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in the country better provided. This tienlars relating to Rochester, may building, with the thers connected with found in the history of the town, rive the college, is an ornament to the Loryn, libed in 1835. while it makes a conspicuous appear- The falls of the Genesee at this place ance from a distance.
are one of the most remarkable of the Rochester.— This flourishing and cataracts in New York, and rendered by important city in this part of the state, art the most useful. The upper one is is of such recent growth, that, until the small, making an inconsiderable descent year 1810, there was not even a single over a rocky bed of only a moderate andwelling on its site. The whole tract gle of descent; but, as the grand aquewas once a mill-lot, and was purchased, duct is built over it, the effect of the in 1802, by Nathaniel Rochester and flowing water is increased by the obtwo associates, at $15.50 an acre- -$1,750 struction of the channel by the masses in all. Some of the land on the eastern of stonework, and the contraction thus bank of the Genesee was sold at eigh-formed of the passage. The middle fall teen pence an acre in 1790, by the great is the principal one; and that is perspeculators of the day-Phelps and Gor- pendicular, over a rocky precipice, which
816, the population was only rises like a wall from the lower to the w ****p pur red and thirty-one.
upper level of the river, In pouring business is extensively car- over this, the water plunges ninety-six
Cochester,: There is a large feet, sometimes in a few small streams, op op ristmills, with runs of stones but, in floods, in a general sheet. It
grind several thousand bar- was here that the celebrated Sam Patch, : it'r daily. The amount made after performing many astonishing leaps,
bounts to near a million of unharmed, from fearful heights, lost his
and a half, through a wide and deep ns in the Union present such channel, passing several rapids, when it of a great and lucrative busi- reaches the two lower falls. Here the small a space of ground, as surrounding scenery is rough and wild; in the immediate vicinity of and the river first pours over a precipice at and below the aqueduct. twenty-five feet high, and immediately
above referred to, form a afterward over another of eighty-four
le of large, massive, stone feet. The banks below are high, rocky, buwings, and the greatest activity pre- and perpendicular, for a considerable vails in and around them, where crowds distance, showing numerous stratificaof men are constantly employed in the tions, which have been cut through by various kinds of business which are car- the current. Across the awful chasm a ried on in them, and in the various other wooden bridge was erected, in 1819, of mills and manufactories adjacent, as one noble arch, whose chord was three well as at the depôts of the canal and hundred and fifty-two feet, and the versed the railroad. Above twenty churches, sine fifty-four feet. The entire length several of them remarkably handsome, of the bridge was seven hundred and as well as capacious edifices, are among eighteen feet, and the width thirty feet. the public buildings, although the first The top of the arch was not less than presbyterian church, which is the oldest, one hundred and ninety-six feet above was erected in 1815; and so late as in the river. It contained seventy thouJanuary, 1813, at the celebration of the sand feet of timber, and sixty-four thouIndian new-year, the Senecas performed sand, six hundred and twenty feet, board their last heathen ceremonies on the measure. Just one year and a day after ground, near the site of the present its completion, it fell in ruins by its own Bethel church. An interesting account weight, the sides of the arch pressing of these, as well as of many otber par- l up the top.
CARTHAGE, a small town or the eastern line; but between Goat island bank, is a pliee of corisiderable business, Canada side, it is curred invar as a communication beini epp Rocht terling the Horseshoe. Thousan is: A and Lake Ontario was estaviinued sulle, eilers annually visit the spoi, tai baina, years since, by an inclined plane from this great natural curiosity; and fine the high bank to the river, where boats hotels, on both sides of the river, afford received and discharged cargoes. The them ample accommodations. . Stairbusiness has greatly increased; and there cases have been excavated at different are now three railroads from Rochester places, by which visiters can get safely to the navigable part of the river, six down to the best points of view. Å miles from the lake-shore.
walk under the cliff is very interesting; BUFFALO.- This city, before referred but to pursue the slippery and dangerto, as one of the principal inland towns ous path under the sheet of water, beof the state, and the centre of the lake neath the falling torrent and the mighty and canal navigation and railroad com- rock over which it falls, requires both munication, is pleasantly situated on the courage and caution. Parties, however, summit, declivity, and base, of the table- often incur the hazard, and submit to land which borders the end of Lake the inconvenience caused by the extreme Erie and the head of Niagara river. dampness of the atmosphere, which is The streets are broad, clean, and well constantly surcharged with spray, and, built, and numerous blocks of stone- being agitated by conflicting currents houses border the stream which here of wind, soon wets one to the skin. pours into the lake. A lighthouse, a pier, Every change of season, weather, and and an improved harbor, all subserve light, imparts some peculiar aspect to the extensive commerce of the place. this extraordinary scene. The rising
Niagara Falls, celebrated throughout sun gilds the edges of the cataract, and the world as the most stupendous of cat- illuminates the upper banks, with their aracts, lies partly in the state of New wild crests of overhanging trees, while York and partly in Canada. A more the darkness of the awful gulf below is sublime spectacle can not easily be con enhanced by the unintermitted roaring ceived, and none can anywhere be found and concussions of the tremendous massin earth to compare with it. The river es of water dashed together. The lofty Viagara, a broad, deep, and rapid stream, column of mist, which for ever stands, ne outlet of Lake Erie, the deepest of like a cloud, over this scene of noise he American inland seas, also discharges and fury, is sometimes dark as a thunhe waters flowing toward the ocean der-storm, but more frequently of a from the whole chain of lakes above. snowy whiteness, and illuminated and Passing, with a hasty but unbroken cur- painted by rainbows, whose arches vary :kent, by Grand island, it soon approach in their position and direction with the
verge of the mountain ridge ; and, course of the sun. Night casts a tone after rushing for about half a mile down of majesty over the scene, as difficult to 2 declining, rocky bed, forming the rap-be duly described as to be witnessed ids, it is precipitated over a precipice without emotion, especially when the one hundred and sixty feet high, into a moon silvers the rocks, the water, and gulf of unknown depth below, with a the spray, or when, in winter, it falls roar, which is sometimes audible at the upon the forest-trees, glazed with the distance of twenty miles.
frozen spray, and upon the immense It is remarkable that the sheets of icicles, often more than a hundred feet falling water are entire and unbroken, in length. from
top to bottom, in their whole extent, It is almost impossible for any living without any interruption worthy of being thing to survive the descent of this awmentioned. Goat island, near the mid- ful cataract. Deer and other animals dle, divides the river for some distance have sometimes been carried down, above and at the fall. On the New York while attempting to swim across the side, the cataract presents a straight | river above; and, in several instances,
The Van Kleeck House. men have been borne down to the awful spectator views its waves with awe and verge, and plunged to unknown depths fear, as they glide beneath his feet, and in the black gulf beneath.
intimate the sudden and fatal conseThe vicinity of Niagara has been sig- quences of a single misstep. nalized by several important military The Welland canal, on the Canada events. The French fortress of Fron- side, gives a passage to lake-vessels from tenac, at the mouth of the river, was Erie to Ontario. captured by the British, after a siege ; A wire-bridge across Niagara river, Fort Erie, at the head of the stream, below the falls, bas been built, and is was taken by the Americans, in the war of sufficient strength to allow the passage of 1812 ; Buffalo was burnt by the ene- of great weights. my; Lewistown was taken, by an Amer- Without naming numerous other plaican force, by a bold coup-de-main, after ces and objects of great interest, we recrossing in boats, and scaling an almost turn to the Hudson river. inaccessible height on the shore. The POUGHKEEPSIE.—This is one of the battle of Lundy's Lane and Bridgewa- pleasantest villages in the valley of the ter was fought within a short distance Hudson, but is so situated, at the disof the cataract, and gave the Americans tance of a mile from its eastern shore, some of their greatest advantages in that as to be quite out of sight to travellers unhappy contest.
passing in steamboats. It is one of the Grand island, a little above the cata- most flourishing villages in this part of ract, is a good agricultural region, and the state; and its settlement dates back is remarkable as the site of the proposed to about the year 1700, when it was first city of "Ararat," offered as a gather- inhabited by a few Dutch families. The ing-place of the Jews, and as a camp soil is favorable to cultivation, while the occupied by the invaders of Canada, in stream which flows through the town the late attempt at revolution.
makes a succession of falls, amounting, The passage to the islands, over the in all, to a descent of about a hundred bridge, "affords the visiter a gratifying and sixty feet, and affords water-power though an agitating view of the rushing to various mills and manufactories. The stream, just as it pours furiously by to place contains three printing-offices, two its stupendous leap down the awful banks, and eleven churches, with twelve precipice. With astonishing skill and schools. Population, 1850, 11,080. boldness, the slight fabric has been con- The Van Kleeck House. This was the structed, from rock to rock, across the first house ever erected in Poughkeepwild and dangerous channel ; and the sie. It was the residence of Myndert