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keep his foul awake. He is active, " His inferiors are on their knees, impatient, and inconstant as the air and feated on their heels. Perhe breathes in. The Egyptian, fons of great distinction fit on an who for two thirds of the year elevated sopha, from which they almost invariably experiences the overlook the company. Thus Esame degree of heat, the same sen- neas was in the place of honour in fation, is flothful, serious, and pa- the palace of Dido, when feated on tient.
a high bed, he related to the queen " He rises with the sun to enjoy the disastrous fate of Troy, reducthe coolness of the morning. He ed to alhes. As soon as every one purifies himself, and goes to prayer is feated, the flaves bring pipes and according to the precept. He is coffee, and place in the middle of the presented with a pipe and coffee. He chamber a pan with perfumes, the remains softly reporing on his fopha. delicious vapour of which hills the His flaves, with their hands crossed whole apartment. They are next on their breasts, stand in silence at presented with Tweetmeats and forthe bottom of the apartment, Their bet. eyes fixed on their master, they strive 66 The tobacco made use of in tó anticipate all his wishes. His Egyp: comes from Syria. It is children ttanding in his presence, brought in leaves, which are cut unless he gives them permiffion to in long filaments It has not the be seated, display in all their beha pungency of the American tobacco. viour the utinost tenderness and re. To render it more agreeable, it is Spect. He gravely carefies them, mixed with the fcented wood of agives them his bleiling, and fends loes. The pipes, usually made of thein back to the haram. He alone jesťamine tipped with amber, and interrogates, and is answered with frequently enriched with precious decency. He is at once, the chief, stones. As they are extremely lony, the juige, and the pontiff of the the smoke one' inhale is very mild. family, which respects in him thole The Orientals pretend that it tickles sacred rights.
agreeably the palate, at the tame .“ After breakfait he applies him- time that it gratifies the smell. The self to his commercial affairs, or to rich smoke in lofty apartments, those of the place he occupies. As with a great nunber of windows, to differences, they are very rare " Towards the conclufion of the -ainongít a people where the mon. visit, a slave, holding in his hand a iter of chicanery is dumb, where filver plate, on which are burning the name of attorney is unknown, precious effences, approaches the where the code of laws is confined face of the visitors, each of whom to a few clear and well defined pre- in his turn perfumes his beard. cepts of the Coran, and where eve. They then pour rore-water on the ry man is his own advocate, head and hands. This is the last
“ If any visitors arrive, the mas. ceremony, after which it is usual ter of the house receives them with- to withdraw. out many compliments, but in an " The ancient custom of pero affectionate manner. His equals fuming one's head and beard, cele go and feat themselves by him with brated by the royal prophet, till iheir legs crossed; a poiture by no sublists in our days. Anacreon, the mcans fatiguing with cica;hs which father of joy, the poet of the Graces, do not fetter the liinbs
never ceales repeating in his odes,
“I like to perfume myself with ed on beds of repose, covered with precious essences, and to crown my purple tapeltry—The banquet is head with rofes."
prepared Automedon holds the “ About noon the table is cover- flesh, the noble Achilles divides it ed. A large flat plate of copper, into pieces, and spits them. Metinned, receives the dishes. No netius, a mortal like unto a god, great variety is cisplayed, but there lights the fire, spreads out the coals, is an abundance of provisions. In arranges the spits upon the cinders, the iniddle rises up a mountain of and strows over them the sacred rice boiled with poultry, leasoned falt-Achilles, feated oppohte to with faffron and a quantity of tpi- the divine Ulyffes, fhares out the ces. Round it are placed hashed vi&tuals.-Thé guests put their meats, pigeons, stuffed cucumbers, hands ro the meat that is served delicious melons, and other fruits, out to them.” A poct .cf an infe Their roast meat contiits of finirior genius to Homer would have cut into small morsels, covered with thought he dishonoured a poem till. the fat of the animal, seasoned with cd with magnificent descriptions by salt, spitted and roasted on the coals. mixing such details with them. Yet It is tender and juicy.
juicy. The guests how precious are they, by making are feated on a carpet round the us acquainted with the fimplicity of table. Allave holding a baton and ancient manners, a limplicity loit to ewer, offers it to wath with. This Europe, but which is still existing ceremony is indispensible in a coun- in the eatern world. try where every one puts his hand " After dinner, the Egyptians into the plate, and wiere they are retire into their harams, where they unacquainted with the use of forks. Sumber a few hours in the midit of This is repeated at the end of the their children and their women. It repait Theie customs appear very is a great article of voluptuousnels ancient in the East.
with them, to have a convenient 6 Menelaus and the beautiful and agreeable place of repose MaHelen, after loading Telemaches homet, accordingly, who neglected and Pisitratis with prelents, gare nothing that could reduce mankind, them the banquet of hotpitality. whose wants and tastes he knew s. The fair Menelaus conducte i his thoroughly, says to them, “ The guests to the place of entertainment. guests of Paradise shall enjoy the He made them be seated on thron''s. luxury of repore, and Mall have a A female flave, carrying in her hand delicious place to sleep in at noon." a golden ewer with a lilver bafon, “The poor, who have neither otters them to wash. She places fopha nor haram, lie down on the before them a polished table, on mat where they have dined. Thus, which she arranges the victuals.” when Jesus Christ took the supper
“ The manner in which the fon with his disciples, he who he of Thetis received the Grecian de loved had his head reposed upon puties very much resembles that of his bofom. the Egyptians towards their guetts. 66 in the evening one goes in a
“Achilles perceiving the deputies boat upon the water, or to breathe of the Greeks, riles up, takes them thc cool air on the banks of the by the hand, gives them the falute, Nile, under the Trade of orange and cand introduces them into his sycamore trees. Supper-tiine is an rent, where he makes them be feat- hour after funt't. The tables are
spread spread with rice, poultry, veget. whole life in doing the same thing, ables, and fruit. These aliinents are in following the eitablished cutioms, wholesome during the heats. The without deliring any thing beyond stomach, which would reject more them, without extending their i. fubstantial nourishment, has occa- deas any farther. Having neither fion for them They eat little. lively appetites, nor ardent detires, Temperance is a virtue of this cli- they are strangers to what we call mate.
l'ennui ; that is a torment reserved “Such is the usual life of the for such persons as neither being aEgyptians, Our places of amuse. ble to moderate their pallions, nor to ment, our noisy pleasures, se un- farisfy the extent of their taltes, are known to them. That sameness a burthen to themselves, s'ennuient which would be the greatest punith. wherever they are, and only live ment to an European, appears 19 where they are not." them delicious. They pass their
ACCOUNT of the EGYPTIAN PSYLLI.
[From the same Work.]
TOU are acquainted with the setta. A Turk permitted me to come
Psylli of antiquity, those to his house to see the procefsion. celebrated eaters of serpents, who Seated at the window, I observed at. amused themselves with the bite of tentively this new spectacle. The vipers, and the credulity of the different bodies of ariizans grarely people, Cyrene, a town situated marched along under their respecto the west of Alexandria, formerly tive banners. The standard of wa. a dependency of Egypt, reckoned homet, which was carried in tri. a great many of these people among umph, attracted a valt crowd. E. its inhabitants. You know that the very body was desirous of touching,
unworthy Octavius, who wished to of killing it, of putting it to his * gratify his vanity by chaining Cleo. eyes. Such as were fortunate e
patra to his triumphal car, vexed nough to partake of that favour reat seeing that haughty female escape turned contented The tumult was from him by death, made one of incessantly renewed, At length the Pfylli fuck the wound made by came the Cheiks, (the priests of the asp which bit her. The attempt the country) wearing long caps of was fruitless; the poison had al- leather, in the forin of a mitre. ready corrupted the mass of biood. They marched with solemn steps, She was not restored to life. Will chanting the Coran. A few paces you believe it, these very eaters of behind them, I perceived a bund of serpents still exist in our days. A madmen, with their arins bare, and fact to which I was a witness will a wild look, holding in their hands convince you of it,
enormous ferpents, which were “ Last week was celebrated the twilled round their bodies, and feast of Sidi Ibrahim, which drew were endeavouring to make their a vaft concourse of people to Ro- escape. These Pfylli, griping them
forcibly by the neck, avoided their at first frightened me, and then bite, and notwithstanding their hift- made me retlect on man, that sirange ing, tore them with their teeth, being, for whom poitin becomes and ate them up alive, the blood food ; that credulous being, whole it reaming down from their pollut. eyes are not opened by the spectaed mouths. Others of the Plylli che renewed every year; and who were striving to tear from them in the blindne's of his ignorance, is their prey ; it was a struggle who ready to worship as a God, his fel. should devour a ferpent.
low creature who has the art to im. “ The populace followed them pofe upon his undertanding. You with amazement, and believed it fee, those ancient usages are not to be a miracle. They pass for loft in a country where custom, that persons inspired, and potlefied by a imper ous tyrant of the world, has Ipirit who deftroys the effect of the peculiarly established her throne, bite of the serpent. This descrip- and her altars." tion, which I give you after nature,
ACCOUNT of the DRUSES.
(Extracted from M. Ruffin's APPENDIX to the MEMOIRS of the
Baron De Torr.]
the coast of Syria is a and its mouth about three miles to
nation kn. wn only by name, the north of Sour (the ancient but which merits our serious at Tyre.) Their maritime coat itretchtention. Its laus, culloms, and es for tifteen leagues from the river religion, are peculiar to ittelf, and Sidon to Gebail; where begins the forin a people very different from pachalick of Tripolis. The counany other with whom we are ac- try which they possess is held in quainted. However obfcure they fief, one part from the government may be, they, nevertheless, enjoy of Sidon, and the other from that the inestimable blefling of liberty; of Damascus ; which renders them which they have taken care to pre tributary to these two pachalicks. serve, even though surrounded by 6. Their fincit pofleflions, and tyranny; the glory of which cir- those which form the principal cumstance alone renders them highly force of their dominions, are lurinteresting, and worthy the atten- rounded by the Lebanon and the tion of philosophy.
Ketroan, which belong to the “ The Druies reside upon the diitriet of Sidon ; this is properly mountains known by the names of the principality of the Grand Emr, Lebanon and Antilebanon, sepe- and Dair-Kamar is its capital. The rated from each other by a fertile annual tribute which it pays to the plain of twelve or thirteen leagues pacha of Sidon is 350 puntes. Antiin length, and four or five in lebanon, in which is situated the breadth, divided in its whole ex- plain of Bekaa, is held in fief from tent by the river Kasmie, the Damascus, and forms another prinfource of which is near Balbec, cipality, pofleffed by a Drulian
family allied to the Grand Emir. waile his lands, and cut down his Hafbcia is its capital. The same mulberry-trees, but the conftitution blood, the fame intereils, the same permits him not even to attempt desire to shake off the Ottoman yoke his liberty. (which they submit to with' im- “ When harmony and concord patience) unite them on all occa- reign in these mountains, the tions.
Druses are in a condition to make 66 The government of ihe Drufes themselves respected. They bave is feudal; a prince, to whom they often relilted, with vigour, the give the title of Emir, occupies united forces of the pachas of DaThe first station in quality of lord mascus, of Tripoli, and of Sidon, paramount; he receives from them leagued against them by command fealty and homage ; but his power of the Porte. is contined within narrow limits ; “ The enirs of the Druses in it extends not to making new lans, general make Dair Kamar the place or over-awing the people.
of their relidence, a vilage situated “ His finances contiit only in the in the interior parts of the mounrevenues of his personal estates, tains, ten or twelve leagues disant the produce of the cutoms, and from Baruth. There their counthe farm of ihe country appropri- cils are held, and all the great afated to his peculiar profit. These tairs of the n tion decided. riches are, however, fufficient to "« The Drufes have no fortress in maintain a pomp and retinue which their country ; but their moundazzle, the eyes of a people unac- tains, inaccesible and impenetrable quainted with luxury. - Refpon. to enemy, are a fulficient fible to the Porte for the miri of defence. The most celebrated is the mountain, he is charged to that of Kerroan. This is the name exact the payment. This tribute of that part of Lebanon which exis assessed with equity, and with- tends from Gebail to the river of out variation, on all the possessors Chier, the mouth of which is four of lands.
leagues from Baruth. " Next to the emir are the great 6 The mountains of Lebanon vaffals; they confiit of seven, are every where intersected by val. among whom we distinguish three lics, of which the labour and inprincipal families, whofe forces duty of the Drutes have formed and riches might dispute for power mot delicious gardens. - Water with the reigning emir. They milons, cucumbers, melongenes, , are the families of Chek Ali Gem- banias, and all sorts of garden vebilat, Keleib, and D'Abou Se- getables grow there, under the lame.
Thade of fruit trees of every kind, “ These great valtals, who, in and recompence with protution the the Arabic language, are called, care of the cultivator. El Sebau Tavait, en oy a noble pri. “The laborious Druse knows vilege, which has never been in- how to derive advantage from the fringed, on any occafion, not even most ungrateful foil. - He pofseffes in care of rebellion. The emir not an inch of land, proper for cannot pronounce len'ence of death culiivation, on which he does not against them; the only punishment attempt to raise a tree or produce he can infiict is to fend troops to fome plant more wteful. The stony burn the house of the guilty, lay fuilis destined for the cukivation of