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men have been borne down to the awful spectator views its waves with awe and verge, and plunged to unknown depths fear, as they glide beneath his feet, and in the black gulf beneath.
intimate the sudden and fatal conseThe vicinity of Niagara has been sig- quences of a single misstep. nalized by several important military The Welland canal, on the Canada
The French fortress of Fron- side, gives a passage to lake-vessels from tenac, at the mouth of the river, was Erie to Ontario. captured by the British, after a siege; A wire-bridge across Niagara river, Fort Erie, at the head of the stream, below the falls, has been built, and is was taken by the Americans, in the war of sufficient strength to allow the passage of 1812; Buffalo was burnt by the ene- of great weights. my; Lewistown was taken, by an Amer- Without naming numerous other plaican force, by a bold coup-de-main, after ces and objects of great interest, we recrossing in boats, and scaling an almost turn to the Hudson river. inaccessible height on the shore. The PoughKEEPSIE.- This is one of the battle of Lundy's Lane and Bridgewa- pleasantest villages in the valley of the, ter was fought within a short distance Hudson, but is so situated, at the disof the cataract, and gave the Americans tance of a mile from its eastern shore, some of their greatest advantages in that as to be quite out of sight to travellers unhappy contest.
passing in steamboats. It is one of the Grand island, a little above the cata- most flourishing villages in this part of ract, is a good agricultural region, and the state; and its settlement dates back is remarkable as the site of the proposed to about the year 1700, when it was first city of "Ararat," offered as a gather- inhabited by a few Dutch families. The ing-place of the Jews, and as a camp soil is favorable to cultivation, while the occupied by the invaders of Canada, in stream which flows through the town the late attempt at revolution.
makes a succession of falls, amounting, The passage to the islands, over the in all, to a descent of about a hundred bridge, affords the visiter a gratifying and sixty feet, and affords water-power though an agitating view of the rushing to various mills and manufactories. The stream, just as it pours furiously by to place contains three printing-offices, two its stupendous leap down the awful banks, and eleven churches, with twelve precipice. With astonishing skill and schools. Population, 1850, 11,080. boldness, the slight fabric has been con- The Van Kleer:k House. This was the structed, from rock to rock, across the first house ever erected in Poughkeepwild and dangerous channel ; and the sie. It was the residence of Myndert
Church of Our Lady at Cold-Spring. Van Kleeck, one of the first settlers in manufactories of locomotives in the the county; and the remarkable build- United States. The surprising success ing, with the surrounding grounds, was of Americans, in the improvement and in possession of his descendants in the construction of the most complex and year 1835, when it was taken down. It powerful steam machines, and especialwas built in 1702. It was for many ly of this class, has excited admiration years a public-house; and, in 1787, was abroad, as well as at home; and multioccupied by the legislature as a state- tudes of our locomotives are now perhouse. The session held there was the forming the labors of some of the prineleventh, and the governor of the state cipal railroads of Europe, while our was then George Clinton.
furnaces and workshops are resounding The Collegiate School is an institution with the preparations for many more. for education, in a large building one Roman Catholic Church at Coldhundred and fifteen feet by thirty-five, Spring.--A few miles below Poughwell proportioned, with a fine colonnade, keepsie, and opposite West Point, on and surrounded by spacious grounds, an elevation commanding a view of th. tastefully adorned. The building cost river, is this neat little edifice, just abov, forty thousand dollars ; and it commands the landing. It is of plain, Grec'an a fine view of forty or fifty miles upon style, with four Doric columns. The the surrounding country, with the ridge material is brick, but the whole is covof the Catskill mountains, twenty miles -ered with stucco, which gives it the apdistant toward the south. Poughkeepsie pearance of white stone. lies below, about a inile in front; and The Stone-Church at Dover.- About the elevation occupied by the edifice twenty-four miles east from Poughkeepa minands a charming view of the Hud- sie, near the village of Dover, is a reson, enlivened by numerous steamboats markable cavern, which, from the pecuand other vessels engaged in its varied liar, angular form of its roof, has reand active commerce.
ceived the name of the " stone-church." Poughkeepsie is one of the largest This natural cavity appears to have been