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that the vessels belonging to the subjects of either nation shall not be stopped visited, or subjected to the payment of any duty whatsoever. The stipulations, inserted in the IVth article, in favour of the inhabitants of Canada, shall also take place with regard to the inhabitants of the countries ceded by this article,
Done at Paris the 10th of Febuary. 1763. BEDFORD, C. P. S. [L. s.]
CHOISEUL, DUC DF PRASLIN, [L. S.]
No. 3. Definitive Treaties between Great Britain and France. Signed at Versailes, sd of September, 1783 * EXTRACT. (Translation, as laid before Parliament.)
IV. His Majesty the King of Great Britain is maintained in His right to the Island of Newfoundland, and to the adjacent Islands, as the whole where assured to Him by the Thirteenth Article of the Treaty of Utrecht; excepting the Islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon, which are ceded in full right, by the present Treaty, to His Most Christian Majesty.
V. His Majesty the Most Christian King, in order to prevent the quarrels which have hitherto arisen between the two Nations of England and France, consents to renounce the right of fishing, which belongs to Him in virtue of the aforesaid Article of the Treaty of Utrecht, from Cape Bonavista to Cape St. John, situated on the eastern coast of Newfoundland, in fifty degrees North latitude. and His Majesty the King of Great Britain consents on His part, that the fishery assigned to the subjects of His Most Christain Majesty, beginning at the said Cape St John, passing to the north, and descending by the western coast of the Island of Newfoundland, shall extend to the place called Cape Raye, situated in forty-seven degrees, fifty minutes latitude. The French fishermen shall enjoy the fishery which is assigned to them by the present Article, as they had the right to enjoy that which was assigned to them by the Treaty of Utrecht.
VI. With regard to the fishery in the Gulph of St. Lawrence, the French shall continue to exercise it conformably to the fifth Article of the Treaty of Paris.
Done at Versailles. the 3d of September. 1783. (Signed) MANCHESTER, [L. s.] GRAVIER DE VERGENNES. [L. S.]
No. 4. The Definitive Treaty of Peace and Friendship between his Britannic Majesty, and the King of Spain. Signed at Versailles, the Sd of September, 1783. EXTRACT.
V. His Britannic Majesty cedes and guaranties, in full right, to his His Catholic Catholic Majesty, East Florida, as also West Florida. Majesty agrees that the British inhabitants, or others who may have been subjects of the King of Great Britain in the said countries, may retire in full security and liberty, where they shall think proper, and may sell their estates, and remove their effects, as well as their persons, without being
restrained in their emigration, under any pretence whatsoever, except on account of debts, or criminal prosecutions; the term limited for this emigration being fixed to the space of eighteen months, to be computed from the day of the exchange of the ratifications of the present treaty: but if from the value of the possessions of the English proprietors, they should not be able to dispose of them within the said term, then his Catholic Majesty shall grant them a prolongation proportioned to that end. It is further stipulated, that his Britannic Majesty shall have the power of removing from East Florida all the effects which may belong to him whether artillery, or other
No. 5. British Declaration, signed at Versailles, 3d of September, 1788. EXTRACT.
The King having entirely agreed with His Most Christian Majesty upon the Articles of the Definitive Treaty. will seek every means which shall not only ensure the execution thereof, with His accustomed good faith and punctuality, but will besides give, on His part, all possible efficacy to the principles which shall prevent even the least foundation of dispute for the future.
To this end, and in order that the fishermen of the two nations may not give cause for daily quarrels, His Britannic Majesty will take the most positive measures for preventing His subjects from interrupting, in any manner, by their competition, the fishery of the French, during the temporary exercise of it which is granted to them, upon the coasts of the Island of Newfoundland; and He will, for this purpose, cause the fixed settlements which shall be formed there, to be removed. His Britannic Majesty will give orders, that the French fishermen be not incommoded, in cutting the wood necessary for the repair of their scaffolds. huts, and fishing vessels.
The thirteenth article of the Treaty with Utrecht, and the method of carrying on the fishery which has at all times been acknowledged, shall be the plan upon which the fishery shall be carried on there; it shall not be deviated from by either party; the French fishermen building only their scaffolds, confining themselves to the repair of their fishing vessels, and not wintering there; the subjects of His Britannic Majesty, on their part, not molesting, in any manner, the French fishermen, during their fishing, nor injuring their scaffolds during their absence.
The King of Great Britain, in ceding the Islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon to France, regards them as ceded for the purpose of serving as a real shelter to the French fishermen, and in full confidence that these possessions will not become an object of jealousy between the two nations; and that the fshery between the said Islands, and that of Newfoundland, shall be limited to the middle of the channel.
Given at Versailles, the Sd of September, 1783.
MANCHESTER, [L. S.]
No. 6. French Counter-Declaration, signed at Versailles, the 3d of September, 1783. ЕХТНАСТ.
The principles which have guided the King in the whole course of the negociations which preceded the re-establishment of peace, must have convinced the King of Great Britain, that His Majesty has had no other design than to render it solid and lasting, by preventing, as much as possible, in the four quarters of the world, every subject of discussion and quarrel The King of Great Britain undoubtedly places too much confidence in the uprightness of His Majesty's intentions, not to rely upon His constant attention to prevent the Islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon from becoming an object of jealousy between the two nations.
As to the fishery on the coasts of Nwfoundland, which has been the object of the new arrangements sertled by the two Sovereigns upon this mat ter, it is sufficiently ascertained by the fifth Article of the Treaty of Peace signed this day, and by the Declaration likewise delivered to-day, by His Britannic Majesty's Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary: and His Majesty declares, that He is fully satisfied on this head.
In regard to the fishery between the Island of Newfoundland, and those of St. Pierre and Miquelon, it is not to be carried on, by either party, but to the middle of the channel, and His Majesty will give the most positive orders, that the French fishermen shall not go beyond this line. His Majesty is firmly persuaded that the King of Great Britain will give like orders to the English fishermen.
Given at Versailles, the 3d of September, 1783.
No. 7. Definitive Treaty between Great Britain and France. Signed at Paris, the 30th day of May, 1814.* EXTRACT.
GRAVIER DE VERGENNES.
I. There shall be from this day foward perpetual peace and friendship between His Britannic Majesty and His Allies on the one part, and His Majesty the King of France and Navarre on the other, their heirs and successors, their dominions and subjects, respectively.
V. The navigation of the Rhine, from the point where it becomes navigable unto the sea, and vice versa, shall be free, so that it can be interdicted to no one:-and at the future Congress, attention shall be paid to the establishment of the principles according to which the duties to be raised by the States, bordering on the Rhine may be regulated, in the mode the most impartial, and the most favorable to the commerce of all nations.
The future Congress, with a view to facilitate the communication between nations, and continually to render them less strangers to each other, shall likewise examine and determine in what manner the above provision can be extended to the other rivers which, in their navigable course, separate or traverse different States.
*Confirmed by Article 11, of the Definitive Treaty 20 November, 1816.
VII. The Island of Malta and its dependencies shall belong in full right and Sovereignty to His Britannic Majesty.
VIII. His Britannic Majesty, stipulating for Himself and His Allies, engages to restore to His Most Christian Majesty, within the term which shall be hereafter fixed, the colonies, fisheries, factories and establishments of every kind, which were possessed by France on the 1st of January, 1792, in the seas and on the continents of America, Africa, and Asia; with the exception however of the Islands of Tobago and St. Lucia and of the Isle of France and its dependencies, especially Rodrigues and the Sechelles, which several colonies and possessions His Most Christian Majesty cedes in full right and Sovereignty to His Britannic Majesty, and also the portion of St. Domingo ceded to France by the Treaty of Basle, and which His Most Christian Majesty restores in full right and Sovereignty to His Catholic Vajesty.
IX. His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway, in virtue of the arrangements stipulated with the Allies, and in execution of the preceding Article, consents that the Island of Guadaloupe be restored to His Most Christian Majesty, and gives up all the rights He may have acquired over
X. Her Most Faithful Majesty in virtue of the arrangements stipulated with Her Allies and in execution of the 8th Article, engages to restore French Guyana as it existed on the 1st of January, 1792, to His Most Christian Majesty, within the term hereafter fixed.
The renewal of the dispute which existed at that period on the subject of the frontier, being the effect of this stipulation, it is agreed that that dispute shall be terminated by a friendly arrangement between the two Courts, under the mediation of His Britannic Majesty.
XI. The places and forts in those colonies and settlements, which, by virtue of the 8th, 9th, and 10th Articles, are to be restored to His Most Christian Majesty, shall be given up in the state in which they may be at the moment of the signature of the present Treaty.
XII. His Britannic Majesty guarantees to the subjects of His Moзt Christian Majesty the same facilities, privileges, and protection, with respect to commerce, and the security of their persons and property within the limits of the British Sovereignty on the Continent of India, as are now or shall be granted to the most favoured nations.
His Most Christian Majesty, on His part, having nothing more at heart than the perpetual duration of Peace between the two Crowns of England and of France, and wishing to do His utmost to avoid any thing which might, affect their mutual good understanding, engages not to erect any fortifications in the establishments which are to be restored to Him within the limits of the British Sovereignty upon the Continent of India, and only to place in those establishments the number of troops necessary for the maintenance of the police.
XIII. The French right of fishery upon the great bank of Newfoundland, upon the coasts of the island of that name, and of the adjacent istands in the Gulph of St. Lawrence, shall be replaced upon the footing in which it stood in 1792.
XIV. Those colonies, factories, and establishments, which are to be restored to His Most Christian Majesty by His Britannic Majesty or His Allies, in the Northern Seas, or in the Seas and on the Continents of America and Africa, shall be given up within the three months, and those which are beyond the Cape of Good Hope, within the six months which follow the ratification of the present Treaty.
XV. Antwerp shal for the future be solely a commercial port.
XVI. The high Contracting Parties, desirous to bury in entire oblivion the dissensions which have agitated Europe, declare and promise that no individual, of whatever rank or condition he may be, in the countries restored and ceded by the present Treaty shall be prosecuted, disturbed or molested. in his person or property, under any pretext whatsoever, either on account of his conduct or political opinions, his attachment either to any of the Contracting Parties, or to any Government which has ceased to exist, or for any other reason, except for debts contracted towards individuals, or acts posterior to the date of the present Treaty.
XVII. The native inhabitants and aliens, of whatever nation or condition they may be, in those countries which are to change Sovereigns, as well in virtue of the present Treaty as of the subsequent arrangements to which it may give rise, shall be allowed a period of six years, reckoning from the exchange of the ratifications, for the purpose of disposing of their property, if they think fit, whether it be acquired before or during the present war, and retiring to whatever country they may choose.
XVIII. The Allied Powers, desiring to offer His Most Christian Majesty a new proof of their anxiety to arrest, as far as in them ies, the bad consequences of the disastrous epoch fortunately terminated by the present peace, renounce all the sums which their governments claim from France, whether on account of contracts, supplies, or any other advances whatsoever to the French Government, during the different wars which have taken place since 1792.
His Most Christian Majesty, on His part, renounces every claim which He might bring foward against the Allied Powers on the same grounds. In execution of this Article, the high Contracting Parties engage reciprocally to deliver up all titles, obligations, and documents, which relate to the debts They may have mutually cancelled.
XIX. The French Government engages to liquidate and pay all debts it may be found to owe in countries beyond its own territory, on account of contracts, or other formal engagements between individuals. or private establishments, and the French Authorities, as well for supplies, as in satisfaction of legal engagements.