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The squadron and the convoy failed the same day at three in the afternoon, and steered to the N. N. W.
The loss of the British is estimated at 1200 men killed and wounded Among the former is a general.
The Spaniards Jolt 240.
The Spaniards, both officers and soldiers, have covered themselves with glory, and the British with shame.
Among the traits of bravery which distinguish this day, the following is remarked :
Sixteen of enemy's soldiers had taken post behind a rock, from whence the Spaniards, inferior in number, could not dislodge them ; a foldier of the regiment of Asturias advanced alone, twenty paces from the enemy, seized his musket with both hands, and using the butt end, forced them to quit their post.
General Moreno has made known this action to the King, who, without doubt, will recompense the gallant soldier.
If the King of Spain has yet the department of Ferrol, he owes it to the brave Generals Moreno and Donadieu, as well as to the intrepidity of the soldiers who fought under their crders. He owes them that gratitude which they have so well deserved.
(Signed) PANART, Lieutenant. Conforınable to the original, J. CAFFARELLI,
Maritime Prefect of Brest.
Head-quarters at Soden, near Frankfort, 10 Fructidor (Aug. 28),
Order of the Day in the Batavian Army. THE army is informed, that the Emperor having refused to
subscribe to the conditions of the preliminaries of peace which had been signed by his plenipotentiary at Paris, the government is under the neceflity of continuing the war. The armistice is in consequence broken off, and it will cease to have effect the 20th instant (September 7), at one in the afternoon.
The general officers and chiefs of corps will profit by this interval to pass the troops in review, and to dispose every thing in such a manner that they may be able to march and fight as soon as they shall receive orders.
Proclamation of the Prince Bishop of Wurtzburg, published on the 30th
August, previous to his quitting his Residence on the 4th of Sept. THE approach of a French army forces us for some time to
quit our residence, to prevent our faithful subjects, in cafe we thould be taken prisoner, from being obliged to purchafe our liberty with heavy expenses. By publishing this resolution, fo
oppressive oppressive to our fatherly heart, we add, for their confolation, that our vicegerent, the government of the country, and the magistrates of our residence, will watch over their welfare. As for the rest, we trust to the loyal citizens of our residence, that they will behave as faithful, noble, and good, as they did on a similar occasion in 1796, and that they will equally deserve the general applause of their own and other countries, and gain the approbation of their sovereign.
Proclamation of General Brune on his succeeding General Maslena in
the Command of the Army of Italy. BRETHREN. in arms, government gives me a fresh proof of
its confidence by placing me at the head of an undaunted army, whose heroic bravery has decided the splendid fate of France. In taking the place of the invincible Maffena, it gives me pleasure to predict io you either a speedy peace, or fresh triumphs. The example of those who preceded me, your undaunted perseverance, which the whole world admires, your late victories, the remembrance of the glorious deeds of the hero who directs our powers, and so nruny other pledges of a happy futurity, will, I doubt not, seal the welfare of our country, whether we merely thow ourselves prepared for fresh victories, or whether we discharge once more the cannon of victory, if forced to it by our brave but imprudent enemies.—Live the republic!
Head-quarters at Milan, August 7. Brune, Counsellor of State, General in Chief, to the Army of Italy. COMRADES, our enemies still wish for war. The national
generosity had fuspended your triumphs. You have rested
our arms in expectation of peace; this expectation is fruftrated; the country, indignant at the treatment which it has received, calls for new battles. I call upon your glory and your courage to make your enemies fpeedily repent of not having accepted the moderate propositions of our government. In vain would we grant them peace; it is their wish to destroy the republic and its army. The providence of Bonaparte has been rapid and juft; he discovered the object of the procrastinations, and that peace must be conquered by new victories. At these ideas of new triumphs I see
your arms lifted
and brandished in your generous hands : I hear the cry of battle resound in all your ranks: in a short time the enemy will learn that 4
humanity alone 'could have suspended your efforts ; but this very humanity imposes upon us new facrifices, and glory will cover them with immortal trophies.
Brave warriors, it is useless for me to recommend to you to consider what is due to the people among whom you are going to penetrate. You will not forget that liberty is their hope, and that a conduct regulated by discipline can alone induce them to favour our arms.
To the People of the Cisalpine Republic. Cisalpine People, HOSTILITIES are going to recommence ; the enemy can only be induced by new victories to consent to your independence and liberty. Your children are among the French troops.
Convinced of your fidelity and zcal, the Great Nation has affociated your fate to its own.
It will defend your rights, and will not luffer them to be violated. A lafting prosperity will be the recompense of your perseverance arid of your facsifices.
To the Ligurian People. YOUR enemies and ours have calculated upon the procrastination of their measures. Is it possible that they can have calcu. Jated upon our unwillingness to ad? They reje&t peace. Well, let the iffue be tried in the field of ba:tle. Unhappy those who provoke these new calamities !
Genoefe, LONG covered by a buckler of glory, and recently confirmed in constancy by the most terrible' of scourges, I repole, with lecurity, on your constancy, and on your attachment. I know the fnaies which are laid in your territory, and the fieds of disa cord which it is wished to plant in your councils; but you will keep yourfelves strongly united, and you will teach the inhabit. ants of your vallies ihat religion condemns every thing which is stune in its name to flir up
Alrite. The re-establishment of your commerce and of your greatness depends on peace.
We fhall confecrate our new battles to conquer a folid and honourable peace; that is to say, to the mott jult and most generous of all ends.
To the People of Piedmont. Piedmontese, THOSE who lately have invaded our territory, wished to transform your country into a province of their dominions. The pride of your hearts, and the independence of your arms, already felt indignant at the idea of new humiliations. The memorable day of Marengo changed at once your destiny. The government of your country is restored into your hands; peace would finally establish your liberty, but your enemies reject it at this price.
Thus then the theatre of battles is re-opened for the liberty of the people of Italy. Your first battalions are ready; haften to raise new ones. I am persuaded, that they will be worthy of you, and of the French army, whose glory they are about to partake.
Piedmontese, extinguish, I conjure you, that spirit of intertine commotion which would end in the degradation of a brave and
generous people. Let those misled mountaineers, who ihink that they are doing service to religion and their country, by destroying both, be set right by good citizens. If they perlift in disorder, abandon them to all the rigour of the laws.
Let harmony, firmness, and justice, direct all your thoughts and all your resolutions, and soon victory will enable you to reap all the blessings of peace. (Signed)
Extract from the official Note transmitted by Lord Il'hitworth to the Count de Bernstorff.
August 21, 1800. THE HE English Minister supports the principles which he had
established in his first note, and says, that if the principle be once admitted, that a Danish frigate may legally guarantee from all search fix merchant-thips, it follows naturaliy that that
power, or any other power whatever, may, by means of the smallest ship of war, extend the same protection to all the commerce of the enemy in all parts of the world; it will only be necessary to find in the whole circle of the universe a single neutral state, however inconfiderable it may be, well disposed enough towards our enemies to lend them its flag, and to cover all their commerce, without running the least risk; for when examination can no longer take place, fraud fears no discovery. In the note which the Count de Bernstorff has just transmitted, the undersigned perceives with pain, that, far froin withing to sa
tisfy the just demand of the King his master, the Danish government still persists in supporting, not only the principle upon which it founds its aggreilion, but also the right of defending it by means of arms. In this state of things, the undersigned has no other alternative than to perform strictly his duty, by infisting anew on the satisfaction which the King his master requires, and by declaring to M. de Bernstorff, that, in spite of his sincere desire to be the instrument of the reconciliation of the two courts, he shall be obliged to leave Copenhagen with all the English mission in the space of a week, reckoning from the day of the signing of this note, unless, in the interval, the Danish government Thall adopt counfels more conformable to the interests of the two cuuntries, and, above all, to those of Den- . mark, with whom his Majesty has constantly desired, and still defires, to live in terms of friendship and alliance. The undersigned, therefore, has the honour to repeat to the Count de Bernstorff, that he is enjoined to quit Copenhagen with the King's million in a week, unless a satisfactory reply be given before the expiration of that term.
He requests the Count de Bernstorff to accept the assurances of his most distinguished confideration.
Extract from the Reply of M. de Bernstorff.
August 26. IF Lord Whitworth thinks to destroy the force of the arguments developed in that note (note to Mr. Merry of the 19th April) by the reflection, that, by the right of guaranteeing from search merchantmen under the convoy of a thip of war, the least powerful neutral state would acquire the faculty of covering with impunity, with its flag, an illicit commerce the undersigned entreats him to observe, that the government which should degrade itself to the point of lending its flag to such a fraud, would by that conduct pass the bounds of neutrality, and would in conseq:sence authorize the belligerent power, to the prejudice of which the fraud had been committed, to adopt measures which ordinary circumstances would not admit. The state which neglects its duties exposes itself, without doubt, to the risk of losing its rights; but the fufpicion of degrading conduct would be as injurious to the government which should not deserve it, as it would be little honourable to the government which fhould advance it without foundation, but this caufe cannot exist between Denmark and Great Britain. The English government is not ignorant, without doubt, that the Danish officers who command convoys are personally resposible that the cargoes of the thips belonging to thofe convoys do not contain ar