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The University of California CALENDAR will be issued every Friday throughout the summer session. The CALENDAR contains announcements of lectures, concerts, University Meetings, exhibits, meetings of University organizations, and information concerning the library, museums, art galleries, observatories and other parts of the University of interest to visitors. It will be mailed to any address for the six weeks of the Summer Session for 25 cents. During the college year the subscription price is 25 cents per half-year. Communications should be addressed to the University of California Calendar, Secretary's Office, California Hall, Berkeley, California.
The department of physical education will arrange excursions for each Saturday during the session. On Saturday, July 5, a trip will be made around San Francisco Bay, landing at Mare Island Navy Yard and the Naval Training Station on Yerba Buena Island. An excursion to Mount Hamilton and the Lick Observatory for the classes in astronomy and others who may be interested has been arranged for July 12.
The student in Berkeley has within easy reach the libraries, museums, parks, concerts, lectures, theatres, etc., of San Francisco and Oakland. During the summer, when the Eastern season is over, many of the greater dramatic events of the year are to be seen in both San Francisco and Oakland.
Attendants at the Summer Session will find it easy to plan outings in the country about Berkeley, or across the Bay in Marin County; boating on Lake Merritt, or on the Bay; a trip to the Muir Woods, a national park of redwoods; tramps in the Berkeley or Piedmont hills, to Lake Chabot, Grizzly Peak, or up Mount Tamalpais (visitors may go up either by the scenic railway or the trails); salt water bathing at the Alameda beach; visits to Piedmont Park, which contains an art gallery, to the Piedmont sulphur springs, and to the Oakland Museum, as well as the several museums of San Francisco; electric car rides through Oakland to such places as San Leandro, Hayward and San Lorenzo; sightseeing trips about San Francisco, including Golden Gate Park, the Cliff House, the United States Mint, the new Chinatown, and the Presidio; week-end trips to near-by towns, such as San Jose, Monterey, Santa Cruz, Santa Rosa, Napa, etc.; tours of inspection to some of the manufacturing plants about the Bay at times to be arranged in advance with the managers of the respective companies.
High School Teachers' Conference
The California High School Teachers' Association has called a meeting in connection with the Summer Session of the University; the programme will extend over the entire first week of the session, beginning Monday, June 23, and ending Saturday, June 28. There will be general discussions, two half-day sessions for each of the most important high school subjects, and Friday will be given over to the problems of high school administration. Many of the specialists of the Faculty of the Summer Session will coöperate.
Site and Climate
The University of California is picturesquely situated on the lower slopes of the Berkeley hills, overlooking San Francisco Bay and the Golden Gate. The site comprises about 530 acres of land, rising at first in a gentle and then in a bolder slope from a height of about 200 feet above sea level to one of over 1300 feet. It thus covers a range of more than 1100 feet in altitude, while immediately back of the campus the hills rise to a height of 1900 feet. Berkeley is a city of homes, with a population of about forty-three thousand people. The University campus is thirty-five minutes' ride by train and ferry from San Francisco and twenty-five minutes by electric car from the business center of Oakland.
The climate of Berkeley is well suited for uninterrupted university work during the summer months. The meteorological record kept by the University during the past twenty-six years shows an average temperature of about 60° for the months of June, July, and August. The average of the highest temperatures for each day is about 70°, and that of the lowest is about 53°. Extremes of heat are rare; the temperature of the hottest part of the warmest day seldom exceeds 90°, and in many years this temperature has not been reached. These higher temperatures last but a few hours at a time; and, as they are accompanied by low humidities, they are very rarely oppressive. Rain is practically unknown in July and August, but showers sometimes occur late in June. The prevailing wind is a gentle breeze from the southwest, which brings the cool, bracing air of the Pacific Ocean over the campus. These ocean breezes and the fog, which occurs at times during the summer, prevent the occurrence of high temperatures. There is scarcely a summer when an overcoat will not be found occasionally useful in Berkeley.
The University of California (founded in 1868) is by the terms of its charter an integral part of the educational system of the State. At Berkeley are the Colleges of Letters, Social Sciences, Natural Sciences, Commerce, Agriculture, Mechanics, Mining, Civil Engineering, and Chemistry, and the instruction of the first two years in the College of Medicine; at Mount Hamilton is the graduate Astronomical Department, founded by James Lick; in San Francisco are the Colleges of Law, Medicine (third and fourth years), Dentistry, and Pharmacy; and in Los Angeles is the Los Angeles Department of the College of Medicine (third and fourth years), and at Davis is the University Farm. The University's endowment is capitalized at about thirteen million dollars; its yearly income for educational and scientific purposes is about one and one-fourth million dollars; it has received private benefactions to the amount of about eight million dollars. The University is indebted to Mrs. Phoebe A. Hearst for permanent building plans, upon a scale appropriate and comprehensive. At Berkeley there are two hundred and fifty-five principal officers of instruction and administration, together with assistants numbering about two hundred and seventy-five; courses of instruction distributed among thirty-nine departments; about six thousand five hundred and thirty students in 1912-13, including students in the Summer Session of 1912; a library of over two hundred and fifty thousand volumes aside from the volumes in the Bancroft collection; museums and laboratories; also the agricultural experiment grounds and station, which are invaluable adjuncts of the farming, orchard and vineyard interests of the state. In San Francisco there are one hundred and nine officers of instruction, including demonstrators and other assistants; six hundred and ninety-two students in 1912-13. Tuition in the academic departments of the University, during the regular sessions, is free to residents of California; non-residents pay a fee of $10 each half-year. Instruction in all of the colleges is open to all qualified persons, without distinction of sex.
Equipment; Museums and Laboratories
The General Library, housed in the newly completed building, provided for by the bequest of the late Charles F. Doe, now contains over 250,000 volumes. It is constantly augmented by donations and exchange, and by large purchases of books with the income from the Michael Reese, Jane K. Sather, E. A. Denicke, and other funds. Books are specially bought each year for the particular courses offered during the Summer Session. All Summer Session students enjoy the full privileges of the library, including the drawing of books; and the hours of opening are the same as during the regular academic year.
The library and reading room of the Department of Agriculture, situated in Agriculture Hall, receives the publications of the experiment stations of the United States, and other countries, as well as pamphlets on agricultural subjects published by various governments and commissions. About one hundred and forty dailies, weeklies and monthlies are regularly received.
MUSEUMS AND LABORATORIES
Psychological Laboratory. The whole of the second and third floors of the Philosophy Building and part of the basement are devoted to the psychological laboratory. Besides a full equipment for class instruction and for demonstrations in connection with lectures, the laboratory is provided with a large number of special instruments for investigations in all the principal lines of psychological experiment. There is also an ample collection of such auxiliary instruments as are most frequently required in setting up special apparatus for research, and there is a shop equipped for carpenter work. In addition to the main laboratory room there are several quiet rooms suitable for research purposes, a large dark and silent room, and a photographic dark room with full equipment. All the rooms are connected by switchboard with high and low potential electric current, and are served with alternating lighting current and gas.
The Physical Laboratory is located in South Hall, whose construction secures favorable conditions as regards stability and evenness of temperature. There are set apart rooms for elementary and for advanced work, and for special research. The apparatus includes many instruments and standards for fundamental measurements from makers of the best reputation, and the laboratory employs two competent mechanicians who are continually increasing the equipment from original designs.
Students' Observatory (Berkeley Astronomical Department). The equipment of the Observatory consists of the following instruments: An eight-inch reflector; a six-inch refractor; a five-inch refractor; two sixinch portrait lenses with a three-inch guiding telescope, all equatorially mounted with driving clocks; a three-inch Davidson combination transit and zenith telescope; a two-inch altazimuth instrument; a spectroscope; a spectrometer; a Berger's surveyor's transit with solar attachment; a Repsold measuring engine for measuring astronomical photographs; a Gaertner microscope for measuring spectrograms; an electro-chronograph; a Harkness spherometer; a level trier; sextants; chronometers; a Howard M. T. clock; all the necessary electric connections for recording time and determining longitude by the telegraphic method.
Chemical Laboratories. A large brick building contains the lecture rooms and laboratories for the courses in elementary and analytical chemistry, for several branches of applied chemistry, and for both undergraduate and graduate work in organic chemistry. This building is provided with a large and varied equipment, including a liquid air plant, a machine shop, and a good collection of specimens of rare chemical compounds and of products illustrating manufacturing processes.
The newly constructed wooden annex is designed chiefly for research work in physical and inorganic chemistry. It includes an instrumentmaker's and a glass-blower's room and several small laboratories for special investigations, many of which investigations are continued by members of the instructing staff and advanced students throughout the summer term.
The Mineralogical and Petrographical Laboratories are provided with a large collection of minerals and rocks and are equipped with the necessary apparatus for research work in crystallography and petrography.
The Museum of Geology and Mineralogy comprises an extensive suite of minerals and ores illustrating the chief phenomena of crystals and of economic deposits. There are, besides, many crystallographic models, and relief maps geologically colored. There is a similarly extensive suite of petrological specimens affording a fairly good illustration of the subject of petrology; and many specimens illustrative of the more interesting features of structural geology.
The Rudolph Spreckels Physiological Laboratory. There are laboratory facilities for about fifty students of physiology in the east wing of the building and for a similar number of students of physiological chemistry in the west wing. The central part of the building is chiefly devoted to advanced instruction and research. The department library contains complete sets of all the important physiological journals, and the more important monographs on physiological and related subjects.