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and the left, under General de la Tour; and attack the enemy's center and right, whilft General Riefe, ftrengthened by part of General Frolich's corps, drove them from the neighbourhood of Laningen, and marched towards Giengen and Haydenheim, in order to come into the rear of General Moreau's pofition. This latter movement was to be covered on its right by a final intermediate corps under General Mercantin, who was to preferve the communication between General Riefe and the main army. As the enemy had a great fuperiority of numbers, it was refolved to attack by furprize, and for this purpose the marches were fo arranged, that the columns were to be formed on the different points, from whence they were to advance, juft before day-break, and proceed immediately. However, a moft violent storm, which lafted feveral hours, made the night fo extremely dark, and the roads fo bad, that the troops and artillery were above double the time they otherwise would have been in performing their movements, and therefore the attack was neceffarily deferred till feven o'clock. This enabled the enemy to discover the whole plan, and prepare for their defence.

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Notwithstanding fo unfortunate a circumftance, which deprived the Archduke of the real advantage of furprize, his royal highnefs perfevered in his refolution. The three columns of the center were fuccessful in diflodging the enemy's advanced guard from the woods, and they drove 'it back to the heights of the principal pofition; but the column that marched towards Umenheim finding itfelf taken in flank by General Moreau's referve, which had advanced for that purpose as foon as the affair commenced, was obliged to retire. This laid General Hotze's right flank open, and forced him alfo to fall back to the pofition of Foreheim, from whence he had marched in the morning; but the Prince of Furstenberg and General la Tour maintained their advantages. Just as the Archduke was making his difpofitions for ftrengthening and bringing forward his right again, he received a report from General Warten leben, purporting that he was obliged to retire to Amberg; and that a column of General Jourdan's army had already arrived at Nurem berg, for the purpofe of co-operating immediately with General Moreau. His royal highnefs now judged, that even if victorious on this point he would probably still be obliged to retreat to Donawert, by the movements that the enemy were making on his right, and, fhould he be fo unfortunate as to experience a defeat, the confequences, from the fame reafon, might be most difaftrous. He therefore fufpended his attack, and contented himself with remaining mafter of the principal part of the field of battle; a decifion, however, taken with the utmost reluctance, because General Riefe had fucceeded to the extent of his moft fanguine hopes, and had advanced, about four o'clock in the afternoon, nearly to Haydenheim.

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The Auftrians loft on this occafion from 12 to 1500 men. The French lofs in killed and wounded is estimated at above 2000, befides more than 1200 prifoners are already brought in, four pieces of cannon, and feveral ammunition waggons.

This morning the whole army of his royal highnefs has taken exactly the fame pofition that it had on the 10th. I have the honour to be, &c.

Right Hon. Lord Grenville,

&c. &c. &c.

C. CRAUFURD.

Head

MY LORD,

HeadQuarters of bis Royal Highness the Archduke
Charles of Auftria, Donarwért, Aug., 14, 1796.

I HAVE the honour to inform your lordship, that the Archduke marched with his main army to this place on the 13th, where he was joined by Generals Hotze and Riefe. The enemy did not attempt to interrupt this movement, though it was made in the day, nor have they advanced fince, which is a convincing proof that the affair of the 11th checked very materially their intended plan of operations..

The pafs of Bregentz continues to be defended by General Wolf, and that of Freuffen will be covered by General La Tour's left. I have the honour to be, &c.

Right Hon. Lord Grenville, &c. Co. Ce.

Admiralty Office, Auguft 30, 1796.

C. CRAUFURD

Extract of a Letter from Admiral Sir Peter Parker, Commander in Chief of his Majefty's Ships and Veffels at Portsmouth, to Evan Nepean, Efq. dated on board the Royal William, at Spithead, August 21, 1796.

THE Telemachus cutter brought in yesterday evening a fmall French privateer of four fwivels and twenty-two men, and alfo a fmuggling veffel, both of which were taken the fame day at the back of the Ifle of Wight.

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Extract of a Letter from Thomas Lamb, Efq. Mayor of Rye, to Evan Nepean, Efq. Secretary of the Admiralty, dated Rye, Auguft 28, 1796. 1 HAVE the honour to inform you, that this morning Captain Amos, of the Swallow cutter, in the fervice of his Majefty's revenue, brought into this port a French privateer, called Petit Diable, of the burthen of fix tons, belonging to Calais, which he captured last night off Farleigh. The crew confifted of the first and fecond captain and twelve men.

From the LONDON GAZETTE, September 5.

Admiralty Office, Sept. 5, 1796.

Copy of a Letter from Captain Drury, of his Majefty's Ship Alfred, so Evan Nepean, Efq. dated Port Royal, July 16, 1796.

I HAVE the honour to acquaint you, for the information of my lords commiflioners of the admiralty, that, pursuant to orders from Rearadmiral Hervey, which I received the 9th inftant at anchor off Marie, galante, by his Majefty's floop Thorn, to proceed immediately to Jamaica, I loft no time in getting under weigh. On the Wednesday following, at eight o'clock in the morning, I had the good fortune to fall in with the French national frigate Le Renommee, of 44 guns, and 320 men, commanded by Citizen Pirot, which I came up with and captured the next morning, juft before day-break, the east end of St. Domingo bearing N. E. thirty leagues. She is a very fine frigate, only two years old, and in every refpect fit for his Majefty's service.

In

In juftice to the officers and company of his Majesty's thip under my command, particularly my firft lieutenant, Mr. John Richards, I cannot help exprefling my entire approbation of their steady behaviour, which, I am confident, would have been very confpicuous had he been a fhip of equal force; neither can I omit the very able affiftance I received from Captain Winthorp, of his Majefty's loop Albicore, who was on board as a paflenger to join his floop.

Drefden, August 27.

INTELLIGENCE has been received here of confiderable advan tages having been obtained by the united armies of the Archduke Charles and General Wartenfleben over that of General Jourdan.

Thefe accounts ftate, that after General Wartenfleben left Amberg he retreated to the left fide of the Nab, his main corps oppofite Schwart zenfelt, with two different corps befides towards Narbourg and Schwarr dorff, where he remained while General Jourdan's army advanced near him on the oppofite fide of the river, in three divifions, of which he himfelf commanded the centre. This was about the 20th or 21ft of Auguft.

That the Archduke, after abandoning Donawert, had retired be hind the Lech, and taken, a ftrong pofition near its confluence with the Danube; but understanding that, independent of General Jourdan's grand army in face of General Wartenfleben, another divifion of the French, under General Championet, was advancing towards Ratifbon, his royal highnefs, after leaving a ftrong corps behind the Lech to obferve General Moreau, marched along the Danube with the remainder (about forty thousand men,) and paffed that river at Ingoldstadt about the 17th or 18th. That from thence he advanced by Dietfurt to Teining, where he met the advanced pofts of General Championet's divifion, beat them back, and followed them towards Caftel, on the way to Amberg. That by this time General Jourdan took alarm, and recalled his trcops towards Amberg, and in proportion as he retreated General Wartenfleben advanced. That between Amberg and Sultzbach General Jourdan drew up his army, and a battle enfued, in which the Auftrians were victorious. That the lofs of the French on this occafion was fuppofed to be five thoufand killed, and two thousand made prifoners, with about thirty pieces of cannon. That the whole of the Auftrian army was not engaged, but a confiderable corps was detached at the fame time to Hurfpruch, Lauff, and Nuremberg, of which city the Auftrians took poffeffion.

From the LONDON GAZETTE, September 17.

Admiralty Office, September 13, 1796.

Copy of a Letter from Commodore Sir John Borlafe Warren, K. B. to Evan Nepean, Efq. dated on board his Majesty's Ship La Pomone, Falmouth, the 10th inftant.

SIR,

I REQUEST you will inform their lordships, that on the 22d of Auguft, at ten, A. M, a fail was discovered in the S. S. W. quarter; 1 immediately

immediately dispatched the Galatea after her, who made the fignal of her being an enemy's frigate; I therefore followed with the rest of the fhips, and foon obferved that the was standing in near the mouth of the Garonne; Captain Keats, however, with much addrefs, cut her off from the entrance, having paffed, with the Galatea, between the Chivrier Bank and the Lighthoufe: the enemy then wore and ftood along fhore to the fouthward, being purfued by all the fquadron,, and keeping within half gun fhot of the coaft. The Artois and Sylph, who had been detached to examine two large fhips that appeared fufpicious, continued their courfe in the offing, when about nine, P. M. the horizon became dark, attended with violent fqualls of extreme heavy rain, lightning, and thunder, fo as to oblige the Galatea and this fhip, who were nearly within fhot of the frigate, to fhorten fail, and keep away at times, and it was fuppofed fhe had bore up, as we loft fight of her.

I therefore ftood with the Anfon to the northward, thinking the might have haulded her wind that way, but at day-light, fecing nothing of her, tacked and continued our courfe to the fouthward, until we difcovered her run on fhore, with the lofs of her mafts, within five leagues of Arcaffon, and the Artois, Galatea, and Sylph, (who had feen her again during the night) at anchor near her, when he was boarded with much risk and gallantry by the boats of the Artois and Galaten, under the command of Lieutenants Lloyd and Carter.

It was impoffible to prevent the men from endeavouring to escape on fhore, although great numbers fell victims in the attempt, owing to the great furf and fwell that fet upon the beach, and of courfe many were drowned.

Her captain and fome of the principal officers, with feveral Portuguete prifoners, part of the crews of two Brazil fhips, taken by the divifion to which this fhip (who was named L'Andramaque, a very fine and large frigate, pierced for forty-eight guns, twelve-pounders, moft of which had been thrown overboard, and her complement three hundred men) belonged, were brought on board the thips of this fquadron, when he was fet on fire by our people, and completely con fuined before they left her.

The officers and boat's crew of the abovementioned fhips behaved with the utmost activity upon this occafiou.

I have fubjoined a lift of veffels captured and burnt by the fquadron under my command, as well as the divifion of the enemy's frigates. I have the honour to remain, &c. JOHN BORLASE WARREN.

(Signed)

A Lift of Vels burnt and captured by his Majefty's Squadron under the Command of Commodore Sir John Borlafe Warren, Bart. K. B. &c. between the 9th of Auguft and 10th of September, 1796.

L'Andromaque frigate, 44 guns, twelve-pounders, but pierced for 48 guns, and 300 men, burnt near Arcaffon.

La Jean Porte, Gabarre, of 140 tons burthen, burnt at the mouth of the Garonne.

La Jean de Blaignal, Gabarre, of 140 tons, burnt at the mouth of the Garonne.

La Liberte, chaffe maree, of 95 tons, burnt at the mouth of the Garonne.

La

La Catherine, chaffe marée, of So tons, burnt at the mouth of the Garonne.

La Marie Anne, chaffe marée, of 95 tons, burnt at the mouth of the Garonne.

Le St. Pierre, chaffe marée, of 90 tons, burnt at the mouth of the Garonne.

La Charlotte, chaffe marée, of So tons, loaded with wine and brandy, captured.

Le Veronique, chaffe marée, 95 tons, loaded with wine and brandy, captured.

Sloop, loaded with canvafs, taken by the Argus lugger and Dolly cutter, on their return from Falmouth to join the fquadron.

JOHN WARREN.

La Pomone, Falmouth, September 10, 1796. A Lift of the Divifion of French Ships on a Cruize, to which L'Andro maque, burnt by the Squadron under the Command of Sr J. Borlaje Warren, Bart. and K. B. belonged.

L'Andromaque-On the maindeck 28 guns, twelve-pounders; quarterdeck and forecastle, 20 guns; total 48, burnt on the 23d of Auguft, 1796, near Arcaffon.

La Naiade-On the maindeck, 28 guns, twelve-pounders; quarterdeck and forecastle, 16 guns; total 44, cruizing.

Le Decade-On the maindeck, 26 guns, twelve-pounders; quarterdeck and forecastle, 16 guns; total 42, cruizing.

La Bayonneufe-On the maindeck, 22 guns, twelve-pounders; quarterdeck and forecastle, 6 guns; total 28, cruizing.

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(Signed)

JOHN WARREN.

Admiralty Office, September 13, 1795.

Copy of a Letter from E. B. Arnaud, Efq. Collector of the Cuftoms at Portfmouth, to Evan Nepean, Efq. dated September 12, 1796.

I HAVE the honour to acquaint you, that the Antelope cutter, Captain Cafe, in the fervice of the customs at this port, has brought in a French lugger privateer, carrying 20 men and well armed, which the captured yesterday between Portland and St. Alban's.

Copy of a Letter from Mr. Cox, his Majefty's Naval Officer at Harwich, to Evan Nepean, Efq. dated September 14, 1796.

LAST night was brought in here, by the Argus revenue cutter, of this port, a imall privateer, about twenty tons burthen, name Sally, of Blakeney, on the ftern, lait from Dunkirk: the whole crew, confifting of eighteen men and boys, are now lodged in our gaol. They have, it feems, taken feveral veffels by concealing all her people, except two men and a boy, and, having a trawling net and dredge on board, appeared like fishermen.

VOL. V.

N

Admiralty

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