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lars to the various benevolent societies of | the day. The amount designated for these societies in his will was 13,200 dollars. But they were also made residuary legatees of property which he would have distributed while living, had it been practicable, without loss, to withdraw it from his


"On his deathbed he said to a brother, 'Do good with your substance while living, and as you have opportunity; otherwise, when you come to die, you will be at a loss to know what distribution it is best to make of it. The trouble and care of such a distribution in a dying hour,' he thought,' should be avoided by every Christian, by disposing of his property while in life and health, as the Lord should prosper him, and present to him opportunities of doing good.'

teen he publicly professed his faith in Christ, devoting himself to the service of God in the sphere in which Providence had placed him, considering himself under the same obligation to employ his business talent for the glory of his Saviour that devolved on the minister of the Gospel to consecrate the talents intrusted to him for the same great end.

At the age of twenty-three he drew up and subscribed the following remarkable document:

"By the grace of God, I will never be worth more than 50,000 dollars.

"By the grace of God, I will give one fourth of the nett profit of my business to charitable and religious uses.

"If I am ever worth 20,000 dollars, I will give one half of my nett profits; and if I am ever worth 30,000 dollars, I will give three fourths; and the whole after 50,000. So help me God, or give to a more faithful steward and set me aside."

"From the period above referred to, it became his established rule to use for benevolent distribution all the means which he could take from his business, and still prosecute it successfully and to the best advantage. He was usually secret with regard to donations of a private or personal nature. A memorandum which he kept three or four years before his death, 'lest he should think that he gave more than he did,' shows that his gifts were numerous and large-sufficiently so to prove that he adhered to his principle of holding all as consecrated to the Lord. A slip of paper, taken from his vest pocket after his death, mentions the amount of his contributions at the monthly prayer-meeting for missions among the heathen to have been thirty dollars, or 360 dollars a year.

"To this covenant," says his memoir, "he adhered with conscientious fidelity. He distributed the profits of his business with an increasing ratio, from year to year, till he reached the point which he had fixed as a limit to his property, and then gave to the cause of God all the money which he earned. At one time, finding that his property had increased beyond 50,000 dollars, he at once devoted the surplus, 7500 dollars, as a foundation for a professorship in the Newton Theological Institution.

"On his deathbed he said to a friend, in allusion to the resolutions quoted above, 'By the grace of God-nothing else-by the grace of God, I have been enabled, under the influence of these resolutions, to give away more than 40,000 dollars. How good the Lord has been to me!" "

"In personal and domestic expenditure he studied Christian economy. While he denied himself no reasonable comfort, it was his habit to consider what things he might dispense with, that he might have Mr. Cobb-such is the testimony of those the more to give for charitable purposes. who, like myself, knew him well-was Modest and unassuming in his natural also an active, humble, and devoted Chrischaracter, he thought it not consistent tian, seeking the prosperity of feeble with the simplicity of the Gospel for one churches; labouring to promote the beprofessing godliness to follow the customs nevolent institutions of the day; punctual and fashions of the world. While oth-in his attendance at prayer-meetings, and ers were enlarging their expenditures, he anxious to aid the inquiring sinner; watchstudied retrenchment in all things. ful for the eternal interests of those under his charge; mild and amiable in his deportment; and, in the general tenour of his life and character, an example of consistent piety.

"When he set out in the world, it was with the purpose to be rich. But grace opened his heart, and taught him that the only valuable use of money is to do good with it; a lesson which he emphatically exemplified in his practice, and which made him an instrument of good, the extent of which can never be known till it is revealed at the last day." Another instance is that of a cotempo-me-I have everything to bind me here-I rary of Mr. Smith, Mr. Nathaniel Ripley am happy in my family-I have property Cobb, at Boston, who died only seven enough-but how small and mean does months after him. Mr. Cobb was a mer- this world appear when we are on a sickchant in that city, and a member of one of bed! Nothing can equal my enjoyment its Baptist churches. At the age of nine- in the near view of heaven. My hope in

His last sickness and death were peace-ful, yea, triumphant. "It is a glorious thing," said he, "to die. I have been active and busy in the world-I have enjoyed as much as any one- -God has prospered


Christ is worth_infinitely more than all pairing the loss sustained by the Baptist other things. The blood of Christ—the missionaries at Serampore. He regretted blood of Christ-none but Christ! O how that he had not been able to make the sum thankful I feel that God has provided a 500 dollars ; consoled himself with the way that I, sinful as I am, may look for thought that he might do it still, at some ward with joy to another world, through period not very far distant; and said that, if his dear Son."

any of the bank-notes proved less valuable But I know no instance of more syste- than specie, he would make up the deficienmatic and long-continued benevolence, nor cy. one that produced equal fruit from similar " Mr. Goodell had made what he thought resources, than that of the late Mr. Solo- suitable provision for his children as he mon Goodell, of Vermont, who died when passed through life. After consulting his about seventy. Mr. Goodell was a farmer. wife, he left her such portion of his estates The following notice of him, though long, as was satisfactory to her, gave several will be read with interest. It is from a small legacies, and made the Board his source worthy of all confidence.

residuary legatee. He supposed that the “ About the year 1809, the writer of these property left to the Board by will would lines observed a donation of 100 dollars to not be less than 1000 dollars; but, as some the Connecticut Missionary Society, pub- part of it was, and still is unsaleable, the lished in the annual accounts as from Mr. exact amount cannot be stated.* Goodell. Such donations were, at that “On visiting Mr. Goodell at his house, time, very uncommon in this country, and you would find no gentleman with an indewith regard to that society, nearly or quite pendent fortune, but a plain man in modunprecedented. The thought occurred, erate circumstances, on one of the rudest that doubtless some gentleman of inde- spots in the neighbourhood of the Green pendent fortune had thought proper to take Mountains, every dollar of whose properup his residence in the interior of Vermont, ty, was either gained by severe personal and that he considered the society just na- labour, or saved by strict frugality, or remed a good channel for his pious benefi- ceived as interest on small sums lent to his

This conclusion was strengthened neighbours. His house was comfortable, by seeing a similar donation from the same but, with the farm on which it stood, was source at the return of each successive worth only between 700 and 1000 dollars. year for a considerable period.

His income was derived principally from “ When the American Board of Foreign a dairy. Missions began its operations, Mr. Goodell “ Besides the donations above mentiondid not wait for an agent to visit him, but ed, Mr. Goodell made many smaller ones. sent a message (or came himself) more to missionary societies formed to send the than fifty miles, to a member of the Board, Gospel to new settlements. He paid fifty saying that he wished to subscribe 500 dol- dollars or more, at one time, to a mission. lars for immediate use, and a thousand for ary whom he employed to preach in the the permanent fund. He sent $50 as ear-destitute towns near him. He aided in the nest-money, and said he would forward the education of pious young men for the minremaining $450 as soon as he could raise istry, by furnishing them with money that sum; and would pay the interest an- for their necessary expenses. He discov-nually upon the 1000 dollars until the prin- ered: no ostentation, so far as we have been cipal should be paid. This engagement he able to learn, in his religious charities. punctually complied with, paying the in- Certain it is that he always appeared to terest, and just before his death transfer- consider himself as the obliged party, and ring notes and bonds secured by mortga- as obtaining a favour from societies which ges, which including the thousand dollars he made the almoners of his bounty. Far-above mentioned) amounted to 1708 dol- thest of all was he from supposing that his lars, 37 cts. ; that is, a new donation was charitable exertions could make any atonemade of 708 dollars, 37 cts., to which was ment for sin, or authorize any claims upon afterward added another bond and mort- the divine mercy, He held to the most gage of 350 dollars.

entire self-renunciation, and to dependance * Before this last transaction, he had upon Christ alone.” made repeated intermediate donations. At

A very lovely example of benevolence one time he brought to the Rev. Dr. Ly, is to be found in one of our large cities. man, of Hatfield (the member of the Board It is the case of a comparatively young above referred to), the sum of 465 dollars. man, who was born of parents belonging After the money was counted, Dr. Lyman to the Episcopal Church, and was taught said to him, ' I presume, sir, you wish this the Lord's Prayer and the Apostles' Creed sum endorsed upon your note of 1000 dol- by his pious mother; he was instructed in lars.' 'Oh, no,' was his reply ; 'I believe that note is good yet. This is a separate in aid of missions to the heathen, we find that, from

* In the summary view of Mr. Goodell's donations matter.' He then expressed his wish that the 12th of February, 1812, to the 19th of November, the money might be remitted towards re- 1816, they amounted to 3885 dollars, 16 cts.

a Presbyterian Sunday-school, learned his of Europe, respecting the religious and occupation (that of an apothecary) with a moral condition of America, is wholly imBaptist, and was brought to a saving knowl- possible in a work like this ; we must, edge of Christ under the preaching of the therefore, confine our attention to but a Methodists. After having gained enough few of them. to furnish a comfortable competency to 1. One of the most common objections those of his family who are dependant upon against the religious institutions of this him, he now gives all his nett profits to the country is, that they have not prevented promotion of the cause of his Lord and the bankruptcies and other species of disMaster. Nor does he confine his charities honesty which have here occurred, especito any one channel, or to any one denomi- ally of late years. But is it reasonable to nation of Christians. On the contrary, his make the religious institutions of a coundelight is to aid every good work, no mat- try responsible for the occurrence of such ter by whom it may be prosecuted. It is things ? Must the churches in America be astonishing to learn what this devoted and blamed for the unwise legislation of the excellent young man has been able to do country, as well general as local, which during the period of ten years.

has been the primary cause of the overOne of the most remarkable instances of trading and inordinate speculation which benevolence I have known was that of a prevailed a few years ago, and which was coloured woman, who gave sixty dollars so disastrous in its reaction ? Must they on one occasion to educate pious but poor be accountable for the avidity with which young men for the ministry. She sup- the foreign merchant, manufacturer, and ported herself by her labour as a servant. money-lender encouraged the adventurous When she offered the above sum, the agent American merchant and trader to purchase refused to receive it all until pressed by their goods on credit, and invest their the humble donor, who said that she had money in American stocks, often with litreserved five dollars; that she had no one tle or no effort to make a proper discrimidependant on her, and that she hoped to nation between them? Must they be exearn enough to provide for her wants in pected not only to prevent our own people, her last sickness, and for her funeral: nor whether in an individual or a corporate in this was she disappointed. She often capacity, from committing acts of rascalgave large sums, for one in her circum- ity, but also to exert a similar influence stances, and rejoiced to have it in her power upon the foreign adventurers who come to do anything for Christ and his cause. among us from all parts of the Old World

Would that I could say that such benev- (and their number is not small), the real olence is universal among the Christians object of many of whom is to swindle the of the United States. Alas! all that is American creditor out of all they can, and done by too many of our merchants and then escape to Europe ? Take our merothers, who profess to love Him who died chants who are engaged in foreign comto save the world, is in reality nothing in merce in the mass, and I hesitate not to comparison with the means which they say that, as a body, they have acted with have, or have had. Too many have in- as much good faith as any men in similar dulged in a luxurious and expensive style circumstances have ever done, during the of living, while they knew that men were last seven or eight years of commercial dying in their sins, and ignorant of the and financial difficulty through which the Gospel. It is for this sin, with others, country has passed. Many of them ruined that God has caused so many of our rich themselves in endeavouring to meet their Christians to lose their riches in the com- engagements abroad, by paying an exormercial and financial distress with which bitant interest on the loans which they the country has been visited during the made for that purpose. I speak here of last few years.

Nevertheless, it is cer- them as a body; that there have been intainly true that the spirit of benevolence stances of dishonesty among them will not is extending itself more and more among be denied, nor will any one be astonished the Christian portion of the community. at it. May God hasten the day when Christian Our General Government has not failed men, in all spheres, will deliberately act to meet its engagements, nor is it likely on the principle of glorifying God in their to do so. And as to our twenty-nine business, and live for the promotion of His states and territories, more than one third cause, labouring as diligently, to make of them have no debts whatever; more money for this high purpose as they now than another third have not failed for do for their own gratification. Such a day a single day to meet their engagements ; must come, or I see not how the world is and of the others who have for a time ever to be converted to Christ.

failed to do so, only one has avowed and XI. MISCONCEPTION AND MISREPRESENTA- acted upon the doctrine of “repudiation," TIONS ABROAD.—To notice all the miscon- and that in the case of a loan which the ceptions and misrepresentations which are Legislature of that state believed to have prevalent in some, if not in all portions | been fraudulently contracted. But this doctrine of repudiation is itself repudiated | bear the stigma of making loud professions with scorn in all other parts of the Union, and solemn promises to swindle honest and and will be so in the state in which it had unsuspecting creditors. Our debts to the its origin. Some of our states are not at last cent must be paid, whatever struggles present able to meet the engagements the effort may cost. On this point there which they made a few years ago in the must be no shuffling or evasion, but an honenormous loans which they contracted at est acknowledgment of our responsibilihome and abroad, in order to accomplish ties, and a steady and honest aim to meet the extensive lines of canals and railroads them. With this disposition prevalent, and which they undertook during the years of proved by corresponding action, the voice unbounded, and, I must say, unnatural pros- of vituperation and abuse will be hushed, perity which the country enjoyed. But and our enemies abroad and at home will they will ultimately, I doubt not, fulfil all confess that they have been too hasty and these engagements faithfully. They feel rash in their opinions of our national integunable to do so now, but they have not rity.” repudiated. On this subject, the following We are willing that religion should be extract from a sermon preached in the held accountable for a great deal; but we city of Philadelphia,* on a public occasion, are not willing that the church in America expresses the opinions and feelings of should be blamed for not preventing what every Christian minister in the land. the churches in no other countries have

“ The doctrine of repudiation, upon which been able to prevent. The members propthe changes have been rung throughout Eu- er of all our churches, evangelical and unrope to our great discredit, has, am hap- evangelical, do not exceed a fifth part of py to believe, but few advocates in our our population; and though the influence Commonwealth. There is a vast differ- which they exert is unquestionably as salence in point of honour and morality in ad- utary as that of any other body of equal mitting the justice of a claim, but inability number in the world, yet it is obvious they to meet it, and denying that any such claim cannot control circumstances such as I exists. Men, whose honesty is above sus- have alluded to. Would the churches in picion, sometimes become involved and are Great Britain, France, Holland, Germany, utterly unable to meet their engagements. or any other country, like to be held reIt may be so with a community, a state, or sponsible for all the acts of legislation, doa nation. It is deeply to be lamented that mestic and foreign, of their respective such an exigency should ever occur. The countries, and all the villanies which have effect is eminently disastrous in impairing been and are annually perpetrated in them? public confidence, and weakening the ties I think not ; nor should they apply to their which should bind men together as a great brethren in America a rule by which they common brotherhood. But poverty is not would not like to be measured themnecessarily a crime in a government any selves.* more than it is in an individual. Public en- 2. The Political disturbances which ocgagements may not be met at the time, and cur in America are not unfrequently spoyet the public faith may eventually be pre- ken of in Europe in a way that conveys a served inviolate. I have nothing to say in reflection upon the churches of this land, defence of those who advocate the doctrine as if they ought to prevent these things. of repudiation in any form or under any cir- That these disturbances do take place, no cumstances. They deserve all the obloquy one will deny. There is not a good man and reproach which is heaped upon them. in the United States who has not lamentIt is nothing better than public swindling, ed what are called the “ Abolition Riots," where the means of redress are placed be- and other disgraceful scenes which have yond the reach of those who are wronged. occurred within the last few years. These Ít matters not a particle that the money bor- disturbances, however, have been greatly rowed has been misapplied, or squandered exaggerated as to their frequency and in projects which yield no profit. This is their extent, in the reports which reach our misfortune, or, it may be, our fault. Europe. Our newsmongers, in their eaBut it does not make void a solemn com

* A good deal has been said in Europe, by men pact, in which the public faith has been who have travelled in America, respecting the impledged. I cannot believe that the mis- positions which they have suffered in this country. chievous, disgraceful sentiments which There is no Christian man in the United States who have been promulgated by a few on this is not distressed when he hears of such things. But subject, will meet with anything like gen- their religious institutions for such occurrences ?

is it just to blame the whole people of the land and eral favour. Our resources, our love of The author of this book has travelled much in almost justice, and our honour abroad and at home, every country in Europe, and he can affirm, with all forbid such a resort to relieve ourselves truth, that he has suffered impositions, and some of from a pecuniary pressure. It is better to them very gross, in them all; but he would deem submit to any personal sacrifices than to as of that charity which his religion requires, if he gerness to concoct a piquant article of seacoast which bounds the country on the news for those for whom ihey cater, often east and south, of wilderness frontier on give the most astounding exaggerations the west, the mountain ranges in the cenof what was a dispute or open quarrel be- tre, and the forests which abound almost tween some firemen, or between the blacks everywhere, which furnish innumerable and whites in the suburbs of our cities, facilities for the commission of crime and or the interruption which some lecturer on escape from punishment, without being slavery has encountered in some of our vil- surprised that we have had so few disturblages. These representations go abroad, ances of a serious character, especially are circulated there, and lead many peo- when we have had the element of slavery, ple to think that our whole country is in with all its concomitant evils, to augment a continual state of disorder. But every the difficulty of our position. It would reAmerican knows how to appreciate these quire the army of the Czar of all the reports, and is no way concerned about Russias to keep up a strong armed police, them, except to regret their occurrence. which some upbraid us for not having, and Indeed, neither their frequency nor their which would be necessary, if it were not nature is such as to give him any seri- that the moral influence which pervades ous apprehensions. For these things are the country—and which owes it existence local, unfrequent, and wholly insignificant to our religious institutions-furnishes a in comparison with the bruit which our substitute which is infinitely better. We newspapers make about them. And they have had three attempts, one in Pennsyl. no more affect the peace of the country vania, one in South Carolina, and one in than the passing cloud ruffles the bosom Rhode Island, not to overthrow the political of our beautiful lakes.

himself utterly destitute of common sense, as well

were to judge the people of any of those countries by * By the Rev. Mr. Rood.

such instances.

institutions of the country, but to obtain Within the last seven or eight years redress of grievances, real or imaginary, in there have been some disgraceful instan- an extra-constitutional way; and yet all ces of summary punishment, without the three were suppressed without the loss of intervention of a proper trial before the one life taken away either in battle or by courts of law, of some gamblers, swindlers, the administration of law. To what was and negroes (who had committed shock- this owing? To the patience, the conciliing crimes) in some of our Southwestern ation, and the due use of argument which States and Territories. But these instan- the Christianity of the country could alone ces have hardly exceeded in number that inspire and teach.* of the ten years in which they have oc- A few other facts may be stated to show curred. They took place, too, in a part the happy influence which Christianity exof the country which is new, and very erts in the United States in securing the thinly settled; where religious institutions maintenance of order in a nation of eighhave scarcely taken root, and where the teen and a half millions. forms in which the administration of jus- Notwithstanding the unbounded facilities tice is carried on have hardly begun to for highway robberies in almost all secexist. However much every well-inform- tions of the country, who has ever heard ed, good man in America must lament of the existence of hordes of banditti these things, he cannot but be less aston- either in our mountains or our forests ? ished at their occurrence than at the in- And how few highway robberies and murfrequency of them. No man can look at ders, comparatively, have ever taken place the great extent of even the settled por- in this country! In many of the Western tion of the United States, the long line of States, a solitary man, or even a boy, may

be seen carrying the mail on horseback * A great deal has been said in Europe about the through unbroken forests, from town to prejudice which exists in America against the coloured people, and the difficulty of the two races * That the political institutions of the United living iogether. But it is a singular and indisputa. Slates rest upon a pretty sure basis, and are deeply ble fact, that almost all the disturbances (which, af. planted in the affections of the people, is most cer: ter all, do not amount to much) that occur between tain, whatever inferences foreigners may sometimes the blacks and whites in the suburbs of Philadel. make from the language uttered in moments of ir. phia, New-York, and other cities, take place be- ritation and despondency by the organs of our polititween the former and the Germans and Irish wbish cal parties in the hour of defeat or disappointment. live in those districts.

In proof of this, the fact inight be cited that two † When we speak of the instances of disorders newspapers have been published for several years in which sometimes occur in the Southwestern and the city of New York, one in French and the other Western districts of the country, it is worth while in English, which ably advocate the principles of to notice the remarkable instances of the triumph of monarchy as it exists in France and England, and order which are also sometimes witnessed in them, incessantly attack and vilify the political institutions amid very peculiar circumstances. A few years ago, and the measures of the country which furnishes a man committed murder at the lead mines of Du-them hospitality and protection. And what is the buque, in what is now Iowa Territory, before there effect? These, perhaps, are read by the foreigners was any sort of political government established among us—for whom they are in fact publishedthere. The people assembled of their own accord, ar- and by some of our own people. But no American rested the murderer, chose judges, constituted a has the slightest regard for what they say, nor does court, and gave him a fair trial before a jury. He was the government for a moment trouble itself about condemned after such a trial, and peaceably executed! I them.

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