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doubt,) President Burleigh has unquestionably accomplished a most laudable work. His

questions are well adapted to the subject I have examined the "American Manual" matter, and will have the effect of drawing with much interest, and it gives me pleasure the mind of the youngest learner to it; while to say that I highly approve of it. A text-book his marginal exercises cannot fail to achieve prepared by a man so distinguished for scholar- that which every teacher feels to be a desideraship, expenence, and success in teaching, as tum, to wit, the means of compelling pupils to President Burleigh, cannot fail to secure unic attend to the import of words. As the best versal favour. The general arrangement of proof of my entire a probation of the work, I the work is regular. The marginal exer- shall take the first opportunity to organize a cises and questions placed at the foot of each class with that as a text-book. page, greatly facilitate the labour both of the

M. SPENCER, teacher and scholar, and serve to interest the

Principal of the Mayland Institute. mind of the latter, in the acquisition of knowledge. The statistical tables are also valuable, and the appendix serves as a key to the whole I cordially concur in the above recommendawork, which renders it complete. It is a book tion. which, in my opinion, should be placed in the

BENJAMIN G. FRY, hands of every American citizen.

Principal of Union Female Seminary, No. 30 ROBERT KERR,

Hanover Street, Baltimore. Principal of West. Female High School, Balt.

I have examined with care the Manual. Having taken much pains in ascer

I have critically examined the American * American Manual." The chasteness of thought, and simplicity of style, in the articles

taining the true tenor of the republican instiaccompanying the Constitution, highly recom

tutions of my adopted country, I had previously mend its tise as a school-book.

read the leading authors on government with The marginal exercises are a new and im- much satisfaction, but I have not met with any

work in any language, that so clearly, so conportant feature, which, I am convinced, will aid the teacher very much in his arduous la cisely, and so beautifully conveys to the mind, bours, by exciting the pupils to investigate and

the principles of political science. The marreflect. This arrangement will also enable ginal exercises afford much and valuable as them, by easy and gradual steps, to obtain a ledge of the English language. The exercises

sistance to the foreigner in acquiring a knowgreat command of language. 1 hope, therefore, it may receive a circula- also afford to the mental powers a similar dis

cipline that is obtained in studying the ancient tion commensurate to its merits. D. A. HOLLINGSHEAD,

classics. The questions are so remarkably Instructor of History and Belles-Lettres in the

well adapted to the subject, that, while they Western Female High School, Balt.

assist the teacher, they also lead the pupils to reason and reflect for themselves.

I hope the Manual will be not only universI fully concur in the foregoing recommenda-ally used in America, but also in Europe. tion.

A. FREITAG, L.L. D. JAMES HARSHAW, Professor of Modern Languages in the CenPrin. Pub. Sch. No. 9. tral High School, and of German in St.

Mary's College.

Gentlemen :- I have examined President Burleigh's “Commentary on the Constitution of the United States.” 1 consider it the best Manual. The general plan in putting questions

I have carefully examined the American work of the kind extant; and it is, beyond a doubt, admirably adapted to the use of schools.

to make the pupils see the cause and result, is The style is neat, perspicuous and elegant; the same that I myself have pursued for many confer a benefit

similar to that derived from work meets my most unqualified approval. the study of the ancient languages. I shall

The conciseness and beauty of the style, the introduce the book into my school early in unequalled excellence of the marginal exerSeptember next.

cises in drawing out the mind, and thoroughly D. JONES,

disciplining the mental powers, and training Prin. Classical Academy, Eutaw Strect, Balt. sion, renders it, in my opinion, the best school

the pupils to reason with accuracy and precibook extant.

I shall introduce the work into the Seminary over which l preside at the commencement of

the next session. Gentlemen :- I have, with great pleasure,

D. R. ASHTON, examined the "American Manual," and am

Fifth below Arch St. prepared to say that it is every thing it purports to be. The design and execution are both adinirable. If it be desirable that our civil du

Philadelphia, July 5th, 1848. ties and relations should form a subject of I have examined the American Manual, and study in elementary schools, (and that they heartily concur with Professor Ashton in reshould, I presume, no one will pretend to gard to its merits, and shall also introduce it and contains a great amount of valuable everyday political information. The author has, in


into the French Seminary for Young Ladies, is intended, and I shall introduce it as a textover which I preside.

book into my school. C. PICOT,

EDMUND SMITH, No. 15 Washington Square.

Principal of Franklin Hall.

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After a very careful examination of the Extract from the Literary Pioneer of May, 1848. American Manual, by J. B. Burleigh, I can Every child should be possessed of the infreely say that I consider it a performance of formation the American Manual imparts, to be superior excellence. It embodies a fund of in- enabled to exercise understandingly, at a proper formation, surpassing in importance and va- cime, its privileges as a citizen of the United riety that of any other work which has come States. under my notice. It is happily adapted to the wants of children in families, pupils in common schools, and students in higher semina- Extract from the Frankford Herald ries; it is also equally well calculated to afford entertainment and instruction to adults in

We have no hesitation in asserting our every sphere of life.


opinion that the Manual fills a vacancy which

has long been observed in the text-books of Principal of the Female Seminary, No. 274 North Seventh Street.

our schools and the popular literature of our country. Every teacher will, we thirk, find

this book just what he wanted to assist him in Extract of a Letter from Professor Brooks.

preparing his pupils to assume the duties and

responsibilities of citizenship. As a book of The comprehensive view of politics in gene- reference and authority this work will be ral, which the American Manual presents, its found worthy of a place in every library. excellent commentary on the Constitution of

While the questions, definitions, and other our Republic, and the clear exp ition of the marginal exercises, together with the statistiduties of magistrates and citizens, the sound morals which it inculcates, with its questions, can Manual a book of incalculable value in

cal tables and appendix, will render the Amerimarginal exercises,

&c., entitle it to high con- disciplining the young mind, and in developing sideration. I take great pleasure in comniend- and strengthening the moral and intellectual ing it to the public, and especially to those faculties. A lawyer hy education, and a teacher engaged in the education of youth.

from choice, Mr. Burleigh possesses at the N. C. BROOKS, Principal of the Balt. Central High School and the ability to supply it.

same time a consciousness of what was needed,

We heartily concur with Professor Brooks in Extract from the North American and United the above recommendation.

States Gazette.
Professor of Mathematics. tions of a mind devoted to the instruction of

We have before us one of the latest produc-
Professor of Belles Lettres. youth; it is entitled the American Manual,

our opinion, prepared a work which will be We have examined the American Manual found of great value in the school, and on a with a great deal of pleasure, and as a text plan which must give importance and utility book for school purposes it is unquestionabiy to any reading book intended for scholars. one of great merit. We think that Mr. Burleigh has placed the profession under deep

Extract of a Letter from Professor S. C. obligation. The arrangement of the book is

Alkinson of Baltimore. such as greatly to facilitate the labour of instruction, and 'no candid mind can look over The marginal exercises are ingenious, and its pages without coming to the conclusion, useful to the pupil, promoting not only copiousthat the work is the best of any yet published ness and variety of expression, but also a mi. to promote among pụpils generally an exact nute examination of the critical meaning and and thorough knowledge of the principles of

derivation of words. The questions are of Republican government.

great value, by promoting attention and reWM. R. CREERY, search. They also aid the teacher the right Prin. Male Pub. School, No. 6. mode, by connecting each reading exercise TIMOTHY CRIMMIN, with reflection and investigation. The work

Teacher of Mathematics. is exceedingly valuable as a school book, and

M. CONNOLLY, scarcely less so as a convenient, well-arranged, Prin. Male Public School, No. 1. family reference book. So far as my observa

M. M'CONKY, tion extends no school book is so well calcu-
Prin. Female Public School, No. 1. lated to enlarge and ennoble the mind of youth

E. ADAMS, as the American Manual.
Prin. Female Pub. School, No. 6.

Prin. Male Pub. School, No. 3.

Extract of a Letter from Professor Gilbert

Coombs, Philadelphia.

The examination of the American Manual Baltimore, June 14th, 1848.

has been decidedly a work of pleasure. If for Having examined the American Manual by no other cause, the youth of our day have J. B. Burleigh,

I think it a work superior reason to hold the author's name in high to any I have met with upon the same subject, esteem, for the : paration of this invaluable admirably adapted to the purpose for which it work.

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Extract of a Letter from Thos. W. Duffield, Esq., by preparing the American boy to act the part one of the School Directors, of Frankfurd, Pa. of a sovereign citizen, either in the place of

The Manual is an invaluable work, admira- authority as an officer, or as a private indivibly adapted to the purposes designed, and one

dual; and the American girl for enunciation at that cannot fail to incite an interest in the

the fireside of the principles of true patriotism

and virtue. philosophy of our language."

It needs but a perusal to a due appreciation of its merits. The policy of the Government

Extract of a Letter from Prof. Jos. H. Clark, can never descend to a medium standard of our youth have placed in their hands for study the

Baltimore. American Manual.

The Manual offers to the young tyro in its

marginal exercises every desirable facility toExtract of a Letter from Professor J. L. Van

wards understanding the subject-matter well. Doren of Philadelphia. It would give me great pleasure to see the

Extract from the Lutheran Observer. Manwal introduced into all the common schools and academies in our land.

We have met with nothing in the Manual that should give offence either to the 'iberal

Christian or the enlightened politician; but Extract from the Gazette of the Unton. with much, very much, which both must This Manual of Mr. Burleigh's is, in our

heartily commend. The principles inculcated opinion, the most valuable school book that

are sound, and tend to the improvement of has issued from the prolific American press in

the heart as well as the enlightenment of the

mind. many years. The history of the origin of political power, which Mr. Burleigh has so briefly

It advocates the rights and privileges of the and comprehensively presented, cannot fail in people, sets forth, in strong and vivid colours, exercising a most salutary influence upon the their duties, and throughout exhibits and illus minds of the young, in rendering more perfect trates the paramount necessity of popular and thorough their conceptions of the philoso-education, and of the universal diffusion of phy of Government. The valuable statistical light and knowledge. tables given in the appendix, which the author must have been at very great care and trouble to collect, will be not only useful to the young, but must, we think, render the work of the

Extract of a Letter from Harlow W. Heath, L. greatest value to business men, and to all who

L. D., for many years Secretary of the Board would have information on nearly everything

of School Commissioners of Nelson County, which pertams to Government, Commerce,

Virginia. Mechanics, Science, the Arts, Exports, His- The author has, in my opinion, prepared a tory, and every species of statistical knowledge. work which should be introduced into all our As a school book, the value of the Manual is schools and seminaries of learning, and placed much increased by the fact that numerous in the hands of every citizen; the comprehenquestions are given in an unique marginal ar- sive view of politics which the American rangement, by which the skill of the pupils is Manual presents, its excellent commentary on much exercised in mentally tracing the analogy the Constitution, the clear exposition of the of synonymy, thus rendering perfect their duties of magistrates and voters, the high knowledge of the language.

tone of moral sentiment which it contains, with the excellent arrangement and plan of

the work, admirably fits it to meet the wants Extract from the Baltimore Sun,

of all in appreciating and understanding the The American Manual cannot fail to com- real nature of the bond of our glorious Remand general favour, and will be a very useful public. acquisition to "schools, academies, and the public."

Extract of a Letter from Professor Sieker. Extract from the Church Times.

The author has evidently expended much The American Manual must become very labour and research upon the work. The popular, and furnish perhaps a model for youth of our country cannot fail to acquire school books upon other subjects.

through it a complete knowledge of the form of our government, the true cause of our

power, prosperity, and happiness as a nation, Extract from the Baltimore Patriot.

and which, being based on the intelligence of For the training of youth, the American The character, nature, and history of our go

the people, they cannot too well understand. Manual is one of the best books we have ever met with. The effect of its use is to send forth

vernment are presented in a clear and sucthe American citizen well instructed in the

cint manner, and with the marginal exercises doctrines and duties that appertain to his high (a most excellent feature in the book), and character, and prepared for the performance which alone make the work highly useful to

valuable statistical tables in the appendix, of the obligations required of him by the governmen of his country. For the accomplish-every business man in the Union. The Amement of this important object, the Manual is

rican Manual altogether is just such a work well adapted; setting forth, as it does, the

as I should like to see in the hands of every

teacher and scholar in our male and female science of government, and particularly the features of the American government, in plain

serninaries. and familiar terins. The effect of its extensive

EDWARD A. SIEKER, use must be to elevate our national character,

Principal of the Eastern Femule Public High

School, of Baltimore.


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The period for a new election of a Citizen, to administer the Executive Government of the United States, being not far distant, and the time actually arrived, when your thoughts must be employed in designating the person, who is to be clothed with that important trust [°]* it appears to me proper, especially as it may conduce to a more distinct expression of the public voice, that I should now apprise you of the resolution I have formed, to decline being considered among the number of those, out of whom a choice is to be made.

I beg you, at the same time, to do me the justice to be assured, that this resolution has not been taken, without a strict regard to all the considerations appertaining to the relation, which binds a dutiful citizen to his country—and that, in withdrawing the tender of service which silence in my situation might imply, I am influenced by no diminution of zeal for your

future interest, no deficiency of grateful respect for your past kindness; but [am supported by]’ a full conviction that the step is compatible with both.

Figures and brackets do not appear in the original, but are here used to show where emendations were made by WASHINGTON; which prove his great care and prudence in preparing the address, as well as his exceeding anxiety to transmit in unsullied purity THE CONSTITUTION, and its REPUBLICAN FORM OF GOVERNMENT. la See page 29. A figure, inside of the bracket, thus [1], denotes erasure; but a word or words inside of the bracket denote that some other word or words were substituted by WASHINGTON instead of those which he had previously written.




ten feel

ferr i wit

nish The acceptance of, and continuance hitherto in, the

B as office to which your suffrages have twice called me,

that have been a uniform sacrifice of inclination to the opi

my nion of duty, and to a deference for what appeared to

tion be your

desire.— I constantly hoped, that it would have been much earlier in my power, consistently with mo- vid tives, which I was not at liberty to disregard, to retum

I to that retirement, from which I had been reluctantly drawn. The strength of my inclination to do this, previous to the last election, had even led to the pre- beda paration of an address to declare it to you;

but mature reflection on the then perplexed and critical posture of our affairs with foreign Nations, and the unanimous advice of persons entitled to my confidence, impelled niti me to abandon the idea.

I rejoice that the state of your concerns, external as well as internal, no longer renders the pursuit of incli- fit nation incompatible with the sentiment of duty, or propriety; and [am persuaded]: whatever partiality [may be retained]* for my services, [that]' in the present circumstances of our country (you] will not disapprove my determination to retire.

The impressions, [with]' which, I first (undertook] the arduous trust, were explained on the proper occasion.-In the discharge of this trust, I will only say, that I have, with good intentions, contributed (towards]' the organization and administration of the government, the best exertions of which a very fallible judgment was capable-Not unconscious, in the outset, of the inferiority of my qualifications, experience in my own eyes, [perhaps]°still more in the eyes of others, has [strengthened]'o the motives to diffidence of myself; and every day the increasing weight of

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