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I. To Mr. James Elphinston
II. to XL. To Mrs. Thrale
XLI. To Mr. Thrale
XLII. to LIII. To Mrs. Thrale.
LIV. To Mrs. Piozzi ..
TO TIE IMITATIONS OF THE
THIRD AND TENTH SATIRES OF JUVENAL.
We will not examine here Johnson's poetical merits, since that discussion will more properly introduce his Lives of the Poets, but merely offer some few biographical remarks. In the poem of London, Mr. Boswell was of opinion, that Johnson did not allude to Savage, under the name of Thales, and adds, for his reason, that Johnson was not so much as acquainted with Savage when he wrote his London. About a month, however, before he published this poem, he addressed the following lines to him, through the Gentleman's Magazine, for April, 1738.
AD RICARDUM SAVAGE.
Humani studium generis cui pectore fervet
O colat humanum te, foveatque, genus !
We cannot certainly infer, from this, an intimacy with Savage, but it is more probable, that these lines flowed from a feeling of private friendship, than mere admiration of an author, in a public point of view; and they, at any rate, give credibility to the general opinion, that, under the name of Thales, the poet referred to the author of the Wanderer, who was, at this time, preparing for his retreat to Wales, whither he actually went in the ensuing year.
The names of Lydiat, Vane, and Sedley, which are brought forward in the poem on the Vanity of Human Wishes, as examples of inefficiency of either learning or beauty, to shield their
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llure he imprudently became security for the debts of u rolatum, and, Iring, unable to pay, was imprisoned for several yenia, le was rabud, at last, by his patron, Usher, sir W. 15mwell, Dr. Pink, then warden of New college, and archbishop Lu, to whom he showed bin gratitude by writing in defence of him mentiram of church-government. He now applied to Charles the first for him protection and encouragement to travel into the enal, to collect MSH. but the embarrassed state of the king's wifi prevented his petition from receiving attention. Lastly, his well-known attachment to the royal cause drew upon him the repented violence of the parliament troops, who plundered, imprisoned, and abused him, in the most cruel manner. He cil in obnourity and indigence, in 1616. A stone was laid over his grave in Okerton church, in 1609, by the society of Now college, who also erected an honorary monument to his memory in the cloisters of their college. We have dwelt thus long an lyckats me, contene, when this poem was published, it Wana mubject of inquiry, who lydint was, though some of his contomarlow, both in England and on the continent, ranked him with lared Barou, in mathematical and physical knowledge. For
more detailed account, see Chalmers' Biographical Dictionary, lumni whence the above facts have been extracted, and Gen