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*forms he appears to take pains, and whom the Town has now been so long generally with success. To fum up the familiarized, that the loss of him would, whole in a few words, Mr. Munden is in the present ttate of the Stage, be a meritorious, diligent performer, to greatly felt, and not easily repaired.

To the Editor of the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE. SIR, I WAS much gratified by reading in dreadfully mang lcd a seaman who was

your elegant Miscellany for the last attending one of the braces on the opmonth, a poetical tribute to the memory pofite fide, and expired inftantaneously. of Lieut. Cragie, of the Marines, with Mr. Cragie was taken into the cock pit, whem I had the honour to participate where, from the fatal tendency of the in the glory of the day, on the quarter- wound, he survived only half an hour, deck of his Majesty's - tip Artois. the hæmorrhage being too great to be Horace observes, in one of those Odes stopped by tourniquets. With great which Scaliger estinates at the value of redignation he de fired his double-bar. a kingdom, that many brave men lived relled musket might be given to Capt. before Agamempor, but are now over. Hunt, of the Marines, and his apparel whelmed in obscurity, because they to his servant. were deftitute of a bard:

Multis ille bonis flebilis occidit.' Vixere fortes ante Agamemnona

Hor. Lib. i. Car. 24. Multi : fed omnes illacrymabiles Urgentur, ignotique lunga

of the Artois thus presented to my Nocte, carent quia vate sacro. memory, may I be allowed to observe,

that the is one of the fine frigates our This, however, will not be the case navy can boast, and manned by officers with him whom your correspondent has and seamen whose characteristics are recorded in his tribute, as, to the greatest valour and intrepidity: Long may force of expreslion, he combines the England smile in the sweet exultation urmoft softness of numbers; and a hero of conscious safety, whilft heş coafts are like him who is the subject of it, de guarded by floating garrisons of men mands such a poet. With Lieuteuant like these ; and may the threatened in. Cragie I have passed many hours in the varion of an imperious foe, in lieu of performance of naval duty, and in the imprelling her natives with terror, exrelaxation from its toil. What Horace cite from them the contempt it desertes ! fays of Lollius, in the fame Ode, may If these sentiments, which come warm be justly applied to him: he had a mind from the heart, be deferving a place in that was prudent in the conduct of your Magazine, you will oblige me by affairs, and equally steady in success inlerting them. and danger. I remember well the oir

I am, Sir, &c. cumstance of his death, for I was fta. Stratford, Sept. 13, 1796. 1. Do, rioned on the quarter-deck myself. He was in the act of discharging his musket, [If this Correspondent will transmit when an eighteon pound ihot tore up to us the MS. he mentions, an immedia the bulwark of the deck, took (I think ate answer will be given to his question it was) liis left leg and thigh off, and relative to it,-EDITOR.]

To the EDITOR of the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE.
SIR,

Borong b.
I TAKE the Liberty of presenting to your notice, a Paper, when perhaps it

may not be deemed inapplicable ; lince among the many Crimes which the De-
pravaty of Human Nature has taught and prevailed upon Mankind to commit,
there is not any more repugnant to the grand first Law of Self Prtiçivation,
than
S V I CID

D E.
“ 'Tis only change of pain,

(A bitter change!) Severer for severe." YOUNG: THAT the Iand of Britain thould fence, is a melancholy truth we muft

have been long distinguished as acknowledge and lament; and that each peculiarly addicted to this species of ofa individual is as strictly bound to exert

himsuit himfelf in the removal of such a national under this disposition we have his divine dilgrace, we must as readily own : authority to assure us, that “all things hence, how culpable those who encrease mall work together for good"'--that the calamity by the example of their “with the temptation there shall be a ill-dire&red aims!

way to escape ;” and therefore as we To enter into the merits of such a may look abroad and always find that case, it may be requilite to consider no temptation hath taken us but such such particulars as are usually alledged as is common to” other “men," it for the (real or pretended) cause of an ought to afford us much confolation in act, that is reple:c with atrocity in it- following our Blessed Lord, who was sell, and pregnant with the must formi. " made perfect thro' sufferings.” Let dable evils to the community at large. us also remember that he says, “ Thou

That our atmosphere should be as. Dalt do no MURDER;" and what can figned as a reason why autumnal wea

be a a more direct violation of this injunc. ther is conducive to such mental pe- tion than an act that is calculated to level culiarities, is whắt numbers may experi. the authority of the Deity, ufurp is in once in different fituarions ; but that the his stead, and with the boldest effrontery means of removal are as eofily applied, rub into his presence, under the imme, needs no argument to enforce ; since diate commission of a crime, that leaves if dense air affects the habit and clouds " no room for repentance," and with the spirits, so the return of falubrity, the bloody hands of a murderer, imExercise, mental amusement, and proper precate his vengeance on our reeking avocations, with MEDICINE when abomination ; for such iniquity “the needful, are the ready means to relieve land groaneth, and cricth aloud for and remove an oppression to uncomfort. vengeance" -on blood and slaughter. able in itself, disgusting to others, and li should also be considered, that repugnant to every proper engagement “ many great and precious proniiles" of life.

are made to "those who live godly and But when the mind has been affected quiet in the land," and " palicnily run by any peculiarity of circumstance, the the race that is set before them," under addition of fuperadded means may be the assurance that they fball inherit equally necessary. If trouble or loses the promises :" fo dues an oppofition of a particular kind, or eur being placed thereto induce an adequate recompeộce in fituations that are foreign to our in- of reward. We also know, that how. clinations, are the causes of deprefling, ever “grievous" any“ prefent forrows" there naturally arises the confideration may seem, yet we shall certainly find

of many particulars to represent the that they are but “as it were of a moadvantages that may be ibence derived. ment's continuance,'' when compared with It should be confidered, that a mind “those joys that will be revealed here. under fuet an influence, is incapable of after," to those who endeavour to permaking jult conclufions about its own form their duty in an acceptable man. bedegit, and that the reasonable propo- ner. frrions of others are to be received with Again : Our DiJenters on the one hand, all becoming deference. That the first and Infidels on the other, are fertila - impresion may be too sudden or violent sources of this crime ; for while the to leave the mind disengaged, and a beterodoxy of one, and their indiscrimi. precipitate fep, once taken, not to be nate abuse of real Religion, lead the recalled, will embitter every recollec. ignorant and unwary into the moft delu. tion of those--the most to be regarded. five and dangerous parhs-making a The Gituation so much dreaded may gain of godlinefs ;" co do the evil prin. have many palliations, not foreseen at ciples of the other remove every seo the time, and that the expe&tation and ftraint which God hath enjoined for our abidance thereby will be most fuitably benefit and security; and in wilful per. applied for our benefit. That such relverfion banilh'every ground of comfort, folutions bastily acupted are founda- and valuable tie of Tuciety, by cafting rions of misery, and moreover, that the off all fear of God, and apeing that proper and due support to be manifested character which all truly wite and good under such circumliances, are the most men most heartily difpise ;-thus uniting proper means to exercise that refigna- their endeavours to produce the mout lion so earnestly commanded us to ob- fatal effects in mind and body, in obftio serve, by Him, who knew " what was nate defiance of God and Man. in," and belt for « man ;" 'aud that There are yet OTHER"confiderations

1

fort as

to which it may be proper we should would be criminal to withhold against adveri-as the surviving disgrace of a Hell-born crime : therefore, actions that entail a figma on our name

“ Be not pariakers of other men's fins." and conne&tions, not to be obliterated by time ; and that our depraved rathness The benefit of Religion is always a leaves a punishment for those who may further of our cares, and inftrument of a least deserve the reproach, as being un. our happiness; especially in the Seafun concerued in the ofence: and fill fure of calamity, when it affordeth such comther,

the world can neither give or The Law, ever aware of its subjects' take away :" so, the " way and means? benefir, never permits fuch an evil ro to enjoy this inestimable benefit, is to go unpunished, but has wisely ordered make it the rule and direction of oth a memento of SHAME to be affixed to the lives, knowing it fecureib our present memory of the deceased : "the burial of peace and future bappiness: well, there, an ass” is the appointed method of in. fore, may our most excellent Church terment, and in luch a place as to prove teach us to pray, that " we may love the most public monument of reproach the things which God commands, and and example for the puniliment of such desire that which he doth promise, that *evil docrs * :" and therefore ler Juries so among the fundry and manifold recollect, that as the wisdom of our changes of the world, our bearts may Legillature hath enjoincdrbeir inspection surely there be fixed where true joys are for ibe discovery of crimes that might to be found +, and experienced for ocherwise remain concealed, so it is their

ever and ever by all those who love indispersible DUTY to act as upright and and obey God, :" and that "in all our. confcientious men in the fear of God, troubles we may put our whole truft as tbeir determination must influence and confidence in his mercy, and ever. the after-conduct of others; and though more serve him in holiness and parencia there migh: be good hope that Chris, of living, through our only. Mediator tsaris never would act so unreasonably, and Advocate Jesus Christ our Lord! yet where depravity has produced an who hath enjoined us to "let.our ligbe iacorrigible mind, the just punishment shine before men, that they may leeof the Law ought to be fully enforced our good works, and glorify our Fatber for the benche of others, and proper in Heaven." caprethon of that honest indignation, it

J. Dr. JAMES FORDYCE,

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THIS Gentleman was one of the self in the character of a Minifter 10.2.

twenty children, by one wife, of Diffenting Congregation which had to Provoft Fordyce, of Aberdeen. He re: very different a creed. This objection, ceived his education at the Marischa! however, was not fufficiently powerful College of that place, and early devoted to prevent his being chosen as coadjutor hinfelf to the Minittry. His first pre- of Dr. Lawrence, to the Pakorship as : fermeni, at leat that we know of, was Monk well-ftreet, where he continued to be Minister at Brechin, where he to preach to crowded audiences, for a officiated as early as the year 1752. He great number of years. In that your foon after became Minister of Alloa, he was honoured by the Vniversity of where he remained until about the year Glasgow with the degree of Doctor of 1760. At that period he came to Lon• Divinity. In May 1771 he inarried Miss con, and propused himself as a candidate Henrietta Cummyng, and in 1979 tas for a vacancy at the Mecting at Carter's involved in a dispute with his coadjutor, lane, in juhich he was unsuccessful. the Rev. Mr. Tho. Taller, fon-in-law of On this peçafion it was objekted to him, Dr. Lawrence, al fork, as it appears by as strangeiv inconsistent, for any person the letrers published on the occalion, on who haii Tubscribed the articles of the account of the ymillion of fome ceremoniSeouch Cuafetbon of Faith to offer him, als of p»liteness,which, by want of mutual:

For this offence, which dures the authority of God and Man, it is wisely enjoined that * the corpfe thall be thrown into a pit dug in a public cross read, and a shake diven librough ite Body: to remain there for example, ob es valion, and warning." ☆ Collec for the 4th Sunday after Eatter. Set inc Likapy in our admirable. Publio Liturgy. Du ford blas

luy Saint

con.

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tember 1751

concessions increased, until the breach Prompted him to visit foreign countries, became too wide to be healed. On this

Especially ITALY, occasion Dr. Fordyce took a ttep which So long the seat of liberty, was not universally approved of by his

(Ever dear to him!) brethron the Diffenters: he engaged to

So justly famous do the duiy both of Mr. Toller and For the great men it produced, himself, and caused the former to be. And fill diftinguithed for the Finer, ejected, without any charge against him

Arts. (for 'he was a man of irreproachable

In his return home, charaéter), from his office in the Meet- After about a year's absence from his ing. From this period, if we are not mil,

native country: informed, the Meeting itself was lefs at- The Supreme Difpofer of all Events tended than before, and on Dr. Fordyce's Permitted this valuable perlon feeling the infirmities of age growing

To lore nis life in a form on him, the congregation by degrees On the coast of Holland, the

of Sepo dwindled away, and the house itself has been ince fut up. Finding 'himself Blame not, o Rcader! but adore incapable of continuing his exercions as That awful Providence, a preacher, in the manner he had been

Which is ever directed uled, he retired, first into Hampshire,

By unerring wisdom, and then to Bath, where he died the ift

And infinite goodness. infant, at the age of 75, according to the

Was he thy friend? accounts of some of the Daily Papers.

Yet grieve not; Dr. Fordyce's first publication was a

The friepdly ware preface tó a pofthumous work of his Which wrapt him up from pain and brother David Fordyce, in the year

forrow, 1952, on the Art of Preaching. This Wafted his soul from Earth to Heaven; Gentleman, the Author of Dialogues Where his defire of knowledge on Education, and a Treatise on Mural. Will be fully satisfied, Philosophy, in Dodsley's Preceptor, was

And his virtues originally designed for the Church, and Abundantly rewarded. was for some time a Preacher. After a successful cour through France, Italy, The following is a List of Dr. Forand several parts of Europe, when he dyce's Works: was almoft at home, and his friends 1. The Elnquence of the Pulpit. An food ready with open arms and joyful Ordination Sermon. To which is added, hearts to receive him, he lost his life, in A Charge. 12 mo. 1752. its full prime, by a form on the coast of 2. An Effay on the Aation proper Holland, in September 1951

His death for the Pulpit. 12 mo. is pathetically noticed by Dr. Fordyce, Both these arc printed at the end of in one of his Addresses to the Deity.

" Theodorus. A Dialogue conHe also wrote the following Epitaph on

cerning the Art of Preaching By

Mr. David Fordyce." Third Edır. 1. Sacred to the Memory

12 mo. 1755 1 OF MR. DAVID FORDYCE,

3. The Methods of promoting EdifiLate Professor of Philosophy in the cation by Public Infiitutions. An OrdiMarischal College, Aberdeen. nation Strmon. To which is added, A Juftly essemed

Charge. 12mo.: 1794. For his learning and fine taste; These were delivered at the Ordi: 1. But much more valued,

nation of Mr. John Gibron, Minia For his unaffected piery,

ster of St. Ninian's, May 9, 2754 And, benevolent difpofition. 4. The Temple of Virtue A Dream. end si The focial duties

s2mo: 775. The 2d Edit. much alter: He warmly recommended to other, ed.' i2mo. 1775: And in his own conduct exemplified 5: The Polly, Infamy, and Mifery of them;

unlawful Pleasure. A Sermon. Preache The dutiful fon,

ed before the Gener 1 Asembly of the The affe&tionate brother,

Church of Scotland, May 25, 1760. dv. The fincere friend,

1760. And the kind master,

6. Sermon, occasioned by the Were blended in his character.

Dekrh of the Rev. Dr. Santuel taw!! A laudable thirst for useful knowledge sence, who departed this Life O&. 1,

1960,

1760. With an Address at his Inter- 10. The delufive and persecuting ment. 8vo. 1760.

Spirit of Popery. A Sermon preached 7. Sermons tu Young Women. 2 Vols. in Monkwell.street, on roth Feb. be. 12mo. 1766.

ing the Day appointed for a General 8. The Character and Conduct of Falt. 810. 1779. the Feinale Sex, and the Advantages to 11. Charge delivered in Monkwell. be derived by young Men from the ftrece Meeting, at the Ordination of Society of virtue us Women.. A Dif- the Rev. James Lindley. 8vo. 1783. course in Three Parts. Delivered in Printed with the Sermon preached Monkwell-streer Chapel, Jan. 1, 17769 by Dr. Hunter on that Occasion. Svo. 1776.

12. Adurelles tu the Deity, 12mo. 9. Addresses to young Men. 2 Vols. 1785 32mo. 1777.

13. Poems, 12mo. 1786,

BANK OF ENGLAND.-THE ROTUN DA.

[ WITH AN ENGRAVING. ) IN N this room the Brokers assemble to made to open ; to remove the immense

transact their business, the Pullc iron stoves which had been found very make their purchases in the different prejudicial, and to substitute open fire funds, and bargains for millions are places instead of them, zhereby encreas. daily concluded.

ing the space as well as the ventilation, The dome being construct. d entirely The present structure is fifty.eight of perishable materials, and partly cover- feet in diameter, and fifty.cight feet in ed with copper, without any regard to height, to the gallery under the lanthorn the preservation of the timbers, was, on lights. There is no timber used in a a survey made in one thousand seven the whole is entirely of folid materials, hundred and ninety-four, found to be and was erected in one thousand seven in fuch a roinous and dangerous state, as hundred and ninety-five, from the des to make it absolutely necessary to take signs and under the directions of Mr. the whole down. It was then proposed Svane, Architect to the Bank. to light the room with lanthorn lignes,

DROS SI A N A.

NUMBER LXXXV.
ANECDOTES of ILLUSTRIOUS and EXTRAORDINARY PERSONS,

PERHAPS NOT GENERALLY KNOWN.
A THING OF SAREDS AND PATCHES ! HAMLET.

Continued from Page 203.)
ABBE VERTOT.

• my good.friend, your documents came A Late celebrared Physician and Philo- roo late, my fiege has been made long

sopherufed to say, " What credit can ayo." I give to Hiftory, after I have known George the Second constantly affirmed

BISHOP SHERLOCK to have been brave, and the Prince's was a man of very ungracioos appear. of Wales to have been gallant? The one ance, and who by a moft wretched de I have known behave like a coward, the livery marred the effect of thofo fermons other I know to have been “d'une which are read in the closer with such virtu à toute eprouvé,".. a woman of rapture. Passages of them may be prothe most approved virtue." How History duced, that either for reasoning or for is indeed written we may well conjec eloquence equal any thing that has rure from the anecdote that is sold of ever been written. The Bishop is said the Abbe Vertot: He had desired a not to have discovered his very great Knight of Malta to procure him from talents till he was eighteen years of age. that inland foıne documents respecting a On the accesson of his prefent Majefty celebrated fege of it by the Turks, to the Throne, he could not wait upon to insert in his Hiftory. The Abbe im him with the rest of his Brethren, but he patient, however, at the delay of the sent him a moft excellent letter, which papers, wrote an account of the liege was, I think, printed in all the Newsfrom his own head. The papers came at papers of the time. The Bishop was a laft; Vertot wrote to his friend to thank great Civil and Crown Lawyer, as well bien fox shem;" but; alas !" said he, as a great Divine and Scholar.

AN

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