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} May 25,

Debate or part

of debate of

Dec. 2,

{ Supplement to 1741

Dec. 12,

Feb. 3, 1741

{ Jan. 1742

Feb. 27,

Į Jan. 26,

(April 13, ,

Feb. 24,

April 13, »

Jan. 27,

Feb. 24,

Nov. 25, 1740

Nov. 25,

April 8, 1741

April 8,
The Session ended on July

Dec. 1,

Dec. 4,
Dec. 4,

Dec. 4,

Dec. 8,

Dec. 8,

May 25, 1742
| The Session opened on
Nov. 16.

May 25,

June 1,

Dec. 10, 1740
Supplement to 1742

June 1, 1742

Dec. 10, 1740
Jan. 1743

Feb, 13, 1741

Feb. 13,

Feb. 13,
The Session ended on April 21

Mar. 9, 1742
Nov. 16,
Mar. 9,
Feb. 1, 1743
Mar. 9, 1742
Mar. 23,
Feb. I, 1743
Feb. I,

Feb. 1,

Feb. I,

Feb. 22,

Feb. 22,
The Session opened on Dec. I

Feb. 22,
Supplement to 1743

Feb. 22,
Jan. 1744

Dec. 10, 1742 Feb.

Feb. 22, 1743

Dec. 10, 1742 Mar. During the rest of 1744 the debates were given in the old form, and

April , May »

June »

July »

Aug. »

Dec. »

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in a style that is a close imitation of Johnson's. Most likely they were composed by Hawkesworth (ante, p. 252). In 1745 they were fewer in number, and in 1746 the reports of the Senate of Lilliputia with its Hurgoes and Clinabs passed away for ever. They had begun, to quote the words of the Preface to the Magazine for 1747, at a time when 'a determined spirit of opposition in the national assemblies communicated itself to almost every individual, multiplied and invigorated periodical papers, and rendered politics the chief, if not the only object, of curiosity.' They are a monument to the greatness of Walpole, and to the genius of Johnson. Had that statesman not been overthrown, the people would have called for these reports even though Johnson had refused to write them. Had Johnson still remained the reporter, even though Walpole no longer swayed the Senate of the Lilliputians, the speeches of that tumultuous body would still have been read. For though they are not debates, yet they have a vast vigour and a great fund of wisdom of their own.



(Page 340.) Malone published seven of the following letters in the fourth edition, and Mr. Croker the rest.


‘The account which Miss [Porter) gives me of your health pierces my heart. God comfort and preserve you and save you, for the sake of Jesus Christ.

'I would have Miss read to you from time to time the Passion of our Saviour, and sometimes the sentences in the Communion Service, beginning “Come unto me, all ye that travail and are heavy laden, and I will give

you rest."

'I have just now read a physical book, which inclines me to think that a strong infusion of the bark would do you good. Do, dear mother, try it.

* Pray, send me your blessing, and forgive all that I have done amiss to you. And whatever you would have done, and what debts you would have paid first, or any thing else that you would direct, let Miss put it down ; I shall endeavour to obey you. 'I have got twelve guineas' to send you, but unhappily am at a loss how

Six of these twelve guineas Johnson the printer. See Hawkins's Life of Johnson, appears to have borrowed from Mr. Allen, P: 366 n. MALONE,


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to send it to-night. If I cannot send it to-night, it will come by the next post.

. Pray, do not omit any thing mentioned in this letter : God bless you for ever and ever.

'I am your dutiful son,

'SAM. JOHNSON. Jan. 13, 1758


'I think myself obliged to you beyond all expression of gratitude for your care of my dear mother. God grant it may not be without success. Tell Kitty? that I shall never forget her tenderness for her mistress. Whatever you can do, continue to do. My heart is very full.

'I hope you received twelve guineas on Monday. I found a way of sending them by means of the postmaster, after I had written my letter, and hope they came safe. I will send you more in a few days. God bless you all.

'I am, my dear,
*Your most obliged
*And most humble servant,

SAM. JOHNSON. 'Jan. 16, 1759. Over the leaf is a letter to my mother.'


"Your weakness afflicts me beyond what I am willing to communicate to you. I do not think you unfit to face death, but I know not how to bear the thought of losing you. Endeavour to do all you (can) for yourself. Eat as much as you can.

'I pray often for you ; do you pray for me. I have nothing to add to my last letter.

'I am, dear, dear mother

"Your dutiful son,

SAM. JOHNSON.' Jan. 16, 1759.


I fear you are too ill for long letters; therefore I will only tell you, you have from me all the regard that can possibly subsist in the heart. I pray God to bless you for evermore, for Jesus Christ's sake. Amen. * Let Miss write to me every post, however short.

I am, dear mother,
"Your dutiful son,

SAM. JOHNSON.' Jan. 18, 1759.

• Written by mistake for 1759. On the fail,' MALONE. outside of the letter of the 13th was written · Catherine Chambers, Mrs. Johnson's by another hand— Pray acknowledge the maid-servant. She died in October, 1767. receipt of this by return of post, without MALONE. See post, ii. 43. VOL. I. LI


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'I will, if it be possible, come down to you. God grant I may yet (find) my dear mother breathing and sensible. D not tell her, lest I disappoint her. If I miss to write next post, I am on the road.

'I am, my dearest Miss,
* Your most humble servant,

SAM. JOHNSON. Jan. 20, 1759.

On the other side.


'Neither your condition nor your character make it fit for me to say much. You have been the best mother, and I believe the best woman in the world. I thank you for your indulgence to me, and beg forgiveness of all that I have done ill, and all that I have omitted to do well. God grant you his Holy Spirit, and receive you to everlasting happiness, for Jesus Christ's sake. Amen. Lord Jesus receive your spirit. Amen.

'I am, dear, dear mother,

"Your dutiful son,

'SAM. JOHNSON.' 'Jan. 20, 1759.


"You will conceive my sorrow for the loss of my mother, of the best mother. If she were to live again surely I should behave better to her. But she is happy, and what is past is nothing to her; and for me, since I cannot repair my faults to her, I hope repentance will efface them. I return you and all those that have been good to her my sincerest thanks, and pray God to repay you all with infinite advantage. Write to me, and comfort me, dear child. I shall be glad likewise, if Kitty will write to me.

I shall send a bill of twenty pounds in a few days, which I thought to have brought to my mother ; but God suffered it not. I have not power or composure to say much more. God bless you, and bless us all.

'I am, dear Miss,
"Your affectionate humble servant,

'SAM. JOHNSON Jan. 23, 1759

This letter was written on the second leaf of the preceding, addressed to Miss Porter. MALONE.

Mrs. Johnson probably died on the 20th or 21st January, and was buried on the day this letter was written. MALONE. On the day on which his mother was

buried Johnson composed a prayer, as being now about to return to the common comforts and business of the world.' Pr. and Med. p. 38. After his wife's death he had allowed forty days to pass before his return to life.' See ante, p. 234,

note 2.


Appendix B.


(The beginning is torn and lost.)

"You will forgive me if I am not yet so composed as to give any directions about any thing. But you are wiser and better than I, and I shall be pleased with all that you shall do. It is not of any use for me now to come down ; nor can I bear the place. If you want any directions, Mr. Howard' will advise you. The twenty pounds I could not get a bill for to-night, but will send it on Saturday 'I am, my dear, your affectionate servant,

SAM. JOHNSON. 'Jan. 25, 1759.

"To Miss PORTER. 'DEAR Miss,

'I have no reason to forbear writing, but that it makes my heart heavy, and I had nothing particular to say which might not be delayed to the next post; but had no thoughts of ceasing to correspond with my dear Lucy, the only person now left in the world with whom I think myself connected. There needed not my dear mother's desire, for every heart must lean to somebody, and I have nobody but you ; in whom I put all my little affairs with too much confidence to desire you to keep receipts, as you prudently proposed.

'If you and Kitty will keep the house, I think I shall like it best. Kitty may carry on the trade for herself, keeping her own stock apart, and laying aside any money that she receives for any of the goods which her good mistress has left behind her. I do not see, if this scheme be followed, any need of appraising the books. My mother's debts, dear mother, I suppose I may pay with little difficulty; and the little trade may go silently forward. I fancy Kitty can do nothing better ; and I shall not want to put her out of a house, where she has lived so long, and with so much virtue. I am very sorry that she is ill, and earnestly hope that she will soon recover; let her know that I have the highest value for her, and would do any thing for her advantage. Let her think of this proposal. I do not see any likelier method by which she may pass the remaining part of her life in quietness and competence.

•You must have what part of the house you please, while you are inclined to stay in it; but I flatter myself with the hope that you and I shall some time pass our days together. I am very solitary and comfortless, but will not invite you to come hither till I can have hope of making you live here so as not to dislike your situation. Pray, my dearest, write to me as often as you can

'I am, dear Madam,
Your affectionate humble servant,

SAM. JOHNSON. 'Feb. 6, 1759.

* See ante, p. 80.

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