Slike strani



ners, who do not now exist, and who cannot | ry, off the Western islands, by the Majestick. | again disturbing the repose of Europe, you be educated in the western country.” Both have arrived at Bermuda.

must humble her pride ; you must destroy ber

arsenals ; you must carry away all her muni. JUDGING from appearances, the miseries of tions de guerre ; you must conclude your GENERAL REGISTER.

Europe are approaching a close ; for though treaty with, “Done at the Thuilleries, this ist much remains to be done, the strong arm of day of March, 1814,This treaty must be

the oppressor is broken. Wisdom and virtue ratified in that palace by the descendant of BOSTON, SATURDAY, MARCH 26, 1814. in the conquerors will expedite a general Peter the Great, of Rodolph of Hapsburg, and

peace, for at last physical power is decidedly of the Great Frederick of Prussia.
with the advocates of liberty.

Will the allies insist on these circumstanFOREIGN: Recent arrivals bring us

But while we rejoice in the prospect arising ces? Do they value them at much? If they flood of important and agreeable Intelligence. The cause of murderous, overbearing, despot- upon Europe, we lament that our own unhappy do not, they are base, unworthy of the thrones ick France is sinking faster than ever it rose, ration, which it is far from experiencing.

a they occupy, and utterly ignorant of the

springs of human action. Publick opinion, a and divine justice vindicating itself, in a most exemplary manner. The following are the

A peace with England must take place, but sense of national honour or degradation, make

a madman in a strait waistcoat is no less a men either heroes, or cowards and slaves. leading facts.

discascd man. We must expect that the fury Shall it be said by Bonaparte again, as he The allies having entered France, as before

and folly, which have produced this war, will has said to all Europe : “ In Vienna, I constated, on the Northeast and East, have continued to advance, in converging lines, towards act with the more violence at home, when it sented that the Austrian Dynasty should reParis. The Emperour has employed every efis repressed from abroad. We must, then, be main, it is to my clemency that monarch owes

his throne ?" fort to guard against the crisis of his fate, but, preparing our minds for important events

events naturally arising from the vindictive, Shall it be once more insolently declared, as as appears by French accounts, without suc

malevolent policy of those, who now hold, and he said in the case of Portugal by a decree : cess. Having ordered entrenchments around

who calculate on holding the power of gove Paris, re-appointed the Empress regent, and

“ The House of Braganza is no more"?

How can these stains, on the honour of all recommended his dear son to the guardian- erning--the power of controling, insulting, deship of the Parisians and government, he join grading, and distressing a large section of the the other nations of Europe, be washed out?

By a decree, issued by all the monarchs, ed his army at Brienne, on the 26th of January; there he engaged; and after severe fight first page, and which will be continued at sore

We hope the extracts, commenced in our from the Thuilleries, declaring that Paris

shall be spared ; that they have too much ing, retreated to Troyes, on the Seine ; where he remained on the 3d of February, 90 miles length, will be read with attention. They will greatness of mind to visit on the defenceless

be found rich in that kind of information, inhabitants of France the miscries, which they from Paris. General Macdonald was at Cha

which should now be diffused among all class- had been the ready instruments of bringing lons, about the same distance from Paris and es of citizens. They will explain our situa- upon other States.

This would be worthy forty miles northward of Troyes. While the

of men of such a noble race. Let them leave Emperour was thus employed to the east of tion, and point to our remedy.

to upstart and vulgar tyrants the meanness of his capital, a division of the allics had advanced

revenge. to Soissons, 60 miles northeast of Paris ; and

The honour however of all Europe requires, another army advanced froin Switzerland, in a REMARKS ON THE RECENT EVENTS

that all the trophies of the former disgraceful northwest course, 10 Fontainbleau, but 33


campaigns all the monuments,erccted in honiniles south of Paris ! The city was in the ut

ourofthem--and especially the TriumphalPillar, most confusion and alarm ; many of the citi- « Why carry war into her bosom, when she ad

dedicated to Napoleon, and made of the canzens had removed their property, it being the heres to the bęses, which they have proposed non taken from Austria, should be levelled supposed design of the allies to concentrate

to her ? their forces at Paris. The object of the com

Why ravage and attempt to sub- with the earth. vert and divide her provinces ?"

Justice and Pride both require that the obbined armies in cutting their way to the capi

jects of the Fine Arts, stolen from Antwerp, tal, through different parts of France, appears These are two of the questions, asked in

from Florence, from Rome, from Berlin, and to be to prevent the French levies from uniling. the Moniteur at Paris, in relation to the entry especially, the sword of the Great Frederick, A Proclamation has been circulated, to the of the ALLJES into France.

which the Emperour, like a felon, carried off people, of what import, we cannot learn, as it We prestime they will reply to them, from the sarcophagus of that hero, should be is not suffered to appear in the Paris papers; through the press of the Moniteur, after their

promptly restored. but that it has had great effect, is evident arrival at the Thuilleries. The Secretaries of

An exact account should be taken of the by a concession in a counter address from the State of the Allies are now better employed ; wealth of all the Marshals, Generals, and othFrench government.

and it is only from Paris that a satisfactory re. er military chiefs, and the piundered of all naA congress of belligerent diplomatists as- ply can be made.

ply can be made. But we, being unengaged, tions should be required to send in their sembled at Chatillon, on the 4th of February, and less immediately interested, will make the claims with specifick descriptions of the propand dined with the French minister on the 5th. reply.

erty, and the jewels, now worn by the misEngland and Sweden on the one part, and Because France has « carried war into the

tresses of these niilitary robbers ; the vases Denmark on the other, have formed a treaty bosom” of every country in Europe ; because and dishes of silver and gold ; the regalia of of peace and Alliance, assigning Norway to she has “ ravaged, and actually subverted and all the little potentates of Germany, who were Sweden, and Pomeramia to Denmark.

divided the Provinces” of Austria, Prussia, robbed of every thing, should be most strictly Bonaparte has given his prisoner, Ferdinand Holland, Savoy, Venice, Genoa, Switzerland, returned to the true owners ; and instead of VII. a treaty of peace for Spain. How the and reduced to a state of vassalage, all Germa- treble the value of the goods stolen, which our Cortes would meet this insulting manæuyre ny and Italy,

laws allow, I would make them add to the goods was not ascertained.

We do not approve of retaliation. We should returned, the appraised value of the same. Lord Wellington remained near Bayonne, be sorry to see Paris in flames in revenge


This is but plain retributive justice. It is and had ordered the British troops to withdraw the fate of Smolensko and Moscow ; but the moderate ; France in such a case would not from Cadiz and Carthagena. repose of the world requires that France should

take back her own inerely, but she would plunIt was reported that Murat, King of Naples, feel for centuries the folly and wickedness of der all that was worthy of removal. liad joined the allies--not confirmed.

the schemes of her unprincipled tyrant. If The Prince of Orange « Sovereign of the Frenchmen had not rejoiced, and insolently France still be able to say to her young sol.

It is not only just, but it is a duty. Shall Mill sherlands," has appointed M. Changuion, triumphed at the injustice and foreign con- diers : « This is a trophy, which your Empeer Plenipotentiary to the United States quests of Bonaparte ; if they had not contribu- rour, or your father, took from the Kremlin,or

ted cheerfully to promote his views ; if they from the Palace at Vienna" ? **h of March, Admiral Sir Alexan- had not boasted of their trophies, plundered der Cochrai.

Shall her citizens sill ride in the carriages, arrived, at Bermuda, with a from other nations, and shown them, as squadron, a number of troops, and a large have personally witnessed, to strangers, as the they continue to riot on this plundered wealth?

stolen from the nobility of Austria ? Sull quantity of munita

ins of war. vailed there that the Qritish government were

A report pre- proud monuments of the irresistible prowess of Policy, Honour, Pride, Justice forbid it. Let about to turn their a.mntion to the United them. ' But those, who know the French char-plunder, dishonourably acquired, will not avail

France, one might feel some compassion for the French feel that fortune is fickle ; that States.

acter, must be convinced that they are as abA very fine new 44 Freech frigate, the ject under misfortunes, as they are insolent in

the possessor ; and they will hereafter discov: Terspichore, was taken on the 2nd of Februa- prosperity. If you would prevent France from

er less cupidity for conquest, and less mean. ness and rapacity after viciory.

of Amica.



The old concierge of the cathedral of Ant- | him a successor. This author produces facts BONAPARTE AND JAMES IV. werp shed tears, when he showed that edifice and reasons to shew, that the art of the Ven- As BONAPARTE, when in his glory, and seyto strangers, as he passed by the niche, in triloquist consists principally in interrupting eral years before the United States commencwhich Rubens' descent from the cross formerly the original sound of the voice, and conveying ed hostilities against Great Britain, declared

in Roine, when they showed the plaster statues bells, is heard by a person walking in a valley, surprising that the impetuous despot did not of Apollo and the Muses, the originals of obstructed by buildings.

declare war against us, at once. Bonaparte which had been, with a cruelty and meanness

reasoned like Ja the Fourth, of Scotland, unexampled in modern ages, packed up and Doctor Garnett says, that “ the blight to who, when advised by Sir Ralph Sadler, Amsent to Paris.

which flowers are exposed at this season of bassador from Henry the Eighth, to increase Every man of generous feelings must surely the year, is a species of gangrene or mortifica- his resources, by taking the revenues of the rejoice to see those objects of veneration and tion, brought on by the action of the rays of Abbey lands into his hands, replied—“ What ; delight, the pride, and in some cases the only the sun in the spring, on the morbidly accu- need have I to take them into my own hands, object of pride (in those devoted cities, destin- mulated irritability, which had been produced when I can have any thing that I require of ed often to change masters) travelling back to by a considerable subduction of heat during the them without it?" their ancient places of abode, again to form a night ; and that a frosty night, succeeded by a source of attraction, and profit, to their injured cloudy or misty morning, is never attended MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTS. proprietors.

with these effects, which almost certainly fol- There are many curious manuscript pali may be asked, do you then consider it as low, if, when the spring is considerably ad- pers, relative to Mary, Queen of Scots, in the certain that it will be in the option of the Alo vanced, a frost should be succeeded by a fine library of the Scots college at Paris. The lies to enter Paris and persorm this distribu- morning."

last time that David Hume was in that city, tive justice ?

If this Brunonianism be true, our plants the learned and excellent Principal of the colIt is my opinion, from the present state of may be easily preserved, by taking precautions, lege shewed them to him, and asked him, why intelligence, that the Allies may go to Paris. that the sudden action of heat be avoided in he had pretended to write her history, in an The reasons for that opinion I may hereafter such cases, by shade, or sprinkling with cold unfavourable light, without consulting them. assigo. water.

Hume, on being told this, looked over som My present object was simply to answer the

letters, which the Principal put into his hands, whining complaining questions of the Moni- QUESTION 4th. Page 39.

and though not much used to the melting teur, and to show that the Allies might and

mood, burst into tears. ought to make France feel her present humil

A MAKES B a present of a hundred dollars, ialion and their power. This is necessary to on condition that he shall expend it in Cows,

KING LEIR. the future repose of the world.

Sheep, and Geese. Cows at 10 dollars each,
Sheep at 1 dollar, and geese al 1 shilling The Editor inust sometimes judge of the means, by
cach, yet so as to have just a hundred in the

which he may gratify: his readers, by the impulse of LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. aggregate of cows, sheep and geese. How his own taste. He has derived considerable pleasmany must he purchase of each?

ure from the following story, the basis on which

Shakspeare constructed his King Lear. It is not


found in the Illustrations of Mrs. Lenox, whose It is not our province to deal in theatricals, This problem presents, at once, two equa

work has given the admirers of the immortal drabut we may be allowed, on so rare an occasion tions, as follows, wherein the number of Cows

matist (and who is not of the number ?) much inas the representation of a new Tragedy, to in- is represented by x, the number of Sheep by dulge in a few remarks. y, and the number of Geese by z :

teresting amusement. It is a translation from the Alexis, performed for the first time last 10 x+yto=100 and x+y+z=100

latin history of Geoffry of Monmouth, a monkish Wednesday evening, is from the pen of Mr.

historian of the twelfth century; and was found

We have then only two equations and three Eustaphieve, Russian Consul, residing in Bos- unknown terms. As the probleın gives us no

among the papers of Garrick, who had prepared an ton; a gentleman whose political writings, and other equation, we are left to guess a little.

extensive collection of matter, with a view to publish prospective speculations on the course of the Two other things however obviously present

had he lived to accomplish it, a series of Illustrapresent war in Europe, have given the publick themselves to aid our researches. One is, that tions, with his own remarks. The extract was thus great satisfaction and reflected much credit on there must be no fractions in the solution, and

beaded. the author.

that of course z must be a multiple of 6 ; the HE STORY OF KING LEIR AND HIS DAUGHThe annunciation of the play excited a very other is, that x cannot exceed 10. Availing TERS, TRANSLATED FROM THE LATIN HIS. favourable interest—the house was well filled, ourselves of the latter data, all we have to do

TORY OF GEOFFRY OF MONMOUTH, B.II. & XI. and repeated applauses evinced a degree of is to suppose to x, successively, all the num- “ BLADUD being dead, his son Leir was satisfaction, which must have been pleasing to bers between 1 and 10, until we find the solu- raised to the throne, who governed the kingMr. Eustaphieve, who, we understand, unites tion. Let us then suppose x= =1; the prece- dom with a powerful sway for sixty years. with the audience in approbation of the spirit ding equations will give

He built on the river Sora (now Soar) a city and talent with which the principal characters 100—10=y+ă; 100—1=y+z; y=99-; Leir, but by the Saxons Leir-cester (i. e. Lei

which was called in the British tongue Kaerwere sustained. The tragedy is founded on historical fact ;

90=99—z +; 9=2–8: 54=5z; and finally cester). He had no male issue but only three and in the management of the plot the patri- 2=*=5 Geese : which does not solve the daughters, named Gonorilla, Regan and Corotick author takes occasion to vindicate the question, because we want whole Geese, and

deilla. He had a great affection for them all, character of the Czar from the unmerited cal. no fractions of them.

but particularly for the youngest, Cordeilla. umnies, which uninformed or prejudiced biog- Following up the suppositions of r=2, x=3, Finding himself growing old, he began to raphers have attached to his conduct towards x=4, we find results equally unsatisfactory. think of dividing his kingdom among them, his son. The story exceeds our limits, and is But if x=5, we have

and of marrying them to such husbands as already before the publick; we can only add, 100-50=y+; 100–5=y+z ; y=95m2; inight share the government with them ; but, that the many who wished success to the enterprise, (for such it may here be considered) finally z=54. It follows that y=41; and the 50=95—+; 45=z-270=5z; and that he might know which of them was worthy

of a larger share, he went to them one by one, have been gratified. solution stands :

that by questioning them he night discover FRENCHMEN can make bulls, as well as

5 Cows at $10 is


which had the greatest regard for him. Gon41 Sheep

orilla called heaven to witness, that she loved Irishmen. I find the following in the Cid of

41 and 54 Geese

her father better than her own soul. To Corneille, at agedy which French criticks con


whom her father replied, since you esteem my sider among the first of human productions.

100 in all,


old age in preference to your own life, I will Combien d'exploits celebres

marry you my dearest daughter to any youth Sont demearis 3. ins gloire au milieu des ténebres !


you shall choose, and will give you a third

part of Britain for a porlig!). Then Regan VENTRILOQUISM.

THERE is a square field, enclosed by a ihe second daughter, like her sister, endearRANNIE dead, and we know of no pre- fence 6 feet higli, and two inches thick. The ouring to wheedle him into kindness, answertender to his art. A Mr. Gough, has written number of cubick feet, in the fence, is equal to ed, with an oath, that she could not otherwise a pamphlet on the theory of sound, which may the number of square rods in the field. What express her sentiments than by declaring, that possibly explain Rannie's secret, so as to find is the number of square rods in the field? she loved him far above every other human


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being The credulcus old man then promised , he met with an honourable reception at first ; some other town, there to bathe and strengthHier the same honour as he had given to her but a year had scarcely passed, when a quar- en him, to clothe anew and take all possible elder sister, and to marry her with a like rel arose between their domesticks. Regan care of bim. A train of forty soldiers, well portion of a third part of the realm. But Cor-growing enraged, ordered all his servants to be chosen and well appointed, was then ordered deilla, the youngest, when she found that her dismissed, excepting five, who should still cori- to attend him ; and when all this was done, he father had been thus duped by the flattery oftinue to wait on him.

was to make King Aganippus and his daughher sisters, bad a mind to try him by another The poor old man now became exceedingly ter acquainted of his arrival. The messenger kind of answer. Is there anywhere, sir, said miserable, returned again to his eldest daugh, immediately returning, conducted Leir prishe, a daughter who will say that she loves ter, hoping to move her to compassion, and | vately to another place and kept him concealher father more than she ought to do? I be that he might still find an honourable re- ed there till every thing was done which Cor. lieve no such one would be found, unless she treat in her family. But she, without any deilla had commanded. wished to conceal the truth under professions mitigation of her former resentment, swore by Chap. XII.- Soon after, being clothed in in which she could not be in earnest. I have all the powers of Heaven that no abode should royal apparel, and nobly attended, he sent always loved you as a father, and always mean be there for him, unless, sending away the word to Aganippus and Cordeilla that he was to do so. In vain will you try to extort from rest, he would be satisfied with one soldier on-driven from the kingdom of Britain by his two me any other answer : this is the true state of ly ; severely she chid him, that, he being an sons in law, and that he was come over to my affection towards you ; I beseech you to old man, and in want of every thing, should them in hopes that, by their assistance, he ask me no more questions, so muc

as you

affect to be followed by a large and armed ret-might regain his country. They then, attend. have, so much are you worth, and so much I

inue. As she continued inflexible, he was ed by their courtiers and nobles, went out to love you. Leir, supposing that she had spok- obliged to give up the contest, and to remain meet him, received him with all marks of en from the bottom of her heart, was exceed- with only one follower. But whenever his honour and distinction, and gave him power ingly offended, and gave her a very angry an- thoughts returned to the remembrance of his over the whole realm of France till they could swer. Since, said he, you treat my old age former greatness, detesting the low and mis- restore him to his former dignity at home. with such contempt as not to profess the same erable estate into wbich he was now fallen, he Chap. XIV.-" In the mean time Aganipregard for me as your sisters have done, it is began to entertain a desire of going over to pus sent dispatches through all France to colnow my turn to despise you, nor ever shall you France to his youngest daughter ; but much lect all the armed force therein, that by their have a share in my kingdom with them ; I do he doubled whether he should find comfort aid he might restore Britain to his father-innot say, since you are my daughter, but that I and protection there, after the injurious usage law King Leir. This being done, Leir conmay marry you to some foreigner (should for- with which he had treated her. However, be- ducted his daughter Cordeilla and a powerful tune throw any such person in your way), but ing unable any longer to support his present army into Britain, where he gave battle to his this only I affirın, that I will never try to marry misery, to France he went. But when he saw sons and overthrew them. When the whole you with the same honours and dignities which himself the third only among the princes who was again reduced to his power, he lived only your sisters will enjoy ; I have hitherto loved passed over with him, with deep sighs and a three years to enjoy it. Aganippus also died you better than the rest of my children, and it flood of tears, he broke out into these excla- about the same time. Cordeilla, having asseems you have loved me less than they. Im- mations : oh! ye irrevocable decrees of fate, sumed the reins of government, buried her mediately calling a council of his nobles, he which still hold on your fixed and certain father in a subterraneous vault under the river gave his two elder daughters to the Dukes of course ; why would ye ever raise me to such Soar, in Leicester.” Cornwall and Albany, with half of the island heights of fickle and uncertain happiness, during his life, and the whole monarchy of it since more pain arises from a remembrance of after his death. It happened at ibat time, that it when lost than from the pressure of present

POETRY Aganippus, king of France, had heard the misfortunes. The remembrance of those times, beauty of Cordeilla greatly celebrated. He when at the head of armies. I could lay waste sent an embassy to King Leir desiring that I cities and provinces, grieves me more than all [The following lines were written by Henry KIRKE Cordeilla might be given to him in marriage. the calamitie, I now endure, though great

WHITE, at the age of thirteen.] His rage having not had yet time to cool, he enough to compel those to laugh at my pres

TO AN EARLY PRIMROSE. give for answer, that King Aganippus was ent weakness, who not long since were tremvery welcome to her, but that he must be bling at my feet. On, frowns of angry for

Mild offspring of a dark and sullen sire ! content to take her without lands or money, tune ! will that day never come when it will

Whose modest form, so delicately fine, for that he had already divided his kingdon W. be in my power to be avenged on those who

Was nurs'd in wbirling storins with all the silver and gold he was master have thus cruelly deserted my old age

And cradled in the wind. to her sisters Gonorilla and Regan. When and helpless poverty ! O, Cordeilla, my This was told to Aganippus, who was much in daughter, how true were thy sayings when

Thee, when young Spring first question'd Winter's love with the lady, he sent another message thou gavest an answer to my question, how

sway, to King Leir, telling him that he had already much thou lovedst me! Didst thou not say, as much gold and silver and as large posses

And dar'd the sturdy blusterer tu the fight, so much as you have, so much are you worth,

Thce on this bank he threw sions as he could wish, being now master of a and so much I love you ? While I had any

To mark his victory. third part of France ; that he desired nothing thing left to give, your sisters seemed to value of him but his daughter, that he might have me ; but, alas, they were no friends to me but

In this low vake, the promise of the year, heirs by her. Matters being thus agreed, to my presents, and if they loved me at all

Serene, thou openest to the nipping gale,
Cordeilla was sent to France and married to they still loved my gifts much more than my-
self. When the one were no more, the other

Unnoticed and alone
Chap. XII.-" After a long time, when deserted me. But with what face, O my dear-

Thy tender elegance. Leir began to grow very old, the Dukes be- est daughter ! can I return to thee ; when, af

So Virtue blooms, brought forth amid the storms. fore named, to whom he had divided Britain ter having been exasperated at thy words, I

Of chill adversity, in some lone walk with his daughters, rebelled against him, and intended to marry thee worse than thy sisters,

Of life, she rears her head took from him the crown and all the royal who, after having been loaded with innumera

Obscure and unobserv'd. power which he had so long and so gloriously ble benefits, have condemned my old age to held. Peace being at length made, one of his the hard rigours of poverty and exile.

While every bleaching breeze that on her blows, sons in law, Maglaunus, Duke of Albany, re- While intent on making these and such like

Chastens her spotless purity of breast, tained him at his court, together with sixty reflections he arrived at Calais, where his

And hardens her to bear soldiers, that he might not be without a reti- daughter then was. Waiting without the city,

Serene, the ills of life. nue suitable to his rank. After two years he sent a messenger to inform her of the deelapsed in the same residence, Gonorilla took plorable state into which he was fallen, and offence at the number of his soldiers, who that in the utmost want of all food and rai

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR abused her servants, because a more liberal ment, he was now come to implore her pity. distribution was not made among them. With Cordeilla was greatly affected by the message,

JOHN PARK, the consent of her husband she ordered her and wept bitterly. She asked what retinue he

BY MUNROE & FRANCIS, father to be contented with only thirty followers, had, and was told that he had one only attend

NO. 4 CORNHILL. and to dismiss the other half of them. Enrag-ant, who waited without the gates upon his ed at this so ill treatment, he left Maglaunus, master. She took then as much money as

Price three dollars per annum, hall in advance. and went to Henvinus, Duke of Cornwall, who was necessary, and giving it to the messenger Sub ibers may be supplied with the preceding nad married his other daughter Regan. Here ordered him to conduct her father privately to












great country are such, as will occasion strong I will contrast some of these facts with those rivalships and violent parties. Every part of the same nature in Masaachusetts, exclusive

will be alike incapable of acquiring maritime of Maine, being the most ancient of our settleNO. VI.

power ; all will feel the deepest interest in the ments, siluated in the vicinity of extensive

regulations, which may at any time affect the tracts of new lands, to which her inhabitants THE INTEGRITY OF THE UNITED STATES MUST BE PRESERVED.

t:ade of the Mississippi ; their alliances will are constantly migrating, and being at the Haturally be with the people who can best sup. same time extensively interested in navigation

ply their wants, and most effectually protect and the fisheries, both of which employments Shewing the comparative strength, resources, their commerce ; and as the power to protect are more unfavourable to population, than ag

riculture. and local ao vantages of the different sections

must imply a power to annoy, their protectors of the Union

will, in all periods of fancied security, be view- The tenable land in Massachusetts, exclusive

cd with more jealousy and distrust, than confi. of Maine, is less than five millions of acres, “ It has been said, that the difficulties inci. donce and friendship. The western country is and little more than one third of the quantity in dent to foreign commerce, will soon compel a unit, composed of several distinct parts, too the eastern district of Virginia : The averthe western states to become manufacturers, scordant to cooperate among themselves, or age price of land in Massachusetts is ten doland thus acquire a commercial independence. Yith the rest of the Union, in any efficient sys- lars per acre, and the population equal to fiftyIt is highly probable that a few important man- srm for consolidating the power and resour- four persons to "he square mile. ufactures will soon be established. The valu. ces, or extending ihe credit of the nation. Notwithstanding the comparative high price able metals and fossils, with which this country Having, at the same time, a distinct and im- of land, which, if other circumstances were abounds; the internal demand for hard ware, portant interest, they will unite in endeavour- equal, so far increase the inducements to emiglass, and other bulky articles; the great ex- dig to hold the balance, between the different gralihn, Massachusetts has, in ten years, on pense, which must attend their importation, parties in the national government, which they five millions of acres, added to her population' and their imperishable qualities, certainly fa- will attempt to incline, in such manner, as 43,000 persons ; whereas, on 14 millions of vour a number of manufacturing establish- may best promote their Incal policy. During acres, the eastern district of Virginia has ada

Some manufactures of iron, copper, the next Congress some of these predictions ded to her population only 25,000 persons, and perhaps glass, may, even soon, be export will probably be verified. (Jan. 1803)

while her real strength has been diminished ed; but as the price of all agricultural produc- At the he i of the third Division of our by an increase of more than 50,000 slaves and tions will be liable to very great vibrations, and country stands Virginia, whose councils, at free negroes. as a considerable part of the labour of the present, influence a great majority of the Uni- It may be asked, is this disparity, in the country will be performed by slaves, it is cer- ted States. In a political speculation, that part condition of the two states, imputable to the tain that much time must elapse, before the of Virginia, which lies east of the Blue Ridge sterility of the soil, the insalubrity of the cli

attention of the people can be directed to the may be taken for the whole ; because in conse- mate, or the state of society ? $ fabrication of articles, requiring a combination quence of its physical situation, and the habits A comparison of the natural fertility of two

of skill, with continued and systematical in- if existing constitution of the State, this part | countries, the liriate, productions, and cultivadustry.

Tras long governed, and probabig will continue tion of whitú 2 so different, cannot be easily Having said that the prices of agricultural to govern the whole. An accurate knowledge made. It is only certain, that extensive conproductions will be subject to great vibrations, of what the eastern district of Virginia now is, tiguous tracts in Virginia are too poor to be it may be proper to explain the grounds of and is capable of becoming; appears, therefore, cultivated by freemen. What proportion of this opinion :- they are these. Provisions, in to be essentially necessary, for every American these poor lands have become private property, general, must be sold or consumed within the statesman.

and have been subject to taxation, cannot be year in which they are produced, or they must Of about forty millions of acres of taxable ascertained-probably the proportion is not be lost ;—those of a great proportion of the land, in the whole of Virginia, nearly fourteen considerable. western country can be carried to market dur- millions of acres lie east of the Blue Ridge. That the climate, or state of society, or both ing only those seasons in each year, in which The average value of these lands is no more united, are unfavourable to the increase of the state of the rivers favours the descent of than three dollars per acre ; the average value white population, can be easily demonstrated. boats ;-all the produce must be carried to one, of the twenty-six millions of acres west of the Virginia, alone, contains more granted tenable or a very few, ports. Combinations among men Blue Ridge is considerably below one dollar land, than the five New England states, with of capital, not only with a view of affecting the per acre.

Maine and the state of New York. Comparprice of what is brought to market, but also Of 518,000 persons, being the whole of atively, very few foreigners have settled in the the articles which are to be given in exchange, the white population of the state, 340,000 northern country during the last ten years, and will, for a long time be practicable. Owing to persons live in the eastern district ;-the white it is.certain that great numbers. have emigrathe climate and state of society, the ports on population of the eastern district, therefore, ted to Canada, and the middle and western the Mississippi are not likely to produce or somewhat exceeds fifteen persons to the square states. Though the emigrations to tile five retain any considerable number of navigators. mile. In the western district, the white pop

southern states have not been so considerable, The vessels, which will frequent these ports,. ulation but little exceeds four persons to the yet it is probablo that ten persons have emiwill, therefore, generally be owned in the square mile. The slaves, free negroes, and grated from the northern to the southern, for northern and middle states, or by Europeans—mulattoes in the eastern district amount to one who has emigrated from the southern to their inducements to visit these parts will de- | 341,000, and in the western district to 26,000.

the northern states. pend on the general state of commerce. In During ten years, from 1790 to 1800, the in- In 1790, the five New England states, witir addition to these causes, which affect the crease of white population in the easter dis- New York, contained 1,308,000 ; and the five price of agricultural produce in all places, the trict was about 26,000 ; and of slaves, free ne- southern states, -1,133,000 white persons ; the western country must therefore continually groes, and mulattoes, 52,000. The increase emigrations from the northerrr are certainly experience the influence of special causes, of of white population in the western district sufficient to counterbalance those from the very potent operation, arising out of their pe- during the same time was 50,000 ; and of slaves, southern section : -notwithstanding which, the culiar situation. free negroes, and mulattoes 9,000.

increase in the northern section has been The political inferences, deducible from these In the commercial towns of Norfolk, Rich- | 437,000, while in the southern it has been only facts are, that, in matters of mere local adminis- mond, and Alexandria, the white population has 242,000 white persons. In proportion toʻthe tration and policy, but little uniformity and con- increased in ten years about 4,600 persons'; in. stock of populations in 1790, the increase in cert can be expectect from the people of the West- the town of Petersburgh it has decreased ;- the southern section - ought to have been ern States : It is not indeed improbable that it the most populous of these towns is Norfolk, 378,000 persons ; the increase in the northern, will soon appear, that the circumstances and which contains 3,800 inhabitants, or about the compared with the southern section, ias beca l'elative advantages of different sections of this same number as Beverly in Massachuscits. in a ratio of 100 to 64 in favour of the former


bill to

That this disparity is, in some considerable , graded, abused country, to support Governour to see the rival of Homer hailed by a general degree, owing to physical causes, which abridge Strong, and his associates.

acclamation, making the Romans forget theatthe duration of human life in the southern

rical representations, gladiators, and pantostates, is probable from the following calcula

mines, to enjoy the description of their brilliant tion. In the five New England States and

GENERAL REGISTER. destinies. New York, the number of white males of forty

One of the most indispensable qualities of an five years of age and upwards is 115,000, and BOSTON, SATURDAY, APRIL 2, 1814. epick poem, is that the subject should be nathe number of white males under ten years

tional. The requisitions of vanity are neither 249,000. In the five southern states, the num. EUROPEAN: Nothing received since our

the least felt nor the least common. A nation ber of white males under ten years is also | last publication.

resembles individuals or families—all hear, 249,000, and the number of 45 years and up

DOMESTICK. Of several trifling move.

with pleasure, the history of their ancestors or wards, no more than 78,000 ; the proportion

ments at our seat of war, we find nothing de their founders, as a child sees his paternal of children, born in the southern states, there serving notice, except that a Col. Clark, with mansion and patrimonial estate with more infore, exceeds that in the northern states, while from a thousand to fifteen hundred troops, sessions of another, however beautiful. Thus

terest, than he experiences in viewing the posthe number who survive the age of 45 year's made a short incursion into Lower Canada, to is less, in the ratio of 67 to 100. A compari- the village in Missiquoi bay, and brought away

the two poems of Homer bad, in this respect, son of the number of white males under ten some private property and some of the inhabi.

a great advantage. Virgil's enjoys the same ; years, and of 45 and upwards, in Massachu

-his subject, as a national one, is happily setts and the eastern district of Virginia, mous system of warfare will we hope produce as much hattered as the Grecians, by the histo

A Montreal paper remarks “ this infa

chosen. The Romans, to say the least, were will give the same result. It appears that a a just retaliation.” The British have already greater number of persons attain to 45 years made a descent, at Weomico, on Chesapeake ry of their origin and every thing favourable and upwards in Massachusetts, than in some

to their genealogical pride. In this, the poet bay, with similar effect. other of the northern states, and the same fact is observable in Virginia, in relation to her legislature, Governour Snyder attempted to During the last session of the Pennsylvanian was aided by all the popular traditions of his

of more southern neighbours.”

strangle new banks in the birth; cherishing the vanity of his countrymen. Ju

but the pertinacity of the legislature preserved lius Cæsar was gratified to have it believed his FOURTH OF APRIL.

prenomen descended to him from Tulus, the The Anniversary of our election of state Congress have been engaged in a long de

Congress have been engaged in a long de son of Eneas ; Augustus, his adopted son, did officers, we trust, will be another proud day bate on the subject of the Yazoo claims, in not abandon this pretension. A long list of for Massachusetts. Of all possible mein; of which was exhibited, to the disgrace of the na

families were fond of tracing their ancestry acquiring lasting honours to the Common- tion, much of the intemperance and vulgarity, claimed a lineal descent from Clausus ; the

back through the night of time. The Claudii wealth, none are so busy as the faithful dis- which constantly marks the speeches of some

Menmii even to Mnestheus (genus a quo sancharge of duty on that day. By simply attend- of the leading members. It is however exing Town-meetings, and voting with a regard pected, a decision will prevail in favour of guine Memmi); the Cluentii to Cloanthus; and to publick good and private advantage, we can a compromise between government and the the heads of these illustrious families enjoyed,

in reading Virgil, the pleasure of seeing their pay a just and flattering tribute to the services claimants. and virtues of a man, who richly deserves the The Senate have passed a vote in favour of founders perform distinguished characters, in love and veneration of his fellow citizens. We bringing in

his poem. In a word, the whole nation took

remove the Embargo. can lend strength and support to those princi- The House have not acted on the subject. its share in what was so flattering--the antiples, which have given us a high rank in the Should it possibly succeed, we are at no logs quity, and marvellous nature of their origin, political history of our country, and given our to understand the measure. The southern

assumed by the author of the Eneid. Inngcountry a high rank among nations.

We can

states are now suffering most by the embargo. merable religious or civil festivals, the worgive a wholesome check to that all-grasping Raise it and, they will probably wish the war ship of Vesta, of Cybele, and of almost all spirit of ambition, which hesitātes at no means continued, and support those who are in favour their Gods, the ceremonies with which they to attain a selfish end. We can preserve the oi it.

proclaimed peace or war, the arms of the war

riors, the costume of the ponuiffs, had passed consistency of our own'characters, by evincing a uniform conduct in uniform circumstances.

To correspondents.

from the Trojans and Grecians to the Romans; We can avert the scoffs of our tyrants, who

and were not considered the least honourable

We should be glad of an interview with the author would exult in our folly, were we to give our of “The Writer, No. 1."

part of their heritage. To these were united a

We have several communications of which we can. countenance to those whom we find pledged

long list of oracular responses and predictions, not avail ourselves, for several reasons. No indelicate which, placing the Roman destinies under the to strengthen the despotism, under which we

allusion will ever be admitted. We must not allow guardianship and protection of the Gods, inare already suffering 50 severely.

the precedent of English writers a century ago. creased the eclat and dignity of this people, To paralyze the zeal of the citizens on such Whether morals have improved or not, the publick and predisposed nations to the voluntary recepoccasions, it has been heretofore urged that taste is more refined. the governour of the state has no power to in

tion of their laws and to recognize their soveterfere with the views of the general govern

reignty. The Romans were so sensible of this

LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. ment. This is no longer the case.

advantage, that they professed a solemn grati

tude, in exempting the subjects of ancient cral government has invaded our constitutional rights, and made attempts upon our personal


Troy from every species of tax; and it appearfreedom. Our governour is our guardian.

ed that this exemption scaled the authenticity

DELILELE, of their origin. While he is true, though we must groan under the miseries of a wicked war, we shall not

Virgil derived resources from his subject, be dragged from our families to perish, the vic-Voltaire has said, “ if Homer is to be con not enjoyed by Homer. The latter was onetims of sturid generalship, in a hopeless, un- sidered the author of Virgil, it is his most cessarily limited to Greece. Virgil embraces justifiable cause. Governour Strong stands perfect production." Let us pursue this suge echoes throughout the Eneid. An empire to be

both Greece and Italy. The fall of Troy firm by us-let us stand firm by him. His pi- gestion. One of the most interesting spectaety is cast in his teeth, by the profligates of Cles that can be contemplated is the impression destroyed—is the whole subject of Homer :

the destruction of this great empire-its revival this and the other states ; let us show our re- of genius upon genius. I take pleasure in

in Italy, under a new name and more favouragard for such a character. His defence of representing to myself the latin poet, at the in

ble auspices—the whole world subjected, by our personal liberties is denounced as rebel- stant when, for the first time, he read the Illion. Let us show that we know some rights iad, full of the inspiration, which he derived promise, to its domination_such is the subject are unalienable, and that we honour him who from it, meditating a poem, which was to pro: Troy and the cradle of Rome : and by a mulshields them. There will be no peace, while war is practicable. Let us then show that no Greece ; recalling Eneas, lost in the crowd of titude of oracles, by the prophesies of Anchi.

ses, and the ingenious fiction of the shield forın. voluntary aid is to be expected from táis quar- Trojan warriors, from oblivion, if a name, ter. The further we pursue the important mentioned by Homer, can ever be in oblivion cd by Vulcan, he was enabled to pursue the subject of the approaching election, in all its I indulge in the ideal satisfaction of seeing this high destinies of that proud metropolis, from bearings, the more we shall be convinced, that young poet reading the first specimens of his the wolf of Romulus to the Roman cagles ; we owe it to our moral character-to our po- Eneid at the theatre, fascinating proud Rome from the royal cottage of the good Evander to litical character to our regard for ourselves with the recital of her victories, augustus with the pomp of the capitol. His materials would to our regard for our bleeding, sinking, de that of his triumphs and his glory. 1 delight have been debcient in novelty, if his fable and

The gen

Translated for the Boston Spectator.



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