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acres; of the Waterford section, 20 acres. Pop. of CLONTARF, a parish, containing a small town of the whole, 13,505. Pop. of co. Tipperary section, the same name, in co. Dublin. Area 1,190 acres. 13,010. Houses 1,384. Families employed chiefly Pop. 2,664. The surface extends along the N side in agriculture, 505; in manufactures and trade, 1,520; of Dublin bay. The village, or small town of C., in other pursuits, 691; dependent on property and stands on the N shore of Dublin bay, 2} m. ENE of professions, 173. Pop. of the Waterford section, 495. Dublin. The principal part of it is a street which Houses 71. Families employed in agriculture, 45; extends inland from the shore to the gate of C. casin manufactures and trade, 38; in other pursuits, 20. tle, and forms a noble vista in front of that edifice. Families dependent on property and professions, 2.- But the most pleasing parts consist of single buildC., notwithstanding its acknowledged antiquity, does ings, and rows, chains, and clusters of houses, scatnot figure in any noticeable authentic event of an. tered through shaded and rural lanes. Pop. 818. cient history. A siege which it underwent in 1650, CLONTEAD, a parish in co. Cork, 14 m. NE of and which terminated in its capitulation, is one of Kinsale. Area 3,098 acres. Pop. 1,274. the most memorable in the annals of Ireland. C. CLONTIBRET, a parish in co. Monaghan, 6 m. gives the title of earl, in the peerage, to the family NNW of Castleblaney. Area 26,554 acres. Pop. of Scott.
16,833. The surface contains a water-shed of counCLONMELLON, a town in the p. of Killua, co. try, whence streams fall off toward respectively the Westmeath, 47 m. NW by W of Athboy. Pop. 859. NW, the N, and the E seas of the kingdom; and it
CLONMETHAN, a parish in co. Dublin, 6 m. is all rough, bleak, and more or less moorish or mounNW of Swords. Area 3,028 acres. Pop. 509. tainous. The great lake of Mucknoe lies on the E
CLONMINES, a parish in co. Wexford, 10 m. border.
CLONMORE, a parish in co. Carlow, 21 m. S by of Dublin. It contains the villages of Drumcondra,
CLONY. See CLONEY.
in co. Roscommon, 5 m. NNE of Strokestown. `Area CLONMULSK, or CLONMELSH, a parish in co. 5,454 acres. Pop. 2,853. Carlow, 4 m. S of the town of Carlow. Area 3,146 CLOONDARA, or CLOONDRAGH, an island in co. acres. Pop. 675.
Longford, formed by the Shannon and two branches CLONMULT, a parish in co. Cork, 5} m. SW of of the Camlin. Its length, from N to S, is l} m. Its Tullow. Area 4,591 acres. Pop. 1,146.
whole surface is flat and low; and the greater part of CLONOE, parish in co. Tyrone, 2 m. SSE of its E half is bog.-The village of C. has a pop. of Stewartstown. Area 12,070 acres, of which 2,940 416. acres are in Lough Neagh. Pop. 6,817.
CLOONEENBEG, a village in the p. of Athleague, CLONONEY, or CLONANA, a village in the p. ofco. Roscommon. Pop. 236. Gallen, King's co., on the Brosna river, 3 m. WSW CLOONLARA, a hamlet in the p. of Kiltonanlea, of Ferbane. Pop. 205.
co. Clare, on the cross-road from Killaloe to LimerCLONOULTY, a parish, partly in co. Tipperary, ick. Pop. 219. 41 m. SW of Holycross. Area 11,134 acres. Pop. CLOONOGHILL, or CLOONACOOL, a parish in co. 3,855. The highest ground is Knockbane, situated Sligo, 34 m. WSW of Ballymote. Area 7,099 acres. in the NW, and lifting its summit 1,188 ft. above Pop. 2,588. sea-level.
ČLOPHILL, a parish of Bedfordshire, 2 m. N of CLONPET, a parish in co. Tipperary, 24 m. S of Silsoe, N of the Ivel. Area 2,340 acres. Pop. 1,066. the town of Tipperary. Area 2,450 acres. Pop. 938. CLOPTON, a parish of Suffolk, 4 m. NW of WoodThe surface consists chiefly of part of the N declivi. bridge, near the London and Norwich railway. Area ties and skirts of Slieve-na-Muck mountain. A 1,480 acres. Pop. 389. mountain on the SE boundary has an alt. of 1,000 ft. CLOS-VOUGEOT. See VOUGEOT.
CLONPRIEST, a parish in co. Cork, 24 m. SW CLOSE, an extra-parochial district of Pembrokeof Youghal. Area 6,985 acres. Pop. 3,658. The shire. Pop. 50. surface extends along the shore of the Atlantic, from CLOSE WEST. See HIGHAM. near the mouth of Youghal harbour.
CLOSEBURN, a parish in Nithsdale, in DumfriesCLONROACHE, a village in the p. of Chapel, co. shire, skirted by the Nith on the W. Area 30,000 Wexford. Pop. 265.
acres, of which 23,000 are under pasture, and 5,600 CLONRUSH, or CLONMULSK, a parish 104 m. S by in tillage. Pop. in 1801, 1,679; in 1841, 1,530.W of Portumna, at the SE extremity of co. Galway. The village of C. is 2} m, SE of Thornhill. Pop. in Area 11,850 acres. Pop. 3,115. The surface is part 1841, 123. of the strongly mountainous W screen of Lough CLOSEHOUSE. See HOUGHTON. Derg, and of the belt of low, rich, ornate ground, CLOSEWORTH, a parish of Somerset, 4 m. S of which lies along the lake's margin.
Yeovil. Area 1,030 acres. Pop. 164. CLONSAST. See CLONBULLOGE.
CLOTHAL, formerly CLEYHULL, a parish of HertCLONSHAMBO, a parish in co. Kildare, 3} m. fordshire, 2; m. SE of Baldock. Area 3,520 acres. SSW of Kilcock. Area 2,021 acres. Pop. 351.
Pop. 495. CLONSILLAGH, a parish in co. Dublin, 7 m. CLOTHERHOLME, a township in the p. of WNW of Dublin. Area 3,256 acres. Pop. 944. Ripon, W. R. of Yorkshire. Area 830 acres. Pop. 10.
CLONSKEA, a village in the p. of Donnybrook, CLOTHIER, a port on the N coast of Roberts co. of Dublin. It stands on the river Dodder, in the island, one of the South Shetland group, in the SE environs of Dublin. Pop. 352.
South Atlantic, in S lat. 61° 45'. It is sheltered by the Heywood islands and reefs from all winds, but is CLOVELLY, or CLAVELLY, a parish in Devondifficult of access.
shire, 11 m. SW of Bideford. Area 4,200 acres. CLOTTON-HOOFIELD, a township in the p. of Pop. 950. Tarvin, Cheshire, 2 m. WNW of Tarporley. Area ČLOVEN CLIFF, a remarkable isolated rock 1,550 acres. Pop. 417.
which marks the NW boundary of Spitzbergen. It CLOUD (SAINT), a town of France, in the dep. is in N lat. 79° 52', and is named from its resemblance of Seine-et-Oise, cant. of Sèvres, on the l. bank of to a cloven hoof. From its perpendicular form it is the Seine, 4 m. NE of Versailles, and 5 m. W of never covered with snow. Paris. Pop. in 1831, 1,935; in 1841, 3,417. The CLOVER PORT, a village of Breckonridge co., town abounds with cafes, tea-gardens, and houses of in the state of Kentucky, U. S., 126 m. SW of public entertainment, being a chief holiday resort of Frankfort, on the S bank of the Ohio, at the mouth the citizens of Paris. The chateau built for the duke of Clover creek. Pop. in 1840 about 300. of Orleans, brother of Louis XIV., is memorable in CLOWN, a parish of Derbyshire, 8 m. NE of French history; and the park, which is always open Chesterfield. Area 1,860 acres. Pop. 677. to the public, is celebrated for the beauty of its CLOYDAGH, or Clody, a parish partly in counscenery, and the magnificence of its water-works. ties Queen and Carlow, 3 m. SSW of Carlow. Area The railway from Paris to Versailles, by the l. bank 2,053 acres. Pop. 1,499. of the river, is carried under this park by a tunnel CLOYES, a canton, commune, and town of France, 1,650 ft. in length. The fair of St. C., commencing in the dep. of the Eure-et-Loir, arrond. of Châteauon the 7th of September, and lasting three weeks, is dun. The cant. comprises 15 com. Pop. in 1831, one of the most celebrated of all the fêtes near Paris. 12,482; in 1841, 13,409. The town is situated on
CLOUDY BAY, a bay on the NE of the Middle island of New the l. bank of the Loir, 7 m. SW of Châteaudun. Zealand, opening eastwards into Cook's strait. In its extreme Pop. in 1846, 2,329. It contains some tanneries. dimensions it may be considered as extending from Cape Campbell, in 41° 40' s lat., to Koamaru, in 41° 7' S lat, which sepa
CLOYGIN, a hamlet in the p. of Llandefeelog, rates it from Queen Charlotte's sound on the N, but the name is Carmarthenshire. Pop. 208. generally restricted to that portion of this large indentation which CLOYNE, & parish in co. Cork, containing the lies botween White Bluff head on the S, and the SE part of town of Cloyne, and the village of Ballycotton. Cloudy harbour or Port Underwood on the N, and into which the Wai-roo or Providence river-navigable for several miles- | Area 9,969 acres. Pop. 6,726. The surface is discharges itself at its sw angle. This bay, in common with drained partly by Ballycotton bay, and partly to Queen Charlotte's sound, is very rich in fish, and is much fre-Cork harbour.—The market and post-town of C., an quented by whalers. The inlet of Cloudy harbour, on the N ancient Episcopal city, stands 34 m. SSE of Middleshore, or Port Underwood-as it is now more frequently calledextends in a NNE direction for about 5 m. It is forined on both ton, and 127 m. SW by S of Dublin, in the midst of sidles by chains of hills, from which numerous buttresses run out a rich vale, about 2 m. NE of an offshoot of Cork towards the sea, forming between them small coves, with deep harbour. water, into which the whaling-ships have to boil down their fish.
The town consists principally of two The breadth from cape to cape, at its mouth, which opens to the streets, which intersect each other's centre at right SW into the bay, is about 14 m. Its E point of entrance is in 8 angles. Most of the houses are well built. The lat. 41° 20', E long. 174° 10'. It is described by Captain Symonds cathedral is a plain, heavy, ancient, cruciform strucas “one of the finest natural basins in the world." Its greatest drawback is that in heavy SE gales the sea breaks across its ture, in good preservation, in none of its parts of mouth in from 7 to 9 fath, water.
earlier date than some period between the reign CLOUGH, a village or small post-town, in the p. of Stephen and that of Edward I. About 100 ft. of Loughin - Island, co. Down, near the head of distant from the NW angle of the cathedral, stands Dundrum bay, 4 m. ENE of Castlewellan, and 5 m. a pillar-tower, 10 ft. in diam., and originally 92 ft. in WSW of Downpatrick, on the road to Newry. Pop. height. In 1683 it was renovated and began to be 435.–Also a village in the p. of Castlecomer, co. used as a belfry; in 1749, a stroke of lightning rent Kilkenny, i of a m. N of the Dinane rivulet, and 4 the vaulted top, threw down the bell, and considerm. NNÉ of Castlecomer. Pop. 525. — Also an ably damaged the walls of the pile. After this deancient quadrangular fortalice in the p. of Aglish, molition of the conical roof, an embattlement was co. Waterford.—Also a hamlet in the p. of Chapel, placed round the top, so that the tower slightly co. Wexford, near the Boro rivulet, 3 m. SW of differs in appearance from the other interesting Irish Enniscorthy. See also CLONES and LESKINFERE. antiquities of its class.—The palace and Episcopal
CLOUGH, or Clogu, a village in the p. of demesne, connected with the cathedral, were the Dunaghy, co. Antrim, near the N bank of the Ravel residence of a long line of bishops up to the recent water, 6 m. N of Ballymena. Pop. in 1831, 121. annexation of the see to Cork and Ross. — The
CLOUGH-MILLS, a village partly in the parishes diocese of C. lies wholly within the co. of Cork, and of Dundermot-Grange and Killagan, co. Antrim, 21 comprises about one-half of that great territory. m. NNW of Clough, and 8} m. SE of Ballymoney. The length of the dio. from E to W is 50 Irish, or 63 Pop. 158.
English m., and its area was estimated by Dr. BeauCLOUGHTON, a chapelry in the p. of Scalby, fort to comprise 539,700 Irish acres, and, with the N. R. of Yorkshire, 45 m. NNW of Scarborough. exception of 4 benefices not accurately measured, Area 3,510 acres. Pop. 454.
has been ascertained to amount in statute acreage to CLOUNAGH, CLOONAGH, or Clonagh, a parish | 811,658 acres. Pop. 494. Gross episcopal income in co. Limerick, 2 m. SW of Rathkeale. Area 2,428 £5,008 188. 104d.; nett, from the see itself, £2,965 acres. Pop. 690.
18s. 1d.; nett from Aghada and its adjuncts, £1,125 CLOUNANAHA, a village in the p. of Inagh, co. 9s. 91d. The Roman Catholic dioceses of Cloyne Clare. Pop. about 160.
and Ross are mutually annexed; and bear the name CLOUNCORAGH. See COLEMAN'S WELL. of the united diocese of Cloyne and Ross.-The
CLOUNCREW, a parish of co. Limerick. Area trade of C. seems never to have much exceeded that 1,715 acres. Pop. 485.
of a mere village, and has now lost its main prop in CLOUNEY, CLONEY, or CLOONEY, a parish of co. the extinction of the town as a bishop's residence. Clare, 34 m. E of Ennistymon. Area 10,225 acres. Pop. 2,200. Families employed chiefly in agriculPop. 3,077.
ture, 97; in manufactures and trade, 234; in other ČLOUNSHIRE, or CLONSHIRE, a parish of co. pursuits, 106. Families dependent chiefly on proLimerick, 14 m. WSW of Adare. Area 1,517 acres. perty and professions, 24. Pop. 461.
CLUDEN, a small village in the p. of Holywood, ČLOVA. See CORTACHY.
Dumfries-shire, 3 m. from Dumfries. Also a river in the same co., formed by the confluence of the lakes at the foot of the Snowy mountains skirting Cairn and Glenisland, which, after a course of about the W coast, and winds through plains of great 14 m., falls into the Nith at Lincluden.
beauty and fertility to the sea on the E coast, definCLUGNAT, a commune of France, in the dep. of ing the S boundary of the block of land purchased the Creuse, cant. of Chatelus, 6 m. SW of Boussac, for the Otago settlement, and having its embouchure on the l. bank of the Veraux. Pop. 1,996.
about 60 m. S of Dunedin. At its mouth it is a CLUIS, a commune of France, in the dep. of the noble stream 200 yards wide, and flowing with a Indre, cant. of Neuvy-Saint-Sepulchre, 13 m. W of steady moderate current. It is barred, and is difficult La Chatre. Pop. 1,950. It produces wine, and of entrance from the surf over the bar; but inside it fruit in great abundance, and is especially noted for has 6 fath, water, and it is said to be navigable for its chestnuts. It contains extensive iron mines, and whale-boats for 50 m. by the course of the river. By has a considerable commerce in grain, wine, cattle, small vessels or steamers it might generally speakand wool. Fairs are held monthly. The rearing of ing be easily entered, but not by sailing vessels of bees forms also an important branch of local industry. any burden except under particularly favourable cir
CLUMANC, a commune of France, in the dep. cumstances of wind and weather. of the Basses-Alpes, cant. of Barême. Pop. 1,013. CLUTTON, a parish in Somersetshire, 3 m. S of
CLUMP ISLAND, an island in the common Pensford. Area 2,120 acres. Pop. 1,434. There estuary of Victoria and Fitzmaurice rivers, on the are extensive collieries in this p.–Also a township NW coast of Australia.
in the p. of Farndon, in Cheshire, 10 m. SSE of CLUN, a parish, borongh, and market town of Chester. Pop. 110. Salop, 58 m. SSW of Bishop's Castle, on the Colun CLWYD, a river of North Wales, rising in the or Clun, which runs through the town and borough. Bronbanog hills; flowing through a narrow valley in Area of p. 22,600 acres. Pop. 2,077. Pop. of an ENE and N course to Ruthyn, below which it township 913.
enters the rich vale of C., a level tract of 15 m. in CLUNBURY, a parish and township of Salop, 6 length, and from 5 to 7 m. wide; passing St. Asaph, m. SSE of Bishop's Castle, on the Clun. Area and having its volume of water greatly increased by 7,870 acres. Pop. 994. Pop of township 258. the confluence of the Elwy a little below that town;
CLUNGUNFORD, a parish of Salop, 9 m. NE of and 3 m. below Rhuddlan flowing into the sea after Kington. Area 3,710 acres. Pop. 554.
a course of 30 m. It is navigable to Rhuddlan by CLUNIE, a parish of Perthshire, lying to the E flat-bottomed boats of 70 tons. of Dunkeld. Area 8,000 acres. Pop. 763. The CLYDE a river traversing a large part of the surface is mountainous, reaching in its highest points W lowlands of Scotland, the third Scottish stream an alt. of 1,800 ft. above sea-level. It contains a in point of magnitude, the first in commercial imloch 2 m. in circumf. and 84 ft. in depth.-Also a portance, and not the last in natural beauty. Popustream in the p. of Crathie, in Aberdeenshire, which iar opinion represents it as rising in the same hill falls into the Dee at Castleton.
whence flow the Tweed and the Annan, and indulges CLUNY, a parish in Aberdeenshire, to the E of the fancy of the three rivers diverging away in dearly Kincardine O'Neil p., and S of Monymusk. Area regular radii over the face of the lowlands. The 7,000 acres. Pop. 959.
Clyde, however-like most large streams whose first CLUNY, a canton, commune, and town of France, waters are gathered amidst the inequalities of a rollin the dep. of Saone-et-Loire, arrond. of Macon.- ing mountain-region—may be said to have numerous The cant. comprises 24 com. Pop. in 1841, 18,202.
A range of mountains, consisting of the - The town is 11 m. NW of Macon, on the l. bank Lowthers (alt. 3,150 ft.], the Lead-hills, Queensberry of the Grône. Pop. 4,184. The town has some hill [alt. 2,259 ft.], and the heights which connect manufactories of coarse woollens, leather, and gloves, the last with Hart-fell [2,790 ft.), bends elliptically and a considerable trade in wood, grain, and cattle; round the part of Lanarkshire, and divides it from but is chiefly celebrated for its ancient abbey, whose Dumfries-shire. At short intervals, round all the S abbot was the recognised superior of the whole order part of this range, arise rills and streamlets which of Cluniac monks. Its magnificent church was de- Aow onward to various meeting-points to form the stroyed at the Revolution; and the monastic build- C., and almost each of which might advance pretenings are now occupied by a communal college, and sions to be the parent-river. The original c., of other public establishments.
popular opinion and poetic allusion, rises at an eleCLUSE (La), a commune and village of France, vation of 1,400 ft. above sea-level, between 4 hills in the dep. of Doubs, cant, and it m. SSE of Pont- nearly 2 m. SE of Rodger-Law, and about 4 or 5 m. arlier. Pop. 951.
E of the v. of Elvanfoot. But this streamlet is both CLUSES, or Cluse, a town of the Sardinian tiny in bulk, and of brief length, compared to the states, in the prov. of Faucigny, 10 m. ESE of Bon- Daer or Dear, with which, after a W course of only neville, near the r. bank of the Arve, at an alt. of 4 m., it mingles its waters, -or to the Powtrail which, 1,610 ft. above sea-level. Pop. 2,300.
if m. to the S, had previously flowed into the Daer, CLUSONE, or Chisone, a river of the Sardinian The mountain-district which pours forth these streams states, in the prov. of Pignerol.' It rises in a spur of and their tributaries, is lofty, raising various of its the Cottian alps, near Fenestrelles; flows through summits nearly 3,000 ft. above the level of the sea, the Val-Pragelas, between huge craggy rocks; passes and lies between the parallels of 55° 18' and 55° 28' Pignerol; receives the Pelise; and joins the Po on N. During the
early part of its course, wbile sweepthe l. bank above Poncalieri, after a course of 40 m. ing round the E spurs of Tinto, the C. is slow and from NW to SE.
almost stagnant in its progress. From Roberton to CLUSONE, a town of Venetian Lombardy, in the its point of junction with Douglas water, the C. tragov. of Milan, deleg. and 18 m. NE of Bergamo, near verses a distance of at least 20 m., yet so circuitously the l. bank of the Serio. Pop. 5,500. It is the seat that these two points are geographically asunder not of a communal gymnasium; and has an active trade more than 74 m. Douglas water comes down upon in grain and iron.
it from the s, nearly doubles its bulk, gives inCLUSSAIS, a commune and town of France, increased rapidity to its motion, and suddenly turns it the dep. of Deux-Sevres, cant. of Sauzè. Pop. 1,359. from a s direction which it had for about if m. been
CLÚTHA, MOLYNEUX, or Matou, a river of the assuming, away round to the NW; and this new Middle island of New Zealand, which rises in three direction the C., with partial and unimportant ex
ceptions, maintains till, having expanded into an ; tonshire on the left. At Erskine ferry, 9 m. below estuary, it debouches suddenly to the S, about 1} m. Glasgow, it passes, on its r. bank, the cheerful village past Greenock. Over a distance of 74 m. after re- of Kilpatrick, and here begins to be closed in for ceiving the Douglas, it passes along the margin of several miles on the N by the spurs of the Campsie the p. of Lanark, presenting, in its celebrated falls, mountains. Just where these heights close in, or 1 and the scenery of its banks and basin, very pleasing m. below Erskine ferry, it passes Bowling-bay, the and magnificent scenery. At the uppermost fall, entrance of the Forth and Clyde canal. A mile becalled the Bonnington linn or fall, the river pours, low Bowling-bay, it passes on the N the hamlet of in a divided stream, over a ledge of rocks 30 ft. in Dunglass; and 2 m. farther on, it leaves its stone height. The channel of the river, for about half-a- embankments, rolls past the base of Dumbarton casmile below this fall, is formed of a range of perpen- tle, receives the waters of the Leven, and progresdicular and equidistant rocks from 70 to 100 ft. high. sively bursts from the limits and throws off the chaAt Corehouse, the river encounters another fall, 84 racter of a mere river or fresh-water stream. At 2 ft. in height, denominated Corra linn. About m. m. W of the long. of Greenock, the Ç. forks round farther down, the river encounters a third but smaller the peninsula of Roseneath, sending up an elongated cascade, called Dundaf linn, where the banks assume bay, the Gareloch, about 8 m. to the NW, and benda less bold character; and after a quiet and gentle ing round its own channel, now narrowed to less run of 3 or 4 m. the river pours over a precipice an 2 m.,, in a direction due S. Just after having 80 ft. in height, constituting the Stonebyres fall. made this debouch, it looks backward to the rear of During its progress over the falls, and the neigh- Roseneath, and sends away nearly due N the mounbouring rapids, the C. descends about 230 ft., its tain-edged stripe of waters, Loch-Long; which, in bed before it approaches the falls being about 400 its turn, sends off to the NW, a few miles from its ft. above the level of the sea. Hitherto basaltic embouchure, the stripe forming Loch-Goil. At 3 m. rocks have appeared in the course of the river; but below Greenock, the C. opens on the left into the the geological features have now changed, and, with small bay of Gourock, fringed with the graceful the falls, sandstone in horizontal strata begins to swoop of buildings forming the village; and a little show itself. Leaving the parish of Lanark, the river to the south, on the opposite shore, it opens, under widens its breadth of waters,—is looked down upon the overhanging acclivity of the Kilmun hills, into by a more sloping and a wider expanse of country, the larger and somewhat romantic bay of Holy-loch, and ploughs its way through alternations of valley the quarantine station of its ports. It now, with the and of rolling bank, rich in the loveliness of agricul- straggling, sequestered, and neatly edificed village of tural cultivation and the shadings of orchard and for- Dunoon overlooking it for 1$ m. from the southern est scenery; and, continuing to present the mingled headland of Holy-loch, passes along under the steep attractions of a cultivated basin, and the activities heathy acclivity of the Cowal hills on the west, and of busy enterprise, till it glides into the city of Glas- rich sylvan slopes with here and there a tufted ravine gow, where it puts on its aspect of prime importance on the east, till
, 6 m. below Dunoon, it sends off, by becoming a navigable river, and bearing on its round Toward-point, that belt of waters called the bosom swarms of every description of craft. Com- Kyles of Bute, which sweeps round the island of pared with the bulk of its waters and the breadth of Bute, forming a causeway of waters between its genits stream, it is probably unsurpassed in the world tle beauties, and the rough, coarse, mountain-land of for the quantity and stir of its navigation; not only Argyleshire, and sending off at two points to the bearing along ships of heavy burden and deep draught northward elongated bays to cleave asunder the Arof water, and plentifully dotted with yawls and wher- gyleshire mountains. At the S point of the entrance ries, but kept in constant foaming agitation by large to the Kyles, the C. has expanded into a width of 5 steam-ships bearing heavy cargoes from the shores m.; and it maintains this width over a distance of 3 of England and Ireland, by numerous coasting steam- m., when it runs abreast of the Cumbrae islands, and vessels careering over its surface with live-freights separates into two channels,—the narrower about 1 of human beings, and by steam-tug-boats dragging m. in breadth, sweeping round between the Cumbehind them trains of sailing-craft too unwieldy to braes and Ayrshire, and the broader, averaging pilot their own way within its narrow channel. First nearly 3 m., flowing direct onward between the Cumin the practical working of steam-ship architecture braes and Bute, and forming the marine highway and steam navigation, it still retains its eminence from the west of Scotland to the Irish channel and above every other river in the world. “The breadth the Atlantic. The broader or main channel of the of the C. at the new bridge, Glasgow, is 410 ft., and C., after contracting between the Lesser Cumbrae its mean depth 34 ft. The velocity of the water at and the S point of Bute into a strait less than 2 m. the surface is 1.23 inch, and the mean velocity of the in breadth, suddenly expands into a frith, averaging whole water is 0.558132 inch per second. From about 32 m. in width, and at the distance of 45 or 48 these data it may be inferred that the quantity of m. becomes identified with the north or Irish chanwater discharged per second is 764 cubic ft. This nel, and turning W round the Mull of Cantire, is amounts to 2,417,760,000 cubic ft., or 473,017,448 lost in the Atlantic. In the N part of the frith, 4 m. imperial gallons, or 1,877,053 tons. The river C. at the nearest point from Bute, rises the large moundrains about one-thirtieth of Scotland, or about one tainous island of Arran; and N from the most northeighty-third part of Great Britain. Hence, if the erly point of this island, the frith sends off the picwater discharged into the sea by the C. afforded a turesque and magnificent stripe of waters which bears fair average of the whole island, the total amount of the name of Loch-Fyne. All the frith, except the the water discharged annually by all the rivers in belt which goes round the northern half of Arran, is Great Britain would be only 155,795,399 tons, which overlooked by Ailsa craig. The whole course of the does not amount to 100th part of the excess of the C., from the source of the Daer to the S extremity of rain above the evaporation.". [Thomson.] Leaving the island of Bute, may be 100 m. Its total fall is Glasgow, the C. sweeps past the v. of Govan, receives 1,400 ft.; and the extent of its basin 1,580 sq. m. from the N the waters of the Kelvin, and about 1+ [Petermann.] Spring-tides rise and fall in the C. m. lower down leaves Lanarkshire, through which it about 7 ft. at Glasgow, and neaps 4} ft. Ninety had hitherto flowed; and henceforth, till it rolls into years ago, barges drawing 3 ft. water could alone be the ocean, it divides Dumbartonshire and Argyleshire employed in the trade of Glasgow; and till within a on the right, from Renfrewshire, Ayrshire, and Wig. I comparatively recent period, Port - Glasgow and
Greenock, at the month of the C., were the points of the comarca of Castello-Branco, near Sabugal; runs shipment, a large expenditure having been incurred N, passing that town, Castellobom, and Almeida; in the construction of docks. But the contraction and after a total course of 72 m. falls into the Douro, of the channel, and the use of the dredging machine 6 m. S of Torre-de-Moncorvo. Its principal affluents during successive years, now affords a depth of 17 ft. are the Pinhel and the Lamegal, which it receives 6 in. at high water at Glasgow quay; and large ships on the r. embark and unload where formerly a loaded barge COA, an islet of the Asiatic archipelago, near the could hardly float. In the year ending 8th July, Scoast of the island of Flores, in lat. 9o, and E 1796, the total number of vessels which arrived at long. 121° 55'. Glasgow was 1,326, the aggregate tonnage of which COACHFORD, a village in the p. of Mugourney, was 55,930 tons, giving an average of little more co. Cork. Pop. 361. than 42 tons each; of that total number 117 vessels COAGH, a village in the p. of Tamlaght, co. Tywere between 60 and 80 tons register, but none rone, on the Balinderry, 4 m. above its entrance into higher. In 1810 the numbers were 2,703, and ton- Lough Neagh, 31 m. SE of Moneymore. Pop. 388. nage 104,932 tons. Of that number 633 ranged be- COAGHTER, one of several names of a bog in tween 60 and 80 tons, 107 between 80 and 100, and King's co., 2 m. SE of Ferbane, comprising an area only 10 of 100 tons and upwards. In 1844, the num- of 1,326 acres, near the centre of which is Coaghter ber of arrivals was 13,919 vessels, of 1,131,949 ton- island. nage, and no less than 60 steam-vessels belonged to COAHOMA, a county in the state of Mississippi, the port. In 1846, the total sailing and steam-vessels U. S., comprising an area of 680 sq. m. Its surface which arrived in the harbour of Glasgow was 342,735 is liable to inundation. Pop. in 1840, 1,290. tons of sailing-vessels, and 775,233 tons of steam-ves- COAL, a township of Northumberland co., in the sels; or 1,117,968 tons in all. In the year ending 30th state of Pennsylvania, U. S. Pop. in 1840, 914. June, 1849, 5,555 sailing, and 9,311 steam-vessels, COAL-ASTON, a township in the p. and #m. arrived at Glasgow, making a total of 14,866 NE of Dronfield, Derbyshire. Pop. 352. 1,214,165 tons. The harbour-dues, which in 1770 COAL-BROOK, a township of Clinton co., in the were only £147, yielded in 1800 the sum of £3,319; state of Pennsylvania, U. S. Pop. in 1840, 516. in 1820, £6,328; in 1840, £46,742; in 1846, £51,198; COAL-CLIFF, a headland of New South Wales, in 1849, close upon £60,000.
in Cumberland co., in S lat. 34° 14'. CLYDE, a river in the state of New York, U. S., COALEY, a parish of Gloucestershire, 3 m. NNE formed by the junction of Flint and Mud creeks. It of Dursley, intersected by the Gloucester and Berkeflows E, and falls into Seneca river after a course of ley canal. Area 2,460 acres. Pop. 979. 20 m.- Also a river in the state of Vermont, falling COAL-PIT-HEATH, a hamlet in the p. of Wesinto the SE extremity of Lake Memphremagog.– terleigh, Gloucestershire. Pop. 387. Also a river of Eastern Australia, in St. Vincent co., COALSMOUTH, a village of Kanawha co., in the rising under the parallel of 35° 15' S, and flowing in state of Virginia, U. S., 325 m. NW of Richmond, at a SSW course of about 40 m. to Bateman bay.- the junction of Coal river with the Kanawha. Also a river of Nova Scotia, in Shelburne co., which COALTOWNS (East and West), two adjacent has a S course of about 40 m. to the Atlantic.
villages in the p. of Wemyss, Fifeshire, 4 m. NE of CLYDE, a town in Wayne co., in the state of Kirkaldy, and 1 m. N of West Wemyss. Pop. 400. New York, 174 m. W by N of Albany, on the Clyde COANGO. See ZAIRE. river and Érie canal. Pop. 1,000.
COANNE, a parish of Brazil, in the prov. of Para, CLYDE-MILLS, a village in St. Clair co., in the on the r. bank of the Ucayari, an affluent of the Rio state of Michigan, U. S., 67 m. NE of Detroit, on Negro. It is chiefly inhabited by Indians of the Black river, 12 m. from its mouth. Pop. 413. Vaupé tribe. CLYDESDALE. See LANARKSHIRE.
COANWOOD, a township in the p. and 4 m. S of CLYNE, a hamlet in the p. of Lantwit, Glamorgan- Haltwhistle, Northumberland. Pop. 139. shire. Pop. 153.–Also a parish of Sutherlandshire, COANZA, or KWANSA, a river of Congo, in SW on the E coast, 24 m. in length, and from 4 to 8 m. Africa, forming in the lower part of its course the S in breadth. Area 65,000 acres. It is intersected by boundary of Angola; and falling into the Atlantic the Brora river. Its highest mountains are Ben- with a broad turbid stream nearly 2 m. wide, under Ormon, which has an alt. of 2,306 ft.; and Ben- the parallel of 9° 19' 30" S, E long. 13° 11' 53". It Horn, alt. 1,712 ft. Pop. in 1801, 1,643; in 1841, has been traced eastwards 15 days' journey beyond 1,756.
the Quindonga islands in the district of Mattemba, in CLYNNOG, a parish of Carnarvonshire, 9} m. E long. 20° 30'; and is reported by the natives to SSW of Carnarvon. Pop. 1,789.
issue from a large lake on the E frontier of Cassange. CLYNYNNOS, a hamlet in the p. of Llanfynydd, Viscount Bandeira has recently confirmed this reCarmarthenshire. Pop. 125.
port, and says that a Portuguese traveller, who had CLYRO, a parish of Radnorshire, about a mile returned from this quarter of Africa only a short SW of Hay, bounded on the S and E by the Wye. time before, informed him that there was more than Pop. 984.
one lake supplying this great stream. Only small CLYTHA, a chapelry in the p. of Llanarth, Mon- vessels can enter the mouth of the C. in consequence mouthshire, 5 m. NNW of Usk, and E of the river of of its very formidable bar. that name. Pop. 335.
COARRAZE, a commune of France, in the dep. CLYTH-NESS, a promontory of Caithness, in the of the Basses-Pyrenees, cant. of Clarac, on the r. bank p. of Latheron, in N lat. 58° 21', w long. 3° 18'. In of the Gave-de-Pau, in a fine valley. Pop. 2,418. the vicinity are the hamlet of Clyth, and the ruins of It contains manufactories of common woollen fabrics the ancient fortress of Easter Clyth.
and linen, and has extensive lime and brick-kilns. CNIELOW, a village of Poland, in the gov. of COARY. See ALVELLOS. Sandomir, obwod and 8 m. NW of Opatow, on the r. COARY, or CUARI, a river of Brazil, in the prov. bank of the Kamienna. Pop. 1,297. It possesses of Para, which runs NE; passes through the district extensive manufactories of earthenware.
of Solimoens; and falls into the Amazon, at the CO. See STANCHIO.
junction with which it receives the Araua and OiraCOA,-the Cuda of the Romans,—a river of Por- cuparanna and forms a lake 7 m. in extent. Near tugal, in the prov. of Beira, which takes its rise in the mouth of the C. is a small town of the same