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other person or persons whomsoever, and that I have not heretofore had
] the benefit of this act.
I further swear that I have made bona fide settlement and improvement upon the tract which [hcre gire name of representative) is authorized to designate as my homestead.
Sworn to and subscribed, this —
day of United States commanding officer of
before at [Rank and service.)
(10.) Affidavit.-- Indian homestead or preëmption. I,
formerly of the — tribe of Indians, do solemnly swear that I have voluntarily dissolved all connection with that tribe, and that it is bona fide my intention to forego all claim to or share in any of its annuities or benefits, and in good faith to perform the duties of a citizen of the United States.
do solemnly swear that, to the best of knowledge and belief,
formerly of the
tribe of Indians, has dissolved all connection with said tribe, and does not claim or share any of the annuities or benefits inuring to said tribe of Indians, by treaty or otherwise, but is performing all such duties as pertain to a citizen of the United States.
LAND OFFICE at
(Date.) I, of —, having filed my application, No.
for an entry under the provisions of the act of Congress approved May 20, 1862, and desiring to avail myself of the twenty-fifth section of the act of July 15, 1870, in regard to land held at the double minimum price of $2 50 per acre, do solemnly swear that I am the identical who was a
in the company commanded by Captain in the regiment of
Where the party was a regimental or staff officer, or was in a different branch of the service, the affidavit must be varied in form according to tho facts of the case.
in the war of 1861; that I continued in actual service for ninety days, and have remained loyal to the Government; that said application, No.
is made for my exclusive benefit, and for the purpose of actual settlement and cultivation, and not, directly or indirectly, for the use or benefit of any other person or persons, and that I have not heretofore had the benefit of the homestead law. Sworn to and subscribed before me this.
Register or receiver of the Land Office.
LIST OF THE DIFFERENT DISTRICT LAND OFFICES IN THE UNITED
STATES FOR THE DISPOSAL OF THE PUBLIC LANDS.
Chillicothe, Ohio; Indianapolis, Indiana ; Springfield, Illinois. In these, however, the proprietary interests of the United States are rly all disposed of, only inconsiderable fragmentary parcels of public lands remaining undisposed of in these three States. The other offices now existing are established at Boonville, Ironton, and Springfield, Missouri; Mobile, Huntsville, and Montgomery, Alabama; Jackson, Mississippi; New Orleans and Natchitoches, Louisiana; Detroit, East Saginaw, Ionia, Marquette, and Traverse City, Michigan; Little Rock, Washington, Dardanelle, and Harrison, Arkansas; Tallahassee, Florida; Des Moines, Council Bluffs, Fort Dodge, and Sioux City, Iowa; Menasha, Falls of St. Croix, Stevens's Point, La Crosse, Bayfield, and Eau Claire, Wisconsin; San Francisco, Marysville, Humboldt, Stockton, Sacramento, Shasta, Los Angeles, and Visalia, California, Carson City, Belmont, Austin, and Aurora, Nevada; Olympia and Vancouver, Washington Territory; Taylor's Falls, St. Cloud, Jackson, New Ulm, Litchfield, Du Luth, and Alexandria, Minnesota; Oregon City, Roseburg, and La Grande, Oregon; Topeka, Augusta, Junction City, Concordia, and IIumboldt, Kansas; West Point, Beatrice, Lincoln, Dakota City, and Grand Island, Nebraska; Santa Fe, New Mexico; Vermillion, Bon Homme, and Pembina, Dakota; Denver City, Fair Play, Pueblo, and Central City, Colorado; Boisé City and Lewiston, Idaho; Helena, Montana; Prescott, Arizona; Salt Lake City, Utah; and Cheyenne, Wyoming
LIST OF PAPERS ACCOMPANYING COMMISSIONER'S ANNUAL REPORT.
No. 1.–Tabular statement showing the number of acres of public lands surveyed in the States and Territories up to June 30, 1869, during the last fiscal year, and the total of the public lands surveyed up to June 30, 1870; also the total area of the public domain remaining unsurveyed within the same.
No. 2.–Statement of public lands sold; of cash and bounty land scrip received therefor; number of acres entered under the homestead law of May 20, 1862; of commissions received under the sixth section of said act; also land located with scrip under the agricultural college and mechanics' act of July 2, 1862, and commissions received by registers and receivers on the value thereof; and statement of incidental expenses thereon in the first half of the fiscal year commencing July 1, 1869, and ending June 30, 1870.
No. 3.-Statement showing like particulars for the second half of the fiscal year ending June 30, 1870,
No. 4.-Summary for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1870, showing the number of acres disposed of for cash; with bounty land scrip by entry, under the homestead laws of May 20, 1862, and March 21, 1864; with aggregate of $10 homestead payments; homestead commissions; also locations with agricultural college and mechanic scrip: under act of July 2, 1862.
No. 5.-Statement showing the quantity of swamp lands selected for the several States under acts of Congress approved March 2, 1849, September 28, 1850, and March 12, 1860, up to and ending September 30, 1870.
No. 6.-Statement exhibiting the quantity of swamp land approved to the several States under acts of Congress approved March 2, 1849, September 28, 1850, and March 12, 1860, up to and ending September 30, 1870.
No. 7.-Statement exhibiting the quantity of swamp land patented to the several States under acts of Congress approved September 28, 1850, and March 12, 1860; also the quantity certified to the State of Louisiana under act approved March 2, 1819.
No. 8.-Statement showing the State selections under the internal improveinent grant of September 4, 1841, on the 30th of June, 1870.
No. 9.–Exhibit of bounty land business under acts of 1847, 1850, 1852, and 1855, showing the issue and locations from the commencement of operations under said acts to June 30, 1870.
No. 10.--Statement showing the selections made by certain States, of lands within their own limit, under agricultural and mechanic act of July 2, 1862, and its supplemental acts of April 14, 1864, and July 23, 1866; also the locations made with scrip under said acts.
No. 11.-Statement exhibiting land concessions by acts of Congress to States, for canal purposes, from the year 1827 to June 30, 1870.
No. 12.- Statement exhibiting land concessions by acts of Congress to States and corporations, for railroad and military wagon road purposes, from the year 1850 to June 30, 1870.
No. 13.- Estimate of appropriations required for the office of the Commissioner of the General Land Office for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1872.
No. 14.--Estimates of appropriations required to meet expenses of collecting the revenue from sales of public lands in the several States and Territories for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1872.
No. 15.- Estimates of appropriations for the surveying department for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1872.
No. 16.- Estimates of appropriations required for surveying the public lands for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1872.
No. 17.-Reports of surveyors general, A to Q, inclusive.
No. 18.-Statement of confirmed Indian pueblo grants ind private and claims in New Mexico,
No. 19:—General tabular statement, exhibiting the following: No. 1, States anel Territories containing public land; No. 2, areas of States and Territories containing public lands, in square miles and acres ; No. 3, quantity sold; No. 4, entered under the homestead la ws; No. 5, granted for military services; No. 6, granted for agricultural colleges; No. 7, approved under grants in aid of railroads; No. 8, approved swamp selections ; No. 9, quantity granted for internal improvements; No. 10, donations and grants for schools and universities ; No. 11, locations with Indian scrip; No. 12, locations with float scrip, under act of March 17, 1862; No. 13, estimated quantity granted to wagon roads; No. 14, quantity granted to ship canals; No. 15, salines; No.16, seats of government and public buildings; No. 17, granted to individuals and companies; No. 18, granted for deaf and dumb asylums; No. 19, reserved for benefit of Indians; No. 20, reserved for companies, individuals, and corporations; No. 21, confirmed private land claims; No. 22, quantity remaining insold and unappropriated June 30, 1870.
No. 20.-Connected map of the United States, from ocean to ocean, exhibiting the extent of public surveys, land districts, seats of surveyors general's oftices, and district offices; also, localities of railroads of general interest, and of mineral deposit, this being the map, the plate of which is specialy referred to in joint resolution No. 2, approved January 26, 1863, (12 U. S. Stat., p. 822.)
No. 21.- Maps showing the surveys in the several public land States and Territories, to wit: Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Dakota, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Nebraska, Kansas, Indian Territory, Colorado, New Mexico, Montana, Idaho, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, California, Oregon, and Washington Territory, have been prepared, in view of the sixth section of the act of 25th April, 1812, (2 U. S. Stat., p. 717,) and are in the General Land Office, subject to such action as may be taken in regard to publication. Besides these there have also been prepared maps of Alaska and Wyoming, and one on Mercator's projection, indicating, from recognized authorities, the routes of commerce in connection with the Western and Eastern Hemispheres.
No. 22.-A historical and statistical table of the United States of North America will be found at the close of the foregoing report.
LEAVENWORTH CITY, KANSAS, September 13, 1870. DEAR SIR: In relation to building-rocks in Kansas, I would state that a very important natural production is in the subsoil. This formation, classically denominated a bluff," can be manufactured into good brick in any portion of Eastern Kansas, especially with the admixture of a small proportion of sand.
As this formation differs but little in different portions of the State, almost every part of Kansas is abundantly supplied in this respect. When our coal fields in the east and the lignite beds in the west become thoroughly developed, brick will be manufactured and sold at reasonable rates.
The coal measures constitute the solid strata of the greatest portion of Eastern Kansas. They are bounded on the west by an irregular line from north to south, passing through Manhattan, and comprise an area of about 17,000 square miles. (Vide Professor G. C. Swallow's Report on the Geology of Kansas, p. 55.)
The different strata measure, in the aggregate, about 2,000 feet, and are composed of shales, sandstone, limestone, and twenty-two beds of coal, from one to seven feet thick. These difierent formations were denuded or cut down in the southeast, and laid bare the whole of the series from the base to the summit, so that by starting from near the southeast corner of the State and traveling on a line to Manhattan, their ruptured edges would be encountered in irregular steps and pass in review all the members of the series.
In this State, as well as in Missouri, the thickest beds of coal are found near the base of the coal measures; these, then, necessarily crop out in the southeastern portion of our State, while here our shafts only reach them in 700 feet; and they lie still deeper toward the north and west, in consequence of the accumulation of additional formations making up the upper portion of the section.
It is found, too, that the individual coal beds, as well as most all other formations of the series, thicken toward the south; consequently, in that direction we must look for a full development of our coal fields.
In connection with these coal-bearing rocks are those of limestone, the only material in the series suitable for building purposes. These strata are often thick, compact, and durable, though most of them will not take a fine dressing; yet they enter largely into numerous economical purposes. One of these formations constitutes what we call Leavenworth marble," a variety of dolomite ten feet thick. It is embraced in No. 20 of the Miami County, Kansas, section, (Swallow's Geological Report, p. 79,) and No. 43 of the coal-shaft section, 331 feet below the surface. It crops out at many localities south of Kansas River, in the valley of Grand River, near Chillicothe, Missouri, in the valley of Crooked River, in Ray County, and at various other localities in the latter State, but does not always sustain the fine qualities developed here. I omit a description of this material, as I am informed that a specimen has been forwarded to your office. These limestones are sufficiently abundant to find some of them in outcrops in nearly every valley and rarine, and are, consequently, very generally available.
For a more detailed description of them, reference may be had to the vertical section of Professor Swallow's Report, beginning at page 16.
By far the most valuable building material in Kansas is found in the Permian series. These formations are embraced in an irregular belt, extending north and south through the State and immediately west of the coal measurg. In crossing this belt, on the line of the Kansas
Pacific Railroad, it extends from Manhattan to Abilene, or the sixth principal meridian.
By reference to the vertical section of Professor Swallow's Geological Report, (p. 11,) you will observe that in it are many thick formations of magnesian limestone of various colors and textures. These strata, with the other formations contained in the series, form an aggregate of about 700 feet in thickness.
The section gives the general characteristics of the different strata, but a more specific description of the most prominent may be needful on the present occasion.
Those suitable for building purposes are of different shades of color, darkening down from a drab to a ferruginous brown, or shade out into the intermediate tints to canary color and milky white. The drab colors are sometimes mottled, and, in appearance, are almost identical with specimens I observed in the Patent Office some years since, labeled “ From the magnesian limestone, England.”
Some fine specimens of the white are found at Manhattan, and repre. sented by No. 82 of the vertical section. It is sufficiently hard to dress well, and is of a subdued white, and durable.
No. 80 is usually found in nearly two equal layers. It is divided into large rectangular slabs by vertical seams. The color and texture vary materially in different localities. Near Council Grove it is close-grained, hard, and in color brilliant, approaching that of a canary tint. I hazard nothing in the opinion that this formation as it is there developed is unsurpassed as an elegant building stone. Were the markets of the Atlantic cities available, these rocks would be a mine of wealth.
No. 52 is a fine variety, with a brilliant buff color. The buildings at Fort Riley are mainly constructed of this formation.
No. 48 is known by the people as “Junction City marble.” It is extensively quarried near Junction City, Riley County, where it is sawed by machinery into almost any form. The State-house at Topeka, in this State, an edifice estimated at two millions when completed, is to be constructed of this rock; one ving of which is finished with material furnished by the above mill. We have also some buildings in this city constructed of the same material, one of whichi, a mansion owned by Mr. A. A. Higgenbothan, would do credit to any city on the continent. This formation when first quarried is so soft and free from grit that it is sawed with great facility, but hardens by exposure. The hardening is probably produced by the crystallization of silica it holds in solution.
To continue the description of other strata or formations would only be repeating what has already been written. Like formations in the series are so numerous that no considerable area of the belt could be searched without finding something desirable in this line.
Their volume and fine qualities are developed toward the south. Specimens of these permian rocks should be put in the national collection. I had specimens of these permian formations of Kansas, so near like the material of which the imperial opera-house of Paris is constructed, that the difference could not be detected by the naked eye.
My attention was first drawn to these rocks in 1857, wbile surreying Government lands. Subsequently the facilities extended to me by your office here enabled me to continue the investigations, resulting in establishing the permian system, not previously known to exist here or in any other portion of the North American Continent. (Vide Rocks of Kansas, by G. C. Swallow and F. Hawn, herewith inclosed.)
We have yet another excellent building stone scattered through the State, in groups immediately west of the permian belt. They are a dark