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CAMPAGNOLA, a village of the duchy of Mo- to unite in fleets for mutual protection. The prows dena, in the district and 12 m. NNE of Reggio, and carry from 15 to 30 men each, and are armed wi:h 5 m. N of Corregio. Pop. 2.500.
two long brass guns, which render them formidable CAMPAN, a canton, commune, and town of opponents to the pirates; so much so, indeed, that France, in the dep. of the Haute-Pyrenees, arrond. of they are seldom or never attacked. The cargoes Bagnères-en-Bigorre.-- The cant. comprises 4 com., these vessels usually convey to Singapore consist and in 1831 contained a pop. of 6,710.- The town principally of coffee; but they also bring a few piculs is situated on the l. bank of the Adour, 4 m. SSE of of gambier, bees' wax, twine, and cassia, of an inBagnères-en-Bigorre, and 17 m. SSE of Tarbes, at ferior quality; likewise elephants' teeth, rhinoceros' an alt of 2,217 ft. above sea-level. Pop. 4,171. It horns, and a few rattans. The cargo varies in valne lies in a beautiful valley to which it gives its name; according to the size of the prow, from 500 to 2,000 and is chiefly built of marble, fine varieties of which, Spanish dollars; and is readily disposed of to the known as the marbles of Campan, are quarried in an Chinese merchants, who deliver in return blue and adjacent mountain. The locality is famous for its unbleached Madras cloths; raw silk and cotton; Eudelicious butter. Fairs are held three times a-year. rope shirtings, cambrics, and chintzes; Batick and
CAMPANA, a town of Naples, cap. of a circon- imitation Batick handkerchiefs and salendangs ; dario, in the prov. of Calabria Citra, district and 15 camblets, lead, iron, steel, gold thread, Jara tobacco, m. SE of Rosanna, on Mount Riparossa, near the N sticklac, &c., &c. These prows invariably belong to bank of the Fiumenica. Pop. 3,687. It contains a the people who live near the mouth of the river, from church, 2 convents, and an hospital; and possesses a whom the traders charter them for the voyage. For considerable trade in manna.
a prow of 20 piculs burden they pay 30 Spanish dolCAMPANA, an island of the Pacific, in the Pa- lars, and engage to return within two months. The tagonian archipelago, to the W of Wellington island, principal part of the cargo belongs to the nakodah, from which it is separated by the Fallos channel, in or captain; but every one of the crew also has a S lat. 48° 30', and W long. 75° 30'. It is 102 m. in small share. They usually remain at Singapore length from N to S, and about 30 in average breadth about a fortnight each trip; but as they cannot all from E to W.
finish their business at one time, they wait for each CAMPANA (LA), a town of Spain, in Andalusia, other a few days, that they may return again in comprov. and 32 m. ENE of Seville, on the l. bank of pany. On their arrival at C., after discharging their the Madre, 3 m. SSE of the junction of that river cargoes, and delivering up their prows to the owners, with the Guadalquiver.
they proceed to the disposal of their respective adCAMPANARIO, a town of Spain, in Estrema- ventures, which they generally hawk about the coundura, prov. and 65 m. ESE of Badajos, and 10 m. SE try, and dispose of in small quantities at a time, and of Villaneuva-de-la-Serena, near the I. bank of the so slowly, that they are not unfrequently two or three Zuja, and 11 m. SE of the confluence of that river months in getting quit of a whole cargo. They with the Guadiana.
generally barter their goods for produce; and as soon CAMPANELLA (CAPE), a promontory of the W as they have got a sufficient cargo collected for a coast of Naples, between the gulfs of Naples and prow, they immediately return with it to Singapore. Salerno, in N lat. 40° 35', and E long. 14° 20'. The bees' wax, ivory, rhinoceros' horns, and gam
CAMPANET, a small town of the island of Ma- bia, are obtained in the country of C., and are to be jorca, 26 m. NE of Palma, and 9 m. W of Alcudia. had at all the principal villages on the banks of the The environs, although destitute of permanent river. Elephants and rhinoceroses are said to be streams, produce considerable quantities of olive-oil. numerous in C. The former are procured chiefly by
CAMPANHA, a town of Brazil, in the prov. of means of poison; the latter, by shooting. Coffee, Minas-Geraes, com. of Rio-Verde, 54 leagues SE vi however, is their principal article of import into Ouro-Preto. Pop. 6,000.
Singapore. This coffee, we are told, is brought from CAMPAR, an ancient Malayan state, on the E the rich country of Menangkaba, the ancient seat coast of Sumatra, lying between the rivers of Siak of the Malays, and from the Limapuloh country and Danir. The mouth of the C. river is situated in which are situated in the very centre of the island, about 0° 38' N lat., and 102° 51' E long.; and ex- and are consequently several days' journey inland. tends in a S direction a short distance inland, and It is conveyed from the place of its production to C. then branches off to the right and left. The coun- on men's heads, and in very small quantities at a try on the l. branch of the river is called C. Kiri; time. The inland traders, we are informed, come and that on the r. C. Kanan, or left and right C. down in parties of 8 or 10 men, two of whom only For twelve or fourteen days' journey up each branch carry about half a picul of coffee each, the remainder of the river, the country is described as being low being laden with provisions, &c., for the support of and flat; and, to the extent of a mile or two on each the party by the way. About the year 1830 not less side, it is said to be in a state of tolerable cultivation. than 800 or 1,000 piculs of this coffee were imported The banks of both rivers are studded with villages, into Singapore by the Campar prows monthly; and but the r. branch is more populous, and the country as it is all conveyed from the interior in this dilatory under better cultivation. The principal productions manner, it is very evident that the pop of the disof the district are rice, cocoa and betel-nuts, gam-tricts which produce it must be very great. If we bier, sugar-cane, and rattans. The people of C. suppose that 100 of these prows, bringing 100 piculs carry on a considerable trade with the inhabitants of of coffee each, arrive at Singapore annually, and the interior, and with Singapore. The inhabitants that it brings 64 dollars per picul, it will give the of the central districts bring coffee and cassia, which sum of 65,000 dollars as the annual amount of the they barter for various kinds of Indian and Euro- trade of Singapore with the Menangkabu country pean manufactures with the prows from Singapore. by this means only.-Singapore Chronicle. The trade of C. with this settlement is entirely in CAMPBELL, a county of the state of Virginia, the hands of Malays, and is carried on by means of U. S., comprising a surface of 576 sq. m. between small prows of from 50 to 200 piculs burden, which James river on the N and Staunton river on the S, regularly visit Singapore, in small fleets of 10 or 12 both navigable rivers, and affording easy communi. prows. The numerous straits in this neighbourhood, cation with Chesapeake bay and Albemarle sound. but more particularly those near the coast of Sumatra, It is generally hilly, but produces grain, tobacco, are infested with pirates, which obliges these trades and varieties of fruits, and affords excellent pastur