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THIS Nobleman, whose talents have 25 Secretary to Lord Townsend, Lord been from his youth employed in Lieutenant of Ireland.

In April 1768 the service of his country, and whose he was chosen to represent the borough amiable qualities have acquired him the of Cockermouth in the Parliament of efteem and regard of all to whom he is Great Britain, and in July following known, is of an ancient family seduled obtained a seat in the Irith Parliament, in Ireland, though originally from being chosen for Armagh. In the be

. Scotland. He has been the archite&t of ginning of 1769 he was sworn of the his own fortune in a great measure, and Priry Council of Ireland, and continued has on every occasion shewn that he is in that kingdom during the rest of Lord deserving of the honours conferred up- Townshend's adminiftration. In June on him. He is the only son of George 1972 he was nominated a Knight of the Macartaey, Esq. of Auchinleck in Scot. Bath, and was installed at Westminster Land, of an ancient family, who was se. by proxy the igth of the same month.. cond foa of another George Macartney, In 1774 he was chosen Member of by Elizabeth, youngest daughter of the the British Parliament for the boroughs Rev. John Winder, Prebeudary of Kil. of Air, Irwin, Rothlay, Campbeltowa, Toot, and Re&tor of Carmony, in the and Inverary, and in December 1775 was county of Antrim. He was born in the appointed Captain General and Gover. year 1737. Fiis education, we believe, nor in Chief of the islands of Grenada, was received in Ireland, and from his the Grenadines, and Tobago; in which literary acquirements appears to have post he continued until the year 1779, beer liberal. In the early part of his when, on the capture of these tlands life he travelled with the two sons of by the French, he was sent a prisoner to che late Lord Holland, by which Noble- France. On the sech of June 1776, his man he was introduced into business. Majesty, by privy seal at St. James's, At the age of 27 years, in 1564, he was and by patent at Dublin 19th July fol, appointed Envoy Extraordinary to the lowing, advanced him to the Peerage by Empress of Ruflia, and in O&tober fol. the title of Lord Macartney, Baron of lowing received the honour of knight. Liffanoure in the county of Antrim, hood. In June 1966, with the content though he did not take his seat until the of his Sovereign, he had confcrred on 12th of March 1588. him, by the King of Poland, the most After having ferved his country in ancient order of the White Eagle; and Ruflia, in Ireland, and in the West-Inon the 20th of November 3767, he was dics, a new scene opened, and in De. appointed Ambassador Extraordinary cember 1980 he was called upon by 2nd Plenipotentiary to the Empress of Government, and by the Eat-India Ruffia.

Company, to take charge of their affairs He soon afterwards returned from Rur. at Madras and its dependencies. He Sa, and was employed in his own country “ qvas accordingly, arpointed Governor

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and President of Fort St. George, where guished services, and frict integrity, his conduct obtained such universal ap- to grant his Lordship an annuity of fif. probation, that in February 1785 he teen hundred pounds during the term of was appointed Governor-general of hiç natural life. Bengal. ? But this office, honourable Signed,

by order of the said Court, and lucrative as it was, he declined to

Thomas Morton, Sec. accept, and returned to England in Eaft- India House, 131b of April 1786. January following. He immediately conformed himself to certain regulations This honourable testimony in favour since adopted in an act of parliament of Lord Macartney's conduct in India passed respecting property acquired in was not sufficient to exempt him from the East, and, at à Court of Directors being involved in a fituation which, as held the 12th of April 1786, received a publick character, we cannot but think the following honourable testimonial of he ought not to have suffered himself his good conduct in the post he had held: to be placed in. Having in India difa

• Resolved, That it is the opinion of approved the conduct of Major-General this Court, that the Right Honourable Stuart, he superseded that officer, and Gcorge Lord Macartney, whilft he was sent him to Europe. Discontenced with Governor of Madras, upon all occasions this mark of disgrace, on Lord Macarta manifefted the grcareft zeal in support ney's arrival in England the General of the interest of this Company, and called his Lordship into the field for sathat he faithfully discharged his duty as

tisfaction. They met accordingly near fuch, more especially by adhering ftrict.' Kenfington, the 7th of May 1786, ly to his covenants and engagements when, after firing each his pistol, Lord with the Company, in declining to accept Macartney was wounded, the seconds any presents from the Country Powers interfered, and the business ended. A or from any person whatever in India; particular detail of this rencontre may that the example fet by his Lordhip, in

be seen in our Magazine for June 1786, giving in upon oath a ttate of his pro. p.464. perty gained in the Company's service, After this transaction, Lord Macartwas highly meritorious, inasmuch as ncy enjoyed for several years the quiet of such conduct was afterwards sanctioned a retired lifc, until the year 1792, when by an act of the legislature ; and by he was selected to go on an embaffy to which statement it appears,that his Lord China, an authentic detail of, which is hip's fortune had been very moderately shortly expected from the pen of Sir increased during his residence in India, George Staunton. This embassy emand that the same arose solely from the ployed near three years; fince which savings he made from his salary, and al, period his Lordship has resided some time lowances authorised by this Court. at the court of the exiled King of

" Refolved, that it is incumbent upon France ; and lately, in consideration of this Court to thew their fullest approba

the various services performed by his von of such upright and disinterested Lordthip, his Majesty of Great Britain conduct, in the hope that fo laudable has been pleased to advance him to the an example will be follo:ved by their dignity of an English Peer, fervants in India ; and moreover, that His Lurdship, on the ist of February it is fitting that foine compensation 1968, married Lady Jane Stuart, sefhould be made to his Lordship, and that cond daughter of John Earl of Bute It will be a proper reward for such disin- but by her has no illue.

ON THE HIGHLAND DRESS,

BY SIR JOHN SINCLAIR. IT is not my intention to dispute, ei. the same time, there is every reason to

ther the genuinenets, or the warlike believe, that ibe crews, as worn by the appearance of the garb ivorn by that Rothlay and Caithness Fencibles, is noi gallant Corps the 42d Regiment, and only an antient part of the dress of the which by many is supposed to be the on. Scottish Highlanders, but rivals the beltly truc Highland dress. Every fuldier ed plaid in antiquity, as well as in utility must naturally entertain a predilection

and elegance. for the drets of a body of men fo dis- !n tracing the antiquity of this dress, tinguished for military prowess. At it is necessary in the air At place to ascer?

tain, whether it was worn by the antient that these last were most antient, as they Celtic nations, from whom the Scottish were most necessary. But, however this Highlanders are acknowledged to be may be, it is abundantly evident, from descended. As my leisure at present the testimonies of many antient authors, does not admit of engaging in such re- (which have been carefully collected by searches, I Ahall take the liberty of quos. the two modern writers quoted below) ing modern, rather than antient authors, that the antient Gauls,Britons,and other but at the same time such as have inver.' Celtic nations, wore a garment which rigated that subject. The opinion of covered both their thighs and legs, and the celebrated Gibbon, and the autho. very niuch resembled our breeches and ritics he quotes, are on this head ex. Stockings united. This garment was tremely important. We fates, that Tecalled, in the Celtic tongue, the common tricus, who had been declared Emperor language of all these nations, braxı, or in Gaul, when led in triumph by' Au. bracce, probably because it was made of relian, was clothed in Gallic trowsers; the same party-coloured cloth with their and he remarks in a notc, that the use plaids, as breac in that language fignifics of bracche, breeches or trowsers, was any thing that is party-coloured. These Aill considered in Italy as a Gallic and braxe or close trowsers, which were both barbarian fashion. The Romans how. graceful and convenient, and discovered ever had made great advances towards the fine Thape and turn of their limbs to it. To encircle the legs and thighs with great advantage, were used by the genufascia, or bands, was understood in the ine pofterity of the Caledonian Britons time of Pompey and Horace to be a in the Highlands of Scotland till very proof of ill health and efferninacy. In lately, and are hardly yet laid aside in the age of Trajan the custom was con. fome remote corners of that country.” fined to the rich and luxurious. I: The evidence of antiene longs niay gradually was adopted by the meaneft also be adduced in support of the irows, of the people, in proof of which he re- more especially the well known verses fers to'a 'curious note in Casaubon ad in “ Tak'your auld Cloak about ye; Sueton. in Auguft. c. 82.

from which it would appear, that in the la fact the grews or trowsers seem to reign of one of the Roberts, probably have been a characteristical part of the Robert Bruce, it was a usual part of the untient dress of the Gauls or Celts, and dress of the Scots : the bare knees to have been a Roman, rather than a Celtic fashion.

“ In days when our King Robert rang, Dr. Henry, who has delineated the His treuus they cost but ha'f a crown, antient history of this country with so He said they were a groat ou'r dear, much diligence and discernment, is de- And ca'd the Taylor thief and loun."' cidedly of opinion, that trowsers were a par: of the ảntient dress, not only of the There is a book printed at Paris, anCeltic nations in general, but of the no 1613, intitled " Les Efars, Empires, Scorcih Highlanders in particular. et Principautez du Monde," which " For a confiderable time,” says this thus describes the dress of the antieut respe&able historian, t "the Antient Scots : “ Leur bas de chaufe ne para Britons, and other Celtic nacions, had fuient pas le genouil, et le haut (de no other garments but their plaids or chause) estoit de lin, ou de chanure.” mantles, which, being neither very long in English, " Their ftockings (or por very broad, left their legs, arms, and more properly speaking their hose) nesome other parts of their bodies, naked. ver passed the knee, and their trowsers Asthis defeat in their dress could not but were of Aax or hemp." And the en. be lepsibly felt, it was by degrees sup- gravings of the Scottish drels, in the plied. li is indeed uncertain, whether Recueil de la diverfiié des babi's qui sont de the tunick or doubler, for covering more prejent en njage, cc. published at Paris closely the trunk of the body, or breech, in 12mo, anno 1562, (mentioned in the es and hofe for covering the thighs and last edition of Pinkerton's Scottish PQlegs, were first invented and used by ems, in three volumes octavo, printed these nations; though the limbs being anpo 1792) prove, that the French, quite naked, while the trunk was tolerno who knew Scotland' lo intimately, al. bly covered by the plaid, it is probable ways considered trowsers a pare of the

Gibbon's History, vol. 2. p. 475 octavo editor 1792.

+ Hifory of Great Britain, vol. 2. p. 341. Pelloutier Hift. Celt. l. 2. c. 6. b. s.p. 307. &c, Cluv. Germ. Antiq. i 1.6.1 p. 115,&..

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Scoreith dress. In those engravings, all his numerous vassals and tenants ar the Lowlander is cloched in loose, and Dunkeld, a great part of whom, and the Highlander in close trews.

the Marquis himself, were dressed in There is an engraving of James 1. prews. . He also remembers being cold of Scotland, in the poffeffion of George by an old gentleman present upon the Chalmers, Esq. of the Board of Trade, occafion, that when the first Duke of in which that monarch is dressed in the Athol held a court at Loggierait, before clofe trea's į and as the picture from the abolition of the heretable jurisdicwhence that engraving was taken muft tions, the Duke was dressed in a blue have been executed in Scotland, there bonnet, a thort coat, and trews of plaid. being a view of Dunbarton Castle in it, ing, the name given to a fort of wook there is thence every reason to imagine, len auff of the natural colour of the that it ras the dress of that fovereign, wool. during his residence in his own king

Captain Robinson. who has paid par, dom.

ticular attention to fuch enquiries, is of lo a work, though written many opinion, that the trews was undoubtedly years ago, yet only lately printed, en- the antient dress of penple of condition, titled, “ The History of the Troubles or of any refpe&tability, both in the and Memorable Transactions in Scot. Highlands and Lowlands of Scotland; land, from the year 1624 10 1645, from it was more especially worn by persons the original Ms. of John Spalding, then on horseback, often without boots ; it Commiffary Clerk of Aberdeen*, it would was commonly made of a kind of che. appear that the trews were very com.' quered Atuff called Tartan, though some. monly worn' at that period.

times of stuff of one colour only. I In the first volume of that work, completely supplied the place of breeches (p. 39) we are told, that the Laird and stockings, covering the feet, the Balnadalloch, escaping froin a twenty legs, and the thighs. As a winter days imprisonment, goes with his coat drets, particularly in time of snow, it and trews all rent and worn to the place was reckoned infinitely preferable to of Innes, and it would appear (from p. the kilt. When the trews were work 37) that it was the usual garb he wore, upon a journey, the plaid was carried for he had been fitting at fupper in it in over the left shoulder, and drawn under his own house.

the right arm. In the second volume (p. 196) the In addition to the circumstances Marquis of Huntly, the most powerabove mentioned, it may be proper to fui Chieftain in the North, is described add, that when the wearing of the Highas crossing the Spey dreiled in a coat land dress was prohibited, by act 19 and treous, with a black bonnet on his George II. c. 39. after the rebellion head.

in 1745, the trews were included In the same volume (p. 232) we are among the other articles enunierated zold, that the celebrated Marquis of upon that occasion as a part peculiarly Montrofe, coming from England, to belonging to the Highland garb, and commence that successful career which consequently is mentioned in the act has rendered his name so famous, came 22 George 111. c. 63. by which that pro. fecretly to Scotland, clad in coat and hibition was repealed. tremus.

These are hints which I thought it Traditional evidence is certainly in right to take this opportunity of throw. favour of the point I wish to establich. ing together and preserving, in case the

A very intelligent officer of the Brea. point to which they relate, though a dalbane Foncibles, Capt. Robinson, in- marter of curiofiiy rather than of real forms me, that in Athol the trews did use, should ever become the fabject of not fall into disuse till about the begin- future discuffion. ning of the present or end of the last N. B. Some additional inforination century, and that it was not totally dif- upon this funject will, I underland, be continued till within the lan thirty years. laid before the Public by Mr. Pinkerton, He remembers being told by a very old in one of the Numbers of his Portraits gentleman of that country, that he re- of the Illustrious Persons of Scotland. collects the Marquis of Athol mustering

In two volumes, octavo, printed at Aberdeen fyr J. Evans, Paternoster-row, Angus and Son, Aberdeen, and William Creech, Edinburgh, Anno 1797.

LYCOPHRON'S

CASSANDRA, L. 359.

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Η πολλα Βόιδευαν, "Αιθυιαν, Κόρη»
Αρωγόν αυδάξασα, τάρδοθον γάμων,
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χώσιτα στρατό.
Multum Budæam, Fulicam, Virginem
Vindicem invocans, depultricem nuptiarum,
Illa vero-

irascetur exercitui, INT NTERPRETERS suppose Minerva and here to Venus, as being the spodagi to be meant by Βόυδειαν, "Αιθυιαν.

gaw Instead of ávdron, in vucans, They have therefore rendered rápgulor read audkovca, invocarura. gayer by depultricem nuptiarum. But Cassandra is foretelling the insults to Taipedos bears a different lenfe ; a sepse which she must be exposed from Ajar. which afwór confirms. It means adir. She here speaks of herself, as being trix. Sve the same word in that sense ready to invoke, in this moment of dia at 1. 400, 1040; and let Lycophron be freis, xépou, áfwyòr, tái cadou gauno, his own interpreter. Bóvossa is a town Venus; fearing her patronefs Minerva in Thessaly, where Venus was wor

had deferred ther. Η δε χώσεσαι στρωτο. hipped. "A guiar, a fea-fowl, fignifies, Butse, ie. Minerva, far from hav. in the language of Cassandra, Venus, ing deserted me, will resent the infult. {prung from the sea. Kóp, virgo, is

E.. applied at 1.8si to Helen, Tpiávopos nómas;

To the EDITOR of the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE.

SIR,

ter of PaulDavysViscount Mount. Cathell IN your last Magazine I read an en. (a family now extin&t in the male line).

tertaining account of Robert laré If the late Lord Clancarty has a són Earl of Clancarry; bue I apprchend living, I imagine he has a right to the ingenious Author las made a mil. claim the title of his ancestors; but a take in saying that Sarah Duchefs of title, without eftate to support it, is Marlborough was aunt to him. This of very little value. One trait in the the could not be, as her maiden name is late Lord's character I cannot but ad. well known to have been Jennings. mire : that, though he lived among The Earl's mother was Élizabeth, the French, he despised their national daughter to Henry Spencer Earl of character for duplicity and deceit; and, Sunderland ; Ihe was fifter to Charles notwithstanding his being an exile from Earl of Sunderland, who married Lady his native land, was always partial to Ann Churchill, one of the daughters the persons and manners of Britons. of the said Sarah Duchels of Marlbo: Many years ago I paid a visit to rough. I find in Nichsels's Irish Com- Blarney Castle (lituated three miles pendium (or Peerage) for 1745, that from Cork), the ancient seat of the the said Earl of Clancarly married a antient family of the Mac Carrys. It daughter of Captain Plyer of Gosport, was then inhabited by Saint John Jefa and that he was Captain of the Adven- ferys, Esq. the owner of it, who, in fure man of war in 1731. Therefore the German War of 1759, sailed a the Lady your Correlpondent says he company at Cork, at his own expence, married when he was fixty-three years for 'Craufurd's British Volunteers. i oid (and whose name he has not given remember, the Sorjeants, when they Ls), must have been a second wife. had used to stop to make their speech

I thould be thankful.to be informed to engage mea to inlift, frequensly what became of his Lord ship's brother Aung a handful of guineas on the drum. Justin MacCarty, who married a daugh. head, faging. “My lads, hčarkin to

the

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