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moment. They proved however the Rochilcund), directed his arms toward poñition of metaphyficians, that a mo. the extirpation of those Rajahs whose mentary belief attends even the vivid vicinity excited his jealousy and alarmed conception of an object. The princi- his pride. He succeeded but too well pal. orators were, according to the in the execution of his unjust design, phrase of the Poet Dante, Poets of and did not fail to make the most tyran. Evidence. They framed a theory, fup- nical use of the victory he had ob. ported it with genius, and impressed it tained. Some of these Chiefs he ba. with the boldest imagery Magna nithed for ever from the long-enjoyed tamen ejt veritas et prævalebit. Miss seats of their ancestors, fome he reHamilton proceeds
moved to the other side of the Ganges, “ The change which has been effect. and from the few he suffered to reed in the character and manners of the main he stipulated the payment of an Hindoos, during so many years of sub- annual tribute“, and the impediate deje Etion and so many convulsiors in their pofit of an exorbitant fine. political State, is not by any means so " The Rajah Zaar-milla, who will great as such powerful causes might soon be introduced to the acquaintance have been suppoled to have produced. of the reader, appears to have been In wandering through the defolated descended from one of those petry jslands of the Archipelago, or even on
Sovereigns who were obliged to put on the claffic shores of Italy, the enlight, the galling yoke of their unfeeling ened traveller would in vain hope to conqueror, He however must be supsecognize, in the present inhabitants, pored to have been among the number one remaining lineament of the diftin. who were permitted to remain in their guishing characteristics of their illuftri. antient territories, while the family of ous ancestors. There the mouldering his friend and correspondent, Maan. edifice, the fallen pillar, and the bro- dara, appears to have been banished ken arch, bear alone their filent testi. from the province, and to have taken mony to the genius and refinement of shelter in the neighbourhood of Agra. the States which produced them. But This hort sketch, imperfect as it is, in Hindosan, the original features that may serve 10 give some idea of the marked the character of their nation state of Hindoftan, not only when the from time immemorial are ftill too vili. Letters of the Rajah, which are now ble io be mistaken or overlooked. to be laid before the public, were writ. Though they have, no doubt, loft ten, but antecedent to that period." much of their original purity and fimi. The Rajah Zaar-milla conceives as plicity of manners, those religious pre- high idea of the wisdom of England judices which kept them in a state of and other European countries. The continua i separation from their conque. Bramin Sheer-maal, who has been in ror, have tended to the preservation England, writes the Zemindar of their originality of character, and Maandara, his correspondent, and a all its correspondent virtues. In the friend of Zaar.milla's, that the acfew districts which, secured by their counts which the Rajah had received insignificancy, or the inaccu ilibility of the wisdom and happiness of the of their fituation, retained their European nations, and particularly of independence, the original character Great Britain, had been greatly exag. till
apparcnt. Such, till gerated. He endeavours to diffuade about the middle of the present cen. the Rajah from persevering in a reso. tury, was the fate of those whore ter. lution he had formed of visiting Eng. ritories were situate along the moun- land; a land, as he had conceived, of tains of Rummaoom. The inhabitants such wisdom as well as wonders. Zaar. of this lofty boundary of the rich and milla's resolution is not to be shaken., fertile province of Rurtaher, continued He sets out for Calcutta, visits in bis to enjoy the bleflings of independence way the British Camp, and renews his and Itcurity, till that province was acquaintance with certain English offi. brought under the subjection of a hold cers, by whom he is furnithed with and successful Rohilla adventurer, who proper letters of introduction in Lon. ciablishing himself and his followers don. He has at Calcutta a fosetafte in the possession of Ruttaher (which of those sentiments, manners, and cus. from thenceforth took the name of toms, which he afterwards sees dis
played on a more extensive and vari. he writes a series of letters to Maanous scale in England. The plan dara, in perfect unison with those of then, on which this very ingenious, the Bramin. amusing, and really instructive fi&tion As we do not often meet with a is conducted, is that of a correspon- production so amusing, lo pure in modence between those three personages. rality, fo faithful to truth and nature, The Bramin, Sheer-maal, wsites to the and written at the same time with so Rajah Maandarathe Rajah Maandara much delicacy as well as juftness of sen-' coinmunicates the sentiments of the timent and taste, we thall, in our next bramin respecting England to the Number, present our readmous with some Rajah Zaar-milla – Zaar-milla, noto extracts, and then conclude with some withdtanding the remonftrances of the oblervations. Bramin, vilits England; from whence
(To be continued.)
The Adventures of Telemachus, the Son of Ulysses. Translated from the French
of M. de Fenelon, Archbishop of Cambray, by the Author of the Differtation
on the Parian Chronicle. 2 Vols 12mo. 85. B. Law, Johnson, &c. No modern publication has, perhaps, austere, were changed to a celestial
been more generally read and ad- blue, and sparkled with a divine radio mired than Archbishop Fenelon's Ad- His grilly and neglected beard ventures of Telemachus. It was first disappeared, and an aspect of nobleness publithed at the Hague. in 1699, after and grandeur, tempered with 'weetness it had been prohibited at Paris. The and grace, dazzled the eyes of Telosame year it was printed at Rouen, and machus. He faw a female countenance, feveral other places, but no where in with a complexion more foft and delicare France, by permission, during the life than a tender fower just opening to of Louis XIV. In 1717, after the the sun. He beheld the pure luftre of death of the Archbishop, his heirs gave the lily, blended with the vivid blufta a new edition, which, they said, was the of the rose. Eternal youth bloomed in only one that was conformable to the her face, and unaffected majesty ap- . original manuscript. Since that time peared in every attitude. Her flow this excellent work has been often re- ing trelles diffused an ambrosial odour, printed, and translated into almost all Her robes Thone like those lively colours the languages of Europe. In English we with which the fun, when he rises, have it in eight or ten different versions, paints the vault of heaven, and irradiates viz, by Ozell, Littlebury and Buyer, ihe clouds. This Deity did not touch Kelly, Smollett, Des Maizeaux, Hawker: the ground with her foot, but glided : worth, Proctor, &c. yet it never ap- through the air like a bird in its peared, perhaps, to so much advantage fight. In her powerful hand the held es in the present translation.
a glittering (pear, capable of terrifying The Editor has avoided all mean and whole nations, and causing Mars hinyulgar phrases on the one hand, and all self to tremble. Her voice was sweet fantastic embellishments on the other, and gentle, yet strong and penetrating. The sentiments of the original author Her words were like darts of fire, that are expressed in clear, easy, natural, and pierced the foul of Tclemachus, and unaffected language, or with that grace- male him feel a kind of delicious pain. ful simplicity which is the greatest Upon her helmet appeared the folitary beauty of style.
bird of Athens, and the tremendoris The following extract, in which ægis glittered at her breaft.” Bk. xxiv. Finelon describes the transformation of The translation is accompanied with Mearor, may serve as a specimen : the life of Fenelon, and a considerable
" As foon as the sacrifice was ended, number of useful notes. This produche followed Mentor into the darkest tion of ine amiable Fenelon, as exhibita part of an adjoining grove, where he ed in the present version, is, we will perceived a sudden alteration in the ap. venture to say, one of the moit instruco pearance of his friend. The wrinkles tive and entertaining publications that of his forehead immediately vanished can be put into the hands of young like the thades of night, when Aurora penple. It is calculated, at the same with her roly fingers opens the gates of cime, to charm their imagination, tó the east, and illuminates the whole hori. improve their talte, and inspire them ion, His eyes, which were hollow and with che love of wisdom and virtue.
EfTays by a Society of Gentlemen'at Exeter. 8vo. gs. ja Bo r.is. Cadell. the volume before us we are pre- to amorous voluptuousness, as it diffi.
sented with profe and poetry jum. pates the blushes of guilt? Who can bled together in a ftrange conturion. blame either Lubin or Annette. And We have historical, moral, philosophical, what fimple girl, too fond in love, might and critical eflaus, cdes, sonucis, and not unwittingly follow the example of translated verse, all incongruous.- her heroine ? The Author's aim is, Among the historical clays (for we doubtleis, to persuade us that the free Ball pursue fome degree of order in coinmerce of the sexes is right, because our Review, though the Editor seems it naturai, and that all our ideas to the to deipife arrangement) there are feve. contrary originate in norhing else but ral curious disquisitions. The Rema ks inftitution or hanit, the policy of Itates, on the early population of lay and or the refinements of society.'' Europe display much acuteness of in. The Philofophical Effags contain such veliigation. The ll storical Outlines of novelties as will, doubtless, excite a Faicunry disc,ver both ingenuity and very general attention; and the Critical learning. The only morai effay in the (particularly that on the Shields of Collection is that on Benevolence and Hercules and Achilles) are marked by Friendship, as opposed to Principle, the original conceptions of a mind in. where one sentiment is so well woriný dependent on authorities. the attention of our younger Readers Before we dismiss this article, we in particular, that we shall indulge fcel ourselves under the necefsity of ourlelves in making a pretty laige perfcrming the less agreeable part of extract from it ;
the Critic's office, that of noticing “ Thu Tales of Marmontel,” says defects. the ingenious Author, " are very com. In the Address to the Society we. moniy put into the hands of young read, « Our minds would be subservi. peoplc; but they have surely a very ent to that bond of politeness, which bad tendency. Not a single story, consecrates the intercourse," &c. How perhaps, is spotlefs-not one is un. minds can be subservient to a bond, of tainted by fome indelicate allusion, such how a bond can confecrate any thing, we as a young lady, pofseiling the genuine cannot divine. In“ Lines 'read at the modesty of her sex, could not read Second Meeting of the Society," the ivithout a blush. The eliciplis, in. Poet thus stumdles at the threinold: deed, of Mrs. Woolfioncraft might “ A theme invites-a rugged word the bildiy challenge us to point out the
" theme, hieit impropriery in the most in- “ That ne'er was heard by the Caftadicent of the tales in question; but “ lian Stream." tity who have been vet untaught to Such a poet deserves to be pilloried. mencion very part of the human frame The vindication of the character of vih che fame indifference as we rotice Pindar, from p. 16 to 52, is a heavy, our heads and our hands, muti often, in dry, and uninteresting performance. pruting Varmuntel, d:1cver an emo- All the Remarks on the British Monu.
by the che:k's fit crimfoning. ments in Duvon, from p. 106 to 130 Nex: 1.1 the Socpherdefs of the Alps, might, in our opinion, have been spare which is full of romantic improbabili- ed, particularly those on the Cromlech, țies, perhaps no production of Mar. which is described already by Mr. Polo muntei is more impre:live than that of whele in his “ Historical views of De Annette and Lubin. Speaking, in. vonshire." If these remarks were deed, as a critic, I consider it as a per. written by Mr. Poluhele (which howfeet piece. It is drawn from nature; ever does not ftrike us as being the case ), the outline is fine; the colouring is they are here out of place, and his Sube delicious; yet, as a moralist, I inuft scribers have just realon to complain of condemii ii. I have frequently heard him; if they were written by Mr. it mentioned by women as a tale ex. Swete (as the accompanying engravings quilitely well tol. What is it, how seem to intimate), there is something of ever, but an in fidirus appeal of nature a hostile appearance in thus obtruding to our appetites and painons, in favour an account of Devonian monuments of the unrestrained indulgence of love? on the public, without a reference to What is it but a fpecious aplogy for the “ Historical Views," where she lub. criminal intercourse! Dues ir northrow ject is already exhausted; or to the the vuil of innocence over the textures great work, “ The Intory of Devon of vico: Does it not lend a nlc iv charm where a very ampie, dálcrij zich of
hose monuments, we apprehend, will the poetical part of this curious, and, be introduced.
upon the whole, yaluable work. la our next Review we shall notice
Miscellaneous Works of Edward Gibhon, Esq. with Memoirs of his Life and Writings composed by himself: lliustrated from his Letters, with Occational Notes and Narrative, by John Lord Sheffield. In Two Volumis, Quarto. T. Cadell, Jun. and W. Davies, Strand. 1796.
( Continued from Page 11.) THE materials of what remains to be diments, he haftened to England to
related of Mr. G.'s life are furnished soothe his afflicted friend by the most partly by his letters during this period, generous sympathy, and to try to allevia , ind partly by a short occafional narrative ate his domestic calamity. Neither his fupplied by Lord Sheffield. In one of great corpulency, nor his extraordinary the former of these he thus speaks of a bodily complaints, could prevent him nit to M. Neckar:
for a moment from refolving on an ex"I passed four days at the castle of Capet pedition that might have deterred the with Neckar, and would have withed to most active young man. With an alerta
have thewn him, as a warning to any ness by no means natural to hiin, he -- aspiring youth possessed with the dæmon undertook a long circuitous journey by
of ambition. With all the means of pri- the frontiers of an enemy worse than Fate happiness in his power, he is the favage, within the found of their cana moft miserable of human beings; the non, within the range of the light paft, the present, and the future, are troops of the different armies, and equally odious to him. When I sug- through roads ruined by the enormous gefed fome domestic amusements of machinery of war. books, buildings, &c. he answered with He arrived safely in England about a deep cone of despair, Dans l'état ou je the latter end of May; and, exceptin; fais, je ne puis sentir que le coup de vent a visit to Lord Egremont, and Mr. Hayo qui m'a abbatíe-How different from ley, was not abient from Sheffield the careless cheerfulness wich which our Place till the beginning of October, poor friend Lord North supported his when he went to Mrs. Gibbon at fall! Madame Neckar maintains more Bach, the widow of lus father, who external composure, mais le diable n'y had early delerved, and invariably reperd rien."
tained, his affection. From Bath he We have the satisfaction of inform- proceeded to Lord Spencer's at Althorp, ing our readers, that it appears from and continued in good health and in ex. fubsequent epiftles, that this deep and cellent spirits during the whole fum. dark cloud of melancholy gradually dis- mer. But in a letter dared the inth of persed.
November 1793, Mr. Gibbon thus dea In the year 1991 Mr. Gibhon re- scribes to bis friend the alarming ceived a visit from Lord and Lady change : Sheffield, of which a brief account is “ I must at length withdraw che veil given by his visitor. Among other par. before my state of health, though the ticulars is mentioned, what we have ale naked truth inay aların you more th:17 ready had occasion to remark and la- a fit of the gout. Have you never obmeni, that Mr. Gibuon from early served, through my inexprellibles, youth had contracted a partiality for a large prominency circa genitalia, foreiga manners and foreigu habits of which, as it was not at all painful, and life, which made him less a stranger very little troublelome, I had strangely abroad, than he was in fome respects in neglected for many years? But since his native country.
my departure from Sheffield Place, it His next and last journey to England has increased (moft Rupendoully), is displays our Author in a very amiable increasing, and ought to be diminished. and interesting light. He had engaged Yesterdig I sent for Farquhar, who to pass a year there with his friend, is allowed to be a very skilful surgeon. but the war had rendered travelling After viewing and palpine's he verýle. exceedingly inconvenient, and, together riously defired to cillin aslistance, and with his increasing bodily infirmities, has examined again to-day with Mr. had induced him to lay aside the under Cline, a surgeon, as he savs, of the first taking. But the unexpected death of eminence. They both pronounce je a Lady She field removed every difficulty bydrocele (a colleétion of water), which dad delay, la spite of increasing impee must be let out by the operation of rape
ping; but from its magnitude and long the same fuid as before was difo neglect, they think it a most extraordio charged. dary case, and with to have another Soon after this second operation, Mr. surgeon, Dr. Bayley, pretent. If the Gibbon went down to Shefficid Placom business should go off fmovenly, I lhall “and his discourse,''says his friend, was be delivered from my burinen (it is al- never more brilliart por more enter. most as big as a small child), and walk taining than on his arrival. There was, about in four or five days with a truss, however, on the whole, a very con &c."
siderable change in his appearance and Immediately on receiving the above his habits. That ready, cheerful, valerrer, Lord Sheffield went from rious, and animating conversation, Brighthelmstone to London, and was which had been admired in him beagreeably surprized to find that his fore, was now not always to be found friend had dined that day at Lord Luo in the library or the dining-room. He can's, from whence he did not return to moved with difficulty, and retired his lodgings till eleven o'clock at oight. much fooner from company than had “ Thole," says his Lordship, “who been hitherto his cuftom. On the had seen him within the ialt eight or twenty-third of December bis appetite ten years, must be surprized to hcar began to fail him. He observed, that it that he could doubt whether his ditor: was a very bad sign with bim when he der was apparent."
could not eat his breakfast, this was When he returned to England in the strongest expreflion of apprehen. 1787, his friends were greatly alarmed fion which he appears to have utter. by a prodigious increale, which was ed. A considerable degree of fever nuw fupposed to proceed from a rupture. made its appearance. Inflammation Lord Slieffield could not understand why arose from the weight and bulk of the he, who had talked with his friend on tu nour. Water again collected very every other subject without reserve, past; and ihuugh ine fever went off, thouid never in any shape hint at a ma- be never entirely recovered an appe. lady so obvious and inconvenient; and tite even for bis breakfast. Towards on mentioping the circumstance to his the end of the month Lord Sheffield valet de chambre, he replied, that Mr. became very uneasy at his fituation, and G. could nou bear the least allusion cothe thought it necellary to advise him to let complaint, and never would lufter wind out for London. On his arrival ibere, te notice it.
remedies were applied to abate the in. We have inserted this anecdote as an flammation, but it was not thought extraordinary instance both of the im. proper to pierce the tumour for the becility even of a vigorous mind, and of third time will Monday the 13th of its fili in concealing from itself what it January, when no less than fix quarts does not chufe to investigate. Had the of fluid were discharged. He leemed intelligent historian tried in earneit to much relieved by this evacuation ; his cunquer this foolih bathfulncés, had he spirits continued good; and there was converted freely on the matter at an no apprehension that his life was in earlier period with his friends, his life dinger, though it was feared that he might have been prutractce, if not ab. mighit not be retured to a comfortable folutely preferved from this perilous fiate, and that motion would be always discale, and he would not have added troubicfome; but he himself talked of another fatal example to the multitudes a radical cure. that may be found in the story of man- On Tueflay the 14th, when the kind, otihe danger as well as the weak. rif: of inflammation and fever was pels of human vanity.
fupposed to be over, as, his medical On the Thurilay following the dare attendants expressed no fears for bis of the letter quoted above, Mr. Gibbon lite, Lord Sherfield returned to his feat was tapped for the first time, and fous in Suflex. The next morning he requarts of a transparent watery fluid ceived a good account of Mr. Gibbon, were discharged by the operation. He mentioning that he gained strength was abroad ögain in a few days, but every hour: but in the evening & the water evidently collecting very fait, letter came by express, dated at noon it was agreed that a second puncture that day, which acquainted him that Thould be made a fortnight after the his friend had suffered a viulent attack firfi. Tois accordingly took place at the preceding night, and that it was not this time propused, and three quarts of probable he would live til Lord S.'s