licences do cease, in observed the views and intentions of the order that others should be granted in the house unhappily frustrated'; and they Assessed Taxes in lieu of them. When have too much reason to apprehend that the Bill that was to be founded upon this the defeat of this measure has arisen from resolution, should be brought in, gentlethat baneful and predominating influence men would have an opportunity of conwhich such abuses must necessarily create, sidering how far the provisions it was to and which this Bill was interded to cor- contain would be eficient to its object. rect; and that it appears to the petiti- L'nder the present system, much incononers at all times essential that a rigid venience was felt by those gentlemen who economy should be observed in the ex- ' happened to reside at a distance from the penditure of the public money, and that county town, in obtaining their certifino places or pensions should be bestowed cates from the clerk of the peace. This but for real public services, more particu- inconvenience would be wholly removed larly so at the present moment, when it is by the arrangement which he proposed, declared, that this country is at the very for the certificates would be forwarded to crisis of its fate, and the people are called the collector of the district, to be issued upon for such unexampled sacrifices and on the production, by the person requiring exertions; they beg further to suggest to it, of the receipt for the payment of the the house, the serious consequences likely duty. Since the subject had been under to result should a disposition be evinced his consideration, several communications by either branch of the legislature, at a had been received, which represented period so awful and momentous, not to that the evasions were chiefly practised participate with the people in their dan- by perseas pretending that they were gers, sacrifices, and privations; and there shooting woodcocks and snipes, whilst, in fore praying the house not to relax in reality, they were engaged in pursuit of their endeavours in carrying so 'necessary

In order to remove this source of and beneficial a measure into effect, and evasion, therefore, it was deemed desircausing enquiries to be made into the re- able to include woodcocks and snipes in ceipt, management, and expenditure of the enumeration of game. The other prothe public money, adopting measures position that he had to submit to the comwhich

i may effectually guard against such mittee, was a resolution for the consoliabuses in future, and for abolishing all dation of the 10 per cent. additional to unnecessary places and pensions, as well the Assessed Taxes granted the year be



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fore the last, with the Assessed Taxes. It the Assessed Taxes bill which subjected would be remembered, that at the time assessors guilty of making surcharges this addition had been brought forward to wantonly, to the payment of costs, if the make up the deficiency in the ways and surcharges should not be confirmed. He means of the year, which had arisen from was convinced that power ought to be the abandonment of the iron tax. The given for subjecting persons of that destage of the session did not admit of that scription to the payment of costs. mature consideration which was desirable. Mr. T. Jones also complained of the The consequence was, therefore, that in wanton manner in which surcharges were almost every instance there were fraction- often made, and wished that some mode al payments, which the committee would of prevention might be found consistent feel it right to do away. For this purpose, with the bona fide collection of the revehe proposed to add z per centages to the | Mr. Biddulph said, there were other obwhole, and in lower classes reduce the payment, in case of a fraction, to jects worth the right hon. gent.'s attention, the next integer; and in the higher classes before imposing new taxes; he meant to raise it to the integer immediately measures of reform. He would go along above, so that the whole addition being at. with him certainly in preventing frauds the rate of one in fifty, would give an ad- and evasions. But he thought it would dition of 110,000l. upon 5,500,000l. the be better if the right hon. gent. had come present amount of the Assessed Taxes. down with a paper in his hand of the deBut, the effect of lowering the fractional faulters of former years. payments to the next integer below them Mr. Huskisson could not conceive in in the inferior classes, would be to reduce what possible shape an account of this that sum to about 107,6001. in the year. kind could be brought before the house, For instance, the amount of Assessed Taxes or of what use it would be to the revenue. for a house having more than six win- If it could be made out, it would of course dows, and not worth more than 51. rent, be granted like other accounts, relating to was at present 6s. 7d. and would, accord- the public money, on a motion for that ing to the rate of addition proposed by purpose. him, be raised to 6s. 81d; but, according Mr. Biddulph was not then prepared to to the scale of reduction he had in con- specify the heads, but would inquire into templation, it would be lowered to 6s. 6d. the subject with a view to a specific mothe sixpence being the immediate integer tion. The Resolutions were then agreed below the fractional sum. In the higher to. classes, on the contrary, the payment [PETITIONS AGAINST THE ORDERS IN would be carried to the integer above the Council.] The house resolved itself into fraction. There would be a consequent a committee of the whole house, for the decrease upon the lower classes, but the further consideration of the Petitions slight addition on the higher classes would against the Orders in Council. Mr. compensate for that, and make the aug- Brougham was then called to the bar, and mentation

upon the whole 107,6001. He addressed the house in a very able and therefore moved, “ That it is the opinion eloquent speech of three hours length in of the Committee, that the present duties support of the prayer of the Petitioners.-on Game Licences and the Assessed After the learned counsel had finished, he Taxes do cease and determine, in order withdrew, and a conversation arose on the that other duties be granted in lieu there- expediency of hearing further evidence.-of.”

The Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr. Mr. N. Calvert thought the regula- Marriott, Mr. Stephens, and sir c. Price, tions proposed by the right hon. gent. contended, that if the house were then to for transferring the duties on Licences take any step on the evidence that had for shooting game, from the Stamps to the already been adduced, it would be in comAssessed Taxes very good, but suggested, plete ignorance of the subject. It was that there should be duplicates of the re- therefore proposed by them to examine ceipts given for the amount of the duty, in witnesses, who might fill up the chasm. order that the person who paid the duty left by those who had been examined. might have something to shew in proof of Mr. Tierney, Mr. Whitbread, Dr. Lauhis having paid it.

rence, Mr. Ponsonby, and Mr. A. Baring, Mr. Spencer Stanhope expressed his re- expressed their satisfaction to find, that it gret that there was no clause in any of was at length intended by the hon. gent.

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opposite to enter into a full investigation | alluded to, and remarked that several of this most important subject. Mr: Tier- friends had stated to him how much it was ney declared his intention of moving for misrepresented, which afterwards was con- the attendance at the bar of the 34 gen-firmed by his own perusal of what was attlemen who had signed the Petition in tributed to him. Though he had anifavour of the Orders in Council presented madverted strongly, on the general system by an hon. bart., that they might com- of policy in India, and the particular mudicate to the house the information transactions in Oude, he had pointedly which they described themselves to pos-' signified, that he meant to impute nothing sess.---It was ultimately agreed that the disrespectful to the personal character of chairman should report progress, and ask the noble marquis, or of the honourable leave to sit again ; and the house having / gentleman himself. Had he been only been resumed, the committee was ap- silent as to every thing of a personal lenpointed to sit again on Monday, for which dency, the allusions in the newspaper day, on the motion of the chancellor of would have been highly unjustifiable; but the exchequer, several witnesses were when he had, in two separate debates, ordered to be summoned.

adopted the language thrown out as a challenge by an hon. baronet (sir John

Anstruther), and admitted, with hiin, that Monday, April 4.

there was no where an attempt to wound [CONDUCT OF MARQUIS WELLESLEY.] the noble marquis by personal insinuaMr. H. Wellesley said he was under the tions, Mr. Thornton thought it very unfornecessity of trespassing for a few mo- tunate that the erroneous and clumsy rements upon the time of the house, in con- porter of a newspaper should mislead the sequence of a gross misrepresentation (in-public mind. He believed the misrepreserted in a morning paper called the Times) sentation arose from accident, not from of several passages in the speech delivered design, and therefore hoped no further by an hon. director on Thursday last. steps would be taken against the proprie, Mr. Wellesley observed, that the state- tors of the paper in question. ment contained in the paper which he The Speaker hoped the house would exheld in his hand, was directly and abso- cuse him for remarking, that however the lutely contradictory to the whole tenor of practice might have been tolerated, the the hon. gent.'s speech, at least as far as it house was always at liberty to limit, and related personally to lord Wellesley and if necessary, to punish, any abuse of its himself; as whatever opinions that hon. privileges, in the publication of what purgent. might have expressed with respect ported to be reports of its proceedings. At to the general arrangements in Oude, he present, he did not understand that any entirely disclaimed any imputations of a complaint was about to be made with a personal kind. He was persuaded that view to the animadversion of the house. the house would feel with him, that to [Sussex ELECTION Petition.] Mr. C. suffer misrepresentations of such a tendency Wynne rose, pursuant to notice, to move to go forth uncontradicted in a paper of a that the minutes of the committee apgeneral and extensive circulation, could pointed to try the merits of the Petition not fail to be highly injurious to the cha- against the election and return for the racter of the individuals alluded to; and county of Sussex, should be laid before therefore that he need to make no apology the house. As the motion was one rather for having brought the subject before the unusual in its nature, he thought himself house. As, however, he was willing to called on to state the grounds on which it believe that the misrepresentations of was made. A motion was made, before which he complained were not intentional the committee was appointed, for an exon the part of the persons concerned in change of the lists of objectionable votes the paper to which he alluded, he should, on both sides, which motion was negawith the leave of the house, rest satisfied tived. The consequence was, that when with having brought the subject under its the committee met, and proceeded to innotice, in the hope that this would be a vestigate the merits of the petition of Mr. sufficient warning to those persons to Sergison, they were obliged to decline enbe more cautious and more accurate in fu- tering at all into an examination of its ture.

merits, because they considered themselves Mr. R. Thornton said, he understood his as precluded, by the resolution of the speech on a former evening to be the one house, from examining the validity of those



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