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The Collegiate School, Poughkeepsie.


Church of Our Lady at Cold-Spring. Van Kleeck, one of the first settlers in manufactories of locomotives in the the county; and the remarkable build- United States. The surprising success ing, with the surrounding grounds, was of Americans, in the improvement and in possession of his descendants in the construction of the most complex and year 1835, when it was taken down. It powerful steam machines, and especial. was built in 1702. It was for many ly of this class, has excited admiration years a public-house; and, in 1787, was abroad, as well as at home; and multioccupied by the legislature as a state- tudes of our locomotives are now perhouse. The session held there was the forming the labors of some of the prineleventh, and the governor of the state ripal railroads of Europe, while our was then George Clinton.

furnaces and workshops are resonnding The Collegiate School is an institution with the preparations for many more. for education, in a large building one Roman Catholic Church at Coldhundred and fifteen feet by thirty-five, Spring.--A few miles below Poughwell proportioned, with a fine colonnade, keepsie, and opposite West Point, on and surrounded by spacious grounds, an elevation commanding a view of the tastefully adorned. The building cost river, is this neat little edifice, just above forty thousand dollars ; and it commands the landing. It is of plain, Grecian a fine view of forty or fifty miles upon style, with four Doric columns. The the surrounding country, with the ridge material is brick, but the whole is corof the Catskill mountains, twenty miles ered with stucco, which gives it the apdistant toward the south. Poughkeepsie pearance of white stone. lies below, about a mile in front; and The Stone-Church at Dover - About the elevation occupied by the edifice twenty-four miles east from Poughkeepcominands a charming view of the Hud- sie, near the village of Dover, is a reson, enlivened by numerous steamboats markable cavern, which, from the pecuand other vessels engaged in its varied liar, angular form of its roof, has reand active commerce.

ceived the name of the “stone-church." Poughkeepsie is one of the largest | This natural cavity appears to have been

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slowly formed by the flowing of a stream, which, coming down the mountain in which the cavern is found, enters at a narrow fissure in the roof, and, descending from crag to crag, presents a beautiful succession of cascades, till it reaches the level of the floor, where it spreads out in a quiet little pond. The whole cavern is large, being divided into two compartments by an immense rock which has fallen from above. The inner chamber is about seventy feet in length, while the Gothic arch above is twenty feet in width, and the top about two hundred feet high.

“ The scene,” remarks a visiter, "is well fitted to inspire devotional feelings : the heart acknowledges the power of the Creator, and rises in admiration of his works."

Troy is one of the numerous lowns in this state which display striking evi

St Paul's Church, Troy. dence of rapid, substantial, and permanent improvement, which has been so small but constant streams flowing down extensively occasioned by the enlight- the eminence on which the spectator is ened internal policy of the government, supposed to stand ; and such is the va. and accomplished by the intelligence and riety found among the factories, mills, industry of the people. A view from &c., in this immediate vicinity, that we Mount Ida, an eminence rising abruptly can not pretend to give a full account from its eastern border, embraces a of them. Population, 1850, 29,000. scene of life and activity seldom sur- PLATTSBURGH.—This town, the capipassed. A young and flourishing city tal of Clinton county, one hundred and below, with streets crowded with busy twelve miles north of Whitehall, and people, the noble Hudson sweeping ma- one hundred and sixty-four miles from jestically by, crossed by a fine pier, Albany, enjoys an advantageous and which serves the double purpose of a pleasant situation, on the western side bridge and a viaduct to the railroad- of Lake Champlain. The township is the combined trunk of the Champlain supplied with many fine mill-seats, by and Erie canal, floating the crowded the Saranac and Salmon rivers, and sevboats from the north and the west-sev- eral other small streams ; and the easteral of the splendid New York steam-ern part of it is generally level, although boats, which penetrate to this highest the western is hilly. The village stands accessible point: all these are embraced on the lake-shore, at the mouth of the within the immediate range of the eye, Saranac. In speaking of Lake Chamwith the various signs of bustle to which plain, on a preceding page, we alluded they give rise. The United States ar to the important naval victory achieved senal, at Watervliet, stands opposite; on the Cumberland bay, opposite this while nearer by, the environs of Troy place, in the last war with Great Britare beautified by the mansions and gar- ain, in 1814. dens of some of the wealthy citizens, Plattsburgh was twice taken by their and the rumbling of machinery, and the troops, but the country below was finalsmoking of chimneys, betray the vicini- ly delivered from danger by the event ty of some of the largest and best manu- just mentioned. The victorious Amerifactories in the country. Some of these can squadron, under Commodore Mcare supplied with moving-power by the Donough, had 820 men, and 86 guns,



and the British 1,050 men, and 96 guns. I hours and twenty minutes ; and The following recollections of the battle knew the work of death was going on are from the pen of a friend :

at every new report. Such a sabbath The Battle of Plattsburgh. It was may this land never see again! It was a bright sabbath in September, one of not a 'day of rest,' or of worship, but those rich, soft, and mellow days that one to be remembered with feelings of. begin to wear the sober tints of autumn, horror and dread. A few gathered in that my childish heart was made sad by the morning, aged men, women, and the scenes and the sounds of war. Our children, in a lonely group, for worship; home was on the eastern border of the but, as the excitement increased, every lake, just across from Plattsburgh; and, man fled from the village, and, in short, for many long months, the event of bat- almost every one had climbed to some tle had been the theme of conversation height on the hills, or in the steeple of by the fireside, among men as they met the church, to read, in the progress of in their daily haunts, and friends by events, our consequent destiny. When the wayside. Preparations were going the British ships struck their colors, and forward for defence; and among men victory was the cry, there was great rethere was enlisting, draughting, &c., and joicing, in the sure and delightful feelall things wore the aspect of some im- ing of safety, far more than in that of pending evil, which threw a kind of success. gloom over the feelings, in which all Men and boys had nearly all crossed sympathized. We lived within less than over the lake to witness the scene, from a day's march of the enemy's ground, the hills about the village, and were and consequently were often alarmed spectators of the bloody affray. One of with conjectures and painful suspense, my brothers went aboard one of the in regard their movements. Often vanquished ships, soon after the action were we surprised with rumors of the ceased. The deck was strewed with near approach of the British—that they the dead and dying, weltering in gore. had crossed the lines-were marching The gallant Downie, who had commanddown upon us, &c., which kept the in- ed the British forces, lay on a large iron habitants in a very uneasy and unsettled chest, just as he was slain. Victory was condition. But so many false alarms the theme and the cry of the conquer. had a tendency, at length, to lull them ors; but grief and dismay were the feel. into a state of indifference, or to allay ings of the vanquished. their apprehensions so much, that peo

“ The officers who fell in these en. ple had resumed their avocations in counters, both by land and water, were comparative quiet.

buried side by side in the graveyard at “But at last the event burst upon us, Plattsburgh, Monuments have been with all the dreaded realities of blood- erected to all. Friends and foes sleep shed and war! The scene was suffi- as quietly as if they had never had col. ciently distant to prevent immediate lision here on earth. Commodore Dowdanger, yet all knew that their future nie, though slain in the invasion of our security hung on the result, and every country, as the officer of the highest eye was strained, and every heart beat rank, is placed in the centre; and a tabwith deep anxiety, for the sequel. let, erected to his memory, bears the

“It was a peaceful sabbath morning; following inscription :the sm had risen with its accustomed « • Sacred to the memory of George splen lur, and nature wore the stillness Downie, Esq., a post-captain in the Britpeculiar to the sacred day. But alas! ish navy, who gloriously fell on board it was a strange sabbath with man. The his B. M. ship Confiance, while leading booming so ands of guns came across the the vessels under his command to the water, il sich quick and rapid succes- attack of the American flotilla, at anchor sion, lidt they shook the earth, and in Cumberland lay, off Plattsburgh, on sound like heavy and deep-toned the 11th of September, 1814.–To mark thunder. The engagement lasted two the spot where the remains of a gallant

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