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I. TERRITORIAL COURTS.
1. Appeals from territorial courts may be prosecuted, notwithstanding admission as a state. To whom mandate to be directed. 2. Where territorial courts may be held. Expenses.
II. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS.
3. Punishment of bigamy. Who to be excused from the penal
ties of bigamy.
4. What real estate may be held by religious corporations.
5. Negro suffrage established.
6. Power to grant charters restricted.
7. Salaries of judges.
8. Legislature to be chosen for two years. Biennial sessions.
I. TERRITORIAL COURTS.
11 Stat. 328.
1. In all cases of judgments and decrees, in any territorial court of the United States, 12 June 1858 ? 18. now rendered, or hereafter to be rendered, and from which there might be a writ of error, or appeal to the supreme court of the United States, there may be presented such Appeals from writ of error or appeal, within the time and under the other restrictions limited by law, may be prosecuted. notwithto said supreme court, notwithstanding such territory may, after such judgments and standing admisdecrees, have been admitted into the Union as a state; and said supreme court shall, sion as a state. when the same is decided, direct the mandate to such court as the nature of the writ To whom manof error or appeal, in their judgment may require.
date to be directed.
11 stat. 366.
2. The judges of the supreme court of each territory of the United States are hereby 14 June 1858 1. authorized to hold court within their respective districts, in the counties wherein, by the laws of said territories, courts have been or may be established, for the purpose of Where territorial courts may be hearing and determining all matters and causes, except those in which the United States held. is a party: Provided, That the expenses thereof shall be paid by the territory, or by Expenses. the counties in which said courts may be held, and the United States shall in no case be chargeable therewith.
II. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS.
12 Stat. 501.
cused from the
3. Every person having a husband or wife living, who shall marry any other person, 1 July 1862 ? 1. whether married or single, in a territory of the United States, or other place over which the United States have exclusive jurisdiction, shall, except in the cases specified in the Punishment of proviso to this section, be adjudged guilty of bigamy, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars, and by imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years: Provided, nevertheless, That this section shall not extend who to be exto any person, by reason of any former marriage, whose husband or wife by such mar- penalties of bigariage shall have been absent for five successive years, without being known to such per- my. son within that time to be living; nor to any person by reason of any former marriage which shall have been dissolved by the decree of a competent court; nor to any person by reason of any former marriage which shall have been annulled or pronounced void by the sentence or decree of a competent court, on the ground of the nullity of the marriage contract.
Ibid. § 3.
4. It shall not be lawful for any corporation or association for religious or charitable purposes to acquire or hold real estate in any territory of the United States, during the What real estate existence of the territorial government, of a greater value than fifty thousand dollars; may be held by and all real estate acquired or held by any such corporation or association contrary to rations. the provisions of this act shall be forfeited and escheat to the United States: Provided, That existing vested rights in real estate shall not be impaired by the provisions of this section.
14 Stat. 379.
5. There shall be no denial of the elective franchise, in any of the territories of the 25 Jan. 1867 1. United States, now or hereafter to be organized, to any citizen thereof, on account of race, color or previous condition of servitude; and all acts or parts of acts, either of Negro suffrage congress or the legislative assemblies of said territories, inconsistent with the provisions of this act are hereby declared null and void.
14 Stat. 426.
6. The legislative assemblies of the several territories of the United States shall not, 2 March 1867 § 1. after the passage of this act, grant private charters or especial privileges, but they may, by general incorporation acts, permit persons to associate themselves together as bodies corporate for mining, manufacturing and other industrial pursuits.
7. The salary of each of the judges of the several supreme courts in each of the organized territories (except Montana and Idaho) shall be two thousand five hundred Salaries of dollars.
Power to grant
15 Stat. 300.
8. The members of both branches of the legislative assemblies of the several terri- 3 March 1869 1. tories shall be chosen for the term of two years, and the sessions of the legislative assemblies shall be biennial. And each territorial legislature shall, at its first session Legislature to be after the passage of this act, make provision by law for carrying this act into effect.
chosen for two years.
I. DISTRICT COURTS.
1. Term of the district court at Tyler, changed. II. COLLECTION DISTRICTS.
2. District of Brownsville.
11 June 1858 1. 11 Stat. 314.
Term at Tyler changed.
1. DISTRICT COURTS.
1. That from and after the passage of this act, the term of the district court of the United States for the western district of the state of Texas, held at Tyler, in said district, on the first Monday in March of each year, be and the same is hereby changed to the fourth Monday in April of each year.
II. COLLECTION DISTRICTS.
2. That the custom-house of said district be and the same is hereby changed from Point Isabel to Brownsville; that the port of entry heretofore existing at Point Isabel aforesaid be and the same is hereby abolished; and that Brownsville aforesaid be and the same is hereby created a port of entry for said district.
3. The collector of said district shall henceforth keep his office at Brownsville aforeCollector's office. said, and the same shall be removed, under such instructions as the secretary of the
treasury shall prescribe.
4. A deputy-collector of customs shall reside and keep his office at Brazos de Santiago aforesaid, who shall be and he is hereby authorized to enter and clear vessels.
16 June 1860 1. 12 Stat. 39.
28 July 1866 14 Stat. 308.
District of Corpus Christi.
Ibid. 4. Transhipment
5. All goods, wares and merchandise of whatever description, transported in bond to the port of entry hereby created, from any other port or place in the United States, via of goods import- Brazos Harbor, may, on their arrival in said harbor, be transhipped, under such regu
lations, not inconsistent with law, as the secretary of the treasury may prescribe, in other vessels for transportation, via the Rio Grande, to Brownsville aforesaid; and any goods, wares or merchandise, of any description whatever, imported into said district, via said harbor, from any foreign country, may in like manner be transhipped to said port of entry, as herein provided for goods, wares and merchandise transhipped in bond.
Aransas a port of delivery.
3. Collector's office.
4. Deputy at Brazos de Santiago.
5. Transhipment of goods imported via Brazos.
6. District of Corpus Christi. Aransas a port of delivery. 7. Indianola a port of entry.
3 March 1859 1. 11 Stat. 408.
6. All that part of the state of Texas and the waters thereof included within the counties of Nueces, Starr, Zapata, Duval, Encinao, Webb, La Salle, McMullen, Live Oak, Bee, Refugio and San Patricio, shall be a distinct collection district, to be called the district of Corpus Christi, and the town of Corpus Christi shall be its only port of entry; and a collector shall be appointed to reside at said port; and Aransas shall be a port of delivery in said district.
7. The town of Indianola shall hereafter be the port of entry for the district of Saluria, in said state, instead of La Salle.
1. Penalty for cutting timber on military reservations.
1. If any person or persons shall unlawfully cut, or aid, assist or be employed in unlawfully cutting, or shall wantonly destroy, or procure to be wantonly destroyed, any Penalty for cut timber standing, growing or being upon any lands of the United States, which in pur
ting timber on
suance of any law passed, or hereafter to be passed, have been, or shall be, reserved or purchased by the United States, for military or other purposes; every such person or persons so offending, on conviction thereof before a court having competent jurisdiction, shall, for every such offence, pay a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars, and shall be imprisoned not exceeding twelve months.
13. Clerks to assistant treasurer in Boston. Salaries.
I. OF THE SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY.
1. Power of secretary to compromise claims.
2. Additional assistant secretary. Salary and duties.
3. May delegate one of the assistant secretaries to sign war
II. OF THE TREASURER.
4. Assistant treasurer to be appointed.
5. Salary of treasurer.
6. Annual estimates.
7. Salaries of officers and clerks.
III. SOLICITOR OF THE TREASURY.
8. Assistant solicitor to be appointed. Salary.
IV. OF THE REGISTER.
9. Assistant register to be appointed. - 10. His duties.
15. Payment of salaries to unauthorized officers forbidden. 16. Chief clerk to assistant treasurer in Philadelphia.
17. When to act as treasurer.
18. Duties of clerks.
19. Clerks to assistant treasurer at New Orleans.
20. Acting assistant treasurers.
21. Salaries of assistant treasurers and officers of the mint.
22. Moneys to pay outstanding drafts and checks to be deposited.
23. Register's certificate to be a sufficient voucher.
24. Payment of such drafts, &c.
25. On what moneys to operate.
26. Accounts of disbursing officers, when to be covered and credited.
27. Annual reports to be made to the secretary
V. OF THE TREASURY.
VI. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS.
11. Additional clerks to assistant treasurer in New York. Compensation. 28. Employees in the treasury building. Accounts for con12. Deputy assistant treasurer in New York. His powers and tingent expenses. Expenditures for furniture and repairs.
I. OF THE SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY.
12 Stat. 740.
tary to compro
1. Upon a report by a district attorney, or any special attorney or agent having 3 March 1963 3. charge of any claim in favor of the United States, showing in detail the condition of such claim, and the terms upon which the same may be compromised, and recommend- Power of secreing that the same be compromised upon the terms so offered, and upon the recommenda- mise claims. tion of the solicitor of the treasury, the secretary of the treasury be and he is hereby authorized to compromise such claim accordingly.
13 Stat. 26.
2. The president shall appoint, in the treasury department, by and with the advice 14 Mar. 1864 § 3. and consent of the senate, an additional assistant secretary of the treasury, whose salary shall be three thousand dollars per annum, who shall perform all such duties in Additional assis the office of the secretary of the treasury, belonging to that department, as shall be prescribed by the secretary of the treasury, or as may be required by law.
14 Stat. 459.
3. The secretary of the treasury shall have power, by an appointment under his 2 March 1867 2 1. hand and official seal, to delegate to one of the assistant secretaries of the treasury, authority to sign, in his stead, all warrants for the payment of money into the public May delegate one of the assistreasury, and all warrants for the disbursement from the public treasury of money tant secretaries to sign warrants. certified by the proper accounting officers of the treasury to be due upon accounts duly audited and settled by them; and such warrants so signed shall be in all cases of the same validity as if they had been signed by the secretary of the treasury himself.
II. OF THE TREASURER.
12 Stat. 761.
rer of the United
4. That the president of the United States be and he is hereby authorized to appoint, 3 March 1863 § 1. from time to time, by and with the consent and approval of the senate of the United States, an assistant treasurer of the United States; and the treasurer of the United Assistant treasuStates may, in his discretion, with the consent of the secretary of the treasury of the States. United States, authorize the said assistant to act in the place and stead, and at any and at all times to discharge any or all the duties required by law of the said treasurer of the United States.
Ibid. § 3.
5. There shall be paid to the treasurer of the United States, in lieu and stead of his present compensation, commencing with and including the first day of July 1862, the Salary of treasusum of five thousand dollars per annum; but from which amount there shall be de- rer. ducted all sums of money heretofore paid for or received by the said treasurer, on account of his compensation for services rendered as treasurer of the United States, since and including the day aforesaid, and the income tax on such additional compensation as will have accrued since the first day of September 1862.
6. The compensation of the treasurer, deputy-treasurer, clerks and messengers aforesaid, for the current and next fiscal years, shall be paid out of any money in the Annual estitreasury not otherwise appropriated. Estimates for all such compensations, after the mates. next fiscal year, shall be submitted by the secretary of the treasury with his annual estimates.
13 Stat. 159.
7. That the office of the treasurer of the United States be reorganized, under the 25 June 1864 Į 2. direction of the secretary of the treasury, so as to authorize the employment of the officers and clerks, and with the annual salaries hereinafter specified, viz.:
One assistant treasurer, with a salary of twenty-eight hundred dollars.
One assistant cashier, with a salary of twenty-five hundred dollars.
Salaries of officers and clerks.
25 June 1864.
23 July 1866 5. 14 Stat. 207.
20 Feb. 1863 1. 12 Stat. 656,
Ibid. 2. His duties.
IV. OF THE REGISTER.
9. That the president be and he is hereby authorized to appoint, by and with the advice and consent of the senate, for the term of one year, an officer in the office of the Assistant regis- register of the treasury, to be called the assistant register, at an annual salary of two thousand dollars.
ter to be appointed.
6 March 1862 § 1. 12 Stat. 353.
10. The duties of said assistant shall be such as may be devolved on him by the register of the treasury, and in the absence of the register, said assistant shall act in his place and stead; and any official record, certificate or other document, excepting warrants, bonds and drafts, if signed by the assistant register, shall have the same legal force and validity as if signed by the register of the treasury.
V. OF THE TREASURY.
11. That the assistant treasurer of the United States at New York be and he hereby is authorized to appoint, from time to time, by and with the consent and approbation of the secretary of the treasury, such other clerks, messengers and watchmen, in addition sistant treasurer to those already employed by him, as the exigencies of the public business may require,
in New York.
at rates of compensation to be fixed by the secretary of the treasury: Provided, That such rates shall in no case exceed those now allowed by law for the several persons similarly employed in the office of the said assistant treasurer. ** Estimates for compensation for such additional clerks, messengers and watchmen, after the next fiscal year, shall be submitted by the secretary of the treasury with his annual estimates. 12. That the said assistant treasurer of the United States at New York be and he Deputy-assistant hereby is further authorized to appoint, with the approbation of the secretary of the treasurer at New treasury, a competent person from among his clerks who shall be called the deputy
assistant treasurer of the United States. The said deputy-assistant treasurer, in addi-
One chief of the division of issues, with a salary of twenty-two hundred dollars.
19 Mar. 1862
Two principal book-keepers, each with a salary of twenty-two hundred dollars.
Two assistant tellers, each with a salary of two thousand dollars.
12 Stat. 373.
One chief clerk, with a salary of two thousand dollars.
Fifteen clerks of class four, fifteen of class three, eleven of class two, nine of class one, one messenger in charge of mails, with a salary of one thousand dollars; nine messengers, with a salary of nine hundred dollars each; five messengers, with a salary of seven hundred dollars each; sixty female clerks, with a salary of six hundred dollars each; five laborers, with a salary of six hundred dollars each, and seven female laborers at a salary of two hundred and forty dollars each. And the officers, clerks and employees hereby authorized shall be in lieu of all the force now employed in the said office.
III. SOLICITOR OF THE TREASURY.
8. There shall be an officer in the treasury department, to be known as the assistant solicitor of the treasury, who shall be appointed by the secretary of the treasury, and who shall receive an annual salary of three thousand dollars.
13. In lieu of the clerks heretofore authorized and provided, the assistant treasurer at Boston be and he is hereby authorized to appoint, with the approbation of the secreClerks to assist- tary of the treasury, one chief clerk at a salary of fifteen hundred dollars per annum,
ant treasurer at Boston.
and one disbursing clerk at a salary of fifteen hundred dollars per annum, and one other clerk at a salary of twelve hundred dollars per annum, and one messenger at a salary of seven hundred dollars per annum. (a)
(a) The act 3 March 1869 appropriates $20,000 for the salaries of the clerks and messengers in the office of the assistant treasurer at Boston, and provides that hereafter the salaries of the
clerks and messengers employed in this office shall not exceed that sum. 15 Stat. 299.
12 Stat. 394.
14. There shall be employed in the office of the assistant treasurer at St. Louis a 20 May 1862 ? 2. chief clerk and teller, with an annual salary of eighteen hundred dollars, and one assistant clerk, with an annual salary of twelve hundred dollars: * Provided, That the Clerks to assistclerks hereby authorized are to be in the place of all other clerical force now authorized St. Louis. by law for said office.
ant treasurer at
12 Stat. 646.
ries to unautho
15. No money shall be paid from the treasury of the United States to any person 9 Feb. 1863 ? 2. acting or assuming to act as an officer, civil, military or naval, as lary in any office, which office is not authorized by some previously existing law, unless where such office Payment of salashall be subsequently sanctioned by law; nor shall any money be paid out of the trea- rized officers for sury, as salary, to any person appointed during the recess of the senate, to fill a vacancy in any existing office, which vacancy existed while the senate was in session, and is by law required to be filled by and with the advice and consent of the senate, until such appointee shall have been confirmed by the senate.
12 Stat. 752.
16. The treasurer of the mint of the United States, by virtue of that office, assistant 3 March 1863 2 12. treasurer of the United States at Philadelphia, is authorized to designate from among the clerks in his said offices respectively, one to act as chief clerk to the treasurer of the mint, and one other to act as chief clerk to the assistant treasurer of the United States.
Chief clerk to asin Philadelphia.
17. In case of the sickness or unavoidable absence of the treasurer of the mint, he Ibid. 13. may, in his discretion, authorize the respective chief clerks to act in his place, and to when to act as discharge all the duties required by law of the treasurer of the mint or assistant trea- assistant treasurer of the United States at Philadelphia.
18. The chief and other clerks in the treasury department of the mint shall give such Ibid. 14. assistance in the assistant treasury of the United States at Philadelphia, in the receipt, Duties of clerks. custody and disbursement of the public money, as may be required of them by the treasurer, with the same responsibility for the faithful performance of such duty, as is imposed upon them by the laws in force for the government of the mint and the officers and clerks thereof.
13 Stat. 161.
ant treasurer at
19. In lieu of the clerks heretofore authorized and provided, the assistant treasurer 25 June 1864 § 7. at New Orleans be and he is hereby authorized to appoint, with the approbation of the secretary of the treasury, one chief clerk, at a salary of twenty-five hundred dollars Clerks to assistper annum; one clerk, at a salary of two thousand dollars per annum; two clerks, at New Orleans. a salary of fifteen hundred dollars per annum each; one porter, at a salary of nine hundred dollars per annum; and two watchmen, at a salary of six hundred dollars per annum each.
13 Stat. 427.
20. In case of the sickness or unavoidable absence of any assistant treasurer or depo- 13 Feb. 1865 1. sitory of the United States from his office, he may, with the approval of the secretary of the treasury, authorize the chief clerk, or some other clerk employed therein, to act Acting assistant in his place, and to discharge all the duties required by law of such assistant treasurer or depository: Provided, That the official bond given by the principal of the office shall be held to cover and apply to the acts of the person appointed to act in his place in such cases: And provided further, That such acting officer shall, for the time being, be subject to all the liabilities and penalties prescribed by law, for the official misconduct, in like cases, of the assistant treasurer or depository respectively for whom he shall act.
14 Stat. 26.
21. There shall be paid, annually, instead of the yearly salaries at present authorized, 7 April 1866 ? 14. to the director of the mint at Philadelphia, four thousand five hundred dollars; to the treasurer, three thousand five hundred dollars, and one thousand five hundred dollars Salaries of assistfor additional compensation as assistant treasurer of the United States; to the melter and officers of the and refiner, three thousand dollars; to the assayer, three thousand dollars; to the mint. assistant to the assayer, two thousand dollars; to the chief coiner, three thousand dollars; to the assistant to the chief coiner, two thousand dollars; to the engraver, three thousand dollars; to one clerk, two thousand five hundred dollars; to two clerks, two thousand dollars each; to four clerks, one thousand five hundred dollars each; to the treasurer of the branch mint at San Francisco, for salary as assistant treasurer of the United States, in addition to his salary as treasurer of said mint, one thousand five hundred dollars; to the assistant treasurer of the United States at New York, eight thousand dollars; to the assistant treasurer of the United States at Boston, five thousand dollars; to the assistant treasurer of the United States at Saint Louis, five thousand dollars.
22. All amounts of moneys that are represented by certificates, drafts or checks, 2 May 1866 & 1. issued by the treasurer of the United States, or by any disbursing officer of any depart- 14 Stat. 41. ment of the government of the United States, upon the treasurer or any assistant treasurer, or designated depository of the United States, or upon any national bank
Moneys to pay