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yours. Beware, brave Spaniards, of the treacherous infinuations ef thofe enemies of all moral and religious principles, which form the bafis of focial life. High minded, loyal, and generous, like your forefathers, you want but a hint of what awaits you. Zealously attached to the worship of the true God, and the auguft blood of your kings, you, no doubt, prefer the lofs and facrifice of your property to the misfortune and difgrace of submitting to the yoke of thofe new mafters of your territory. Follow then, gallant Spaniards, that noble impulfe of reafon, honour, and feeling. Depart! the dominions of the Spanish monarch are open for you: go, honourably to live and die there in the fhade of your altars, and under the protection of your king. But if any among you, chained down by neceffity to the foil they cultivate, fhould not be able to leave it, let them not be uneafy his Majefty lends them his powerful and protecting hand. I wish they would, for their own happinefs, fully rely on the generosity and beneficence of fo great a monarch. What other fovereign has fought with more zeal and glory for the facred caufe of religion, royalty, and humanity, against the foolhardy innovators, who are bent on exterminating them from the whole furface of this globe. I have read, brave Spaniards, the otenfible inftructions given by the Directory to the commiffioners of the Republic; I have perufed the proclamations of those hypocritical and perverfe agents, whofe firft miffion to St. Domingo was marked with infurrections, with the firing of the plantations, and the affaffination of their owners. The choice of fuch men fufficiently fhews the misfortunes you have to expect. Read and confider, brave Spaniards, the papers I have just quoted: compare the promises which they hold out, with those the Republic has made to every nation it wifhed to feduce. What advantages did it not hold out to its own colonies, to Savoy, Belgium, Holland; in fhort, to all countries wherein it has established its strange regimen! Well, contemplate the horrid and deplorable fituation to which are now reduced those provinces, once fo populous and flourishing, and judge, brave Spaniards, what would be the refult of your credulity. Impressed with your dangers, and feeling for your misfortune, I offer you my fupport. A faithful interpreter of the beneficent difpofition of his Majefty, I promise and guarantee to you, under his banners, fafety to your perfons and property. Whatever is facred to you, your religious worship, your priefts, your laws, your customs, your privileges, fhall be preferved to you, and you fhall also enjoy the advantage of the most extenfive and flourishing commerce in the world. You have frequented our posts, and know the liberty, good faith, and plenty which reign there. Calculate the extent of thofe advantages, and prepare yourfelves to receive the only power able to grant them. As foon as the protection of
your king fhall be withdrawn from you, and you are given up to the new mafters of your territory, arm against them, and on the firft fignal you give me of your determination, I will fly to your affiftance, and unite my whole force with your's, to repel and exterminate our common enemy.
Given in the King's Houfe, at Port-au-Prince, the 12th of
By order of his excellency,
JAMES ESTEN, fecretary.
Addrefs of the States of the Circle of Suabia to the Archduke Charles.
HARD and painful as we find it, there is no other choice left
for us than to bring the loud and general complaints of the princes and states of the innocent and fuffering circle of Suabia, overwhelmed from all fides, before his Imperial Majefty, and to reprefent in that illuftrious quarter, where we are fure of being heard, our conftitutional demand of affiftance from the chief of the empire, but especially fatisfaction for the ill-founded reproaches fuffered by, and the restoration of the property wrefted from the circle, the paternal protection of his Imperial Majefty against the exceffes fimilar to hoftile treatment, committed by the fubaltern commanders of the Imperial troops in the territories of the circle of Suabia, and all poffible re-establishment of an unimpeded communication of the ftates of the circle among themfelves, and with the circular convention.
We owe this step, to which we are thus compelled, to the princes and states, who, by numberlefs facrifices for the common caufe, and the common welfare of the fupreme fervice, deferved more regard; we owe it to the fubjects of the circle, who in their prefent unhappy fituation are almoft reduced to defpair; in fhort, we owe it to ourfelves, against the painful reproaches made to us in the anfwer of your Royal Highnefs. We alfo can affure your Royal Highnefs, in full conviction, that you have been prepoffeffed against the circle, by fome odious infinuations thrown out against it.*
Done at Augsburg, Aug. 13, 1796.
This anfwer was returned by the circle to a letter, in which the Archduke Charles accufed the convention of the circle of Suabia, that forgetful of their duty to the Emperor and the Empire, they had made tributary to the enemy, by treaties actually concluded, countries and cities which had not been in the enemy's hands, and that by fo doing they had fixed upon themfelves, in the eyes of their country, an everlafting and difgraceful figma of premature cowardice.
General Orders of the Commander in Chief of the Army of the
Head-quarters at Rennes, 7th Fructidor, (August 24.)
BECAUSE the majority of the rebels have given up their arms to us, fome places thought themselves in the most perfect fecurity. They forgot that vigilance which is requifite after a civil war the most difaftrous, as the men who waged it were impelled by fanatfcifm, and directed by the greatest intriguers in Europe: the torpor was fuch, that General V-knew not (for he gave me no account of it that fome agents of England had landed on the coaft of his district.
The commander in chief, who recollects with emotion the energy which his brothers in arms have difplayed ever fince he had the honour of commanding them, hopes it is not in vain that they willed peace, that they will confolidate their work by boundless vigilance and activity; he recommends to their care the interior of Breft, L'Orient, Nantz, St. Maloes, and Rennes, where the spies of the English minifter have chiefly taken their refidence. And independent of the praife which he shall merit, who shall arreft either one of thofe fpies or an emigrant, he promifes a reward of one hundred livres in fpecie, and further, to pay all the expence attending the fearches after them.
Proclamation of General Buonaparte, Commander in Chief of the Army of Italy, to the Inhabitants of the Tyrolefe.
Head quarters at Brefcia, 13 Fructidor, (August 30.)
You folicit the protection of the French army. If you expect it, you must fhew yourfelves worthy of it. Since the majority of you is well difpofed, compel the few malcontents who are among you to be peaceable. Their outrageous conduct has a tendency to bring upon their country the calamities of war.
The fuperiority of the French arms is now manifeft. The Emperor's minifters, bought by English gold, betray that country. That unfortunate prince commits an error in every meafure he adopts.
You wifh for peace! The French are fighting for that object. We march upon your territory for the exprefs purpose of obliging the court of Vienna to accede to the prayer of defolated Europe, and to listen to the entreaties of her people; we come not here with a view of extending ourd ominions. Nature has pointed
out the limits of France by the interfection of the Alps and the Rhine, in the fame manner as she has placed the Tyrolefe as a line of demarcation for the house of Austria.
Tyroleans! whatever your paft conduct may have been, return to your habitations! abandon the colours which have been so often difgraced, and which you are unable to defend.
-The conquerors of the Alps and Italy are not now opposed to an hoft of enemies. They are in purfuit of a few victims, whom the generofity of my country commands me to spare.
We are formidable in battle, but we are the friends of those who give us an hospitable reception.
The religion, the customs, and the property of the communes who fubmit fhall be refpected.
The communes, whofe Tyrolean inhabitants have not returned on our arrival, shall be burnt; the inhabitants taken as hostages, and fent to France.
When a commune has fubmitted, the fyndics fhall be bound to deliver, in one hour after, a list of the inhabitants who are in the pay of the Emperor, and if they fhould fide with the Tyrolean inhabitants, their houses fhall be immediately burnt, and their relations arrested and fent as hoftages to France.
The Tyroleans who fhall co-operate with the free inhabitants, and are taken with arms in their hands, fhall be instantly shot. The generals of divifion are charged with the ftricteft execution of this arret.
The above is an authentic copy.
Order of Council of the 3d September.
T the court at Weyinouth, the 3d of September 1796, prefent the King's most excellent Majefty in council.
Whereas an act paffed in the thirty-third year of his Majesty's reign, intituled, "An act more effectually to prevent, during the prefent war between Great Britain and France, all traitorous correfpondence with, or aid or affiftance being given to his Majefty's enemies;" and another act paffed in the thirty-fourth year of his Majefty's reign, intituled, "An act for preventing money or effects, in the hands of his Majefty's fubjects, belonging to or difpofable by perfons refident in France, being applied to the ufe of the perfons exercifing the powers of government in France, and for preferving the property thereof for the benefit of the individual owners thereof."
And whereas another act, passed in the thirty-fourth year afore. faid, intituled, An act for more effectually preferving money and effects, in the hands of his Majefty's fubjects, belonging to or difpofable by perfons refident in France, for the benefit of the individual owners thereof."
And whereas it is expedient that fuch licence and authority fhould be granted as is herein after given and granted; his Majefty, taking the fame into his royal confideration, is pleased, by and with the advice of his privy council, by this order to grant, and accordingly, with fuch advice, by this order, doth grant licence, according to the authority given by the faid acts refpectively, or fome of them, to all perfons refiding or being in Great Britain, either on their own account or credit, or on the account or credit, or by the direction of any other perfon or perfons whom foever, or wherefoever refident or being, to fell, fupply, deliver, or fend, for the purpose of being fold, fupplied, or delivered, and to agree to fell, fupply, deliver, or fend for fuch purpose, and either on their own account or credit, or on the account or credit or by the direction of any other perfon or perfons whomfoever and wherefoever refident or being, to caufe or procure to be fold, supplied, delivered, or fent for fuch purpose as aforefaid, or to authorise or direct any other perfon or perfons whomfoever, or wherefoever refident or being, to fell, fupply, deliver, or send as aforefaid; or to aid or affist in fo felling, fupplying, delivering, or authorifing or directing to be fo fold, fupplied, or delivered or fent; and allo to buy or procure, or contract or agree to contract or procure, or caufe to be bought or procured, or authorife or direct any other perfon or perfons whomfoever, or wherefoever refident or being, to buy or procure, or to contract or agree to buy or procure, or aid or affift in buying or procuring, or authorifing or directing to be bought or procured, any goods, wares, merchandizes, or effects mentioned in the faid acts, or any other goods, wares, merchandizes, or effects, (except fuch as are herein after mentioned) whether of the growth, production, or manufacture of this kingdom, or of any foreign country, to or for the ufe of any perfons refiding in the territories of the United Provinces, or in the Auftrian Netherlands, or in any part of Italy, or for the purpose of being fent into any part or place within the fame respectively.
Provided nevertheless, that all fuch goods, wares, merchandizes, and effects, be exported from this kingdom, and in thips or veffels belonging to perfons of fome ftate or country in amity with his Majefty, and that fuch exportation be made under the ufual conditions and regulations; and that fuch fecurity be given by bond, in fuch penalty, by fuch perfons, and in fuch manner, as fhall be directed by the commiffioners of his Majefty's customs, that the faid goods, wares, merchandizes, and effects, fhall be exported to the spaces propofed, and to none other; and that a certificate