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tion, on the one hand, and the abetters of slavery on the other, proceeds on the modest assumption that every jot and title of our judgment is infallibly right, and the smallest deviation, a justification of war.
Such are the conclusions to which a long and careful observation has brought me, and I cannot but hope that they inay cominend themselves to the judicious of all classes, and avert the calamities of a ruthless controversy. But should this hope not be realized, and the unrelenting war of extermination by turned upon us, then, mournfui as the alternative may be, we stand, with great kindness, (for many of our opponents are among our most esteemed friends,) but with unalterable decision, for the protection and the deliverance of Africa. Having doubled and quadrupled our zeal and prayers and contributions and efforts, we persevere till age chills the current of our warm blood and lays our head low in the dust. We feel assured that God has called us to build up the desolations of that dark continent, and we cannot believe that he has forbidden us to finish, what he called us to begin.
The prayers which have been offered, the substance which has been given, the sacrifice of life which has been made, the territory which has been gained, the experience acquired, the confidence of the natives secured, the elements of civil and religious institutions brought together, are not recklessly to be thrown away. That it should be demanded, might seem wonderful, but that it should be conceded, would be more wonderful still.
God has called us to colonize Africa, as significantly as he called our fathers to colonize at Plymouth, or our foreign missionaries to sit down at Ceylon, or Owhyhee—and has he reversed the call? Has the trump of God warned us to desist? liave the elements made insurrection against us, or the stars in their courses fought against us, or such infatuation been poured out upon us as indicates his purpose to destroy? No voice from heaven has warned us from Africa; and no calamities which did not more powerfully obstruct the primitive Christians and the Puritan colonists, and no mistakes have happened to us but such as are common to men in conducting difficult and distant enterprises.
Why then should we abandon Africa? Who would take up the work under better auspices? No visible association exists, nor plan tested by experience, while an effort is making to divert all thought and interest and effort from Africa. To be absorbed in the experiment of abolition, is planting the seeds of sanguine hope, and putting on the harness with a confidence that might better befit the putting it off. Why then should we abandon the colonization of Africa ? Is the resurrection of Africa, inconsistent with the cotemporaneous resurrection of her exiled sons ? Must one sleep in the dust till the other arises? May not the trump of God call both from their graves at the same time?
But were the interests of Africa in direct collision with those of abolition, is it a settled point that the cause of Africa must be relinquished. Here, two millions and a half of souls are in bondage; there, if I mistake not, more than a hundred millions: Here evangelical light shineth dimly upon-all, and intensely upon few; while in Africa, one hundred millions sit in darkness and in the region of the shadow of death. Here, though no finger were lifted, the night is far spent and the day is at hand: a course of providential movements has commenced that co-operation may accelerate, but opposition cannot hinder.But what causes of promised deliverance lie in the bosom of Africa, and to what external aid can she look, when colonial protection is withdrawn, and the slave-trader and the petty despot maintain the empire of despotism and traffic in desolation.
In this view of the subject, who would take, willingly, the responsibility of opposing the Colonization of Africa; and what friend of Africa will falter or desert her cause? Who that has ever given will not give more than ever: and who that has plead her cause, will not plead with renewed importunity? We oppose not the emancipation or elevation of the colored race. We desire it sooner than it can come, we fear, by the means relied on by many. We have only to say to our brethren, hinder us not. Commend your cause to public confidence in your own way, and we will do the saine with ours, and let the people judge; but let there be no controversy between us. But if, after all, the abandonment of Colonization is demanded, as the only condition of peace, then we have made our election. If it be possible, as much as in us lieth, we will live peaceably, but we cannot abandon the one hundred millions of Africa. The bones of Mills would send groans from the bosom of the deep-his spirit sigh from heaven, deeper darkness settle down upon ill-fated Africa. The fires of war would rage on, and her captive bands drag their chains from the interior to the shore, to wail and die amid the horrors of the middle passage, or to drag out a miserable life amid stripes, servitude and blood. If I forgetfthee, 0 Africa, let my right hand forget her cunning. If I do not plead thy cause, let my tongue cleave to the roof of
The Society gratefully acknowledges the receipt of $200 in goods for the Colony from Elliott Cresson, Esq. They are also indebted to the Young Men's Colonization Society of Pennsylvania for the passage in the Ninus of fourteen persons of colour, the expense of which would have been $280,
POETRY The following beautiful and instructive stanzas were written by a school boy, who had not long been taken from one of the lowest stations in life. “His life,” says the London Quarterly Review, (vol. 21, p. 396,) "had “ been eventful and unfortunate, till his extraordinary merits were discov"ered by persons capable of appreciating, and willing and able to assist “him. He was then placed under a kind and able instructer, and arrange“ments had been made for supporting him at the University; but he had " not enjoyed that prospect many weeks before it pleased God to remove "him to a better world.” LINES WRITTEN IN THE CHURCH YARD OF RICHMOND, YORKSHIRE,
BY HERBERT KNOWLES.
“It is good for us to be here: if thou wilt, let us make here three tabernacles, one for Thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias.” MATTHEW XVII. 4.
For see, they would pin him below,
Nor knows the foul worm that he frets
Alas! they are all laid aside:
The treasures are squander'd again,
Ah! here is a plentiful board,
Or fled with the spirit above.
Which compassion itself could relieve.
And here there are trophies enow.
The second to FAITH, which ensures it fulfill'd;
To AUXILIARY SOCIETIES AND CLERGY
TO OUR READERS.
The unexpected length of one of the ar. The Managers of the American ticles in the present number obliges us to Colonization Society, believing that postpone the promised insertion of Dr.HodG
KIN's remarks on the “British African Colomany copies of the African Reposi-nization Society," and several other interesttory are at present sent to Auxiliary ing articles. Societies and Clergymen who have not, for a considerable time, contri- Extract from the minutes of the Synod of New
Jersey, October 1834. buted any thing to the funds of the THE AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY. Society, and being desirous of cur- Resolved, That in the opinion of this Synod, tailing their contingent expenses as the plan of colonizing, on the western coast
of Africa, the free people of colour in the much as possible, have come to the
United States, merits the serious consideraconclusion of striking off from the tion of every Christian and benevolent perlist formerly given to the publisher son in our land. of the work, the name of every Aux- Resolved, That notwithstanding the preiliary Society and Clergyman, who sent pecuniary embarrassment of the Ame
rican Colonization Society, there is nothing has not, within the last two years, in the state of its affairs, that should disafforded aid to the Parent Society; courage the friends of that institution with and they give this notice of their in-respect to the prosecution of their benevolent tention. If, in carrying into effect
Resolved, That this Synod earnestly rethis operation, any Society or Clergy-commend the American Colonization Society man shall
, by mistake, be errone-to the prayers and patronage of the churches ously included amongst the non-con
under its care. tributors, and fail to receive the Re- The foregoing resolutions were, we pository, the Managers hope the er- learn from a correspondent of the ror will be pardoned, and that infor-New York Observer, (November 1) mation will be immediately given adopted with but two dissenting thereof to this office, in order that voices. "In support,” says the same the procedure may be corrected. gentleman, "of the resolutions, he
Hon. Theodore Frelinghuysen, a annuated. All of them seem to be member of the Synod, made a most above the ordinary class for vigor and eloquent address, and was listened to intelligence. with delight and fixed attention by There are also on board the ship the members of that large and res- Ninus 14 very valuable slaves, bepectable body
longing to the estate of the late Mat“The almost unanimons adoption of thew Page, Esq. of Frederick Co. the resolutions evinces clearly, that Va. and now liberated with the conthe cause of Colonization has still a sent of Rev. Mr. Andrews and Lady, firm bold upon the judgment and (the daughter of Mr. Page,) to join feelings of the friends of religion and at the old Colony others heretofore humanity within the bounds of the sent by Mrs. Page, the excellent sister New Jersey Synod.”
of Bishop Meade. These are all amply
provided for, having large stores of DEATII OF THOMAS S. GRIMKE.
clothing, provisions, and tools, and With heartfelt grief we record the death of Thomas S. GRIMKE. This every thing necessary to render them
comfortable, distinguished friend of literature, re
There are also on board of the same ligion, and humanity, died in the
ship two white gentlemen and a lady, 49th year of his age, on the 12th of
who go out as instructers. Upon the October last, of the cholera, at the
whole, there has no expedition gone house of Mr. Anderson, in Madison
to that country beiter equipped, and County, Ohio. A more detailed
which has fairer prospects of success tice of the life and character of the
than the present. deceased than there is room for in
On the subject of this new settlethe present number, is due to his
ment, we subjoin the following article memory, and will appear in our next. from the New York Spectator of OcEMIGRANTS TO AFRICA.
Itober 23d. The ship N10-, Capt. H. Parsons, It is pleasing to learn that information sailed from Norfolk on Sunday the from various quarters confirms the wisdom 26th of October, for Liberia, in Africa. of the selection made by the Young Men's She had on board 128 emigrants, 110
Colonization Society of Pennsylvania, for
their new colony. We have been favoured of whom were liberated by the late with the perusal of a letter from the Rev. Dr. Hawes, of Rappahannock, Va. John Hersey, late Vice Governor of the Cape who also appropriated funds for their Palmas Colony, to an officer of that Society,
from which we make the following extracts. transportation.
“Respecting Bassa Cove as a location for With the approbation of the Parent the settlement of a colony of coloured people, Colonization Society, these' go to [ regret that it is not in my power to give found a new colo:y at Bassa Cove, ination, in reference to this interesting sub
you more extensive and satisfactory inforabout eighty miles distant from Mon-ject. My time during my stay in Africa was rovia, on the coast of that continent, almost exclusively engrossed in making prewhose nations are sitting in darkness, parations for the comfort and accommodation and in the regions of the shadow of of the new.colony recently settled at Cape death. They are sent to give them ledge of that section of country is very li
Palmas, consequently my personal knowthe light of Christian example, and mited; nor can extensive or correct informato introduce among them the arts of tion be acquired in that land of ignorance, civilized life. This colony is to be "I was at Grand Bassa on my way to Cape
without much time and labour. established on strictly Christian and Palmas, and only spent part of two days temperance principles. These first there. There is a beautiful river (the št. emigrants to this new colony are John's) which empties into the ocean at that nearly all members of the Baptist place. On the margin of this sheet of water,
there has been a flourishing little town erectChurch, and have in their numbered during the past year, called Edina, The three preachers of their own colour inhabitants appeared to be in good health, Twenty of them can read and write; and I was informed that they had suffered and a goodly portion of them have few of their number by death, although they
very little from sickness, and had lost very valuable trades, and not one is super-'had no physician with them. The margin
of the river and surrounding country is form holy religion, as revealed in the sacred ed of rich, high and sandy ground, which Scriptures, and that the continuance of the appears to be free from marsh, swamp, or system, any longer than is necessary to premangrove. At a distance of twenty or thirty pare for its safe and beneficial termination is miles in the interior, two large and beautiful sinful, feel it their duty earnestly to recommountains of a conical form arise to view. mend to all Presbyteries, church sessions, I was informed by several of the colonists and people under their care, to commence who had been in their vicinity, that several immediate preparation for the termination of beautiful streams of pellucid water ran down slavery among us;--so that this evil may their sides, which, alter ineandering through cease to exist with the present generation; a moderately broken and diversified country, and the future offspring of our slaves may be empty into the St. Johns. The colonists free. have cleared the land in the vicinity of Edina In recommending that emancipation be to some extent, which is now under cultiva- universally extended to all slaves hereafter tion, and yields all the products of tropical born, this Synod would not be understood as countries in abundance. The soil is of a excluding those now living from the operasandy texture, and is consequently cultivated tion of the benevolent principle above comwith great facility. I was better pleased inended. They believe there may be at the with the appearance of the country in the present time many slaves belonging to memvicinity of Grand Bassa and Bassa Cove as a bers of the Presbyterian communion, whose point of settlement, than any other place I situations would be greatly improved by saw on the coast.
emancipation; and that many others, especial"I hope that your laudable and truly be-ly of the children and youth might be preparnevolent efforts in the cause of suffering and ed for freedom by the use of reasonable efdegraded humanity, will be crowned with forts on the part of their masters. But it is complete and triumphant success. Africa dificult to provide by general rules for such appears to be designed by a good and muni individual cases, and this Synod thinks it ficent God, as the residence and home of the best to leave them to the operation of the coloured man.-There he can enjoy the chriztian law of love on the consciences of sweets of liberty and religion, together with men. all the necessary comforts of this life. For the purpose of promoting harmony and
I am fully persuaded that the plan of Co-concert of action on this important subject, lonization pursued rationally, judiciously, the Synod do and perseveringly, will ultimately silence Resolve, That a committee of ten be apall the clamors of its enemies, and induce pointed, to consist of an equal number of the reilecting part of our coloured people to ministers and elders, whose business it shall desire a lot in the land of their fathers as ar- be to digest and prepare a plan for the moral dently as they are now taught to detest that and religious instruction of our slaves, and country and their best friends.
for their future emancipation, and to report "Yours, respectfully and affectionately, such plan to the several Presbyteries within
"JOHN HERSEY. the bounds of this Synod, for their considera"To Elliot Cresson, Esq.”
tion and approval.
Resolved further, That this Synod have SYNOD OF KENTUCKY.
unabated confidence in the scheme of AtriFrom the Wesiern (Kentucky) Luminary, Oct. can Colonization, and hope of its great use15, 1931.
fulness, and that we look upon Airican CoThe Synod of Kentucky commen- Ionization as one interesting door of hope ced their annual meeting in the Pres-opened to us in the providence of God for byterian church at Danville, on Wed
doing a signal service of patriotism to our
common country, an act of justice to the unnesday, the 8th inst. The Rev. fortunate African race among 113, and for ANDREW Todd was chosen Mode-spreading the blessings of civilization and the rator, and Rev. NATHAN L. Rice, everlasting gospel in the interior of Africa.
After considerable discussion the paper and Rev. JAMES HAWTHORN Clerks.
was adopted; the yeas and nays being called Our information extends only to Sa- for, are as follows; viz: turday evening. Up to that time but YEAS–J. Howe, S. Robinson, J. K. Burch, little business of special interest had
J. C. Barnes, Wm. Dixon, J. H. Brown, J. been transacted, excepting the adop- T. Root, P. Vanarsdale, J. Green, A. Reed,
C. Young, Jos. Huber, W. L. Breckinridge, , , tion of the preamble and resolutions L. Landrum, Hugh Hays, L. Anskins, Abner which we subjoin, on the subject of LIamilton, J. Calhoun, Ch. Cunningham, C. Slavery.
A. Campbell, J. G. Simrall, W. W. Hall, J.
F. Price, R. Davidson, S. Wilson, R. Stuart, Declaration and Resolutions of the Synod of L. W. Dunlap, J. N. Blackburn, A. T. Skill
Kentucky, concerning Slavery. man, J. H. Logan, John Brown, W.B. Redd, This Synod, believing that the system of Asa Farrar, J. S. Berryman, Dan'l. B. Price, absolu’e and hereditary domestic slavery, as J. L. Tracy, J.M.C. Irwin, A. A. Shannon, it exists among the members of our commu- James Hawthorn, N. L. Rice, Alfred Hamnion, is repugnant to the principles of our ilton, M. Hardin, Alex. Loyan, Chas.