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The same minister orders that all emigrants, permitted to reside in Paris, lhall, within three days froin the publication of that ordes, register themselves at the police office.]
The following Letter * has been written from Mittau to M. Thau
venay, Minister of Louis XVIII. by Monsieur De St. Priest, in the Name of the King of France, his Sovereign.
Sir, IT is with great mortification I learn by your last, that many
Frenchmen, whom honour had prompted to emigrate, have proposed returning into France, and that several have already arrived there : this conduct very sensibly affects his Majesty, who finds it difficult to believe that any French gentleman could take the resolution of submitting to the government established in France, by men covered with the blood of their king and their countrymen.
If it be not too late, endeavour, Sir, to make them sensible that, by adopting this measure, they will efface ten years of glory, and that through their adherence to the present government they will forfeit the right of the recovery of their eftates upon the return of his Majelty into France. Impress it upon them also, that it is the clergy and the nobility that constitute a monarchy; and that if these parties quit the country, the throne becomes null—and that they can only hope to return to France under honourable leaders, covered with glory, by the numerous sacrifices made for their lawful sovereign.
We presume, Sir, you will prevail upon them to remain in the path of honour, by which they will afford us new proofs of their zeal for the good cause.
I have the honour to be, Sir,
Your very humble servant,
to the King of France.
Acts of the Government.
Paris, 29th Messidor (July 18). Bonaparte, Chief Conful of the Republic, ta the Conservative Senate.
two years has the garrison of Malta struggled with the greatest privations. In taking an oath to the social compact, the soldiers of the garrison of Malta have sworn to hold out to
• The authenticity of this letter has been questioned. Vol. X.
the very last otince of bread, and to bury themselves in the ruins of that impregnable fortress. The Chief Conful conceives that he cannot give a greater proof of the satisfaction of the French people, and of the interest which they take in the brave garrison of Malta, than that of proposing General Vaubois, who commands there, for a place in the Conservative Senate.
For this reason, and in conformity to the 15th and 16th articles of the Constitutional Act, the Chief Consul presents General Vaubois as a candidate for a place in the Conservative Senate.
(Signed) BONAPARTE. By the Chief Consul. (Signed) The Secretary of State, H. B. MARET..
Position of the French Army in Italy, and political Observations, from
the Moniteur of the 201h of July. THE Valteline is occupied by the left of the
division of General Moncey, who has his head-quarters at Brescia. The right of the army extends by means of a chain of posts to Lucca, Malla di Carara, La Romana, and the shores of the Adriatic, Genoa, and all the territory of that republic; Piedmont, and all its fortresses; the Cisalpine, and all its fortresses, to the Mincio; and La Foffe-Maestra, are occupied by the French army,
The General of Artillery, Lacombe St. Michel, croffes Piedmont with 2000 horfes, with all the military and personal baggage of the army
All the detachments which composed the army of reserve, and who, from the bosom of France, travelled by forced marches into Italy, have rejoined the army. The army and the republic
enjoy in Italy, at this moment, the most auspicious prospects. On the other hand, General Moreau concentres all his forces in Bavaria, and 30,000 French and Baiavians, under the orders of General Augereau, with a park confifting of 80 pieces of artillery, are defiling through Mayence and Dusseldorf.
The advanced guard of the second army of reserve, which united at Dijon, defiles already through Switzerland. Numerous convoys of artillery and cavalry go daily from Paris to Dijon. Many battalions of volunteers, among whom are several young men of the departments of the West, march to reinforce this army,
The French have four armies, all on foreign territory, all uniting to compel the partisans of the English in the cabinet of Vienna to yield to the wishes of the officers and soldiers both of the French and Austrian armies, who equally desire a termination to
a war without end or object, which causes oceans of blood to flow for the amusement of the
The French government does not wish to make the respective situations of the two countries the basis of peace ; for that would be to depress one power; whereas, according to the situation of Europe, the interest of the republic, well understood, would be not wo much to depress Austria.
The English cover the sea with their transports. They have at Minorca an army ready to debark at any point, well paid and provided ; at Quiberon, on board their ships, an invading army, which must have cost them much ; another on the side of England which threatens Batavia, but which does not prevent the French from drawing 30,000 men from thence, and numerous reinforce. ments from the West for the army of reserve : so little to be dreaded are these invaders. All the attempts of England to rekindle the civil war in France have been on the instant commo. nicated to the French government by those persons who were be. fore partisans against it, but who now rally round their government. They know that all the evils of France spring from the intrigues and ambition of the : and all these intrigues, together with the money which foments them, advance the national prosperity:
The result of the immense expenses that England is at in keeping at Minorca a hovering army, has been to put it in the power of the French government to detach against the Emperor 30,000 men from Batavia, and one half of the army of the West. In truth, the Emperor has in England a very useful ally.
There is not a military man in France but wishes that some one wing of this celebrated army of England would debark, whether in the South, the West, or the North.
Notification sent to the Magiftrates of Franckfort upon their Refusal to
pay the Contribution imposed by the French on that City, Gentlemen, I HEREBY inform you that, in consequence of the order with
which you are well acquainted, I have received it in command to send into your city four battalions of infantry and four squadrons of cavalry, which must remain there until your senate sħall judge proper to raise the contribution required. I request you to have in readiness suitable quarters for the troops.
I have the honour to be, Under the Walls of Franckfort,
SOUHAM. 22d July, sih Year. I 2
General General Orders.
Milan, July 22. TH *HE army is informed that an armistice for all the armies of
the republic has been concluded with the Imperial armies. One of the articles established for the armies of the Rhine and of Italy, is a line of communication from the Lake of Constance to the Lake of Como, by the roads of Coire, Tuis, Splughen, and Chiavenna. Hoftilities are not to be commenced until twelve days previous notice has been given.
Copy of the Notice sent by Rear admiral Sir Richard Bickerton to the
Consuls of neutral Nations at Cadiz.
His Britannic Majesty's Ship Swiftsure, of Gentlemen,
Cadiz, July 22. I HAVE this moment received your letter of the 15th instant,
and in reply beg leave to refer you to Lord Keith's letter of the 5th of December 1799, in which you will observe that the consuls of all the nations in amity with Great Britain have been duly informed of the blockade of Cadiz, and that any vessel attempting to enter or fail from that port would be detained, and proceeded against according to law. I am directed, as far as poslible, to enforce the blockade; and I cannot allow any laden vessel to depart from Cadiz, unless she has a pass from the commander in chief of his Britannic Majesty's fleet in the Mediterranean; but neutral vessels without cargoes will not be molested, the Prosper, American fhip, excepted, which entered Cadiz after being warned not to do so, and was cleared out for Algiers. It is very poslible several vessels may have escaped our cruisers, and got into Cadiz, but some of his Britannic Majesty's ships have al ways been off the port. Vessels departing from Cadiz in ballast are to endeavour to speak any British man of war they may fall in with in the neighbourhood.
I have the honour to be, Gentlemen,
Your most obedient humble servant,
(Signed) R. BICKERTON, Rear-adınira). To the respective neutral Consuls
resident at Cadiz.
Letter from the Chief Consul Bonaparte, to the exiraordinary Com. mittee of Government of the Ligurian Government.
Paris, July 22. I HAVE received, citizens, your letter of the 7th of July. I
have read it with that interest which I feel in the Ligurian nation. : The French people will never forget the proofs of attachment they have received from the people of Genoa. Inform them that they may depend on our special protection.
Your minister at Paris, Citizen Bocardi, a man of merit, whom I esteem, will communicate to you what I have mentioned respe&ting the future destiny of Liguria: but I cannot too often repeat to you to use your influence to prevail with your countrymen to sacrifice their private resentments to the public good. You have just escaped from a dangerous crisis. Such is ihe effect of misery upon mankind, that it adds a new malignity to every bad passion; it inflames their animosities, and embitters the passions, which produce discord, the greatest of all public caamities.
I willingly employed my influence to place at the head of the government those men in whom the Ligurian people reposed so much confidence after the convention of Montebello. How interesting was the spectacle exhibited by your republic, particularly the capital! The love of equality and the love of religion combined, produced the utmost harmony' among the citizens. Your tranquillity was not interrupted, because factions did not exift.. Was it not fa&tions that always ruined the republics of Italy? Was it not factions that destroyed the liberty of Florence, of Visa, and the celebrated republics of Lombardy? Let there Þe no longer in Genoa either Guelfs or Gibelines; let there only be good Genoefe.
May I hear then that your golden days are again restored, that all your factions are at an end, and blended in the nation: then you will be worthy of your ancestors, and you will enjoy that prosperity which has rendered the Genoese name celebrated in the history of Europe,
Entertain no apprehensions respecting your future liberty and independence, and repose the most unlimited confidence in the Great Nation, of which I am the organ. (Signed)