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tional, 9; Dutch reformed, 17; friends, and dining-rooms, with apartments for 4; Jewish, 11 ; Lutheran, 5; methodist recitation, the family of the superintendepiscopal, 31; methodist protestant, 2; ent, and the eight instructors, the kitchpresbyterian, 35; associate presbyterian, en, &c. The system of instruction re4; associate reformed presbyterian, 2; sembles that practised in the other deaf reformed presbyterian, 4; protestant and dumb asylums in the United States, episcopal, 47; Roman catholic, 21; uni- being founded on the principles of the tarian, 2; universalist, 4; Welsh, 3; Abbé De l'Epée and the Abbé Sicard, miscellaneous, 16.

introduced into this country by Mr. GalThere are about forty banks, exclu- laudet, at the expense of the American sive of eleven for savings. There are asylum at Hartford, about the year 1815. asylums for lunatics, at Bloomingdale; The Institution for the Education of colored, indigent, and aged, at 42d street; the Blind, is erected on land presented deaf and dumb, 50th street; blind, 9th by James Boorman, Esq., at the expense avenue; orphans, 117th street, and 71st of the state, aided by a gift of fifteen street, 6th avenue, Prince street, 11th thousand dollars from Mr. Burke, and street, and colored orphans, 12th street; other donations. The building faces the lying-in women, Marion street; old la- Hudson river, at a short distance from dies, 20th street.

the bank, and contains lodgings for a Schools.-Ward schools, 19; primary, large number of pupils, most of whom 3; schools of the Public School Society, are supported by the state. They are 18, and primary, 59. Both the ward taught the common branches of learnand the public schools are free to chil- ing, with vocal and instrumental music, dren of all classes, and wholly gratui- and several useful handicrafts best adapttous, even to the books used by the chil-ed to their abilities, chiefly the manudren. The latter were commenced about facture of baskets, rugs, bandboxes, and thirty years ago, through the exertions carpets. of a few benevolent individuals, at a The Croton Aqueduct. The city of time when public education was neg. New York is abundantly supplied with lected; and, under the charge of a very pure and wholesome water, by a work faithful and intelligent board of trustees, of greater length than any other in the and superintended by Mr. Seton, a de- country, and at a greater expense. The voted friend of the poor and ignorant, supply is derived from the Croton river, they rose to a high eminence, under the in Westchester county, at a point about liberal patronage of the state.

forty miles from the city. That stream The eighteen schoolhouses of this so- is dammed, and is capable of affording ciety, above-mentioned, are fine brick a much greater quantity than can be buildings, usually about eighty by forty needed in a long course of years.

The feet, and two or three stories high, able aqueduct passes most of the way under to contain from five to twelve hundred ground, through a pipe of masonwork, children each. The monitorial system constructed in the most skilful manner, is practised.

but crosses several streams, the broadThe ward schools have since been est of which is Harlem river. The established, in which that system is not bridge thrown across is one of the most used. The trustees and other officers important constructions on the line. It are chosen annually by the people, and is 1,450 feet long, with fifteen archestheir schools are multiplying.

eight of them eighty feet span, and sevThe Institution for the Education of en of fifty feet span, 114 feet above tidethe Deaf and Dumb.—This institution is water at the top. situated near 33d street and 4th avenue. The receiving reservoir is at 86th The building is 110 by 60 feet, and con- street, about five and a half miles from tains about two hundred pupils, from all the city-hall. It covers thirty-five acres, parts of the state, many of whom are and contains one hundred and fifty millsupported and instructed at the public ions of gallons. There the water is reexpense. The building affords sleepingceived, and allowed to stand long enough

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to dep uite the particles of sand and close of the war, was occupied by Genclay it has brought down, and then it is eral Washington. The Atlantic, and drawr off into the second or distributing several other hotels, stand opposite : reservoir.

near this favorite square. This reservoir is situated at 42d street, The Park. This is the most central on the height of ground about three and important of the public squares, at miles from the city-hall. It is an im- the junction of two grand avenues of mense structure of hewn stone, resem- the city, Broadway and Chatham street, bling a modern fortress of the first class, containing the city-hall

, the new citycovering four acres, and capable of hall, and the hall of records, and is containing twenty millions of gallons. surrounded by many other important From this iron pipes lead off, gradually edifices, such as the Astor house, Tambranching in different directions, with many hall, Stewart's store, museum, &c. stops, hydrants, &c.

It contains, also, a public fountain, withMany houses are now supplied with in a basin about one hundred feet in this excellent water, not merely for cu- diameter, which has a variety of jets, linary purposes and drinking, but also that are occasionally changed. When for bathing, &c. There is also reserved the water is thrown in a single stream, a supply for the extinguishment of fires, it ascends to the height of seventy feet, of inestimable value to the city, which presenting a majestic appearance. has heretofore suffered most severely for

St. John's Park, in the western part the want of it.

of the city, is private, being accessible Several of the public squares are only to the inhabitants of the surroundadorned with beautiful fountains, some ing houses. It is closely planted with of which throw the water nearly a hun- trees, and has St. John's church fronting dred feet perpendicularly, not, as at it on the east. Versailles, after being raised by ma- Washington Square, between 4th and chinery, but by the force of the natural 6th streets, just west of Broadway, lies head.

in front of the university, and one of the Public Squares.- The Battery, named reformed Dutch churches. from the use made of it in early times, Union Place, at the northern termiis a fine public walk on the southern nation of Broadway, is in an elliptical extremity of the island, shaded with form, enclosed with a fine iron fence, trees, and commanding a delightful view having a public fountain in the centre, upon the bay. Being exposed to the with ornamental jets, and is a delightful sea-breezes, and in full view of the nu- place of resort to the inhabitants. merous boats and vessels of all descrip- Further up the city are other public tions, continually passing, the Battery is squares, as Madison Square, Hamilton a favorite resort in warm weather. square, and others, not yet regulated. Castle-Garden is a place of amusement, On the east are Tompkins square and formed in an old fort, connected with Bellevue, the latter the seat of the almsthe Battery by a short bridge, near which house. floating-baths are moored in the bathing Wall Street, the central point of the

banks, insurance offices, &c., contains The Bowling Green, just north of the the exchange and the customhouse. The Battery, is a small circular green, sur- exchange is of Quincy granite, three storounded with an iron railing, shadeel ries high, and a basement, covering a with lofty trees, and ornamented with a block between four streets, and is 197 beautiful fountain, where a stream of feet 7 inches on Wall street, 144 on one Croton water is thrown about ninety side, and 170 on the other, with a large feet into the air, and falls upon a beau- dome above, 100 feet high. tiful structure of marble, and thence The customhouse, at the corner of into a basin. The Washington, 1 Broad- Nassau street, is of white marble from way, was the headquarters of Lord Sing-Sing, and in the form of a Grecian Howe, in the Revolution, and, after the temple, with a colonnade at each end,


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The Old Billop House, at Bentley, west end of Staten Island.


and pilasters on the sides. The interior | tion and moral improvement of those is almost wholly of hewn stone. The confined. principal hall is in the centre; and all The Penitentiary, on

Blackwell's the departments are well arranged, with island, in the East river, is an immense ample accommodations for the numerous stone structure, on the Auburn plan, offices and clerks.

with a chapel, keepers' rooms, &c., in The City-Hall.This fine and spa- the centre, the cells for females in the cious edifice occupies the centre of the south wing, and for men in the north. park, facing the south, and presents a Each wing is more than 200 feet long. beautiful Grecian front, of 216 feet in BROOKLYN. — This city is on Long length, rising from a broad terrace. A Island, opposite New York city, with flight of wide steps leads up to arched which it is connected by ferries, upon entrances, above which is a balcony on which steamboats ply, every few minutes, the second story. The two wings have day and night. Its beautiful and elevated halls in front, devoted to the common situation has made it a favorite residence council, the superior court, &c., while of many persons doing business in New other courts and offices are accommoda- York. It contains a city-hall, thirty ted in other parts of the building. On churches, several banks and insurance the top is the great fire-bell, which in- companies, and over seventy thousand indicates, by the number of strokes, the habitants. The Lyceum is a fine building districts of the city in which fires are of granite, with a spacious lecture-room. burning, for the direction of the fre. The City Library of 3,000 volumes, has companies. A view from the cupula a fine building and reading-room. affords one of the finest prospects of the The Navy-Yard has extensive grounds city.

enclosed, with an arsenal, stores, shipTrinity Church, on Broadway, oppo- houses, docks, the naval lyceum, &c. site the head of Wall street, occupies The naval hospital at a little distance, the site of the first episcopal church is a fine, large building. erected in the city, in 1696, except the Greenwood Cemetery is an extensive chapel in the front. It is of sandstone, tract of ground, about three miles below in the Gothic style, 137 feet long, 36 Brooklyn, and situated on the bay. It feet wide, and 67 feet high, with a tower has an undulated surface, and is laid out 30 feet square, and a steeple whose top in lots, the access to which is by pleasis 283 feet from the ground. In the ant, winding carriage-roads. The forrear is a vestry, 72 feet long. The est-trees are left standing in many places, church contains an organ, which cost shading the little lakes, or covering the $10,000. In the burial-ground surround hills, and, in others, those of various foing the church, lie interred many distin- liage are intermingled by art; while guished persons, particularly Alexander tombs and monuments, usually planned Hamilton and Captain James Lawrence. and executed with taste, are already

Prisons.--The Halls of Justice is the scattered in all parts. city prison popularly known as the Staten Island, with an elevated and

T'onibs,” and is situated a little north , varied surface, offers many fine sites for of the park. It was built, about ten villages and country-houses, and is the years ago, to obviate the evils of the resort of many citizens, access being bridewell, which was constructed on the made frequent and conveniert hy rudefective principles of the old system. merous steamboats. The quarantine The building is 200 by 253 feet, of hospitals are situated on the northeastgranite, in the Egyptian style, and con- ern side; and a little below is the "seatains various court-rooms. The cells are men's retreat," a noble institution, supsolitary, to prevent communication be-ported by the “ hospital money" paid by tween the prisoners, but provision is sailors: made for ventilation and warming the Hoboken anil Weehawken, on the cells, by openings in the wall. Meas- shore of New Jersey, opposite the city. res are taken for the religious instruc-' are pleasant retreats.

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