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Order of the Emperor of Russia laying an Embargo on English Vessels.---(From the Court Gazette.)

Petersburgh, Nov. 18 and 23. THE crews of two English ships in the harbour of Narva,

on the arrival of a military force to put them under arrest, in consequence of the embargo laid on them, having made resistance, fired pistols, and forced a Russian failor into the water, and afterwards weighed anchor, and failed away; his Imperial Majesty has been plcased to order that the remainder of the vessels in that harbour shall be burned.

His Imperiat Majesty having received from his chamberlain, Italinskoi, at Palermo, an account of the taking of Malta, has been pleased to direct that the following note shall be transmitted to all the diplomatic corps residing at his court by the minister presiding in the college for foreign affairs, Count Roftoptschin, and the Vice-chancellor, Count Panin :

“ His Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias having received the circumstantial account of the surrender of Malta, by which it is fully cohfirmed that the English generals, notwithstanding repeated representations of his Imperial Majesty's minister, and the ministers of the King of the T wo Sicilies, have taken post session of Valetta and the island of Malta in the name of the King of Britain, and hoisted the English flag alone ; his Majesty sees with just displeasure such a breach of good faith, and has resolved that the embargo laid on all the English vessels in the Russian harbours shall not be taken off till the conditions of the convention concluded in the year 1798 shall be punctually fulfilled."

Letter from Mr. Shairp, relative to the British Prisoners in Russia. VARIOUS reports having been circulated respecting the unfor.

tunate British subjects now in Russia, I send you the followa ing authentic information,

The persons of the British merchants have hitherto remained unmolested ; and what ready money they had in their possession has not been seized; but their warehouses are sealed, and all their property is under sequester. All the British ships and their cargoes are seized by the Rullian government. The captains and crews are marched into the interior of the country, in companies of one captain and ten or twelve seamen. They are distributed in above a hundred different towns, at one hundred to one thoum sand miles distance from the capital. The Russian government allows for their subsistence daily five copeaks in money (about three halfpence), a small measure of rye flour, and one of buck wheat. Vol. X.

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My brother and some other British merchants at St. Peterburgh, advanced about forty thousand rubles (a ruble is about half a crown) for their better accominodation, from which he furnished every captain with two hundred rubles for the use of himself and ten men, and bought for every man a sheep's-skin coat, a fur cap, a fath, a pair of gloves, fome warm shoes, and two pair of stockings. Kibitkas, or common carts of the country, are bought for most of the captains and some old men ; the rest walk, and the peasants furnish horses for the baggage. On the 2rst of November, fitty captains and five hundred sailors were thus dispatched from St. Petersburgh, and the remainder were daily setting off on their melancholy journey. No. 73, Gower Street,

STEPHEN SHAIRP,
Nov. 17, 1800.

Conful General of Ruflia.

Note delivered by Citizen Buys, the Minister of the Batavian Republic,

to his Swedish Majesty, published at Stockholm, November 30. THE 'HE Batavian republic, being aware of the character of her

enemy, and to what point the pretends to exercise her domi. nion over the seas, even with respect to neutral and allied powers, has hitherto abstained, through a regard for peace, to enforce those rights which she might in justice have reclaimed. But as this enemy has no longer set any bounds to her pride or to her insatiable avarice, the Batavian government would deem itself criminally responsible to the nation, the interests of which are confided toits care, if it did not raise its voice in order to obtain reparation for so many outrages.

As to you, Sire, Europe has its eyes upon you, and expe&s with impatience the prompt satisfaction which is due to you. If the English government, deaf to the voice of honour, and to the representations of your Majesty, do not make, before the expiration of one year, the reparation which is demanded, the Batavian government will find itself reduced to the harsh neceffity of concerting with its allies the necessary means for securing its ports from any violence similar to that which has been exercised against the Swedish flag. The undersigned flatters himself that his Swe. dish Majesty will communicate to the Batavian government the result of his application to the court of London. He withes to his Majelly the most complete success, as his Majesty will thereby acquire a new right to the public esteem, and to the gratitude of a republic which he has always honoured by his good will.

(Signed)

I}uys.

Subfiance

Substance of the Answer. THE chancellor of the Swedish court has answered by a note, in which he thanks the Batavian government, in the name of his master, for the part which the former has taken respecting the insult offered to the Swedish fag. His Majesty then proceeds to declare, that, with respect to the terın of a year, pointed out for the purpose of obtaining a reparation from England, he does not think himself by any means circumscribed in point of time. If unexpected obstacles Thould interfere to prevent the removal of the existing difficuliies, he should not deem himself any more responsible for any abuse of the Swedish flag, which the belligereist powers may choose to employ by way of reprisals against England, more than he does for the abuse which Great Britain has committed against Spain. It is probable, however, that the court of London, for its own safety, will prevent fimilar irregularities in future. But if the fear of such events should lead some states to measures more or less rigorous, the Batavian government have given too many proots of the wisdom of its administration, to suffer his Swedish Majesty to believe that it will have recourse 10 any measures which in their consequences may tend to involve the neutral powers.

Speech of the President of the United States of America, on the Meeting

of both Houses of Congress in the Senate Chamber at Washington, on the 22d of November, Gentlemen of the Senate, and Gentlemen of

the House of Representatives, IMMEDIATELY after the adjournment of Congress, at their

last session in Philadelphia, I gave directions, in compliance with the laws, for the removal of the public offices, records, and property. These directions have been executed, and the public officers have fince resided and conducted the ordinary business of the government in this place.

I congratulate the people of the United States on the assembling of Congress at the permanent seat of their government, and I congratulate you, Gentlemen, on the prospect of a refidence not to be changed. Although there is caufe to apprehend that accommodations are not now so complete as might be wished, yet there is great reason to believe that this inconvenience will cease with the present feflion.

It would be unbecoming the representatives of the nation to assemble, for the first time in this folemn temple, without looking up to the Supreme Ruler of the universe, and imploring his blelling, May this territory be the refidence of virtue and happiness! In this city mayohat pity and virtue, that wisdom and magnanimity, X X 2

that

that constancy and self-government, which adorned the great character whose name it bears, be for ever held in veneration! Here, and throughout our country, may simple manners, pure morals, and true religion, flourish for ever!

It is with you, Gentlemen, to consider whether the local powers over the district of Columbia, vested by the constitution in the Congress of the United States, shall be immediately exer. cised. If in your opinion this important trust ought now to be executed, you cannot fail, while performing it, to take into view the future probable situation of the territory, for the happiness of which you are about to provide. You will consider it as the capital of a great nation, advancing with unexampled rapidity in arts, in commerce, in wealth, and in population ; and poffesfing within itself those energies and resources, which, if not thrown away, or lamentably mis-directed, secure to it a long course of prosperity and self-government.

In compliance with a law of the last session of Congress, the officers and soldiers of the temporary army have been discharged. It affords real pleasure to recollect the honourable testimony they gave of the patriotic motives which brought them into the service of their country, by the readiness and regularity with which they returned to the station of private citizens.

It is, in every point of view, of such primary importance to carry the laws into prompt and faithful execution, and to render that part of the administration of justice, which the constitution and laws devolve on the federal courts, as convenient to the people as may consist with their present circumstances, that I cannot omit once more to recommend to your serious consideration the judiciary system of the United States. No subject is more interesting than this to the public happiness, and to none can those improvements, which may have been suggested by experience, be more beneficially applied.

A treaty of amity and commerce with the King of Prussia has been concluded and ratified. The ratifications have been exchanged, and I have directed the treaty to be promulgated by proclamation.

The difficulties which suspended the execution of the sixth article of our treaty of amity, commerce, and navigation with Great Britain, have not yet been removed. The negotiation on this subject is still depending. As it must be for the interest and honour of both nations to adjust this difference with good faith, I indulge confidently the expectation, that the sincere endeavours of the government of the United States to bring it to an amicable termination, will not be disappointed.

The envoys extraordinary and ministers plenipotentiary from the United States to France were received by the First Con. sul with the respect due to their character, and three persons with

cqual equal powers were appointed to treat with them. Although at the date of the last official intelligence the negotiation had not terminated, yet it is to be hoped, that our efforts to effect an accommodation will at length meet with a success proportioned to the sincerity with which they have been so often repeated.

While our beft endeavours for the preservation of harmony with all nations will continue to be used, the experience of the worldour own experience-admonish us of the insecurity of trusting too confidently to their success. We cannot, without committing a dangerous imprudence, abandon those measures of self-protection, which are adapted to our situation, and to which, notwithstanding our pacific policy, the violence and injustice of others may again compel us to resort. While our valt extent of sea-coalt, the coma mercial and agricultural habits of our people, the great capital they will continue to trust on the ocean, suggest .the system of defence which will be most beneficial to ourselves our distance from Europe, and our resources for maritime strength, will enable us to employ it with effect. Seasonable and systematic arrangements, so far as our resources will justify, for a navy adapted to defensive war, and which may, in case of neceflity, be quickly brought into use, seem to be as much recommended by a wife and true economy, as by a just regard for our future tranquillity, for the safety of our thores, and for the protection of our property committed to the ocean. The present navy of the United States, called suddenly into existente by a great national, exigency, has raised us in our own esteem, and, by the protection afforded to our commerce, has effected, to the extent of our expectations, the objects for which it was created.

In connexion with a navy ought to be contemplated the fortification of some of our principal seaports and harbours. A variety of confiderations, which will readily suggest themselves, urge an attention to this measure of precaution. To give fecurity to our principal ports, considerable fums have already been expended, but the works remain incomplete. It is for Congress to determine whether additional appropriations thall be made, in order to render competent to the intended purposes the fortifications which have been commenced.

The manufacture of arms within the United States still invites the attention of the national legislature. At a considerable expense to the public, this manufactory has been brought to such a state of maturity, as, with continued encouragement, will super fede the neceflity of future importations from foreign countries.

Gentlemen of the House of Representatives, I shall direct the estimates of the appropriations necessary for the ensuing year, together with an account of the public revenue and expenditures, to a late period, to be laid before you. I ob

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