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It is proved, that having no manufactories, they are forced
to recur to European manufactures; that they cannot establish any of their own for a long time to come, because they have but few hands, and that agriculture ought to
employ all their care. It is proved that, according to physical, political and moral
relations, they ought to persevere in employing themselves exclufively in agriculture, and to renounce even the trans
portation of their own productions into Europe. It is proved, that this is the only means of preserving their
republican manners, and of retarding the progress of
luxury. Finally is is proved, that in giving themselves up to culture,
and in neglecting manufactures, they will less perceive the scarcity of money ; that they will find the means of supplying its place, and of carrying on a very advantageous ex
terior commerce of exchange. These different points being established, it is proposed to fhew,
that of all the nations of Europe, France is that with which it best suits the United States to league themselves by commerce, both having wants and productions which correspond with each other. This truth is made appear in presenting the double catalogue of reciprocal importations and exportations to be made between France and the United States.
page 65 Of the Importations to be made from France into the United
States, or of the Wants of the United States and the Productions of France which correspond thereto.
66 Three questions are therein difcuffed. ist. Is it proper for free America to cultivate the vine and to make wine ?
The negative is maintained ; and it is proved that the vine is
an incommodious and a little lucrative property; that wine at two low a price would be a dangerous production in republics, whose manners form their basis, &c. That it is
better to get wine from abroad. 2d. Ought not free America, in renouncing this culture, to
give the preference to French wines ? That this question can suffer no difficulty ; that French wines
are, without dispute, the most wholesome and agree
able. 3d. What means ought to be taken to insure them a prefer
ence ? In meliorating the cultivation of the vine ; in improving the
manner of making wine ; in instituting establishments which would render the profits less precarious. Different means proposed for this purpose.
page 79 Of the moral and political inconvenience of the low price of
brandies. Of the superiority of the brandies of France over those of
other countries, and even over rum.
United States, to all other nations.
Government to favour the distillation of brandies.
that of wine brings in a great deal. The exportation of brandy diminishes the consumption of
French wines abroad; this brandy forms the principal in
gredient in made wines prepared there. The distillation of brandy is for the vineyard proprietor but a last resource which ruins him.
SECTION III. Oils, Olives, dried Fruits, &'c.
page 87 Articles of a sure and advantageous fale from France to the
People governed by a free constitution ought to prefer cloth to any
other kind of manufacture. Its different qualities accord better with the different climates
of the United States. The manufacture of cloths being complicated, is not proper
for the free Americans in their present state, Those they manufacture ought to be confined to coarse
stuffs. For fine cloths they ought to have recourse to Europe. That France may please herself in the rank of those nations
which pretend to furnish these cloths to free America. The first essays of this kind made by France, badly received,
ought not to discourage her manufacturers. Causes of the discredit of these cloths. That this discredit
cannot continue, because the French manufacture fine cloths, and understand dying, better than any other
people. Examination of the causes which make the competition of
French with English cloths disadvantageous to the
former. This advantage does not come from the inferiority of French
cloths, but from the want of French wools, and from their high price, whilst wools are cheap and plenty in Eng
land. Causes of this difference of price. That the dearness of French wools, holding to the scarcity of
sheep, may be removed, by taking means to encrease the
brced of sheep. Causes which are in opposition to this encrease. Means of encouraging it.
Until this end be obtained, the adınission of American wools
ought to be encouraged.
Two fpecies of linen drapery are distinguished. The first
comprehending linen properly so called, with which sheets,
&c, are made. The manufacture of these linens being simple, and fufcep
tible of being associated with the labours of the field, the
free Americans are right in undertaking this manufaclure. There are but certain linens, very fine, for which they will
have recourse to Europe. The second fpecics of linen drapery contains tissues, compof
ed of thread of different colours ; such as painted linens,
handkerchiefs, &c. The manufacture of the greatest part of this linen drapery,
being complicated, belongs to Europe. The English having invented machines, which fimplify this
manufacture ; and manufacturing better and cheaper, may
obtain the preference. If France were left to her natural means, and not restrained
by any obstacle, fhe might enter into a competition with
England. Examination of the arret published in 1985, to favour this
manufacture of linens, and to entice foreign manufa&turers into France.- Motives which ought to prevent them froin settling there.
SECTION VI. Silks, Ribbons, Silk Stockings, Gold and SilverLaces, &c.
page 117 For the supplying of which articles, France will have the
preference in the United States. Her looms and frames are numerous ; her filks fine, and let's
dear than elsewhere. The manufacture of filks is not proper for the United States.
Motives which ought to prevent them from ever undertaking it.
Motives which ought to prevent their consuming any filk.
If they import any, it ought to be for no other purpose than that of furnishing Spanish America.
'The manu'acture of hats belongs to Europe, and France
must have the preference for this article.
SECTION VIII. Leather, Shoes, Boots, Saddles, & c. page 123
commerce reigning in England; the trader honouring
glafs-houses. Bottles only, might constitute an article of
page 131 It is ncccfiary, and for the same reason, to suppress the French
forges. The Americans must one day furnith Europe with iron. In the mean time, France cannot enter into a com
petition with the North in this article. Her interest ought to incline her to get iron from abroad.'