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BOSTON CHARLES C.LITTLE E JAMES BROWN.

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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1850, by

GEORGE P. SANGER, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts.

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PREFACE,

The twenty-second volume of the American Almanac, being the second volume of the third series, is now offered to the public. Unwearied pains have been taken to collect full, authentic, and varied information concerning the complex affairs of the general and State governments; and a mass of official documents and private correspondence has been digested relating to the government, finances, legislation, public institutions, internal improvements, and resources of the United States, and of the several States. It is hoped that the present volume will be found equal to its predecessors in fulness and accuracy, and that it will sustain the high character of the American Almanac as a trustworthy manual for reference and a full repository of useful knowledge.

The Astronomical Department has been, as for many years, under the direction of Professor Peirce. The computation of the elements and phases of the eclipses is full, particularly that of the eclipse of July 28th, which has been furnished the Almanac by Lieut. C. H. Davis, U.S. N., Superintendent of the Nautical Almanac, by authority of the Hon. Secretary of the Navy. The article upon “Animal Electricity " furnishes an interesting history of the researches in that branch of inductive science, and will be new to general readers. The Meteorological Information covers many points in our extended country, and the annual series of tables published in the work are valuable for comparison. There will be found on page 296 a meteorological table for Monterey, California, which was received too late for insertion among the other tables.

In the Second Part of the volume will be found full lists of the Executive and Judiciary of the General Government; of the Army, and the various Military Posts, Military Divisions, &c.; of the Navy, and the public vessels ; of our Ministers and Consuls in Foreign Countries, and of Foreign Consuls in the United States. These have all been corrected to the latest dates possible for publication. Later changes are noted in the “ Additions and Corrections," at the end of the volume. The titles, Commerce and Navigation, and Revenue and Expenditure, published each year in the Almanac, are complete abstracts of the public documents of the same name, and the tables connected therewith, and, with the Post-Office and Mint, show the receipts and expenditures of the government under their several heads, the public debt, the imports, exports, and tonnage, the operations of the Post-Office Department, and the coinage of the Mint for each year since the adoption of the Constitution. The rates of postage are believed to be complete and accurate. The articles upon Statistics of Coal, Public Libraries, and the Census of Charleston, S. C., each give valuable information. Owing to the protracted session of Congress, it has been necessary to place the Titles and Abstracts of the Public Laws, and Joint Resolutions, at the end of the volume. They have been carefully prepared, and are sufficiently full, except for professional use. All that are known to have been printed are here. If any have been omitted, they will be given next year. The tabular view of all the railroads in the country is continued from the last volume; and the comparative view of the debts, property, and general financial condition of all the States has been corrected with great care from the latest official returns. The information concerning the Individual States is as full as in former years. It is believed that nowhere else can be found such full details respecting the Executive and Judiciary, the finances, schools, charitable institutions, and pauperism and crime, of the several States. Should any one note inaccuracies or deficiencies therein, he is urgently requested to correct them. The European part of the work has been thoroughly revised, and is correct so far as it goes. The Obituary Notices and Chronicle of Events are extended, and have been prepared with care.

The thanks of the Editor are particularly due to the heads of Department at Washington, and to his many contributors and correspondents, to whom the work is indebted for a great part of its value. A continuance of their favors is respectfully solicited. A work embracing such a multitude of facts must necessarily contain some errors; persons who detect any are earnestly requested to communicate them to the Editor. It is particularly desirable that these communications should not be anonymous. It is frequently a source of regret to the Editor that he cannot suitably acknowl. edge the valuable hints and assistance of anonymous correspondents. It is a matter of some public interest, that a periodical which circulates so widely, both in Europe and America, and which is so universally trusted as a manual for reference, should be rendered as accurate as possible; and this end can be obtained only by the coöperation of many individuals. Communications should be addressed to the Editor of the American Almanac," Boston.

Boston, Mass., Sept. 30, 1850.

CONTENTS.

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