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LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 6, 1906.
NOTES:-London Improvement, 1-Sir Thomas Nevill, 2-
Finmark-Cecil Family, 6-Ben Jonson's Works, 7. QUERIES:-Cardinals' Pillars — Ennobled Animals-Scott and Carey Scott in Ireland, 7-Thomas Barry-Ned: "To raise Ned" - Maltby: Mawbey - Penn and Mead Jury, 1-70-Monumental Brasses in the Meyrick Collection -Born with Teeth-Francis Prior: Annabella Beaumont, 8-Will-power as recorded in Historical Portraits-Calf hill Family-Garioch: its Pronunciation-Piper at Castle Bytham-Napoleon's Coronation Robe: its Gold BeesRiggs-Census Report, 1851-Robert Weston-Brandon,
Duke of Suffolk, 9-Grindleton, 10.
mentary Whips, 16
NOTES ON BOOKS :-Johnson's Lives of the Poets'—
L'Homme et son Image'-Burke's Peerage'-Reviews
Mr. Sidney Lee's Shakespearean Discovery.
Notices to Correspondents.
IN my remarks on the increasing beauty of London, under the head Kingsway and Aldwych' (10th S. iv. 361), I partially reviewed what had been done during the last sixty years in the making of new thoroughfares and the improvement of old. It will now be a pleasure to me to extend the reference to other work accomplished in the advance so interesting and satisfactory to all
The ardent demand for width and open spaces, parks, gardens, and playgrounds, has been noticed, and some work in that direction has had mention. In Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens, originally one expanse,
Referring to my preceding note, I find that Kingsgate Street was demolished in the widening of Southampton Row in continuation of Kingsway. It is, however, satisfactory to notice that "Kingsgate Baptist Church" (connected with the fine Church House of that denomination) preserves the name. The date "1560" in the same note I have to acknowledge_as a slip. Theobalds was obtained by James I. in 1607, in exchange with Robert Cecil, Earl of Salisbury, for Hatfield (Walford, Greater London,' i. 380). Also it should be read of Westminster and Blackfriars bridges that Westminster is the wider by five feet.
we have a grand inheritance. The Park and the Gardens have been carefully preserved, and progressive taste in the culture and arrangement of flowers and shrubs (especially of the sumptuous rhododendron) has greatly enhanced their beauty. A great work here has been the rectification of the Serpentine, the necessary complement of the landscape. Its existence has not been happy. Made for pleasure and ornament by Queen Caroline in 1730, it had nevertheless become the filth deposit of a district of growing London. The polluted West Bourn was long suffered to bring down the sewage, and although the evil stream had been diverted some years before the "forties," the horrid deposit remained, and was even augmented at times of flood. The Metropolitan Drainage scheme, a work of great magnitude which must have mention here, although, as underground, it did not affect the outward beauty of London-finally shut off all sewer communication with the Serpentine; but not until ten years later (1870) were the cleaning, deepening, and shaping of the lake effected. And although its present supply of water from wells and surface drainage, and occasionally from the metropolitan system, is not generous, we have now a handsome lake. Green Park and St. James's, as the satellites of Hyde Park, have shared in the advance of enlightened culture. Regent's Park and the much loved "Zoo have also progressed; and in the more modern London the old, wholesome example has been followed in the making of Victoria, Battersea, and several minor parks. Not only this, but every green and common has become a pleasaunce; and the grand old squares are more carefully tended, their green lawns and noble trees (wonderful in the heart of London) compensating us for the clouded skies and wet weather we sometimes find depressing. the last homes of past generations: the burialFinally, in the list of these open spaces come grounds of the dead have become the gardens of the living, in some instances the playground
It was about the end of the forties that the building of Gothic churches was revived. Greek churches, correct or incorrect, and built to serve equally the living and the dead, had been long in vogue; now the medieval English form again commended itself. It is not becoming to criticize severely the first examples of the revival, or even the "restorations then effected; mistakes no doubt were made, and it would be sad indeed if after sixty years of building nothing had been learnt. One of the first
churches of revived Gothic in the recollection of the writer was St. Matthew's in the City Road, not very far from the "Angel" at Islington, a pleasanter quarter then than Holy Trinity, Paddington, is also remembered as a brand-new church in 1849. St. Mary Abbot's at Kensington is one of the most important examples, and were it but old, and perhaps less obscured by stained glass, it would command much admiration. The Gothic revival has been maintained through nearly the sixty years, its last achievement being the re-edification of the greater part of St. Mary's Overie, Southwark, which has become a twentieth century cathedral-a fine work in our day, yet small in contrast with the mighty churches of old. And here must have mention the constant sustentation work at the Abbey, especially the facial restoration of the north transept, the merit of which is perhaps generally allowed, though it would be vain to expect unanimous approval. On St. Paul's, internally, elaborate and costly art has been bestowed, and new, sweet bells ring from its belfry. Also much redemption work has been done on our one great Norman fragment, St. Bartholomew's.
ground, and where justice to the full must recognize individual rights. Thus, we had almost despaired of the long-projected widening of Parliament Street, but now, as an accomplished fact, it has become the fitting avenue of the truly imperial quarter of London. The earliest block, the Treasury Offices at Whitehall, was the work of the forties. This, indeed, was not much more than a new front to an old building; it was and is handsome classic work, but scale has greatly increased, and this block has become dwarfed by later buildings of greater proportions. The Home, Colonial, Foreign, and India Offices form a splendid group, which happily on one side presents itself to St. James's Park, and thence makes a very charming picture. The great War Office block, raised in front of the comparatively insignificant, but still appreciated Horse Guards, is now outwardly completed. The Admiralty still turns a stately though gloomy visage towards the street; but large and handsome additions have been made on the Park side. Another immense block of buildings is rising with faces towards the Abbey and Parliament Street, and we wait with unfailing interest the full realization of this magnificent seat of Government.
The Gothic art has not been employed on churches alone; it has been frequently applied to secular buildings, and if its success Westminster must not be left without be questionable, the doubt seems to affect observing from the fine bridge across the only the interior adaptability to modern use. river the eight handsome divisions of We are now mainly concerned with the St. Thomas's Hospital, a very noticeable addiexternal beauty imparted to London, and tion to the beauty of London. The new police find great satisfaction in these Gothic acqui- quarters on the Westminster bank are also sitions. The Houses of Parliament were important, though less admired. And along building in the forties and some years later; the Embankment (noticed in my previous they are certainly beautiful. Fault-finding communication) have risen the fine buildis always easy, especially when architecture ings of the London School Board-now the is concerned; here the main body of the London County Council's Educational Offices building has been thought deficient in pro-the Thames Conservancy, the City of portion, and overwrought with repeated London School, and others. ornament. But if this be the fault, it is redeemed by the noble towers, especially the Victoria Tower, the stately magnitude and grace of which render it unrivalled throughout the world.
Next we are reminded of the removal of the comparatively modern buildings of the Courts of Justice, now transposed to another site, whither we will presently follow them, observing here the opening of space and the revelation of old Westminster Hall, the famous beauty of which, however, is internal. At Westminster block after block of grand Government buildings has been raised, and still they are far from completion. Projects have but slowly progressed in a city where energy and industry have enormously enhanced the value of
27, Elgin Avenue, W.
W. L. RUTTON.
(To be concluded.)
SIR THOMAS NEVILL, 1503-82. SIR THOMAS was the third son of Richard, Lord Latimer, who died 1531, and uncle of the last lord, who died 1577. He and his younger brother Marmaduke married Maria and Elizabeth, two of the four daughters and coheiresses of Sir Thomas Tey, of Brightwell Hall, Suffolk, and Pigott's Ardley, Essex.
Morant's account of him (apparently taken from Harl. MS. 3882) is full of gross inaccuracies, which it may be well to correct. His history is of interest, as, if any male descendant remains, he would be the heir
male of the house of Nevill. Morant, reading of the register. A Chancery suit of
A Chauncy, and Drummond give the Nevills of 1561-2, Thomas Nevyll, knt., v. Arthur RobRidge well, Essex, as descendants ; but I sarte, Esq., shows that the marriage was not have, under the heading‘Cromwell Fleetwood' happy, as Sir Thomas sues for the return of (10th S. iv. 74), given reasons for thinking a bond of 1,000l. which he had given as that this descent
is open to grave doubt. security that he would not beat or vex” his There were about this time so many Sir wife on condition that she behaved well; he Thomas Nevills of different families, that it asserts that she had misbehaved several is most difficult to distinguish between them. times. For instance, 1540, the date given by Morant Sir Thomas of the Westmoreland family is for the death of this Sir Thomas, is really not mentioned in the rebellion of 1569, and that of his father-in-law Sir Thomas Tey; had probably died previously, there has evidently been a confusion of notes Thomas Nevill of Holt, Leicestershire, was which has been slavishly copied.
knighted by Somerset in 1543 on the Scotch The Thomas whose I.P.M. of 1602 Morant campaign ; it was his heiress who married also refers to, as that of the son and heir of Thomas Smyth, of Cressing Temple, who our Sir Thomas, was Thomas Nevill of Stock took the name of Nevill. Harvard, Essex, who married Rebecea, Maria Tey, who must have been married daughter of Gyles Allen, of Hazeleigh. He by 1536, died in 1544, according to the was son of Hugh Nevill of Ramsden Belhouse, I.P.M. of 37 Henry VIII. (1545), which whose will was proved in 1603 (Com. Essex) names October of the preceding year as the as of Brightlingsea.
date of her death, and states that Thomas, Sir Thomas Nevill of Mereworth, Speaker her son and heir, is aged nine. Morant says of the House of Commons and brother of that she died in October, 1544, and was Lord Abergavenny, died in 1543. The buried at Ardleigh ; but in view of the D.N.B.' says that his first wife was Elizabeth, mistake already mentioned this requires conwidow of Robert Amadas, a member of firmation. He also states that in 1552 the firm of goldsmiths to Henry VIII. Thomas Nevill held the manor of Liston hall, This marriage took place in the chapel in Gosfield, of the Earl of Oxford. In the of Jenkins Manor at Barking, Essex, on parish register of Gosfield is the burial of 28 August, 1532; but it was certainly not Maria Nevill on 19 Oct., 1544, and also the the first marriage of this Sir Thomas, as a birth of Ann Nevill, 1543. In 1558 the monument to his daughter Margaret in manor was in other hands. Widial Church (Lipscomb's Bucks, iii. 474) There was about 1600 a Thomas Novill, a states that she was born in 1525, and was substantial yeoman, at Gosfield, which adjoins the daughter of Katheryne, daughter of Lord Halstead, where the ancestors of the RidgeDacre. This lady, who is buried at Narden, well family lived; his will (Arch. Essex, in Kent, and there called Elizabeth Daker, Bushen 3) was proved in 1622. He may be is the only wife generally, given to Sir identical with the Thomas Nevill of Abbess Thomas. The subject of this notice may Roding, a neighbouring parish, who paid subquite possibly have been the bridegroom. sidy there in 1565, and at Felsted in 1571 :
There was also a Sir Thomas, second son of he probably belonged to a family of Willing. Ralph, fourth Earl of Westmoreland, of whom ale and Fifield of whom there are records there are no particulars in the genealogies. back to 1522 ; they intermarried with a He was probably the Sir Thomas Nevill, branch of the Jocelyns. K.B., whodied in 1546(Musgrave's 'Obituary'). Sir Thomas, then called of Aldham, was in He may, however, have been the Sir Thomas political trouble in 1537 (Dom. State Papers, Nevill who on 5 November, 1544, married vol. xii. part ii. 242), when his brother Frances Amiel, widow, at Bramfeld, Suffolk. Marmaduke was committed to the Tower. I She was probably the Frances Hopton who have not been able to find what happened to. in the visitation of Suffolk, 1561, p. 44, is Sir Thomas, but it is unlikely that he escaped said to have married first Jeromye (sic); Cromwell without serious fine, which may secondly, Sir Thomas Nevill of Yorkshire ; account for the little show he made in afterand thirdly (p. 195) the son of William Hovell
, years. He paid subsidy in 1549 and 1553. of Ashfield, Suffolk. The Jeromye is a sub- His brother, Lord Latimer, had been implicated' sequent addition, and should probably have in the first rising in Yorkshire, which was been Jermye, the name of a well - known pardoned in December, 1536 ; he made his. Suffolk family. The herald must have made peace, and kept out of that of the ensuing a mistake, or there were two previous February: Sir Thomas's sister was married: marriages, or possibly the Amiel is a mis- to Francis Norton, the prime mover of the: