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they think proper in the President alone, in the courts of law, or in the heads of depart. ments..

2 2 2 16 COURTS. The judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may, from time to time, ordain and establish. (See

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Judicial power......
CREDIT of the United States. Congress shall have power to borrow money on the credit of the

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United States

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CREDIT. No State shall emit bills of credit..

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CREDIT. Full faith and credit shall be given in each State to the public acts, records, and judi-
cial proceedings of every other State......

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CRIME. A person charged with treason, felony, or other crime, and fleeing from justice, to be
delivered up to the State having jurisdiction of the crime...

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CRIME. No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on
a presentment or indictment of a grand jury.

5th amend.
CRIMES. (See Removal of Civil Officers.)...
CRIMES. The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury:

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CRIMINAL case. Nor shall any person be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against
himself.

5th amend. 26
CRIMINAL prosecutions. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall enjoy the right to a

speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime
shall have been committed; which district shall have been previously ascertained by law,
and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the
witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor;
and to have the assistance of counsel for his defence..

6th amend. 27
CRUEL and unusual punishment. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines im-
posed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted..

8th amend. 27
DANGER. (See Public Danger.)
DAYTON, deputy from New Jersey, signed this Constitution. Jonathan..

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DEATH. In case of the death of the President, the duties of that office shall devolve on the Vice

President, and in case of the death of both President and Vice President, Congress shall by law declare what officer shall then act as President.

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ALPHABETICAL ANALYSIS--Continued.

Art. sec. cl.page.
DEBATE. Senators and Representatives, for any speech or debate in either House, shall not be
questioned in any other place...,

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DEBTS of the United States. Congress shall have power to pay the debts of the United States 1 8 1 8
DEBTS. No State shall make any thing but gold and silver coin a tender in payment of debts.: 1 10 1 12
DEBTS. All debts contracted and engagements entered into before the adoption of this Consti.

tution, shall be as valid against the United States under this Constitution as under the
Confederation

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DEFENCE. Constitution established to provide for the common defence..

Preamble. 1
DEFENCE. Congress shall have power to provide for the common defence..

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DEFENCE. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall enjoy the right to have the assistance
of counsel for his defence.

6th amend. 27
DEFEND the Constitution. The President of the United States shall swear or affirm to preserve,
protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States..

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DELAWARE entitled to one Representative in first Congress.

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DELEGATED. The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution nor pro-

hibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively or to the people....... 10th amend. 28
DELEGATES or members of State Legislatures shall be bound by oath or affirmation to support
this Constitution........

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DELIVERED up. Fugitives from justice to be delivered up to be removed to the State having
jurisdiction of the crime.

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DELIVERED up. Persons held to service or labor (or slaves) escaping into another State shall

be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such service or labor may be due......... 4 2 3 20 DEMAND. A fugitive from justice shall, on demand of the Executive authority of the State from which he fled, be delivered up to be removed to the State having jurisdiction of the

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DEPARTMENT of the Government. Congress shall have power to make all laws which shall

be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other
powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any
department or office thereof.....

1 8 18 10 DEPARTMENTS. The President may require the opinion in writing of the principal officer in each of the Executive departments ......

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ANALYSIS.

DEPARTMENTS. The Congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior officers as

they think proper in the President alone, in the courts of law or in the heads of departments.

2 2 2 16 DEPRIVED. No State without its consent shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the Senate. 5 21 DEVOLVE. In case of the removal of the President from office, or of his death, resignation, or

inability to discharge the powers and duties of the said office, the same shall devolve on the Vice President..

2 13 14 DICKINSON, deputy from Delaware, signed this Constitution. John

23 DIRECT

tax.' Representatives and direct taxes to be apportioned among the States according to their respective numbers, &c. (See Representatives.).

1 2 3 2 DIRECT tax. No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid, unless in proportion to the census or enumeration hereinbefore directed to be taken .....

1 9 DISCHARGED from service or labor. No person held to service or labor in one State shall be discharged from such service or labor in another

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DISCIPLINING the militia. Congress shall have power to provide for organizing, arming, and

disciplining the militia, and for governing such part of them as may be employed in the
service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively the appointment of the
officers, and the authority of training the militia according to the discipline prescribed by
Congress...

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DISCOVERIES. Exclusive right to discoveries may be secured by inventors for a limited time.
DISORDERLY behavior. Each House may punish its members for disorderly behavior....
DISTRICT not exceeding ten miles square. Congress shall have power to exercise exclusive

legislation in all cases whatsoever over such district (not exceeding ten miles square) as
may, by cession of particular States and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of
the Government of the United States

1 8 17
DISTRICT. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public

trial by an impartial jury of the State and District wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law.....

6th amend. 27 DISQUALIFICATION. Judgment on impeachment a disqualification to hold and enjoy any office, &c., under the United States......

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4 DIVIDED. The Vice President shall have no vote unless the Senate be equally divided ..

1 4 DOCK yards, &c. Congress shall have power to exercise exclusive legislation over dock yards, &c.

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ALPHABETICAL ANALYSIS—Continued.

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DOMESTIC tranquillity. The Constitution established to ensure domestic tranquillity
DOMESTIC violence. The United States shall, on application of the Legislature, or of the

Executive, (when the Legislature cannot be convened,) protect each State against domes

tic violence..
DURING good behavior. The Judges, both of the Supreme and Inferior courts, shall hold their

offices during good behavior.
DUTIES. Congress shall have power to lay duties.
DUTIES. All duties, imposts, and excises shall be uniform throughout the United States
DUTIES. No preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce or revenue to the ports

of one State over those of another; nor shall vessels bound to or from one State be obliged

to enter, clear, or pay duties in another
DUTIES on imports. No State shall, without the consent of the Congress, lay any imposts or

duties on imports or exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing its
inspection laws: and the nett produce of all duties and imposts laid by any State on im-
ports or exports shall be for the use of the Treasury of the United States, and all such

laws shall be subject to the revision and control of the Congress
DUTIES. In case of the death, removal, resignation, or inability of the President to discharge

the powers and duties of that office, the same shall devolve on the Vice President, &c... DUTIES. The President may require the opinion in writing of the principal officer in each of

the Executive departments, upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective

offices.
DUTY or tax might have been imposed on imported persons (or slaves) up to 1808.
DUTY. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any

State
DUTY of tonnage. No State shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any duty of tonnage...
EFFECT of proceedings of States. Congress may, by general laws, prescribe the effect of the

public acts, records, and proceedings of States. ..
EFFECTS. The right of the people to be secure in their effects against unreasonable searches

and seizures shall not be violated.. ELECTED. Representatives in Congress shall be chosen or elected every second year by the

people of the several States...

ANALYSIS

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ELECTED. Two Senators from each State shall be chosen or elected by the Legislature

thereof for six years..... ELECT. The Senate shall elect or choose their other officers, and also a President pro tempore,

in the absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the office of President of

the United States.
ELECTION. When vacancies happen in the representation from a State, the Executive thereof

shall issue writs of election to fill them.
ELECTION of President and Vice President United States. The President shall hold his office

during the term of four years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same

term, be elected as follows:..
ELECTION. President and Vice President United States-

Each State shall appoint, in such manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a num.
ber of electors, equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which the
State may be entitled in the Congress ; but no Senator or Representative, or person hold-
ing an office of trust or profit under the United States, shall be appointed an elector.

The electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by ballot for President and
Vice President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same State with
themselves. They shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and, in
distinct ballots, the person voted for as Vice President; and they shall make distinct lists
of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice President, and
of the number of votes for each; which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit
sealed to the seat of Government of the United States, directed to the President of the
Senate. The President of the Senate shall, in presence of the Senate and House of
Representatives, open all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted: the person
having the greatest number of votes for President shall be the President, if such number
be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed ; and if no person have such ma-
jority, then, from the persons having the highest numbers, not exceeding three, on the list
of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose, immediately,
by ballot, the President. But, in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by
States, the representation from each State having one vote: a quorum for this purpose
shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the States, and a majority of all
the States shall be necessary to a choice. And if the House of Representatives shall not
choose a President whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth

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