Slike strani

of Civitella and Cofercoli

. Yesterday they attacked our advanced posts in front of Meldona, and obliged them to fall back upon that commune. Twelve of my people, among whom was an officer, were made prisoners, and inhumanly massacred by that horde of furies.

I have given orders to repel force by force, and that these wretches should be destroyed, in case they are overtaken ; but as a faithful observer of treaties, I shall respect the Tuscan territory, after having forced the infargents to evacuate the soil of the Cisalpine republic.

I will not diffemble, M. Lieutenant-general, that I was much surprised the Austrian general, commanding in Tuscany undet your orders, did not prevent those hoftilities, which I consider as an open violation of the artistice. He could not be ignorant that a considerable body of troops was forming on the frontiers ; he was already long informed of it, and might have dispersed them.

I shall report this event to my General in Chief, persuaded you will give more poluive orders to avoid the renewal of hostilities of that nature.

Receive, M. General, the assurances of my perfe&t esteem and consideration.

(Signed) MONNIER.

Letter from Colaud, the French General of Division, to the Austrian

General Simbschen, dated Head-quarters, Frankfort, July 25. IT is unnecessary, General, to proposé tó me arrangements,

while you neglce to comply with the treaty concluded by the commanders in chief; neither you nor I can act contrary to the convention of those generals ; they have treated for the Austrian army and the allies, and in these certainly is included the Austrian general who commands the Mentz troops. I have fulfilled the kreaty by withdrawing my troops : fince you refuse to withdraw yours, you must be answerable for the consequences.

The arrangements you propose to me are entirely contrary to the convention concluded between the commanders in chief of the two armies. The open and sincere manner in which I have spoken, will, I hope, induce you to act with equal candour on your rart, I haye the honour to be, &c.


[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors]

Prorlamation addressed by Toussaint Louverture, General in Chief af the Army of Saint Domingo, to all the Citizens of the Department of the South of Saint Domingo.

Citizens, THE humanity and sensibility which have always been the basis

of my conduct and of all my actions, oblige me again to apprize you of the evils which threaten you, although you have been always deaf to my proclamations and addrelles, by which i invited you to resume your duty; to range yourselves under the standard of the republic; finally, to abjure your error, and to swear obedience and submission to the laws of the republic, and to your chiefs.

I have received orders from the French government, which prescribe to me to re-establish peace and tranquillity in this un. happy country, to put a stop to the civil war which desolates it, and to employ for ihat purpose all the powers with which I am invested. 'In consequence, wishing to prove how desirous I am of being useful to you, in spite of your perseverance in your rebellion, I grant to all of you, even to those of the North and Welt, who have abandoned your families and property, because you were deceived, the pardon of your errors and an amnesty, if, immediately on the publication of this proclamation, you lay down your arms.

Avail yourselves, citizens, of this laft offer held forth to you ; it will only be necessary for you to facrifice a little of that pride which now keeps you back. Have not your friends, your relations, your mothers, and your fathers, influence enough to prevail over the deception which actuates you! Have your poilela fons, your property, no yalue in your eltimation? Is not your mother country, outraged as it is, fill to be regarded as your benefactress, which itretches out its protecting arms to succour you ? Look with horror, my friends, at the mischiefs which you are about to effect. Open, at length, your eyes: behold, I con, jure you, the abyss before you, and surrender without delay--rely on my loyalty, As soon as you shall have made this laudable effort, the department of the South Mall remain unmolested, and the people who inhabit it shall enjoy perfe& tranquillity after sa violent a storm.

And you, mad and unnatural chiefs, do you feel no remorse at having armed the father against the son, the son against the father, and both against the republic: Will you continue sanguinary spec, tators of the annihilation of the department of the South Will not conscience suggest to you, Let us take advantage of the indul, gence offered to us, abjure our aggressions, and think only of causing them to rest in oblivion, by adopting a conduct worthy of


the great nation to which we belong? May I open my heart to the hope—have you the courage to submit? I promise you security and protection: until the government shall have decided respecting you, I am certain it will approve of every thing I shal! do for you, from the confidence it reposes in me. Refle&, citizens, your fate is in your hands; if you still continue deaf to the yoice of your friend, you will fall, and I hall have nothing to reproach myself with.

The General of Division Michel, Citizen Raymond, ex-commillioner, and Citizen Vincent, director of the fortifications of $t. Domingo, are arrived from France ; I have made them the witnesses of all my operations; they thall know, be assured, that I have done all in my power to bring you back to order, and reestablish the tranquillity of the South, and your obstinacy, should you still refuse to submit.

The present proclamation shall be printed, and sent to the geperals of the army of the republic, to be dispersed through the department of the South, that the citizens whom it concerns may immediately decide either for or against France. I order, for that purpose, the said generals to treat as brothers all those citizens who surrender, even those among them who shall be taken with arms in their hands. Issued at head-quarters at Petit-Goave, the ist Mellidor (June 20), the 8th year of the French republic, one and indivilible. (Signed) The General in Chief,



Outline of the first Propositions alleged to have been made by Bonaparte

to the Emperor, in the Beginning of July *. THE Emperor shall abandon all pretensions to the Netherlands

and to the Milanese, according to the articles of the treaty of Campo Formio. France shall take upon itself all the debts contracted by Belgium. The Einperor shall agree to acknowledge three Italian republics, viz. the Cisalpine, the Cispadine, and the Piedmontese republics. The Cisalpine republic thall begin at Caffrano, extend to Idro, Salo, the Lake of Garda above Sermione and Rivalteta, follow the course of the Mincio to Monganbano and Goita, and from thence behind the Seriola' to the

• Before the Count St. Julien set out for Paris, the Chief Consul had difpatched a courier to Vienna, with his proposals for a peace. It was in conlequence of this dispatch that the Count was sent to Paris. On the 29th of July preliminaries were figned, and the Count left Paris, as well as Citizen Duroc. We are unacquainted with the articles of these preliminaries; but the first propositions made by Bonaparte, in the beginning of July, are said to have been as aboyc.


confluence of the Mincio and the Po, from thence above Chiero, Porgo, to Cambellona, the river Tosa and Switzerland, and include the Valteline.

The Cifpajine republic shall begin at Rimini, extend from thence to Forli, Imola, Lucca, Pisa, to Leghorn, and comprehend the Genoese territory to the Bobbio, as far as Pomundung, and to Ravenna and Rimini.

The Piedmontese republic shall comprehend the former states of Piedmont.

The fortreiles in each of these republics shall be demolished.

All Mips which the Ligurian republic has taken from the Aus. trians shall be restored. The Emperor shall acknowledge that Nice and Savoy belong to France, according to the constitutional act. The Emperor shall demolish the fortresses of Peschiera and Lugans. The King of Sardinia shall receive a yearly compensation from the Cisalpine, Cispadine, and Piedmontese republics. The Duke of Modena thall enjoy the country of the Brisgau until the extinction of his family. Should circumstances, or the with of the inhabitants, render the consolidation of the three Italian republics hereafter delirable, the Emperor shall neither interfere nor object to it; and the three republics shall be considered as a state of the first rank. The French shall not remain in these republics beyond one year. The Swiss fall choose their own form of conftitution.

The Batavian republic shall be included in the treaty.

The peace of the German Empire shall be settled at Augsburg. His Imperial Majesty, as chief, shall consent to yield the left bank of the Rhine and the city of Bafle to France. Should peace with the German Empire not be concluded, the Imperial contingent shall be withdrawn, and a line of observation shall be drawn behind the Inn. His Imperial Majesty thall consent to the system of indemnity by secularizations. In the event that a peace between the French republic and the Pope and King of Sardinia Mould meet with difficulties, the Emperor shall not give them any assistance. Both fhall, however, be assured of their independence of the French republic. Each party contracts to gua. rantee each other's possessions against attack.

Note delivered by Lord Grenville to Count Wedel Jarifberg, bis

Danish Majesty's Minister, respecting the Capture of the Freya

Frigate. THE undersigned, his Majesty's principal Secretary of State

for foreign affairs, has had the honour to lay before the King the note which he received yesterday from Count Wedel Jarlsberg, envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary from the King of Denmark.

It was with the greatest surprise and concern that his Majesty received the first accounts of the transaction to which that note relates.. Studiously desiring to maintain always with the court of Copenhagen those relations of friendship and alliance which had so long sublisted between Great Britain and Denmark, his Majesty has, during the whole course of his reign, given repeated proofs of these dispositions, which he had fatiered himself were reciprocally entertained by the government of his Danish Majesty. And not withitanding the expressions made use of in Court Wedel's note, his Majesty cannot even yet persuade himself that it is really by the orders of the King of Denmark, that this state of harmony and peace has been thus suddenly disturbed, or that a Danish officer can have acted conformably to his instructions, in actually commencing hoftilties against this country, by a wanton and unprovoked attack upon a British ship of war, bearing his Majesty's flag, and navigating the British seas.

The impressions which such an event has naturally excited in his Majesty's breast have received additional force from the perufal of a note, in which satisfaction and reparation are claimed as due to the aggreffors from those who have suitained this insula and injury.

His Majesty, allowing for the difficulty in which all neutral nations were placed by the unprecedented conduct and peculiar character of his enemy, has on many occasions, during the prelent war, forborne to aflert his rights, and to claim from the Danith government the impartial discharge of the duties of that neutrality which it professed a disposition to maintain. But the deliberate and open aggreflion which he has now sustained cannot be pafled over in a similar manner. The lives of his brave seainen have been sacrificed, the honour of his fag has been insulted, almott in sight of his own coasts; and these proceedings are supported by calling in question those indisputable rights founded on the clearest principles of the law of nations, from which his Majesty never can depart, and the temperate exercise of wlich is indispensably necessary to the maintenance of the dearest inicrets of his empire.

The underligned has, in all his reports to his Majetty, rendered full justice to the personal dispositions which he has uniformly found on the part of Count Wedel, to remove all grounds of mis. understanding between the two countries. Ile cannot, therefore, now forbear io urge him to represent this matter to his court in its true light, to do away those falle impreslions, under which (if at all) a conduct so injurious to his Majesty can have been authorized ; and to consult the interests of both countries, but especially those of Denmark, by bearing his testimony to the difpofitions with which his Majesty's government is animated ; and by recommending to his court, with all that earnellness which the importance of the occasion both justihes and requires, that these


[ocr errors]


« PrejšnjaNaprej »