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13 Stat. 25.
6. No printing or binding shall be don, or blank books be procured for any of the 14 Mar. 1864 1. executive departments of the government, without a written requisition on the superintendent of public printing from the head of such department, "or his assistant or Printing only to assistants," (a) or for either house of congress, except on the written order of the order in writing. secretary of the senate or clerk of the house of representatives, for which said printing, binding or blank books may be required.
13 Stat. 184.
7. Instead of furnishing manuscript copies of the documents usually accompanying 25 June 1864 3 1. their annual reports to each house of congress, the heads of the several departments of government shall transmit them, on or before the first day of November in each year, Documents to be to the superintendent of public printing, who shall cause to be printed the usual num- printer in adber, and in addition thereto one thousand copies for the use of the senate and two thou- vance of annual sand copies for the use of the house of representatives; and that it shall be the duty To be edited. of the joint committee on printing to appoint some competent person, who shall edit and select such portions of the documents so placed in their hands as shall, in the judgment of the committee, be desirable for popular distribution, and to prepare an alphabetical index to the same.
8. It shall be the duty of the heads of the several departments of government to furnish the superintendent of public printing with copies of their respective reports, on or Heads of departbefore the third Monday in November in each year.
ments to furnish copies of reports. Ibid. 4. Number of copies
9. It shall be the duty of the superintendent of public printing to print the president's message, the reports of the heads of departments, and the abridgment of accompanying documents prepared under the direction of the joint committee on public to be printed." printing, suitably bound; and in addition to the number now required by law, and unless otherwise ordered by either house of congress, it shall be his duty to print ten thousand copies of the same for the use of the senate, and twenty-five thousand copies for the use of the house, and to deliver the same to the proper officer of each house, respectively, on or before the third Wednesday in December following the assembling of congress, or as soon thereafter as practicable; and further, it shall also be the duty of the said superintendent to cause to be printed and stitched in paper covers twentyfive hundred copies of the annual reports of the executive departments for the use of said departments respectively; and also one thousand copies of the reports of the commissioner of the general land office, commissioner of pensions, commissioner of the internal revenue, and such number of the report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, to be bound, not exceeding three thousand copies, as may be directed by the secretary of the interior, for their use respectively; and also five hundred copies of the reports of the superintendent of the Washington aqueduct, architect of the capitol extension, metropolitan police board, third auditor of the treasury, and of the Insane Asylum, Columbia Institute, and commissioner of public buildings, respectively, for their use, and one hundred copies of the report of the bureau of engineers, for the use of said bureau. And he shall not print any greater number of said reports unless otherwise directed by either house of congress. (b)
Ibid. 25. Commercial rela
10. That seven thousand copies of the "Commercial Relations," annually prepared under the direction of the secretary of state, be printed and distributed as follows, viz., the usual number (one thousand five hundred and fifty) for the houses of congress; four tions. hundred and fifty for the state department; two thousand for the use of the members of the senate; and three thousand for the use of the members of the house.
11. That the annual report of the postmaster-general of offers received and contracts for conveying the mails, in compliance with the 24th and 25th sections of the act of congress approved July 2d 1836, (c) be no longer printed, unless specially ordered by either house of congress; and that such portion of the above-mentioned act as authorized the said publication be and the same is hereby repealed.
12. It shall be the duty of the secretary of the senate to furnish the superintendent of public printing with correct copies of all laws and joint resolutions, as soon as pos- Printing of laws. sible after their approval by the president of the United States, and the superintendent shall immediately cause to be printed, separately, the usual number for the use of the two houses of congress; and in addition thereto, he shall cause to be printed and bound, at the close of each session of congress, three thousand copies thereof for the use of the senate, and ten thousand copies for the use of the house, with a complete alphabetical index, prepared under the direction of the joint committee on public printing. (d)
13. Whenever papers relating to foreign affairs shall be communicated to congress, accompanying the annual message of the president, it shall be the duty of the super- Papers relating intendent of public printing to cause to be printed and bound, in addition to the usual to foreign affairs
(a) So amended by act 3 June 1864. 13 Stat. 118. (b) See infra 16.
Ibid. 26. Mail contracts
not to be printed without special order.
(c) 1 vol. 777, pl. 118–19.
(d) See tit. "Acts of Congress," pl. 1; ante 28.
25 June 1864. number, four thousand copies for the use of the members of the senate, seven thousand
copies for the use of the members of the house of representatives, and such number for the executive department as the president shall direct.
14. The forms and style in which the printing or binding ordered by any of the Form and style. departments shall be executed, the materials and size of the type to be used, shall be
determined by the superintendent of public printing, having proper regard to economy, workmanship, and the purposes for which the work is needed.
15. It shall be the duty of the superintendent of the public printing, annually, to print, for the use of the commissioner of internal revenue, one thousand copies of his report to the secretary of the treasury.
16. It shall be the duty of the superintendent of public printing, in place of the reports of the executive departments ordered by the act of June 25, 1864, to cause to Number of copies be printed and bound twenty-five hundred copies of the annual reports of the executive executive depart departments, with such accompanying documents as the heads of those departments may respectively select, but not to exceed three hundred pages, for the use of said departments respectively.(a)
17. Whenever papers relating to foreign affairs shall be communicated to congress, Number of copies accompanying the annual message of the president, it shall be the duty of the superin
of papers relating to foreign affairs.
tendent of public printing to cause to be printed and bound, in addition to the usual number, two thousand copies for the use of the members of the senate, four thousand copies for the use of the house, and two thousand five hundred copies for the use of the state department, in place of the numbers ordered by the act of June 25, 1864.
13 Jan. 1864 16. 13 Stat. 400.
27 July 1866
14 Stat. 305.
2 Mar. 1867
14 Stat. 467.
23 June 1860 1. 12 Stat. 117. How public printing to be executed. Buildings and materials to be purchased.
19. That the superintendent of public printing be and he is hereby authorized and directed, to have executed the printing and binding authorized by the senate and house of representatives, the executive and judicial departments, and the court of claims. And to enable him to carry out the provisions of this act, he is authorized and directed to contract for the erection or purchase of the necessary buildings, machinery and materials for that purpose; said contract to be subject to the approval of the joint committee on printing of the two houses of congress: Provided, That the sum so contracted to be paid shall not exceed one hundred and fifty thousand dollars.
20. It shall be the duty of the said superintendent to superintend all the printing and binding, the purchase of paper, as hereinafter directed, the purchase of other necessary materials and machinery, and the employment of proof readers, compositors, pressmen, laborers and other hands necessary to execute the orders of congress and of the executive and judicial departments, at the city of Washington. And to enable the said superintendent more effectually to perform the duties of his office, he shall appoint a foreman of printing at an annual salary of eighteen hundred dollars, and a foreman of binding, at an annual salary of fifteen hundred dollars; but no one shall be appointed to said positions who is not practically and thoroughly acquainted with their respective trades. It shall be the duty of the said foremen of printing and binding to make out and deliver to the said superintendent, monthly statements of the work done in their respective departments, together with monthly pay-rolls, which shall contain the names of the persons employed, the rate of compensation and amount due to each, and the service for which it shall be due; they shall also make out estimates of the amount and kind of materials required, and file requisitions therefor, from time to time, as it may be needed, and shall receipt for the same to the superintendent; and the said foremen shall be held accountable for all materials so received by them: Provided, That the superintendent shall at no time employ more hands in the public printing and binding establishment than the absolute necessities of the public work may require, and further, that the superintendent report to congress, at the beginning of each session of congress, the number of hands so employed, and the length of time each has been employed.
21. Said superintendent shall take charge of and be responsible for all manuscripts and other matter to be printed, engraved or lithographed, and cause the same to be for manuscripts, promptly executed; and he shall render to the secretary of the treasury, quarterly, a
Ibid. 23. Responsibility
full account of all purchases made by him, and of all printing and binding done in said office, for each of the houses of congress, and for each of the executive and judicial
Ibid. 2. Duties of superintendent.
Number of hands.
18. All printing of any kind ordered by the executive departments shall be executed by the government printer, when practicable, and if not, at such office as may be designated by the clerk of the house of representatives, at rates not exceeding the current rates for such printing.(b)
II. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE.
(a) Three thousand copies of the report of the postmaster- printing, heretofore done, in the treasury department and the general. by resolution of 20 December 1867. 15 Stat. 245. bureaus thereof. by their own employees; but the number of persons so employed is not to be increased. 15 Stat. 13.
(b) By act 19 July 1857, this is not to prevent the necessary
departments. For the payment of the work and materials, there shall be advanced to 23 June 1860. the said superintendent, from time to time, as the public service may require it, and Advances. under such rules as the secretary of the treasury may prescribe, a sum of money, at no time exceeding two-thirds of the penalty of said superintendent's bond; and the said superintendent shall settle the account of his receipts and disbursements in the manner now required of other disbursing officers: Provided, however, That said Limit of prices. superintendent shall not be allowed credit at the treasury for payments on account of services rendered in said printing establishment, at higher prices than those paid for similar services in the private printing and binding establishments of the city of Washington. (a)
22. It shall be the duty of the said superintendent to charge himself, in a separate book to be kept therefor, with all paper and other materials received by him for the Superintendent public use, and to furnish the same to the foremen employed by him, on their requisi- to be charged with paper and tions, herein provided for, as the public service may require, taking a receipt, in all materials. cases, therefor from the foreman at the head of the department in which the paper or Receipts. other material has been used.
executed under the provisions of
23. All the printing and binding, and all blank books ordered by the heads of the executive and judicial departments of the government, or of the chiefs of the bureaus All printing to be thereof, and all the printing and binding, and all blank books ordered by congress, or by either house of congress, shall, on and after the 4th day of March 1861, be done and this act. executed under said superintendent, in accordance with the provisions of this act: Provided, That all the printing ordered and to be ordered by the thirty-sixth congress, shall be executed by the printers of the senate and house of representatives, as now authorized by law; but no printing or binding other than that ordered by congress or the heads of departments, as aforesaid, shall be executed in said office.
of the superintendent.
24. It shall be the duty of said superintendent, to receive from the secretary of the Ibid. 26. senate and the clerk of the house of representatives, and from the heads of departments Further duties and chiefs of bureaus, all matter ordered to be printed and bound, or either printed or bound, at the public expense, and to keep a faithful account of the same, in the order in which the same may be received; and when the same shall have been printed and bound, if the same is ordered to be bound, see that the volumes or sheets are promptly delivered to the officer of the senate or house of representatives, or department authorized to receive the same; whose receipt therefor shall be a sufficient voucher, by the superintendent, of their delivery.
to advertise for
25. The joint committee on printing for the two houses of congress, shall agree and fix upon a standard of paper for the printing of congressional documents, to weigh not standard weight less than fifty pounds to the ream of five hundred sheets, of twenty-four by thirty-eight of paper to be inches; and it shall be the duty of the said superintendent of the public printing to furnish samples of said standard paper to applicants therefor, and to advertise, annually, Superintendent in one or more newspapers having the largest circulation in the cities of Boston, New proposals. York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Cincinnati, Chicago, Washington, Richmond, Raleigh, Charleston, New Orleans and Saint Louis, for the space of sixty days prior to the first of July, for sealed proposals to furnish the government of the United States all paper which may be necessary for the execution of the public printing, of quality and in quantity to be specified in the said advertisements, from year to year. (b) He shall open such proposals as may be made, in the presence of the secretary of the senate and the clerk of the house of representatives, and shall award the contract for furnishing all of said paper, or such class thereof as may be bid for, to the lowest bidder, for the quality of paper advertised for by the said superintendent, and determined by the joint committee of the two houses of congress. It shall be the duty of said superintendent to compare the paper furnished by the public contractor with the standard quality; and he shall not accept any paper from the contractor which does not conform to the standard determined upon as aforesaid. And in case of difference of opinion between the super- How differences intendent of public printing and the contractors for paper, with respect to its quality, to be adjusted. the matter of difference shall be determined and settled by the joint standing committee on printing of the two houses of congress. In default of any contractor under this law Proceedings on to comply with his contract in furnishing the paper in the proper time, and of proper tractor. quality, the superintendent is authorized to enter into a new contract with the lowest and best bidder for the interests of the government, amongst those whose proposals were rejected at the last annual lettings, if it be practicable so to do, and if not, then to advertise for proposals, and award the contract as hereinbefore provided; and during any interval which is thus created by the new advertisement for such proposals, the superintendent shall purchase in the open market, by and with the approval of the secretary of the interior, all such paper necessary for the public service, at the lowest (b) See infra 32, 36.
default of con
(a) See 10 Opin. 187. But see infra 42.
23 June 1860. price. For any increase of cost to the government in procuring a supply of paper for the use of the government, the contractor in default and his securities shall be charged with and held responsible for the same, and shall be prosecuted upon their bond, by the solicitor of the treasury, in the name of the United States, in the circuit court of the United States, in the district in which the defaulting contractor resides; and to enable the solicitor to do so, the said superintendent shall report to him the default on its happening, with a full statement of all the facts in the case. The said superintendent shall keep a just and true account of all the paper received from the contractor or contractors, together with an account of all the paper used for the purposes of the government under this act, and shall report the amount of each class consumed in said printing establishment, and in what works or publications the same was used, to the secretary of the interior, at the end of each and every fiscal year.
26. Whenever any charts, maps, diagrams, views or other engravings shall be reEngraving, how quired to illustrate any document ordered to be printed by either house of congress,
such engravings shall be procured by the superintendent of printing, under the direc tion and supervision of the committee on printing of the house ordering the same.
Accounts of paper received and how expended.
27. It shall be the duty of the said superintendent, annually, to prepare and submit to the register of the treasury, in time to have the same embraced in the annual estimates to be prepared. from that department, detailed estimates of the salaries, amount to be paid for wages,
Ibid. 29. Annual estimates
engraving, binding, materials and for any other necessary expense of said printing establishment for the second year. And the said superintendent shall also, on the first day of the meeting of each session of congress, or as soon thereafter as may be, report to congress the exact condition of the public printing, binding and engraving; the amount and cost of all such printing, binding and engraving; the amount and cost of all paper purchased for the same; a statement of the several bids for materials, and such further information as may be within his knowledge in regard to all matters connected therewith.
Reports to congress.
28. Neither the superintendent nor any other officer to be appointed under this act Penalty for being shall, during his continuance in office, have any interest, direct or indirect, in the pub
concerned in contracts.
lication of any newspaper or periodical, or in any printing of any kind, or in any binding or engraving, or in any contract for furnishing paper or other material connected with the public printing; and any violation of this section shall subject the party offending, on conviction before any court of competent jurisdiction, to imprisonment in the penitentiary for a term of not less than one, nor more than five years, and to a fine of five hundred dollars.
Ibid. 11. Panishment for collusion with contractors.
20 Feb. 1861 1. 12 Stat. 135. Estimates and reports of pay
14 Mar. 1864 1. 13 Stat. 25.
25 June 1864
13 Stat. 186.
32. That section seven of the joint resolution in relation to the public printing, approved June 23d 1860, (a) be so amended as to require the superintendent of public Advertisements printing to advertise only in two newspapers, published in the cities of New York, for proposals.
Cincinnati, Boston, Philadelphia and Baltimore, for thirty days prior to the 1st day of November of each year, for proposals for furnishing the paper necessary for the execution of the public printing.
Ibid. 29. Lithographing and engraving.
29. If the said superintendent shall corruptly collude with any person or persons furnishing materials or bidding therefor, or with any other person or persons, or have any secret understanding with him or them, by himself or through others, to defraud the United States, or by which the government of the United States shall be defrauded or made to sustain a loss, contrary to the true intent and meaning of this act, he shall, upon conviction thereof before any court of competent jurisdiction, forfeit his office, and be subject to imprisonment in the penitentiary for a term of not less than three, nor more than seven years, and to a fine of three thousand dollars.
30. The superintendent of public printing shall submit to congress, at the commencement of each session, detailed estimates of the sums required for the support of the government printing office, and he shall also submit a report showing the payments made during the preceding year under his direction.
31. The said superintendent, in his annual report, shall hereafter be required to report the amount of work ordered and done, with a general classification thereof for each department.
33. All lithographing and engraving, where the probable total cost of the maps or plates illustrating or accompanying any one work exceeds two hundred and fifty dollars, shall be awarded to the lowest and best bidder for the interest of the government, due regard being paid to the execution of the work, after due advertisement by the superintendent of public printing, under the direction of the joint committee on printing: Provided, That the joint committee on public printing be authorized to empower the superintendent of public printing to make immediate contracts for engraving, when
(a) Supra 25.
ever, in their opinion, the exigencies of the public service will not justify waiting for advertisement and award.
25 June 1864.
34. Whenever any person may desire extra copies of any document printed at the government printing office by authority of law, and shall notify the superintendent of Printing of extra public printing of the number of copies desired, previous to its being put to press, and copies of docushall pay in advance the estimated cost thereof to said superintendent, the superintendent shall be authorized, under the direction of the joint committee on public printing, to furnish such extra copies; and the money so received, together with moneys received by him from the sales of paper shavings and imperfections, shall be deposited in the treasury of the United States to the credit of the appropriations for public printing, binding and paper, respectively, as designated by said superintendent. And further, the secretary of the treasury is hereby directed to cause the moneys heretofore deposited by said superintendent in the treasury of the United States, being the proceeds of sales of paper shavings and imperfections, to be placed to the credit of the appropriations aforesaid, which said several sums of money shall be subject to the requisition of said superintendent in the manner now prescribed by law.
13 Stat. 572.
35. The superintendent of public printing shall be and he is hereby authorized to 3 March 1865 ? 1. purchase the paper required for the public printing, by accepting the sealed proposals of the lowest bidder or bidders for any specific portion or portions of the whole amount Purchase of of any particular kind of paper required, for either three months, six months or one year, the minimum portion to be specified by the superintendent in his advertisement for proposals, and to be as low as will, in his judgment, most increase competition, and be most advantageous to the United States; in all other respects the proposals and contracts shall be subject to the conditions and requirements of the existing law. And any contractor failing to comply with the terms of his contract, under this resolution, shall be liable to the same extent and in the same manner as provided in the like case in the joint resolution hereby amended. And it shall be the duty of the superintendent to report fully in regard to all proposals and contracts for paper, in his annual report to congress, and also in regard to all proposals and contracts for lithographing and engraving.
14 Stat. 305.
paper to be sub
36. It shall be the duty of the superintendent of public printing, at the commence- 27 July 1866 3 4. ment of each session of congress, to submit to the joint committee on printing, estimates of the quantity of paper of all descriptions which will, in his opinion, be required Estimates for for the execution of the public printing during the coming year. The joint committee mitted. on printing shall then fix upon a standard of paper for the different descriptions of congressional and executive printing, and it shall be the duty of the superintendent of public printing, under the direction of the joint committee on printing, to advertise in Advertisements for proposals. only two newspapers published in each of the cities of New York, Cincinnati, Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore and Washington, for sealed proposals to furnish the government of the United States with paper, of the quality and in the quantity specified in the advertisements; and it shall be the duty of the superintendent to furnish samples of the standard papers adopted by the committee to applicants therefor; the said sealed proposals to be opened before and the award of contracts to be made by the joint committee on printing to the lowest and best bidder for the interest of the government: Provided, That the advertisement for sealed proposals for furnishing paper shall desig- Form of proponate the minimum portion of each particular quality of paper required for either three months, six months or one year, as the joint committee on printing may determine; but when the minimum portion so specified shall exceed in any case one thousand reams, the advertisement shall state that proposals will be received for one thousand reams or more: And provided further, That no proposals shall be considered by the joint committee on printing, unless accompanied by satisfactory evidence that the person or persons making said proposals are manufacturers of or dealers in the description of paper which they propose to furnish: And provided further, That, in awarding contracts, an equitable period of time for filling the same shall be designated and allowed by the joint committee on printing, without whose approval no contract shall be valid: And provided further, That it shall be the duty of the superintendent of public printing to include in his annual report to congress, a detailed statement of all proposals made and contracts entered into for the purchase of paper.
37. It shall be the duty of the superintendent of public printing to compare every lot of paper delivered by any contractor, with the standard of quality, and also to see Powers of superthat it is of the weight contracted for, and to refuse to accept any paper from any con- intendent. tractor which does not conform to the standard of quality, and is not of the stipulated weight. And in case of difference of opinion between the superintendent of public How differences printing and any contractor for paper, with respect to its quality, the matter of difference shall be determined by the joint committee on printing: Provided, That in default
with contractor to be determined.