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abuse the royal mercy, and to form fresh conspiracies in the prospect of impunity, offended justice will then be compelled to extend to the obdurate criminal the full measure of his punishment.

Amidst your measures either of power, of justice, or of clemency, you have not forgotten to afford confolation and encou. ragement to the loyal. The means which were adopted for their temporary relief, and the plan which has been devised for the further remuneration of their losses, are highly honourable to your feelings, and must, in every loyal breast, excite emotions of love and gratitude to his country.

Since my arrival in this kingdom I have received the most flattering assurances of your regard and approbation, which command my warmest acknowledgments; and whilft I feel myself thus encouraged and supported, and reflect on the loyalty which is so generally displayed, and on the force which is entrusted to my direction, I cannot allow myself to doubt of the success of our united endeavours for the welfare of this country.

BRITISH PARLIAMENT. Address of both Houses of Parliament to his Majesty on the 10th

November 1797

WE, your Majesty's most dutiful and loyal subjects, the Lords

spiritual and temporal, and Coinmons, in Parliament afsembled, have taken into our most serious consideration the papers which your Majesty has been pleased to direct to be laid before us, on the subject of the negotiation into which your Majesty had entered, with the view of relloring 10 your people a secure and honourable peace. In every stage of that tranfaction we have recognised your Majesty's invariable and unremitted folicitude for our prosperity and welfare, while we have seen, on the other hand, the most abundant proofs of the continuance of that fpirit of inveterate animosity and desperate ambition, on the part of our enemies, in which the present contest first originated. Your Majesty's conduct, characterized by an unexampled moderation, openness, and consistency, has left to the enemy no means of eva-fion, no subterfuge of disguise or artifice. It can no longer be denied that their conduct is actuated by a fixed determination of excluding all means of peace, and of pursuing, at all hazards, their hostile designs against the happiness and safety of these king. doms : even the vain pretence of pacific dispositions is now abandoned, and the real purpose of all their councils, and of all their measures, at length openly and publicly avowed. It is to our laws and government that they have declared their irreconcilable hatred. No sacrifice will content them but that of our liberty ; no concession but that of our envied and liappy constitution.


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Under such circumstances, we feel the duty which we owe in this great crisis to God and to our country. Animated by the same sentiments which your Majesty has been pleased to declare to your people and to the world, attached to your Majesty by principles of duty and gratitude, and senlible that it is only from courage and firmness that we can look for present safety or permanent peace, we are determined to defend, with unshaken resolution, your Majesty's throne, the lives and property of our fel. low-subjects, the government and constitution of our country, and the honour and independency of the British empire. We know that great exertions are necefiary; we are prepared to make them ; and, placing our firm reliance on that divine protection which has always hitherto been extended to us, we will support your Majesty to the utmost, and stand or fall with our religion, laws, and liberties.

The following Amendment to the Address was moved in the House of

Commons by Sir John Sinclair. WE beg leave to return your Majesty our most humble and hearty thanks for your gracious communication of the papers refpecting the late negotiation entered into with the government of France. When we consider the various calamities to which nations in a state of hostility are necessarily exposed, we cannot but deplore the continuance of a war, which has already occasioned such expense of treasure and of blood to the powers engaged in it ; and we join most heartily in applauding your Majesty's humane and beneficent exertions to bring the fame to a termination. We trust that the two nations will see the wisdom and policy of speedily renewing a negotiation so favourable to the interests of humanity, and of concluding the war on terms just in themselves, and honourable to the parties interested ; the only true foundation in which a lasting pacification can be expected. But if, unfortunately, such hopes should not be realized, and Mould the further prosecution of the war become necessary, your Majesty may be assured of the firm and unalterable support of your faithful Commons, in making every exertion that circumstances may render necessary for procuring a safe and honourable peace, on terms consistent with the dignity of your Majelly's crown and kingdom, and the prosperity and essential interests of your people.

[The above amendinent was withdrawn.]

His Majesty's Answer 10 the Address of both Houses of Parliament

on the 11tb November. My Lords and Gentlemen, NOTHING would be more satisfactory to me than the unanimous declaration of the sentiments of my two Houses of Parliament; they are such as the conduct and declared intention of the enemy could not fail to produce. We are engaged in a cause which is cominon to us all, and contending for every interest which a free and independent nation can have to maintain. Under the blessing of Providence, I look with confidence to the issue of this great contest : but in every event my resolution is taken: it is such as I owe to God, to my country, and to myself, and it is confirmed by the sentiments which you have this day delivered to me. I will not be wanting to my people, but will stand or fall with them in the defence of our religion and in the maintenance of the independence, laws, and liberties of these kingdons.

On the 8th December Mr. Nicholls made the following Motion in the

House of Commons. THAT all salaries, fees, and perquifites of all persons hold

ing offices under the Crown, shall be given up towards de. fraying the expenses of the war, excepting the sum of 2000). a-year to all officers whose falaries, fees, and perquisites shall exceed 2000l. a-year. This resolution not to extend to the Lord Chancellor, the Speaker of the House of Commons, the Judges, the officers holding commissions in the army and navy, and to forcign ininisters.

[The motion was withdrawn.)

The following Melage was brought down to the House of Commons

on the 11th January 1798. G. R. HIS

IS Majesty thinks proper to acquaint the House of Lords,

that he has received various advices of preparations made, and measures taken in France, apparently in pursuance of a des lign openly and repeatedly profelled of attempting an invasion of ihese kingdoms. His Majelty is firmly persuaded that by the zeal, courage, and exertions of his faithful people, struggling for every thing that is most dear to them, such an enterprise, if attempted, will terminate in the confusion and ruin of those who may be engaged in it. But his Majesty, in his anxious concern for

the the welfare and safety of his people, feels it incumbent upon him to omit no suitable precaution which may contribute to their defence at so important a conjuncture. His Majesty therefore, in pursuance of the act of Parliament passed last session for providing for the augmentation of the militia, thinks it right to make this communication to the House of Commons, to the end that his Majesty may cause the said militia, or such part thereof as he shall think necessary, to be drawn out and embodied, and to march, as occasion shall require.

Mr. Dundas moved, and the House agreed to the following Address

in consequence of the above Meljage. THAT an humble address be presented to his Majesty, to return his Majesty our most dutiful thanks for graciously communicating to this House, that he has received various advices of preparations inade and measures taken in France, apparently in pursuance of the design openly and repeatedly professed of attempting the invasion of these kingdoms : To allure his Majesty that he may rely on the continued and decided support of this House in this inportant conjuncture.; and that we are firmly persuaded that the zeal and courage of his faithful subjects struggling for all that is most dear to them, will be vigorously exerted in repelling every insult, and will, under the blefling of Providence, be effectual for disappointing the ambitious and extravagant designs of the enemy, and turning them to the confusion of those who may be engaged in thèm.

[A fimilar message was presented to the House of Lords on the fame day, and a fimilar address ordered to be presented.]

On the 22d February 1798, in the House of Commons, Mr. B ker

made the following Motion, which was agreed to. THAT there be laid before the House, an account of the pro

ceedings of the Transport Office, and of the Board of Ad. miralty, relative to the treatment of the French prisoners in the different parts of the kingdom.

On the 23d February 1798, Mr. Huskisson made the following

Motion in the House of Commons, which was agreed to. THAT there be laid before the House such extracts from the letters and correspondence as related to the detention and confinement of Sir Sidney Smith, and the negotiation entered into between the two governments, respecting the exchange of prifoners of war.

On the 22d March 1798, in the House of Lords, the Duke of Bedford

moved, THAT an humble address be presented to his Majesty, moft

humbly to represent that, from the commencement of the war to the present moment, his Majesty's ministers have had all the advantages which could be derived from the entire confidence and support of Parliament ; that this confidence and support have given them the unlimited command and disposal of the power and revenue of these kingdoms; that, with means profusely furnished to obtain success, the councils which have had the direction of this power and the application of these resources, have been attended with no effect but to exalt France to her present formidable greatness, and in the same proportion to impair the relative situation of Great Britain; to expose her, with reduced strength and diminilhed resources, to all those dangers which it was alleged could be averted only by an early and successful combination to resist the principles as well as the power of the French government; and, after an unavailing expense of blood and treasure, to compel his Majesty's ministers to open a negotiation for peace by a total dereliction of all the principles on which the war was said to be unavoidable, and by submitting to abandon those safeguards and defences, which, in the early period of hostilities, were insisted on as absolutely indispensable to the security of these kingdoms.

That, without looking back to the causes of the war, or inquiring now whether it might or might not have been avoided, and reserving for another moment all consideration of the charges which may hereafter be brought against those persons who originally advised his Majesty not to acknowledge the republic of France, nor to listen to any terms of accoinmodation ; we think it our duty humbly to lay before his Majesty the situation in which we are now placed.

We are awed by the result of the war itself, and astonished at the conclusion drawn from it by his Majesty's ministers, who, with all the means of vigorous attack, have reduced us to a state of precarious defence, yet still have the confidence to allert, that in the same councils which have proved fo incompetent in prosperity to direct with advantage the affairs of the nation, the best means are to be found of relief and security in our present difficulty and distress; and that we are Itill to look to them alone for the attainment of a safe and honourable peace.

That this House, and every member of it, is ready to provide for a vigorous defence of the country, and will not. Mrink from any personal difficulty or danger that may attend the performance of this duty. That whatever differences may exist, with regard to the principles and policy of our internal government, we are de. 5


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