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Charreston,

H. M

7 24 even. il 53 even. 0 26 moru 13 morn. 1 57 morn. 1 44 morn. 06 morn. 7 37 even.

11 40 moru. 11

H. M.

New-York. Bauanore.

Day of Mouth.

Day of Week.

Sun's declination N.

0 37 morn.
7 48 even.
0 17 morn.

2 8 morn.

H. M.

0 3 even 11 51 morn.

Boston.
2 20 morn.
D. H. M.
20 49 morn.
8 0 evel.
0 29 morn

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MOON'S PHASES.

First Quarter...24
Full Moon
Third Quarter... 8
New Moon.... *16
When

Full Moon ......31

W

h. m.
4 10
rises
7 13

Sun Sun Moon | H. w.Sun
ris's sets sets Bost. ris's
h.m. h.m. h. m. h. m.h.m. b.m.
h. m.h.m. h.m.
8 105 26 6 33 4 6 10 415 286 31
8 5 5 296 29
7 48 5 27 6 31 rises 11 21 5 296 29
8 45 5 30 6 28
7 26 5 296 29 7 14 11 575 30 6 28|
9 215 316 26
7 4 5 29 6 28 7 45 ev. 315 316 26 7 46 9 555 32 6 25
6 42 5 30 6 25 8 18 1 55 32 6 24 8 20 10 29 5 33 6 25
6 205 31 6 24 8 53 1 41 5 33 6 23 8 55 11 5 5 34 6 22
5 57 5 336 22
9 31
2 185 34 6 21 9 34 11 425 35 6 20
5 345 346 21 10 14 2 58 5 35 6 19 10 18 ev. 225 36 6 18
5 125 35 6 19 11 3 3 425 36 6 18 11 8 1 65 37 6 17
4 4 5 366 17 11 58 4 375 37 6 16 morn 2 15 38 6 15
4 26 5 37 6 15 morn 5 47 5 38 6 14
3 115 39 6 14
4 35 38 6 14 1 0 7 145 39 6 13
4 38 5 39 6 12
8 40 5 40 6 11
6 45 40 6 10
9 48 5 41 6 9
10 425 42 6

Th 3 405 39 6 12

2 5 3 13

3 175 40 6 10

3 17

7 12 5 41 6

9

4 21

8

4 24

8 65 42 6

7

6

sets

11 295 43 6
morn 5 446
0 95 45 6

4

6 52

3

7 24

0 465 466

1

7 56
1 25 47 5 59 8 30
1 57 5 48 5 58 9 6
2 315 495 56 9 45
3 45 50 5 54 10 27
3 425 51 5 53 1 14
4 295 52 5 51 morn
5 33 5 53 5 49
6 56 5 54 5 47
8 155 55 5 46
9 235 56 5 44

0 4
0 59

1 56 256 3 59

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W

Sa 2 54 5 416

2 315 42 6

M 2 85 436

Tu 1 445 446 3

W 1 215 456 1
0 585 46 6 0

21 Fr 0 345 47 5 58
Sa N. 15 48 5 56
GS. 125 50 5 54
0 365 515 52
0 59 5 52 5 51
1 235 53 5 49
1 46 5 54 5 47
2 9 5 555 45

2 33 5 56 5 44

2 56 5 57 5 42

25 Tu
W

10th Month,

Th

Sun in MT.

D. H. M. S.!

45 24
911 47 15
2511 44 11
111 49
17

27 mora...·.·····
Day of Month.

Day of Week.

Sa

Calendar for
BOSTON;

New England,
New-York State.
Canada West,
Wisconsin,
Michigan and Iowa.

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8

7

5

sets 6 52 7 22 7 54 8 27 9 2 9 40 10 22 11 9 11 59 morn

Calendar for
BOSTON;
New-England,
New-York State,
Canada West,
Wisconsin,
Michigan, and Iowa.

Sun Sun Moon | H. w.
ris's sets sets Bost.

12 Fr
13 Sa
14 G
15 M

16 Tu 9
W
18 Th

Fr 10 70 19 5 10
20 Sa 10 296 20 5

G10 506 225

Calendar for

NEW-YORK CITY;

Connecticut,
New-Jersey,
Pennsylvania,
Ohio, Indiana, and
Illinois.

0 54
1 52
2 53
3 57 10 10 5 57 5 42

9

7

6

Sun
Bets

For the Moon's PLACE for September and October, see page 1.

OCTOBER, 1849.

31 Days.

Calendar for
CHARLESTON;
N. and S. Carolina,
Tennessee,
Georgia, Alabama,
Mississippi,
Louisiana, and Ark.

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Calendar for
BALTIMORE;
Delaware,
Maryland,

Virginia,
Kentucky, and
Missouri.

8 535 436

6

9 335 446

4

10 10 5 45 6

2

10 455 46 6 1
11 215 47 5 59
11 555 48 5 58
morn 5 49 5 56
0 285 50 5 54
1 65 51 5 53
1 53 5 52 5 51
2 575 53 5 49
4 20 5 535 48
5 395 545 45
6 47 5 55 5 44
7 345 56 5 43

Calendar for

NEW-YORK CITY;
Connecticut,
New-Jersey,
Pennsylvania,
Ohio, Indiana, and
Illinois.

Sun | Sun | Moon | H. e. ris's sets sets Ch'n. h. m. h.m. h.m. h. m. h. m. 4 13 5 36 6 23 4 24 6 41 rises 5 36 6 22 rises 7 21 7 135 376 21 7 10 5 57 7 475 38 6 20 7 47 8 31 8 21 5 38 6 18 825 3 5 8 57 5 39 6 17 9 5 941 9 37 5 40 6 16 9 47 10 18 10 225 40 6 14 10 34 10 58 11 12 5 41 6 13 11 26 11 42 morn 5 41 6 12 morn ev. 37 85 426 10] 0 23 1 47 85 43 6 9 1 23 3 14

0

1

2 13 5 43 6

8

2 26

4 40

3 205 44 6

6

3 30

5 48 642

4 265 456

5

4 34

7 29

8 9

8 46

0

8 6

7 59 5 476
8 33 5 48 5 58

9.21 9 57

8 43 9 9 5 49 5 57 9 21 10 31 9 485 49 5 55 10 211 4 10 315 50 5 54 10 46 11 42 11 18 5 51 5 53 11 33 morn morn5 51 5 51 morn 0 29 0 85 525 50 0 23 1 33 1 25 53 5 49 1 16 256 1 595 535 47 2 11 4 15 2 595 54 5 46 3 8 5 23 4 15 555 45 4 7 6 10

Calendar for
CHARLESTON ;
N. and S. Carolina,
Tennessee,
Georgia, Alabama,
Mississippi,
Louisiana, and Ark.

Calendar for
BALTIMORE;
Delaware,
Maryland,
Virginia,
Kentucky, and
Missouri.

9 6 11 57 6 18 5 11
morn 6 195 10

9 55
10 47

sets 5 45 6

6 53 5 466

7 25 5 476

O "

M

2 5 35

8 12
4 526 35 33
4 5 31 9 0
5 5 30 9 53

5 38 6

M 6 16
Tu 6 246

6 5 28 10 53
75 26 11 56

Sun Sun | Moon | H. w.Sun Sun Moon Sun Sun Moon H. 10.
ris's sets sets N. Y. ris's sets sets ris's sets
sets Ch'n
h.m. b.m. h. m. h. m. h.m.h.m. h. m. b. m. h.m. h.m. h. m.h.m. b.m. h. m. h. m.
3 20 5 58 5 40 5 2 10 50 5 58 5 41
5 3 8 145 57 5 41 5 45 55 5 43 5 7 6 50
Tu 3 436 05 38 rises 11 275 59 5 39 rises 8 515 58 5 40 rises5 56 5 42 rises 7 271
WV 4 66 15 37 6 52 ev. 35 0 5 37 6 54 9 275 59 5 38 6 555 57 5 41 7 2 8 3
Th 4 296
7 30 0 405 15 367 33 10 46 05 36 7 355 57 5 39
745
S 40
Fr
1 176 25 34 8 16 10 41 6 15 35) 8 19 5 58 5 38 8 31 9 17
Sa 5 15 6
1 565 35 33 9 4 11 205 25 33 9 8 5 59 5 37 9 22 9 56
G
2 406 4 5 31 9 58 ev. 46 3 5 32 10 36 0 5 36 10 18 10 40
3 27 5 5 29 10 58 0 516 45 30 11 26 0 5 34 11 17 11 27
4 256 65 28 morn 1 496 5 5 29 morn 6 15 33 morn ev. 25
5 35 6 7 5 26 0 1 2 596 6 5 27 0 56 25 32 0 18 1 35
7 66 8 5 25 1 6 4 30 6 7 5 26 1 96 25 31 1 21 3 6
8 32 6 9 5 23 2 12 5 56 6 8 5 24 2 15 6 3 5 29 2 23 4 32
9 366 10 5 21
3 17
7 06 95 23 3 19 6 4 5 28 3 25
5 36
10 24 6 12 5 20 4 22 7 486 10 5 21 4 23 6 5 5 27 4 25
624
11 76 13 5 18 sets 8 316 11 5 20 sets 6 5 5 26 sets 7 7
11 446 14 5 17 5 54 9 86 12 5 18 5 56 6 6 5 25 6 2 7 44
morn5 155 15 6 27 9 44 6 13 5 17 6 30 6 7 5 23 6 38 8 20
0 205 16 5 14 7 2 10 19 6 14 5 15 7 56 8 5 22 7 16 8 55
0 556 17 5 12 7 40 10 52 6 15 5 14 7 43 6 9 5 21 757 9 28
1 286 18 5 11
8 40 9 59
9 25 10 33
10 14 11 11

W 6 47 6

9 5 25 morn Th 7 10 6 10 5 23 1 2 7 326 11 5 21 2 9

7 55 6 12 5 20 3 15

8 176 13 5 18 4 21
8 39 6 14 5 17 sets
26 165 15 5 52
9 24 6 17 5 13 6 24
9 466 18 5 12 6 58
7 35

8 16

8 21 11 236 17 5 13

9 1

1 596 195 9

8 25 6 9 5 20
9 10 6 10 5 19
9 59 6 11 5 18

M

11 12 6 23 5

9 49

2 33 6 20 5

8

4 10 42

3 116 22 5

7

0 35 6 20 5 8 10 51 6 12 5 17 11 5 11 54

Tu 11 33 6 24 5
W 11 545 25 5 3 11 38

3 545 23 5

5 11 42

1 186 21 5

7 11 46 6 13 5 16 11 58 morn

1 morn

4 47 6 24 5

2 116 22 5

6

morn 6 13 5 15 morn

Th 12 14 6 27 5
Fr 12 356 28 5 0
Sa 12 55 6 29 4 58

0 37

5

0 43 6 14 5 14

3

4 morn 6 65 25 5 2 0 40 7 286 26 5 1 1 41 837 6 27 5 0 2.44 9 32 6 29 4 59 3.49 4 57 10 176 30 4 57 4 56 rises 10 556 314 56 rises

G 13 15 5 30|457

1 38 2 42 3.48

0 47 2 6 328 4 37 532

2

1 43 6 15 5 13 2 456 16 5 12 3 50 6 175 11 4 566 18 5 10 rises 16 18 5 9

13 35 6 31 4 56 Tu 13 556 33 4 54 W 14 156 34 4 53

6 17 6 56

3 306 23 5
4 52 6 245
6 16 25 5
6 56 6 265 I
7 416 27 5 0
8 2016 294 58]

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Sun on Mer.

111 43 411
9 11 44 2.
D. H. M. S.
17 11 45 15
25 11 47 19

11th Month,

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Day of Month.

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Sun's declination S.

9G

NOVEMBER,

O

"

Th 14 346 354 52

Fr 14 53 6 37 4 50
3 Sa 15 12 6 38 4 49
G 15 306 39 4 48
M 15 496 404 47
Tu 16 76 42 4 45
W 16 246 43 4 44
Th 16 426 444 43
Fr 16 596 45 4 42
Sa 17 16 6 47 4 41
G 17 33 6 48 4 40
17 496 49 4 39
Tu 18 56 514 38
W 18 216 52 4 37
Th 18 36 534 36

M

17 Sa
18 G
19 M

5 33
16 Fr 18 516 54 4 35 6 12
19 66 56 4 34| 6 55
19 20 6 57 4 34 7 42
19 34 6 58 4 33 8 33
Tu 19 486 59 4 32 9 27
W 20 17 14 31 10 24
2 4 31 11 23
34 30 morn
44 29 0 24
5 4 29 1 27
M 21 2 7 7 4 28 2 33
Tu 21 13 7 8 4 28 3 42
W 21 24 7 9 4 27 4 53
Th 21 347 10 4 27 rises
Fr 21 447 11 4 27

20 14 7
20 27 7

Fr

Sa 20 39 7
20 51 7

15 Sa

Calendar for
BOSTON;
New-England,
New-York State,
Canada West,
Wisconsin,
Michigan, and Iowa.

Sun's declination S.

h.m.h.m. h. m.
6 5
6 52
7 45
8 44
9 43
10 64
morn
0 1
1 7
212
3 15
4 18
5 19
sets

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Sun Sun Moon H. w. Sun Sun Moon H. w.
ris's sets rises Bost. ris's sets rises

For the MooN'S PLACE for November and December, see page 1.

12th Month,

DECEMBER, 1849.

Calendar for

NEW-YORK CITY;
Connecticut,

New-Jersey,
Pennsylvania,
Ohio, Indiana, and
Illinois.

Calendar for
BOSTON;
New England,
New-York State.
Canada West,
Wisconsin,
Michigan and Iowa.

1849.

25 Tu 23 24 7 314 31

26 W 23 22 314 31

27 Th 23 197 314 32
28 Fr 23 16 7 32 4 33
Sa 23 13 7 32 4 33
23 97 32 4 34
23 57 32 4 35

06 20 5

7

8 15

6 56 7 50

7 54 6 21 5

6

8 57

9 40

10 26

11 16

morn ev. 13

0 17

1.26

1 18

2 50

2 18

4 8

3 16

5 14

6 2

6 44

7 22

h. m. h.m. h.m. h. m. h. m.h.m. h.m. h. m.h.m. b.m. h. m. h. m.
11 34 6 32 4 55 69 8 58 6 30 4 57 6 126 19 5 8 6 23 7 34
ev. 156 33 4 54
9 396 31 4 56 7
0 576 35 4 52
10 216 32 4 55
1 405 36 4 51 8 50 11 4 6 33 4 54
2 266 37 4 50 9 53 11 50 6 34 4 53
3 16 38 4 49 10 59 ev. 40 6 35 4 52
4 136 39 4 48 morn 1 37 6 37 4 51
5 266 41 4 47 0 5 2 50 6 38 4 50
6 50 6 42 4 46 1 10 4 14 6 394 49
8 86 43 4 45 2 13 5 326 40 4 48
9 146 444 44 316 6 386 41 4 47
10 26 45 4 43 4 17 7 26 6 42 4 46
10 446 47 4 42 5 17 8 86 44 4 45
11 22 6 484 41 sets 8 46 6 454 44
11 596 49 4 40 5 37 9 23 6 46 4 43
morn 6 50 4 39| 617 9 55 6 47 4 43
0 31 6 514 39 7 0 10 286 48 4 42
1 46 53 4 38 7 47 11 16 49 4 41
1 37 6 54 4 37! 8 38 11 336 50 4 41
2 96 554 37 9 32 morn 6 51 4 40
2 456 564 36 10 28 0 96 53 4 39
3 276 57 4 35 11 26 0 516 54 4 39
4 156 584 35 morn 1 39 6 55 4 38
5 156 59 4 34
2 396 56 4 38
6 31 7 14 34
3 55 6 57 4 37
2 4 33
5 46 58 4 37
34 33
6 86 59 4 36
4 4 32
7 27 04 36
54 32
7 48 7 14 36
64 32
8 34 7 24 35

8 54 6 22 5
9 576 23 5
11 26 24 5
morn 6 25 5
0 76 265
1 12 6 27 5 1
2 15 6 27 5 0
3 166 28 5 0
4 17 6 29 4 59
5 16 6 30 4 59
sets 6 31 4 58
5 40 6 32 4 57
6 20 6 33 4 57
7 46 34 4 56
7 516 354 56
8 42 6 364 55
9 356 37 4 55
10 316 38 4 54
11 29 6 38 4 54
morn 6 39 4 54
0 286 40 4 53
1 306 414 53
2 34 6 42 4 53
3 40 6 43 4 53
4 50 6 44 4 52
rises 6 45 4 52
5 39 6 46 52

4 14
5 10
sets
5 53 7 59
6 35 8 31
7 19 9 4
8 7 9 37
8 57 10 9
9 49 10 45
10 42 11 27
11 38 morn
morn 0 15
0 34 1 15
1 33 2 31
2 34
3.40
3 37
4 43 5 38
rises 6 24
5 53 7 10

4 44

7 40 7 8 44 7 9 38 7 10 24 7 5 30 11 10 7

0 26 1 29 2.34 3 41 4 51 rises 5 35

Calendar for
BALTIMORE;
Delaware,
Maryland,
Virginia,
Kentucky, and
Missouri.

Sun Sun | Moon Sun | Sun | Moon H. w. N. Y. ris's sets rises ris's sets rises Ch'n.

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30 Days.

Calendar for
CHARLESTON;
N. and S. Carolina,
Tennessee,

Georgia, Alabama,
Mississippi,

Louisiana, and Ark.

Calendar for
BALTIMORE;
Delaware,
Maryland,
Virginia,
Kentucky, and
Missouri.

8

Sa 22 477 19 4 25
22 53 7 20 4 25

3 28 4 35 5 33 6 19

M 22 58 7 214 25
Tu 23 37 22 4 25
W 23 8 7 23 4 25
Th 23 12 7 24 4 26
Fr 23 15 7 24 4 20

Sun Sun Moon | H. w.||Sun
Sun [Sun | Moon | H.10.
ris's sets rises Bost.
ris's sets rises Chi'n.
h.m.h.m. h. m. h. m. h.m. h.m. h. m.h. m. h.m. h.m. h. m. h.m. h.m. h. m. h. m.
1 Sa 21 537 124 26 6 28 11 55 7 7 4 31 6 33 9 19 7 34 35 6 38 6 47 4 52 6 53 7 55
2G22 27 13 4 26 7 33 ev. 41 7 8 4 31 7 38 10 5 7 44 35 7 42 6 47 4 52 7 57 8 41
8 41
3 M 22 11 7 14 4 26
1 28 7 9 4 31 8 45 10 527 54 35 8 49 6 48 4 52 9 3 9 28
4 Tu 22 19 7 15 4 26 9 50 2 16 7 10 4 31 9 54 11 40 7 6 4 35 9 57 6 49 4 52 10 8 10 16
5 W 22 26 7 16 4 25 10 58 3 97 114 31 11 1ev. 33 7 7 4 35 11 3 6 50 4 52 11 11 11 9
6 Th 22 33||7 17 4 25 morn 4 5 7 12 4 31 morn 1 29 7 8 4 35 morn 6 51 4 52 morn ev. 5
7 Fr 22 407 18 4 25 04 5 4 7 13 4 30 0 6 2 28 7 9 4 34 0 86 51 4 52 0 12 1 4
1 9 6 167 144 30) 1 9 3 40 7 10 4 35 1 10 6 524 52 1 11 2 16
2 11 7 28 7 15 4 30 211 4 52 7 11 4 35 2 11 6 534 52 2 9
3 12 8 35 7 16 4 31 3 11 5 59 7 12 4 35 3 106 544 52 3 5
4 12 9 337 17 4 31 4 10 6 57 7 12 4 35
4 86 544 53 4 1
5 11 10 19 7 17 4 31 5 8 7 43 7 13 4 35 5 6 6 55 4 53 4 55
6 8 11 17 18 4 31 6 4 8 25 7 14 4 35 6 16 56 4 53 5.49
sets 11 38 7 194 31 sets 9 27 15 4 35 sets 6 574 53 sets
187 25 4 26 5 37 morn 7 20 4 31 5 43 9 39 7 15 4 36 5 476 57 4 54 6 2
23 21 7 264 26 6 27 0 157 20 4 32 6 32 10 12 6 164 36 6 366 58 4 54 6 51
7 20 0 48 7 21 4 32 7 25 10 457 17 4 36
7 43
816 1 217 22 4 32 8 2011 19 7 17 4 37 8 23 6 594 55 8 36 9.55
19 W 23 26 7 28 4 27 9 13 1 55 7 22 4 33 9 17 11 62 7 18 4 37 9 20 7 04 55 9 30 10 28
Th 23 277 28 4 28 10 12 2 28 7 23 4 33 10 15 morn 7 19 4 38 10 17 7 04 56 10 25 11 7
Fr 23 27 7 29 4 28 11 13 3 77 23 4 34 11 15 0 317 19 4 38 11 167 14 56 11 21 11 48
Sa 23 27
2 48 7 24 4 34 morn 1 12 7 20 4 39 morn 7 14 57 morn | morn
4 35 7 24 4 35 0 17 1 59 7 20 4 39 0 17 7 2 4 57 0 19 0 35
5 34 7 25 4 35
2 58 7 21 4 40 1 20 7 2 4 58 1 18 1 34
6 457 25 4 36
4 9 7 214 40 2 26 7 3 4 58 2 21 2.45
3 38 7 54 7 25 4 37
5 18 7 214 41 3 34 7 3 4 59
3 26
3 54
4 50 9 0 7 26 4 37
6 24 7 22 4 41 4 44 7 35 0 4 33 5 0
6 1 9 56 7 26 4 38
7 20 7 224 42 5 55 7 4 5 0 5 41 556
rises 10 47 7 26 4 39
8 11 7 22 4 43 rises 7 45 1 rises 6 47
6 17 11 39 7 26 4 40
9 3 7 22 4 44 6 26 7 4 5 2
7 39
7 29 ev. 3117 27 4 40
9 55 17 23 4 44 7 3617 55 2
8 31

7 1 7 38

8 15 8 48 9.21

17 M 23 237 26 4 27

7 29 6 59 4 54

27 4 27

23 G 23 27

294 29 morn
30429 0 16
304 30
121
228

24 M 23 25

1 21 2 27 3 36 4 47 5 58 rises

7 14

8 9

5 9 9

10 11

11 15

Sun | Sun | Moon
ris's sets rises

4

3

3

2

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Alabama, Ala.
Southern do., S. Ala.
Northern do., N. Ala.
Arkansas, Ark.

Brevet, bret, or bet.
Brigadier-General, Brig. Gen.

California, Cal.

Canada, Ca.

Colonel, Col.

Connecticut, Con.
Delaware, Del.

District of Columbia, D. C.

Missouri, Mo.
New-Hampshire, N. H.
New-Jersey, N.J.
New-Mexico, N. M.
New-York, N. Y.
Northern do., N. N. Y.
Southern do., S. N. Y.
North America, N. A.
Ireland, Ire.
North Carolina, N. C.
Florida, Fl.
Ohio, O
Oregon, Or.
Kentucky, Ky.
Pennsylvania, Pa.
Lieutenant-Colonel, Lieut.-Col. Eastern Pennsylvania, E. Pa.
EXPLANATIONS.-Where practicable, the native State, or country,
nexed, usually in an abbreviated form.

East Indies, E. I.
England, Eng.
Germany, Ger.
Illinois, Ils.

Many persons labor under the unfounded impression that citizens from other countries fill an undue proportion of the places of profit, power, honor and trust, in the U. S. Facts, however, are the best arguments Our political opponents are blamed for many things, but when the numbers of the adopted citizens are considered, no one will accuse Messrs. Polk, Dallas, Bancroft. Allen, Buchanan, Marcy, Walker, Cass, Jackson, Woodbury, and their associates, with tempting them with too many offices. The detailed expenditure for consuls, custom-houses, lights, envoys, the navy, seamen's protection, &c, will enable the reader to compare the cost of protecting foreign conmerce, with the charges on inland trade.

State and Territor18--1849.

1.. Alabama..
2.. Arkansas,
3..Cometicnt",

Georgia, Ga.
Indiana, Ia.
Iowa, la
France, Fr.

4.. Delaware*.

5.. Florida.. 6..Georgia* 7..linors 8..Indiana. 9. Iowa.... 10..Kentucky. 11.. Louisiana. 12..Maine.. 13..Maryland*

Members in H.

of Rep. 1849.

4

1

POPULATION, VALUE OF PROPERTY, STATE DEBTS, ELECTIONS, SALARIES, &c. The old thirteen' States, with Vermont, contained 371,124 square miles; the thirty now incorporated contain 1,450,000, which, with the Great West, gives 3,311,110 square miles as the area of the territory of the Republic. The value of real and personal property is nearly 8,500 millions of dollars. In 1775, the population was about 2,500,000; it is now (Nov. 30) estimated at 21,800,000.

1

8

ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THIS ALMANAC.

Louisiana, La.
Maine, Me.
Maryland, Md.

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14.. Massachusetts,
15.. Michigan...

16.. Mississippi...
17.. Missouri
18..N.-Hampshire
19.. New-Jersey*.
20..New-York
21.. North Carolina*
22.. Ohio

23.. Peunsylvania*..
24.. Rhode Island*..
25..South Carolina
26..Tennessee
27..Texas....
28.. Vermont..
29.. Virginia*
30..Wisconsin..
31..Terr. Oregon...d. 1
32...Ter. California..
33.." New Mexico.

5

4

5

34

Estimate
of Popu-
lation,

June,
1847.

7 640,000 276 8

1

152.400

330,000 1326
80.000 32 6

Massachusetts, Ms. or Mass.
Michigan, Mich. or Mn
Mississippi, Miss.; also S. Miss
and N. Miss. for Northern and
Southern do.

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21
2-1

9 765,000 306 6
1,850,000 74016
2,125,000 850 6

2 130,000 52 6
7 605,000 242 7
950,000 380 6

11

2 140,000 56

4 302,000 1216

15

1,270,000 508 6

3 215,000 86 7[4]

8

State Elections held 1849.

Western do, W. Pa.
Postmaster, P. M.
Post-office, P. O.
Prussia, Pr.
Rhode Island, R I.
Scotland, Scot.

Secretary of Treasury, Sec. Treas.
South Carolina, S. C.
Steamer, Str.

August 6. Reuben Chapman, $3,500 Montgomery, 616[1]August 6.Thomas S. Drew...2,000 Little Rock,

Tennessee, Te. or Ten.: also
E. Ten., W. Ten., and M. Ten..
for East, West and Middle
Tennessee.

Nov. 5.
Nov. 4
August 6.
March 13.
Nov. 6.

Nov. 6.
August 9.
October 9.
October 9.
April 4.
October 8
August 2.
Nov. 5.
Sept. 4.
April 26.
Nov. 6

Texas, Tex, or Tr.
United States, U. s.
Vermont, Vt.
Eastern do., E. Va
Western do., W. Va.
West Indies, W. I.
Wisconsin, Wis.

of public officers named, is an

The thirteen original States.

[1] By contract, as high as 10.

[2] Bank Interest 6; conventional as high as 10.

31 And on tobacco contracts, 8.

Governors and their
Salaries.
Whigs in Italics.

Virginia, Va.

Seat of Government
in each State, &c.

April 2. Clark Bissell......1,100 Hartford & N. Haven
Nov. 13. William Tharp.....1,333 Dover,
October 1. Tho. S. Brown,[5].2,500 Tallahassee,
October 1. Geo. W. B. Towns..3,500 Milledgeville,
August 6. August. C. French..1,000 Springfield,
August 6. Paris C. Dunning ..1,500 Indianapolis,
August 6. Ansel Briggs.......1,000 Iowa City,
August 6. John J. Crittenden.2,500 Frankfort,
Nov. 5. Isaac Johnson.....6,000 Baton Rouge,
Sept. 10.
John W. Dana....1,500 Augusta,
October 3. Philip F. Thomas..2,000 Anapo.is,
Nov. 12. George N Briggs..2,500 Boston,
Epaph. Ransom...1,500 Lansing.
Jos. W. Matthews.3,000 Jackson,
Austin A. King.....1,500 Jefferson City,
Jared W. Williams.1,000 Concord,
Daniel Haines.....2,000 Trenton,
Hamilton Fish....4,000 Albany,
Charles Manly....2,000 Raleigh,
Seabury Ford.....1,500 Columbus,
Wm. F. Johnston..3,000 Harrisburg,
Elisha Harris..... 400 Providence & Newp't
W. B. Seabrook .3,50 Columbia,
Neil S. Brown.....2,000 Nashville,
George T. Wood...2,000 Austin.
Carlos Coolidge... 750 Montpelier,
John B. Floyd......3,333 Richmond,
Nelson Dewey.....1,250 Madison,
Joseph Lane,[6]...3,000 Oregon City,
Persifor F. Smith.
San Francisco,

Santa Fé,

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[4] On debts and judgments in favor of the United States b [5] William D. Moseley, Governor till July.

[6] Including $1,500 as Superintendent of Indian Affairs. 7 Amount of State Debts, in 25 States, $205,637,338.

THE ELECTION OF 1848.

THE year hastening to a close as this the whole atmosphere, not of France only, Almanac is prepared for the press has but of Italy, Germany, Hungary and the been signalized by memorable revolu- Principalities of the Lower Danube, and tions in Europe and America. Dissimilar their skies were lurid with the glare of in some of their aspects, they are yet one general conflagration. That conflagraidentical in their most vital principles. tion may be checked at this point and In either case, the essential end was the driven back on that; it may even seem to replacement of dynasties which had be overpowered and expiring; but it canceased to regard BENEFICENCE and the not be extinguished until it has burnt out widest diffusion of blessings as the chief of civilized Europe the last vestige of desend of government by others which should potic and aristocratic power. The burning prove more enlightened and faithful. In of the French Throne after the taking of monarchical Europe, the security or ag- the Tuileries typified the approaching degrandizement of the reigning family, the struction of all the thrones in Christendom. maintenance of Aristocratic caste, or The American Revolution of 1848 differpower, or affluence, had com to be practi-ed from that simultaneously proceeding in cally regarded by most Governments as Europe only as dictated on either side by their 'being's end and aim,' to which the the circumstances and genius of the Peohappiness, enlightenment and content-ple. Here, as across the Atlantic, a caste ment of the unprivileged millions were or clique had seized upon the reins of made of small account. Hence Ministerial Government and perverted the power of and Court intrigues, rigid Censorships of the State in subserviency to their own the Press, the increase of Armies, the sordid ends. What Legitimacy and Dimultiplication of Police, the exhaustion of vine Right were to the governing class in Treasuries and the increase of National the Old World, that Democracy and the Debts, until Public Credit was with diffi- related catch-words were to the governing culty sustained, while Employment for the class here. Instead of being a spirit of freePoor became scanty and precarious, dom and investigation, Democracy had beWages depressed and inadequate, and come a mask for self-seeking, a cloak for amthe condition of immense masses insup-bition and grasping intrigue. 'Weigh what portable. Yet while Bread grew scarce is offered on either hand, and judge imKnowledge was day by day more widely partially between them,' says ever True disseminated; the Steam-Press, the Pri-Democracy. Ask no questions, but supmary School, even the Railroad, were, in' port the regular nominations,' says Sham spite of every obstacle, rapidly though Democracy-the Democracy of caucuses silently educating the People into a and office-seeking combinations: You may clearer understanding of their rights and indeed weigh testimony and judge; but wrongs, their misery and its authors: and' if you decide that we have not governed when the train was at length fired, partly 'faithfully-that our measures are not through accident, partly through kingly' wise and beneficent, you prove yourself infatuation, and the despotism of Louis' an enemy of Popular Sovereignty, and thus Philippe had provoked the Resistance of 'unfit to judge of the matter at all.'February, all Europe (Russia excepted,) That none shall suspect us of mistake or was found ripe for Revolution. The torch exaggeration in the premises, we quote flung up by the workmen of Paris ignited the following passage from the letter of

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Gen. Lewis Cass, accepting the nomina-liberal appropriations for the improve-
tion for the Presidency of the Baltimore ment of our internal communications, this
Convention:
Half Million of Votes told on that side;

"From the days of Gen. Hamilton to our days, since it has, in the course of the incessant the party opposed to us-of whose principles he

was the great exponent, if not the founder-mutations of party interest, become Demowhile it has changed its name, has preserved es- cratic to oppose those principles or measentially its identity of character; and the doubt he entertained and taught of the capacity of man for self-government, has exerted a marked in

fluence upon its actions and opinions. Here is the very starting-point of the difference between questions. the two great parties which divide our country.All other differences are but subordinate and sume that the party which, in our political auxiliary to this, and may, in fact, be resolved struggles, has possessed itself of the De

into it."

alent to One Million Votes.

Here you perceive the assertion, the mocratic name, has thereby secured an implication, and may discern the practical advantage over its antagonist fully equivimprovement. The assertion is that a party has existed and does exist in the And yet it became evident to keen obcountry which distrusts the capacity of servers, at the very outset of the late the People for self-government and is Presidential struggle, that the party wrapsecretly if not openly hostile to our entire ped in the mantle of Democracy was Republican system. But how shall an doomed to defeat unless saved by some alarmed people distinguish these traitors palpable blunder on the other side. The to Liberty from their fellow-citizens? reasons for this may be briefly summed up Very easily: If you find a man opposing as follows: the self-styled Democracy and the election 1. The expiring Administration came of Gen. Cass to the Presidency, you may into power tainted with fraud. Mr. Polk know there is one of the recreants. Sup-was elected President by the aid of voters port to Gen. Cass and his coadjutors is the attracted to his standard by the resolution touchstone of fidelity to Human Freedom. of the Convention which nominated him The practical improvement follows in- affirming that the right of this country to evitably If you wish to be regarded as the whole of Oregon is clear and indisputa friend of Liberty, of America and of able,' and the clearly implied pledge that Man, you must vote to make Gen. Cass he, if elected, would enforce said right at President and keep his party in power, the cannon's mouth if necessary; by the though you may honestly believe their aid of voters who hold to the Protection line of policy pernicious and the measures of Home Labor by discriminating duties, they advocate most adverse to the public who were deluded by the Kane letter; interests and general welfare. by the votes of men conscientiously opposed to the acquisition of Texas unless

:

Preposterous as this course of argument is, it has by skillful iteration acquired and with the free consent of Mexico, and on exerted an immense influence over the terms which should relieve our country popular mind. It is not too much to say from the dishonoring imputation of having that more than Half a Million Votes are loaned her flag and her arms to the cause thrown every year for the candidates of Slavery Extension. When the just extermed Democratic because they are so pectations of each of these classes were designated, and without one thought as blasted by the Oregon Treaty, the Tariff to how far their professions of superior of 1846, and the pushing forward of our Democracy are justified by their acts or troops to the Rio Grande, in the heart of their opinions. When it was Democratic, a Mexican Department, and directly opin the vocabulary of party strife, to sus-posite its chief city, leading inevitably to tain Protection to Home Industry and a bloody, protracted, expensive and deso

sures, these votes are cast as unhesitatingly on the other side. So in regard to other It is within the truth to as

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